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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Public Edition |

(68 New)
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Medical News

CBD Reduces Craving and Anxiety in People With Heroin Use Disorder

Mount Sinai study highlights the potential of cannabidiol as a treatment option for opioid abuse

– Mount Sinai Health System

Embargo expired on 21-May-2019 at 00:05 ET

What’s the Right Amount of ‘Zapping’ in Epilepsy Laser Surgery?

A multicenter trial of minimally invasive laser surgery to treat epileptic seizures reveals approaches for better seizure control with fewer side effects.

– Thomas Jefferson University


Embargo expired on 21-May-2019 at 08:00 ET

Most E-Cigarette Users Want to Quit, Rutgers Study Finds

Most people who smoke e-cigarettes want to quit and many have tried to reduce their use, according to Rutgers researchers.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nicotine & Tobacco Research; R33DA041163

Embargo expired on 21-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

Exercise: Psych Patients’ New Primary Prescription

A new study advocates for exercise as the primary method of treatment and intervention, rather than psychotropic medications, within inpatient psychiatric facilities.

– University of Vermont

Global Advances in Health and Medicine, May 2019

Embargo expired on 21-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

Younger Generations of Miners More Likely to Die From Black Lung Disease Than Older Generations

Black lung disease and other non-malignant respiratory diseases appear to account for a greater proportion of deaths in younger generations of coal miners than in older generations of miners, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

Worst Form of Black Lung Disease Is on the Rise but the Cause Remains Unknown

Progressive massive fibrosis (PMF), the worst form of black lung disease, is rising among coal miners, but the reasons for this trend remain unclear, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

Long-Term Use of Benralizumab Appears Safe, Effective for Severe Asthma

Patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, who participated in three different Phase 3 trials of benralizumab (brand name Fasenra) and then enrolled in a long-term trial of the drug’s efficacy and safety, continued to experience fewer exacerbations ...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

Smokers with Various Degrees of Lung Function Impairment Have Different Top Causes of Death

Current or former smokers with severe limitation in lung function are more likely to die from respiratory-related causes, while deaths from heart disease and lung cancer are more common in smokers with milder limitation in lung function

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Enzyme May Represent New Target for Treating Asthma

An enzyme called diacylglycerol kinase zeta (DGKζ) appears to play an important role in suppressing runaway inflammation in asthma and may represent a novel therapeutic target,

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

Cardiac MRI May Lead to Targeted PAH Therapy

Patients at greatest risk of dying from pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may be identified through cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the information the noninvasive scan provides about the functional level of the heart’s right ventr...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

New Investigational Therapy Shows Promise for Asthma Patients in Phase 2 Trial

In a Phase 2 trial, RTB101, which belongs to a class of drugs known as TORC1 inhibitors, was observed to be well tolerated and to reduce the incidence of respiratory tract infections in adults age 65 and older when given once daily for 16 weeks durin...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 10:45 ET

E-Cigarettes Appear to Reduce Body’s Ability to Fight Flu

E-cigarettes may diminish the body’s ability to fight viruses, specifically those that cause the flu, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Opiate Use in ICU Does Not Appear to Increase Opiate Prescription a Year After Discharge

Patients given opioids in the intensive care unit do not appear to be at higher risk of receiving opioid prescriptions once they leave the hospital, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Do Family Members Belong in ICU During Procedures with Loved Ones? Study Finds Clinicians Mixed About Practice

Do family members of loved ones who are critically ill and being treated in an intensive care unit at a hospital belong there when clinicians are performing bedside procedures? New study finds many critical care clinicians have conflicting feelings a...

– Intermountain Healthcare

American Thoracic Society 2019 International Conference, Dallas, Tx

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Lupus Treatments Can Be Tailored to Patient's Individual Cells, Study Shows

A new report shows how tissue samples from some lupus patients can accurately predict those more likely than not to respond to therapy.

– NYU Langone Health

Nature Immunology; UH2 AR067676; UH2 AR067677; UH2 AR067679; UH2 AR067681

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Bolstering Biopsies: Testing Individual Cells to Guide Treatment

In research that could make biopsies more useful for many diseases, scientists have used a powerful new tool to zero in on individual cells in a patient’s diseased organ and reveal the cells’ underlying glitches in gene expression—information t...

– Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Nature Immunology

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

New method simplifies the search for protein receptor complexes, speeding drug development

A new method of assessing the actions of medicines by matching them to their unique protein receptors has the potential to greatly accelerate drug development and diminish the number of drug trials that fail during clinical trials.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Nature Methods

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Mount Sinai Researchers Discover Placental Stem Cells That Can Regenerate the Heart After Heart Attack

Study Identifies New Stem Cell Type That Can Significantly Improve Cardiac Function

– Mount Sinai Health System

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:00 ET

New Single Vaccination Approach to Killer Diseases

Scientists from the University of Adelaide’s Research Centre for Infectious Diseases have developed a single vaccination approach to simultaneously combat influenza and pneumococcal infections, the world’s most deadly respiratory diseases.

– University of Adelaide

Nature Microbiology

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

New Computer-Based Predictive Tool More Accurately Forecasts Outcomes for Respiratory Patients

Are electronic health records and computer calculations a better, more accurate way to predict clinical outcomes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? According to the results of a new study by researchers at Intermountain Healthca...

– Intermountain Healthcare

American Thoracic Society International Conference, May 2019

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Circadian Mechanism May Not Be Driver Behind Compound Linked to Obesity and Diabetes

SR9009 is a compound that can lead to a wide range of health benefits in animals, including reduced risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Until now, researchers have attributed the effects to SR9009’s role in altering the body’s circadian clock. H...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 15:00 ET

Johns Hopkins Researchers Publish Digital Health Roadmap

In the dizzying swirl of health-related websites, social media and smartphone apps, finding a reliable source of health information can be a challenge. A group of researchers from the Johns Hopkins University schools of medicine and public health, as...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature Digital Medicine

Algorithm Steers Catheters to the Right Spot to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

Some patients with atrial fibrillation or A-Fib need an ablation, which requires a catheter and an advanced 3D map of the heart. Researchers have developed the first algorithm that guides catheter movements and accurately detects A-Fib targets withou...

– Florida Atlantic University

Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology

Burn, Baby, Burn: Homemade Sunscreens Could Sacrifice Personal Skincare Safety

Dr. Julie Merten, an associate professor of public health in the Brooks College of Health at the University of North Florida, has a new study she led that examines how homemade sunscreens were portrayed on Pintrest and whether people should be using ...

– University of North Florida

Health Communications, May-2019

Potential Glioblastoma Drug Reactivates p53 Tumor Suppressor to Treat Deadly Brain Cancer

New drug also may increase effectiveness of oral chemotherapy for these tumors, known for their resistance to treatment.

– Newswise

Int J Oncol

Vaccines for everyone

Researchers at McMaster University have invented a stable, affordable way to store fragile vaccines for weeks at a time at temperatures up to 40C, opening the way for life-saving anti-viral vaccines to reach remote and impoverished regions of the wor...

– McMaster University

Nature - Scientific Reports

includes video

Discovery in mice could help remove roadblock to more insulin production

A new discovery made mainly in mice could provide new options for getting the insulin-making "factories" of the pancreas going again when diabetes and obesity have slowed them down. It could offer new pathways to ramping up insulin supply to get meta...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Nature Immunology, DOI:10.1038/s41590-019-0396-z ; DK11174; DK117639; DK089503

Just released: Proceedings from inaugural Medical Summit on Firearm Injury Prevention

Proceedings from the first-ever Medical Summit on Firearm Injury Prevention have been released and published on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website as an “article in press” in advance of print publication.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

California Law Led to an Increase in Childhood Vaccination Rates

A first of its kind analysis published today by researchers at the George Washington University (GW) found that a 2016 California vaccine law boosted protective coverage against measles and other serious childhood diseases compared to states that act...

– George Washington University


FSU researchers find ‘Seeking Safety’ program helps improve mental health for incarcerated women

New research from FSU has found that Seeking Safety, a cognitive behavior-based intervention program, is a promising program for reducing incarcerated women’s symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. FSU College of Social Work Ass...

– Florida State University

Social Work Practice

Research Highlights from 2019 ACSM Annual Meeting

The 2019 ACSM Basic Science World Congress focuses on biological and physiological mechanisms of exercise, circadian rhythm and sleep. Chaired by Karyn Esser, Ph.D., FACSM, from the University of Florida, this world congress brings together leading r...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Key Drug Target Shown Assembling in Real-Time

Over one-third of all FDA-approved drugs act on a specific family of proteins: G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Drugs to treat high blood pressure, asthma, cancer, diabetes and myriad other conditions target GPCRs throughout the body—but a rece...

– Case Western Reserve University


Preparing Low-Income Communities for Hurricane Begins with Outreach, Rutgers Study Finds

Governments seeking to help their most vulnerable residents prepare for hurricanes and other disasters should create community-based information campaigns ahead of time, according to a Rutgers study of economically disadvantaged New Jerseyans in the ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Wiley Online Library

Zebrafish Help Researchers Explore Alternatives to Bone Marrow Donation

UC San Diego researchers discover new role for epidermal growth factor receptor in blood stem cell development, a crucial key to being able to generate them in the laboratory, and circumvent the need for bone marrow donation.

– University of California San Diego Health

Nature Cell Biology

Scientists Succeed in Testing Potential Brain-based Method to Diagnose Autism

Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have taken the first step in developing an objective, brain-based test to diagnose autism.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Biological Psychology, May-2019; RO1 DA11723; RO1 MH085496; T32 NS43124; UL1TR001420-KL2

Improving Isotope Supply for a Cancer-Fighting Drug

Production of actinium-227 ramps up for use in a drug to fight prostate cancer that has spread to bone.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Applied Radiation and Isotopes 114, 19 (2016). [DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2016.05.002]

SLAS Discovery Announces its June Cover Article

The June cover of SLAS Discovery features cover article “A Perspective on Extreme Open Science: Companies Sharing Compounds without Restriction,” by Timothy M. Willson, Ph.D., a noted University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy (Chap...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Discovery

Cutting the time on early disease diagnoses with extracellular vesicles

A research team led by the University of Notre Dame is working to cut the test time for disease biomarkers.

– University of Notre Dame

Nature Communications Biology

Study identifies enzymes that prevent diabetic kidney disease

BOSTON -- (May 13, 2019) -- A new study from Joslin Diabetes Center has proven that certain biological protective factors play a large role in preventing diabetic kidney disease in certain people. The study was published today in Diabetes Care. This ...

– Joslin Diabetes Center

Characterization of Glycolytic Enzymes and Pyruvate Kinase M2 in Type 1 and 2 Diabetic Nephropathy

Progress in Family Planning in Africa Accelerating

A new study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows that women in eight sub-Saharan African countries are gaining access to and using modern contraception at a faster rate than previously projected.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

The Lancet Global Health

New Finnish study: Dietary cholesterol or egg consumption do not increase the risk of stroke

A new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows that a moderately high intake of dietary cholesterol or consumption of up to one egg per day is not associated with an elevated risk of stroke.

– University of Eastern Finland

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Dangerous pathogens use this sophisticated machinery to infect hosts

Gastric cancer, Q fever, Legionnaires' disease, whooping cough--though the infectious bacteria that cause these dangerous diseases are each different, they all utilize the same molecular machinery to infect human cells.

– California Institute of Technology

Nature Microbiology

June’s SLAS Technology Special Collection on Sample Management Now Available

The June issue of SLAS Technology features the article, “Next Generation Compound Delivery to Support Miniaturized Biology,” which focuses on the challenges of changing the established screening paradigm to support the needs of modern drug discov...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

SLAS Technology

Tip Sheet: Recent Research on How DNA is Read and Copied

Two scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have unraveled aspects of how DNA organizes and preserves genetic information. Newly published research by Cynthia Wolberger, Ph.D., and James Berger, Ph.D., whose labs sit side by sid...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell ; Molecular Cell

Older Age, High Blood Pressure, DiabetesContribute to Growing U.S. Maternal Death Rate

Many people would be surprised to learn that among developed countries, the United States not only has the highest rate of maternal mortality (death during pregnancy or within one year of birth), but that it increased 56% between 1990 and 2015. Older...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

An anniversary Grady Landrum chooses not to celebrate

Grady Landrum, director of disability services at Wichita State University for the past 27 years, has been in a wheelchair ever since a drinking and driving accident as a 17-year-old. Landrum’s journey is both inspirational and a testament to his n...

– Wichita State University

Improved Imaging for Prostate Cancer Could Lead to More Effective Treatment

Engineers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are working to improve imaging methods in order to make medicine more precise and personalized. This work will be a critical component of a new interdisciplinary research project funded with $1.4 million ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Growing Numbers of Orphan Drugs Challenge Health Plans

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR), explored the issue of orphan drug approvals and how they challenge health plans at its ISPOR 2019 annual conference this morning.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

Dark Matter Sheds Light to Medical Technology

Dr. Drew Alton, associate professor of physics at Augustana University, is conducting research on how dark matter can be applied to improve future PET [positron emission tomography] detectors, which offer imaging scans that allow doctors to check for...

Expert Available

– Augustana University, South Dakota

Specialty Dental Association Teams Up with State Rep. to Proclaim May as Save Your Tooth Month in Illinois

To help people appreciate their natural teeth, the American Association of Endodontists (AAE) teamed up with Illinois state Rep. Sam Yingling, D-Grayslake, to proclaim the month of May as Save Your Tooth Month.

– American Association of Endodontists (AAE)

American Chiropractic Association Joins Voices Coalition to Increase Access to Non-opioid Pain Treatments

The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) has joined forces with Voices for Non-Opioid Choices (“Voices”), a nonpartisan coalition of more than 20 organizations committed to preventing opioid addiction before it starts by increasing patient acc...

– American Chiropractic Association

American Society of Nephrology Announces First Editor-in-Chief of New Journal, kidney360

The American Society of Nephrology (ASN) today announced the appointment of Michael Allon, MD, as the first Editor-in-Chief of Kidney360, ASN’s new online journal launching in January 2020.

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Dr. Daniel Picus Receives Thorwarth Award for Radiology Leadership

The American College of Radiology (ACR) Economics and Health Policy Department has selected Daniel Picus, MD, FACR, FSIR, RCC, as the 2019 recipient of the William T. Thorwarth Jr, MD, Award.

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Ocean Medical Center Partners with Brick Police EMS to Keep the Community Safe and Secure

The BIOMED Department of Hackensack Meridian Health Ocean Medical Center established a partnership with Brick Police EMS to validate the efficacy of patient monitors and defibrillators utilized on their emergency vehicles. This process ensures that t...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Thousands of acute and critical care nurses gather in Orlando for annual conference hosted by the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses brings together 7,500+ nurses this week in Orlando, Florida, at its annual National Teaching Institute & Critical Care Exposition (NTI, #NTI2019). The theme “Our Voice, Our Strength” serves as a r...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

Boston Doctors Honored for Pediatric Cancer Teamwork

The American Academy of Dermatology has honored oncologist Jennifer Whangbo, MD, PhD, and dermatologist Jennifer Huang, MD, FAAD, as Patient Care Heroes for their collaboration in caring for pediatric stem cell transplant patients.

– American Academy of Dermatology

ACR Foundation Presents Global Humanitarian Awards

The American College of Radiology Foundation (ACRF) presented its Global Humanitarian Award to Richard N. Hirsh, MD, FACR, of Akron, OH (individual) and Mamotest of Argentina (group). The awards, honoring the individual’s and group’s positive glo...

– American College of Radiology (ACR)

Pitt Public Health to Lead Creation of Global, Cloud-Based Data System for Infectious Diseases

Backed by a five-year, $6.7 million National Institutes of Health grant, the University of Pittsburgh today announced that it plans to lead a culture shift in data-sharing rippling through scientific fields and harness it to improve global knowledge ...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh


The Dawn of Disruption in Healthcare

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR), opened its ISPOR 2019 annual conference this morning with a keynote and first plenary, “The Dawn of Disruption in the Health Sector: Will Innovative Technologies Req...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

Center for Bariatric Medicine and Surgery at Hackensack University Medical Center Achieves National Re-Accreditation from the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program

The Center for Bariatric Medicine and Surgery at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center was recently re-accredited as a Comprehensive Bariatric Center under the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improv...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack University Medical Center Welcomes ROSA the Knee Robot

Hackensack University Medical Center is the first site in New Jersey and the third site in the United States to utilize the Zimmer Biomet robot for total-knee replacement surgery

– Hackensack Meridian Health

National Cancer Institute Approves John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack Meridian Health as Member of Prestigious Research Consortium

John Theurer Joins Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center Consortium 1 of only 16 in the U.S. approved by the National Cancer Institute.

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack University Medical Center Recognized among Newsweek’s Best Hospitals USA

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center is pleased to announce its recognition among Newsweek’s Best Hospitals – USA.

– Hackensack Meridian Health

20 Years of Value in Health

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR), examined the past 20 years of scientific publications in HEOR this afternoon at its ISPOR 2019 annual conference with the spotlight session issue panel [SP2], “Back ...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

Hackensack Meridian Health Team Members Honored by the NJ American Academy of Pediatrics

Hackensack Meridian Health is pleased to announce that four of its team members have been honored by the New Jersey Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics (NJAAP) at the NJAAP’s 9th Annual New Jersey Children’s Ball, an evening dedicated t...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Florian Thomas, M.D., Ph.D., Recognized by the American Academy of Neurology for Scientific Distinction

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center is pleased to announce that Florian Thomas, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation Center of Excellence and chair of the Department of Neurology at Hackensack Univ...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Hackensack University Medical Center Welcomes Martin Gizzi, M.D., Ph.D. as Director of Cerebrovascular Disease

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center welcomes Martin Gizzi, M.D., as director, Division of Cerebrovascular Diseases at Hackensack University Medical Center, where he will lead the Comprehensive Stroke Center.

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Media Advisory: Inaugural Global Summit on Innovations in Patient-Centered Kidney Care

The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, in partnership with the American Association of Kidney Patients is hosting the first ever Global Summit on Innovations in Patient-Centered Kidney Care.

– George Washington University

Science News

In a first, researchers identify reddish coloring in an ancient fossil – a 3-million-year-old mouse

Researchers have for the first time detected chemical traces of red pigment in an ancient fossil – an exceptionally well-preserved mouse, not unlike today’s field mice, that roamed the fields of what is now the German village of Willershausen aro...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 21-May-2019 at 05:00 ET

How Earth’s mantle is like a Jackson Pollock painting

To geologists, the mantle is so much more than that. It’s a region that lives somewhere between the cold of the crust and the bright heat of the core. It’s where the ocean floor is born and where tectonic plates die. A new paper published today...

– University of Utah

Nature Geoscience

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

How plant viruses can be used to ward off pests and keep plants healthy

Imagine a technology that could target pesticides to treat specific spots deep within the soil, making them more effective at controlling infestations while limiting their toxicity to the environment. Researchers at the University of California San D...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Nanotechnology, May-2019; 1841848; EB021911

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Fearful customers sensitive to size and scope of a data breach while angry customers are not, research finds

Customers who feel afraid in the wake of a data breach care more about the size and scope of the breach than do angry customers, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Journal of Business Research,

Toward zero hunger: More food or a smarter food system?

When thinking about ways to end global hunger, many scholars focus too narrowly on increasing crop yields while overlooking other critical aspects of the food system.

– University of Michigan

World Development

Scientists use molecular tethers and chemical 'light sabers' to construct platforms for tissue engineering

University of Washington researchers developed a strategy to keep proteins intact and functional in synthetic biomaterials for tissue engineering. Their approach modifies proteins at a specific point so that they can be chemically tethered to scaffol...

– University of Washington

Nature Materials

NUS engineers design solutions to tackle low frequency noise

A team of engineers from the National University of Singapore has designed a set of novel noise attenuating blocks that targets low frequency noise.

– National University of Singapore

How to program materials

Can the properties of composite materials be predicted? Empa scientists have mastered this feat and thus can help achieve research objectives faster. This leads, for instance, to better recycling techniques and electrically conductive synthetic mater...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Polymer Degradation and Stability Volume 160, February 2019, Pages 218-228; Empa media release

Net carbon-negative electricity source may offer economical alternative

Researchers say burning a mixture of coal and crop residue biomass might provide a cost-effective, net carbon-negative electricity source that can be scaled to commercial levels in China in order to meet global temperature objectives by mid-century. ...

– Penn State College of Engineering

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Extracting Signs of the Elusive Neutrino

Scientists use software to "develop" images that trace neutrinos' interactions in a bath of cold liquid argon.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Instrumentation 13, P07006 (2018); Journal of Instrumentation 13, P07007 (2018)

Driverless cars working together can speed up traffic by 35%

A fleet of driverless cars working together to keep traffic moving smoothly can improve overall traffic flow by at least 35 percent, researchers have shown.

– University of Cambridge

2019 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation

Why are gels elastic?

It's all about the locally glassy clusters. They are what give gels their spring, their elasticity--in everything from yogurt and toothpaste to fabric softeners and shoe insoles.

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications

UF/IFAS Urges Permeable Pavement to Help Reduce Pollutants

Permeable pavements are one of many tools in sustainable urban development. Others include rain gardens, cisterns and green roofs. UF/IFAS encourages designers, builders and governments to use the entire urban sustainability development toolbox, said...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Sweet neutron science shines new light on dark chocolate’s tastiness

Canadian researchers used neutrons at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source to better understand how tempering affects chocolate's microstructure and how that relationship impacts taste.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Artificial intelligence — an exciting new way to speed development of fusion energy

Feature introduces video of interview with physicist William Tang describing the role of artificial of intelligence in fusion research. Feature includes a link to the video

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Berkeley Lab Project to Pinpoint Methane ‘Super Emitters’

Methane, a potent greenhouse gas that traps about 30 times more heat than carbon dioxide, is commonly released from rice fields, dairies, landfills, and oil and gas facilities – all of which are plentiful in California. Now Berkeley Lab has been aw...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

APS Announces New Officers, Councilors for Coming Year

The American Physiological Society (APS) is pleased to announce its new leadership: President Meredith Hay, PhD, FAPS; President-elect Linda Samuelson, PhD, FAPS; and Councilors Sue Bodine, PhD, FAPS; Jason Carter, PhD; and Carmen Hinojosa-Laborde, P...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Chinese-Americans Abused Earlier in Life Face Greater Abuse Risk as Elders, Rutgers Study Finds

Chinese-Americans who were victims of child abuse or intimate partner violence are at a greater risk of abuse when they are elderly, according to a Rutgers study in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

JAMA Internal Medicine

Embargo expired on 20-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Concerns often not offered or accepted in close employee-manager relationships, study shows

New research from the University of Notre Dame shows that employees may not want to sacrifice social capital with their leader by voicing concerns.

– University of Notre Dame

Phase Transitions: The Math Behind the Music

Why is music composed according to so many rules? Why do we organize sounds in this way to create music? To address that question, a Cleveland, Ohio, physics professor borrows methods from a related question: ‘How do atoms in a random gas or liquid...

– Case Western Reserve University

Science Advances

Research Suggests Salons as Potential Locations to Combat Domestic Violence in Immigrant Communities

A recent study conducted by Saint Joseph’s University researcher and professor of sociology and criminal justice, Chunrye Kim, Ph.D., revealed that hairstylists in immigrant communities in Queens, New York are aware of domestic violence and other ...

– Saint Joseph's University

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Girls do worse in school when peers are high-achieving boys

Teenage girls do worse in their education, careers and social lives when they have more high-achieving boys in their classes, according to a new study by Cornell University.

– Cornell University

National Bureau of Economic Research

Good leadership and values key to staff satisfaction, study finds

Tourism and hospitality firms that score highly for leadership and cultural values see higher staff satisfaction, according to a new study by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

– University of East Anglia

Tourism Management

Seasonal clock changing helps to synchronize human sleep/wake cycle across latitude

Scientific Reports (Nature Research) released this month a paper by prof. José María Martín-Olalla (Universidad de Sevilla) where seasonal similarities between the sleep/wake cycle in Subtropical

– University of Seville

Scientific Reports

Psychology student first from WVU to study abroad in Slovakia

From Morgantown to Bratislava, one pioneering Mountaineer is making memories as the first West Virginia University student to study abroad in Slovakia.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

ILSAMP Symposium showcases benefits for diverse students, STEM pipeline

Argonne’s Education and Outreach Programs division partners with a number of organizations to advance STEM-related programs. Among them is the Illinois Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (ILSAMP) program, dedicated to helping underrep...

– Argonne National Laboratory

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Will Launch Doctoral Program for Nurse Anesthetists

The Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) announces a nurse anesthesiology option available starting in May 2020 as part of the advanced practice track of the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) program.

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing

American University Launches Program on Legislative Negotiation

American University launches Program on Legislative Negotiation

– American University

Stewart named next South Dakota Poet Laureate

Poetry helped Christine Stewart deal with her sister’s death—and started a career that has led to her becoming South Dakota Poet Laureate.

– South Dakota State University

Business News

Economics Professor Explores Relationship Between Walmart and Food Insecurity

Whether the proliferation of Walmart supercenters is a help or a hindrance to the U.S. economy has long been a topic of debate. But according to new research from Charles Courtemanche, associate professor of economics in University of Kentucky’s Ga...

– University of Kentucky

Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

Study finds government contracting decreases employee diversity

A new study by researchers at the University of Georgia revealed that when governments contract work out to private companies, fewer African American, Hispanic and female employees are hired.

– University of Georgia

Hackensack Meridian Health Recognized by CIANJ as an Environmental Leadership Champion

Hackensack Meridian Health is pleased to announce its recognition by the Commerce and Industry Association of New Jersey (CIANJ) as an Environmental Leadership Champion for 2019.

– Hackensack Meridian Health





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