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Thursday, May 23, 2019

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Medical News

Violence Exposure, Depression, and Poor Health Habits May Increase Asthma in Adolescents

Exposure to violence, depression and poor health habits – including obesity, drinking soda, poor sleep and smoking marijuana – appear to be associated with asthma in high school students, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

High-Deductible Insurance Plans May Be Hazardous to the Health of COPD Patients

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, who are covered by a high-deductible insurance plan are more likely to forgo needed health care because of cost than COPD patients covered by lower-deductible plans

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 15:15 ET

Jaw Movement and Machine Learning May Diagnose Sleep Apnea

Using machine learning to analyze jaw movements during sleep, doctors may be able to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in patients with mild to severe OSA with an accuracy comparable to polysomnography, the gold standard for OSA diagnosis,

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 14:45 ET

Airway Microbiome Appears Altered in Severe Asthma Linked to Neutrophils

The airway microbiome appears to be altered in patients with severe asthma linked to high levels of white blood cells called neutrophils, according to new research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 14:45 ET

Smoking Unfiltered Cigarettes Appear to Double Risk of Lung Cancer Death

People who smoke unfiltered cigarettes are nearly twice as likely to die from lung cancer and 30 percent more likely to die of all causes than those who smoke filtered cigarettes

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 11:15 ET

Redlining Has an Unexpected Link: Asthma

Redlining, the discriminatory mortgage-lending practice, may affect how prevalent asthma is in the neighborhood, according to research presented at ATS 2019.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 15:00 ET

COPD Appears to Cause More Severe Symptoms in Women

Women who develop COPD report smoking fewer cigarettes than men; and yet, women experience greater breathing impairments, are subjected to more acute exacerbations of symptoms and report lower quality of life than men with the disease, according to r...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

Hospital-Acquired Infections May Be Lower in Closed ICUS

Three hospital-acquired infections rates appear to be lower in patients admitted to a “closed” intensive care unit, meaning that the ICU team has primary responsibility for the patient, rather than a primary care physician, according to research ...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 12:15 ET

Reductions in Fine Particles Over Decade Has Improved Health While Ozone Pollution Remains Little Changed

Fewer deaths and serious illnesses have occurred in the U.S. over the past decade as a result of cleaner air, according to a new report focusing on the two most potent air pollutants: fine particle (PM2.5) and ground-level ozone (O3). However, these ...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Annals of the American Thoracic Society; ATS 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 13:45 ET

Enhancing Emergency Care: Study Finds Lower ER Triage Scores are Associated with Delayed Antibiotics for Sepsis Patients

In a new study, researchers at Intermountain Healthcare in Salt Lake City found that antibiotic delivery was significantly faster — by up to 32 minutes — for sepsis patients being treated in an emergency department if they were assigned a slight...

– Intermountain Healthcare

American Thoracic Society International Conference, May 2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 10:15 ET

New Study Estimates Preventable Cancer Burden Linked to Poor Diet in the U.S.

A new study from researchers at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts estimated the association between suboptimal consumption of seven types of foods and specific cancers. They found that poor diet is on par with alcohol, exce...

– Tufts University

JNCI Cancer Spectrum; R01HL115189; R01MD011501

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 12:00 ET

Bipolar Disorder May Be Linked to Parkinson’s Disease

People who have bipolar disorder may be more likely to later develop Parkinson’s disease than people who do not have bipolar disorder, according at a study published in the May 22, 2019, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the Ameri...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)


Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 16:00 ET

A Road Map to Stem Cell Development

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have created a method of mapping how the central nervous system develops by tracking the genes expressed in cells. The technique, demonstrated in mouse retinas for this study, follows the activity of the...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neuron; R01EY020560, U01EY027267, F32EY024201, K99EY027844, K08EY027093, R01XA177669, U01CA212007, 2018-183445, 2018-183444 ; C026429, C03133, C30290GG, ; 2018-183445, 2018-183444...

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Researchers Identify Genetic Switch that Controls Conversion of Bad to Good Fat

Research findings opens opportunities to offer opportunities to develop new treatments to tackle metabolic diseases, like diabetes.

– University of Utah Health

Genes and Development; R01DK103930; R03DK103089; T32DK091317

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

Risk of suicide attempt by children doubles if parent uses opioids

In a tale of two epidemics, researchers from the University of Chicago and the University of Pittsburgh found that children of parents who use opioids have an increased risk of attempting suicide.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

JAMA Psychiatry

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 10:00 ET

Hispanic and Black Children More Likely to Miss School Due to Eczema Than White Children

In a study that highlights racial disparities in the everyday impact of eczema, new research shows Hispanic and black children are more likely than white children to miss school due to the chronic skin disease.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Dermatology; K23-AR068433; T32-AR007465; R01-AR069062; R01-AR070873

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Black Men Less Likely Than Nonblack Patients to Adopt Active Surveillance for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

At a time when a growing number of men with prostate cancer considered “low risk” are opting for active surveillance or watchful waiting rather than immediate treatment with surgery or radiation, a new study reveals that black men are less likely...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

New England Journal of Medicine, May 23, 2019; CA18473

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

includes video

New study shows crowdsourced traffic data could save lives

A new UCI-led pilot study finds, on average, Waze "crash alerts" occur two minutes and 41 seconds prior to their corresponding California Highway Patrol (CHP)-reported crash. These minutes could mean the difference between life and death.

– University of California, Irvine

JAMA Surgery

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

Experimental Noninvasive Tool Monitors Effectiveness of Stem Cell Transplantation

Researchers analyzed biomarkers secreted from transplanted human stem cells in the recipient blood of a rodent model of heart attack. Analysis of the blood test showed responding cells had changed their gene expression, behavior and secretions, sugge...

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

Sci. Transl. Med. 11, eaau1168 (2019); 1R01HL118491, 1R01HL139060-02, R01HL141922-02, AHA-CDA-18CDA34110282-2

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

includes video

Website For Women With Diabetes Engages Patient Sharing, Guides Research

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers created an online patient community for women living with all types of diabetes to test whether online communities can engage patients and provide information that can guide research and patient care. The researcher...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of Medical Internet Research

Learning From a Rare Disease

Dr. Hua-Ying Fan studies the cells of people who don’t get cancer. These people have a rare inherited disorder called Cockayne syndrome and, unfortunately, they don’t live long enough to develop cancer. But by studying their cells, Fan may be abl...

– University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Trace Metal Exposure Among Pregnant Women Living Near Fracking Wells in Canada

Researchers find higher concentrations of trace metals such as barium in the hair and urine of 29 pregnant women living near fracking wells in British Columbia.

– Universite de Montreal

Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, May 2019; Université de Montréal Public Health Research Institute; West Moberly First Nations; Fonds de Recherche Santé – Québec...

Study Finds Higher Education Linked to Later Onset Alzheimer’s-related Decline

A new study by Stony Brook University researchers reveals that higher education is associated with later onset of Alzheimer’s-related accelerated cognitive declines. Their findings will be published early online in the Journal of Gerontology.

– Stony Brook University

Journal of Gerontology; NIA R01 AG58595

Massive sequencing study links rare DNA alterations to type 2 diabetes

An international consortium of scientists has analyzed protein-coding genes from nearly 46,000 people, linking rare DNA alterations to type 2 diabetes.

– University of Michigan


根据Mayo Clinic的新研究,诊断为类风湿性关节炎的患者在确诊疾病前一两年内就会受到功能性残疾的影响。

– Mayo Clinic

Residential child care project addresses emotional pain without causing it

A model of care for children’s residential agencies takes children’s emotional pain into account and emphasizes the bond between the children and their caregivers.

– Cornell University

International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies

Exposing vaccine hesitant to real-life pain of diseases makes them more pro-vaccine

The re-introduction of measles, mumps and other previously eradicated diseases to the United States is nothing short of a public health crisis

– Brigham Young University


Life-threatening genetic cholesterol condition could be found through blood donations

Blood donation programs represent a unique opportunity as a public health portal to screen for diseases.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

JAMA Oncology

As more veterans die of opioid overdoses, study shows need to focus beyond prescription opioids

A dramatic rise in opioid overdose deaths among veterans in recent years has happened mainly among veterans dying from heroin and synthetic opioids, a new study shows.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.016; Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, DOI:10.1016/j.jsat.2019.03.007

Novel Role in Spatial Chromosome Organization Identified for Frequently Mutated Cancer Protein

New research from The Wistar Institute sheds light on the function of the ARID1A protein, encoded by a gene that is among the most frequently mutated across human cancers.

– Wistar Institute

Science Advances

Hypertension Found in Children Exposed to Flower Pesticides

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine found higher blood pressure and pesticide exposures in children associated with a heightened pesticide spraying period around the Mother’s Day flower harvest. This study involved ...

– University of California San Diego Health

Environmental Research

Marijuana Use Episodes Linked to Partner Intimacy Experiences

Marijuana use episodes among couples who frequently use the drug increase the likelihood of experiencing intimacy events, according to the results of a University at Buffalo-led study.

– University at Buffalo

Cannabis; R01DA033994

Researchers Study How Brain Cells Stress Each Other Out for Their Own Good

There’s a fine line between helpful and harmful inflammation. WVU School of Medicine researchers Gordon Meares and Savannah Sims want to explore it. They and their colleagues are investigating how inflammation spreads throughout the brain and what ...

– West Virginia University

Skin Patch Shows Promise for Children with Milk-Induced Eosinophilic Esophagitis

A new study from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia finds that a skin patch may be useful in treating children with a painful, chronic condition called eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), triggered by milk.

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, online May 14, 2019

Vascularized Kidney Tissue Engineered by WFIRM Scientists

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) researchers have shown the feasibility of bioengineering vascularized functional renal tissues for kidney regeneration, developing a partial augmentation strategy that may be a more feasible and...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Acta Biomaterialia

Summit Charts a Course to Uncover the Origins of Genetic Diseases

A team led by Ivaylo Ivanov of Georgia State University used the 200-petaflop IBM AC922 Summit system, the world’s smartest and most powerful supercomputer, to develop an integrative model of the transcription preinitiation complex (PIC), a complex...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, May-2019

Holidays disrupt drug routines of children with diabetes

Children with type 1 diabetes find it difficult to adhere to their drug routines during school holidays and weekends. Holiday distractions cause a 20% reduction in adherence to taking medications that assist managing their condition and other associa...

– University of Adelaide

Archives of Disease in Childhood

High Healthcare Costs in the United States—Could Formal Health Technology Assessment Be a Solution?

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, explored the possibility of health technology assessment in the United States this morning at its ISPOR 2019.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

American Academy of Dermatology Statement on the Safety of Sunscreen


– American Academy of Dermatology

Six Digital Health Startups Named Finalists in LifeBridge Health/CareFirst Innovation Challenge

Six digital health startups have been named finalists in the first LifeBridge Health and CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield (CareFirst) Innovation Challenge earning the chance to receive up to $50,000 to further the research and development of their idea...

– LifeBridge Health

Vascular Surgeon Makes Discovery that Saves Brooklyn Man’s Foot

Sheila Blumberg, MD, a vascular surgeon at NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn, used advanced surgical techniques to save the foot of Brooklyn native Jose Palacios.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn

Study aims to learn why people in the rural South are less healthy, die sooner

The study will allow researchers to learn what causes the high burden of heart, lung, blood and sleep disorders in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana and Mississippi.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Is Healthcare Affordability Driving a Need to Revolutionize Drug Pricing?

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, held its final plenary of the ISPOR 2019 annual conference with, “Is Healthcare Affordability Driving a Need to Revolutionize Drug Pricing?”

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

Patient Access and Biosimilars

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, examined the issue of patient access and biosimilars this afternoon at its ISPOR 2019 annual conference.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

ISPOR 2019 Convened Nearly 4000 Healthcare Stakeholders

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, recently concluded its ISPOR 2019 annual conference in New Orleans, LA, USA.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

ISPOR 2019, May-2019

Where there’s a grill there’s a way: Cookouts can be part of a healthy diet

You just have to be smart about what you grill and how you grill it, and be willing to broaden your view of what qualifies as proper cookout fare.

Expert Available

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

ISPOR Wins Multiple Hermes Creative Awards

ISPOR—the professional society for health economics and outcomes research (HEOR)—has won 6 Platinum and Gold level Hermes Awards for its rebranding campaign, website redesign, and “2019 Top 10 HEOR Trends” report.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Nationwide Foundation Pediatric Innovation Fund Makes Sixth Annual Gift for Significant Impact at Nationwide Children’s Hospital

The Nationwide Foundation established the Pediatric Innovation Fund in 2014 and has so far contributed $60 million to it, including the gift announced today.

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

Mount Sinai’s Raja Flores, MD, Honored with the Distinguished Alumni Service Award at NYU 2019 CAS Baccalaureate Ceremony

Dr. Flores is a world-renowned thoracic surgeon known for his technical skill and life-long work on lung and esophageal cancer, mesothelioma and asbestos-related diseases.

– Mount Sinai Health System

Kaylan Baban, MD, MPH, Tapped to Serve as Chief Wellness Officer for GW’s Medical Enterprise

Kaylan A. Baban, MD, MPH, will serve as the inaugural Chief Wellness Officer for the George Washington University’s medical enterprise — GW Hospital, the GW Medical Faculty Associates, and the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

– George Washington University

Hackensack University Medical Center among the First Hospitals in the United States to Utilize New Endovascular Stent for Treatment of an Emergent Complicated Type B Aortic Dissection

Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center offers patients a new treatment for a potentially fatal cardiovascular condition known as an aortic dissection, in which the inner layer of the aorta, the large blood vessel branching of...

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Pitt and CMU receive Department of Defense Contract to Create an Autonomous Robotic Trauma Care System

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Carnegie Mellon University have each been awarded 4-year contracts totaling nearly $7.5 million from the U.S. Department of Defense to create an autonomous trauma care system that fits in a backpack...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

The Thoracic Surgery Foundation Announces “Top 20” Institutional Honor Roll

The Thoracic Surgery Foundation (TSF) has announced its “Top 20” Institutional Honor Roll for 2019.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Science News

Unexpected observation of ice at low temperature, high pressure questions ice, water theory

Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory studying super-cold states of water discovered a pathway to the unexpected formation of dense, crystalline phases of ice thought to exist beyond Earth’s limits. Their findings, reported in Nature, challen...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature, May-2019

Embargo expired on 22-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Scientific Evidence Boosts Action for Activists, Decreases Action for Scientists

When a proposed policy has the backing of scientific evidence, it may boost the likelihood that activists will get involved with the issue. However, references to scientific evidence seem to dampen the activism of scientific experts, according to re...

– Penn State Institute for CyberScience

Journal of Behavioral Public Administration

Natural environments favour ‘good’ bacteria

A new study has shown that restoring environments to include a wider range of species can promote ‘good’ bacteria over ‘bad’ – with potential benefits for human health.

– University of Adelaide

Environmental International

Counter-intuitive climate change solution

A relatively simple process could help turn the tide of climate change while also turning a healthy profit. That's one of the hopeful visions outlined in a new Stanford-led paper that highlights a seemingly counterintuitive solution: converting one g...

– Stanford University

Nature Sustainability

New study finds distinct microbes living next to corals

Symbiotic algae living inside corals provide those animals with their vibrant color, as well as many of the nutrients they need to survive.

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Limnology and Oceanography

Soft, social robot brings coziness to homes — and classrooms

A new social robot that can be customized with handcrafted material, such as wood and wool, brings simplicity and fun to home robotics — and will soon be used to help teach math to fourth graders.

– Cornell University

Association for Computing Machinery Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction, March 2019

3-million-year-old fossilized mouse reveals evolutionary secrets of color

The evolutionary use of colour for mammal's survival in the wild is evident from, red foxes, to zebras. Today an international team,

– University of Manchester

Nature Communications

Detecting bacteria in space

A new genomic approach provides a glimpse into the diverse bacterial ecosystem on the International Space Station.

– Universite de Montreal

Environmental Microbiology

Data science helps engineers discover new materials for solar cells and LEDs

UC San Diego engineers have developed a high-throughput computational method to design new materials for next generation solar cells and LEDs. Their approach generated 13 new material candidates for solar cells and 23 new candidates for LEDs. Calcula...

– University of California San Diego

Energy & Environmental Science, May-2019; 20164974; ACI-1550404

A New Collider Concept Would Take Quantum Theories to an Extreme

A new idea for smashing beams of elementary particles into one another could reveal how light and matter interact under extreme conditions that may exist on the surfaces of exotic astrophysical objects, in powerful cosmic light bursts and star explos...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Physical Review Letters, 16 May 2019 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.190404)

New Study Assesses the Roles, Needs, and Priorities of the Environmental Health Workforce

WACO, Texas (May 22, 2019) – The National Environmental Health Association’s (NEHA) Journal of Environmental Health recently published the article "Uncovering Environmental Health: An Initial Assessment of the Profession’s Health Department Wor...

– Baylor University

Journal of Environmental Health

Ames Laboratory names James Morris Chief Research Officer

Dr. James Morris has been named Chief Research Officer at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Ames Laboratory. His appointment follows an extensive search and will be effective June 17, 2019.

– Ames Laboratory

Baylor University Joins Research Team Seeking to Transform U.S. Water System

WACO, Texas (May 22, 2019) – Baylor University has partnered with four Department of Energy laboratories and more than a dozen universities in a research alliance to address the country’s water security issues through desalination.

– Baylor University

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Belief in the ‘Prosperity Gospel’ Does Not Turn People into Successful Entrepreneurs

Belief in the “Prosperity Gospel” — that God financially blesses faithful followers — does not turn individuals into successful entrepreneurs. But prosperity beliefs can fuel values linked to entrepreneurial thinking, such as power and achiev...

– Baylor University

Scientific Study of Religion

Notre Dame Stories: Breastfeeding & IPV, Rome Global Gateway

Notre Dame Stories: Breastfeeding & IPV, Rome Global Gateway

– University of Notre Dame

includes video

Class of 2019: 962 Students Graduate from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Graduates representing 50 countries received their degrees from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health at Convocation on Tuesday, May 21, at Royal Farms Arena in Baltimore.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Olin Student Awarded Goldwater Scholarship

Cassandra Overney ’21 has been awarded a Goldwater Scholarship. Overney is among just 496 undergraduates nationwide to be named Goldwater Scholars in 2019. She was chosen from a field of over 5,000 applicants and 1,200 nominees from 443 academic in...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering

Olin College Holds 14th Commencement

Olin College of Engineering held its 14th Commencement on Sunday, May 19. Seventy-eight graduates received bachelor’s degrees during the ceremonies, which were held under a big tent on the college’s campus in Needham.

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering

The New Jersey International Film Festival Summer 2019 Lineup Announced

The Rutgers Film Co-op/New Jersey Media Arts Center, in association with the Rutgers University Program in Cinema Studies, is proud to present the 24th annual New Jersey International Film Festival Summer 2019. Showcasing new international films, Am...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick





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