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Friday, May 24, 2019

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Medical
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Medical News


Study Examines Volume Overload in Patients Initiating Peritoneal Dialysis

• Volume overload, or too much fluid in the body, is a frequent problem in patients with kidney failure initiating peritoneal dialysis. • Volume overload tends to improve over time after starting peritoneal dialysis, but is consistently higher...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

(CJASN) doi: 10.2215/CJN.11590918

Embargo expired on 23-May-2019 at 17:00 ET


Adding Bevacizumab to Lung Cancer Treatment Results in Modest Overall Survival Benefits, According to Study in JNCCN from Abramson Cancer Center

Researchers from University of Pennsylvania find adding bevacizumab to carboplatin-pemetrexed was effective in treating non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, in new study published in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Embargo expired on 23-May-2019 at 09:15 ET


Measles Vaccination: ‘All for One and One for All’

A commentary by researchers addresses the specter of clinical, ethical, public health and legal concerns that have been raised because of the recent measles outbreaks in New York. So far, the outbreaks seem to have emanated from ultra-Orthodox Jewish...

– Florida Atlantic University

American Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 24-May-2019 at 08:00 ET


Targeting Key Gene Could Help Lead to Down Syndrome Treatment

Targeting a key gene before birth could someday help lead to a treatment for Down syndrome by reversing abnormal embryonic brain development and improving cognitive function after birth, according to a Rutgers-led study.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Cell Stem Cell; Rutgers Today


Using Information Technology to Promote Health Equity – Update in Medical Care

An innovative health information technology (IT) program helps primary care providers to detect and manage depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in traumatized refugees, reports a study in a special June supplement to Medical Care. The ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Medical Care


Study Identifies Dog Breeds, Physical Traits That Pose Highest Risk of Biting Children

New research at The Ohio State University College of Medicine and The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center identifies dog breeds and physical traits that pose the highest risk of biting with severe injury. Doctors want parents of young childre...

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Volume 117, February 2019, Pages 182-188

includes video


How a zebrafish could help solve the mysteries of genetic brain disease

A close look at the rapidly developing zebrafish embryo is helping neuroscientists better understand the potential underpinnings of brain disorders, including autism and schizophrenia. The new study, published online this month in the journal eNeuro,...

– Ohio State University

eNeuro


Evidence Doesn't Support the 'Hour-1 Sepsis Bundle,' Say European Emergency Physicians

Currently available evidence does not support the recent "Hour-1 Bundle" recommendation to perform five initial treatment steps within the first hour in patients with sepsis. That's the position of the European Society of Emergency Medicine (EUSEM), ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

European Journal of Emergency Medicine


Report Finds California Above National Average for Sexual Harassment Rates

A new study shows California sexual harassment rates above national average.

– University of California San Diego Health


Physical Activity Research Highlights from 2019 ACSM Annual Meeting

If you're looking for new health and fitness story ideas related to physical activity and chronic diseases, here is a selection of research that will be presented at ACSM's Annual Meeting beginning May 28 in Orlando, Florida. Contact Lisa Ramage to l...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)


E-cigarette use climbing among cancer patients and cancer survivors

A new study by a UT Southwestern oncologist exposes what she calls an alarming trend. E-cigarette use is climbing among cancer patients and cancer survivors and could have consequences in the future.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

JAMA Oncology

includes video


Daily self-weighing can prevent holiday weight gain

Researchers at the University of Georgia have shown that a simple intervention – daily self-weighing – can help people avoid holiday weight gain.

– University of Georgia

Obesity

includes video


Lab’s Work on Plague Published in Infection and Immunity

Roger D. Pechous, Ph.D., studies the bacteria that caused the infamous black death of the Middle Ages, shedding light on something old to potentially protect against something new: bioterrorism.

– University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Infection and Immunity


Researchers Investigate Hormonal Links Between Diet and Obesity

Scientists have found another hint that time of day may play a role in how the body burns fuel, with implications for weight gain and heart health.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center

Journal of Biological Chemistry


ALS research reveals new treatment approach

New research on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (AML) has revealed that a protein called membralin plays a key role in the disease process. The study, published in Journal of Clinical Investigation, suggests that membralin-boosting gene therapy is a p...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Journal of Clinical Investigations; Tanz Family Fund; Cure Alzheimer's Fund; R01AG061875; R21AG059217; R01AG038710; R01AG044420; R01NS046673; R01AG056114...


Pioneering comprehensive program for women with Turner syndrome earns national recognition

A novel program designed to provide comprehensive care for Turner syndrome is one of the first in the U.S. to be designated an adult clinic by the Turner Syndrome Global Alliance (TSGA).

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


Ahead of Memorial Day, the American Academy of Dermatology Reminds Americans to Use Protection

An estimated 9,500 people in the United States are diagnosed with skin cancer every day, yet many Americans will put themselves at greater risk for skin cancer over the upcoming holiday weekend. New data from the American Academy of Dermatology revea...

– American Academy of Dermatology


An 84-year-old man becomes oldest living kidney donor in the United States at Houston Methodist Hospital

An 84-year old becomes the oldest living kidney donor after donating to his 72-year old neighbor. Also, talks about how you are never too old to save someone's life.

– Houston Methodist


CRNAs: We are the Answer

The AANA responds to inaccurate, untrue, and exaggerated statements regarding the practice of nurse anesthesia publicized by the American Society of Anesthesiologists with factual information.

– American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)


The Medical Minute: Keeping Your Teen Safe Behind the Wheel

A tragic trio of inexperience, strong emotions and distractions combines to make vehicle crashes the leading cause of death and disability among American teenagers.

Expert Available

– Penn State Health


Ten Ways to Stay Safe and Well When Temperatures Soar

Dehydration, sunburn, heatstroke, insect bites, rashes, and lacerations – summer can spell health meltdown with a seemingly endless list of unsightly, uncomfortable, and potentially lethal hazards.

Expert Available

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


How to Stay Safe in the Water This Summer

Beaches, lakes, and pools are great ways to beat the summer heat but there are precautions to take before reaching for that swimsuit, report physicians with The University of Texas Health Science at Houston (UTHealth).

Expert Available

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


ASA Endorses New Bipartisan Surprise Medical Bill Proposal

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) proudly endorses the comprehensive proposal the “Protecting People from Surprise Medical Bills Act” released today that protects patients from surprise medical bills – unanticipated bills from pro...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Cell scientist Rebecca Berdeaux awarded $1.9 million by NIH to research muscle regeneration

As people age, their muscle regeneration capacity declines in part because they can no longer make enough muscle stem cells to replace damaged tissue.

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Science News


Nature inspires a novel new form of computing, using light

McMaster researchers have developed a simple and highly novel form of computing by shining patterned bands of light and shadow through different facets of a polymer cube and reading the combined results that emerge.

– McMaster University

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 24-May-2019 at 05:00 ET


Cooling Wood: An Eco-Friendly Building Material

What if the wood your house was made of could save your electricity bill? In the race to save energy, using a passive cooling method that requires no electricity and is built right into your house could save even chilly areas of the US some cash.

– Maryland NanoCenter

Science

Embargo expired on 23-May-2019 at 14:00 ET


Hot Spots in Rivers That Nurture Young Salmon 'Flicker on and Off' in Alaska's Bristol Bay Region

Chemical signatures imprinted on tiny stones that form inside the ears of fish show that two of Alaska's most productive salmon populations, and the fisheries they support, depend on the entire watershed.

– University of Washington

Science, May-2019

Embargo expired on 23-May-2019 at 14:00 ET


Weighty Polymers Impact Battery Stability and Safety

Materials prevent battery failure by inhibiting tree-like growths.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science Advances 4, 1 (2018). [DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aao6243]


Raised on Copper: A New Material for Tougher Devices

Discovery of new boron-containing phase opens the door for resilient flexible electronics.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Nanotechnology 14, 44 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41565-018-0317-6]


The Age of Water

It's old--200,000 years old. But why does the age of Egyptian water matter? Because it indicates the source and as officials look to expand the use of groundwater to to mitigate growing water stress and allow for agricultural projects, having this in...

– University of Delaware

Earth and Planetary Science Letters


Engineered bacteria could be missing link in energy storage

One of the big issues with sustainable energy systems is how to store electricity that’s generated from wind, solar and waves. At present, no existing technology provides large-scale storage and energy retrieval for sustainable energy at a low fina...

– Cornell University

Journal of Biological Engineering, May 2019


Chimpanzees at the crossroads: Adapt to living outside protected areas

Research carried out into the impact of changes to chimpanzee habitats found they have adapted to human developments in a number of ways

– University of Kent

PLOS ONE


Cocktails with Cleopatra?

What kind of beer did the Pharaohs drink? In ancient times, beer was an important ingredient in people's daily diet. Great powers were attributed to beer in the ancient world

– Hebrew University of Jerusalem

mBio


Strange Martian mineral deposit likely sourced from volcanic explosions

Ashfall from ancient volcanic explosions is the likely source of a strange mineral deposit near the landing site for NASA's next Mars rover

– Brown University

Geology


Scientists create new standard genome for heavily studied worm

A new Cornell University-led study finds that the genome for a widely researched worm, on which countless studies are based, was flawed. Now, a fresh genome sequence will set the record straight and improve the accuracy of future research.

– Cornell University

Genome Research, May-2019


In a fire-prone world, which trees hold the most carbon matters, researchers say

Forest management must account for the elevated risk large, hot fires pose to older trees that store more carbon, researchers from NAU, UNM, the U.S. Forest Service and the Center for Ecosystem Science and Society (Ecoss) at Northern Arizona Universi...

– Northern Arizona University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Aftershocks of 1959 earthquake rocked Yellowstone in 2017-18

A swarm of more than 3,000 small earthquakes in the Maple Creek area (in Yellowstone National Park but outside of the Yellowstone volcano caldera) between June 2017 and March 2018 are, at least in part, aftershocks of the 1959 quake.

– University of Utah

Geophysical Research Letters


STAR Detector has a New Inner Core

A newly installed upgrade of the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) gives nuclear physicists more particle tracks than ever to gain insight into the building blocks of matter and the force that bound them to form the visible ...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Sandia launches a bus into space

Sandia National Laboratories recently launched a bus into space. Not the kind with wheels that go round and round, but the kind of device that links electronic devices. The bus was among 16 total experiments that were part of the National Nuclear Sec...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Kansas State University zoonotic disease research fights viruses in the hot zone

Kansas State University researchers are helping battle most of the nation's top-priority zoonotic diseases.

– Kansas State University

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Revealing Viruses’ Hidden Influence

Scientists studying bacteria and other microbes didn’t anticipate their data would hold the key to studying viruses. But new techniques are allowing researchers from DOE's Joint Genome Institute to use this data to gain insights about viruses’ ge...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

DE-AC02-05CH11231; DE-AC02-05CH11231; DE-AC02- 05CH11231


THE HOT ZONE connects with Kansas State University's long history as 'Silicon Valley for biodefense'

Kansas State University and its leaders are again being highlighted for their biodefense efforts.

– Kansas State University


Notre Dame Stories: Preparing for the Future

In this episode, a look at preparing for the future in two very different economic circumstances: In the US, how AI and advanced technology could disrupt the workforce; in the Amazon basin, how indigenous people are bolstering production of a common ...

– University of Notre Dame

includes video


National Geographic's THE HOT ZONE shows biosecurity's importance

Ron Trewyn, Kansas State University NBAF liaison, writes to encourage people to watch THE HOT ZONE, a National Geographic limited series inspired by two Kansas State University veterinarians and leaders and their work during the 1989 Ebola-related ou...

Expert Available

– Kansas State University


Sensor-Embedded ‘Smart’ Helmets Could Detect TBIs

Dr. Jie Huang, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at Missouri S&T, is working to meet the need for TBI early detection by developing technology that enables autonomous collection and processing of data in a reliable and “sma...

Expert Available

– Missouri University of Science and Technology


Cornell Veterinary Biobank first to achieve accreditation under new international standard

After years of planning and months of implementation, the Cornell Veterinary Biobank has achieved international accreditation under a brand new biobanking standard, making it the first biobank — of any type — in the world with such distinction.

– Cornell University


Removing Carbon Dioxide From an Air Stream

A University of Delaware research team has been awarded $1,979,998 in funding to build a fuel cell system fabricated with inexpensive catalysts and structural materials, which is consequently cheaper and more practical than existing fuel cell systems...

– University of Delaware

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Reading with Toddlers Reduces Harsh Parenting, Enhances Child Behavior, Rutgers-Led Study Finds

People who regularly read with their toddlers are less likely to engage in harsh parenting and the children are less likely to be hyperactive or disruptive, a Rutgers-led study finds.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, May-2019


Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja Joins The Babson Collaborative for Entrepreneurship Education

Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja (UTPL) has joined The Babson Collaborative for Entrepreneurship Education (The Collaborative).

– Babson College

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