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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Thursday, May 30, 2019

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Medical News

International Travelers Experience the Harmful Effects of Air Pollution

Even a short stay for travelers in cities with high levels of air pollution leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recover, a new study shows.

– NYU Langone Health

Journal of Travel Medicine; ES000260; ES007324

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

For kids, weight-based teasing linked to more weight gain

Kids and adolescents who were teased about their weight gained more weight over time, according to a new longitudinal study published May 30 in the journal Pediatric Obesity.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Pediatric Obesity

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 00:05 ET

Study reports ibrutinib and venetoclax combo effective as front-line therapy for select chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients

Ibrutinib and venetoclax, two FDA-approved drugs for treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), have been shown to be effective when given together for high-risk and older patients with the disease, according to a study at The University of Texas M...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

How to quell a cytokine storm: New ways to dampen an overactive immune system

BRCA, the DNA-repair protein family, interacts with a multipart, molecular complex that is also responsible for regulating the immune system. When certain players in this pathway go awry, autoimmune disorders, like lupus, can arise. Researchers have ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Nature; R01 CA138835

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Johns Hopkins Researchers Design New Blood Test That Uses DNA ‘Packaging’ Patterns to Detect Multiple Cancer Types

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed a simple new blood test that can detect the presence of seven different types of cancer by spotting unique patterns in the fragmentation of DNA shed from cancer cells and circulatin...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Nature; SU2C-AACR-DT1415, CA121113, CA006973, CA180950, 11-105240, 1309-00006B, NNF14OC0012747, NNF17OC0025052, R133-A8520-00-S41, R1

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Endovascular Aneurysm Procedure as Effective as Open Surgery, Study Finds

A minimally invasive procedure to repair abdominal aneurysms thought to be less effective than traditional open surgery has been shown to perform as well as the open repair and be as long-lasting.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Cooperative Studies Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 17:00 ET

Could Repeated Squeezes to the Arms, Legs Protect the Brain?

What if wearing a blood pressure cuff could help prevent stroke? In a new study, people who restricted their blood flow by wearing inflated blood pressure cuffs on an arm and leg showed signs of more controlled blood flow to their brain, a process th...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 16:00 ET

Media Advisory: May 29 Johns Hopkins Telebriefing to Announce New Blood Test That Can Detect 7 Cancers From Unique Patterns in DNA Fragments

A telebriefing will announce the development by the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center of a new “liquid biopsy” to accurately detect the presence of seven cancers using machine learning, a type of artificial intelligence. The briefing will coinci...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Patterns of chronic lymphocytic leukemia growth identified

In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, the rate of disease growth is apt to follow one of three trajectories: relentlessly upward, steadily level, or something in between, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Broad Institute of MIT...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Nature; 5P01CA081534-14; 1R01CA155010-01A1; P01CA206978; U10CA180861; 1RO1HL103532-0; PIOF-2013-624924

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 13:00 ET

Patient Groups Untested in Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Found to Also Benefit

Cancer patients previously excluded and underrepresented in immunotherapy clinical trials, such as African Americans and patients with HIV or viral hepatitis, actually benefit at the same rate as patients tested in the clinical trials, according to a...

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Significant “Knowledge Gap” Exists in Use of Genetic Testing to Decide Cancer Treatment

A survey conducted by Georgetown investigators found a significant knowledge and practice gap among community oncologists in the understanding and usage of genetic testing in determining patients' treatment plans and potential clinical trial outcomes...

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey Physician-Scientists Present Findings on Immunotherapy and Other Clinical Research at National Meeting

Findings from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey focused on immunotherapy will be featured at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting being held in Chicago tomorrow through Tuesday.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Pilot study shows untapped resource to help people quit smoking

As “World No Tobacco Day” approaches on Friday, May 31, results from a pilot study show there may be another path to help people who want to quit smoking. A study led by Kelly Buettner-Schmidt, associate professor in the School of Nursing at Nor...

– North Dakota State University

Chiropractic & Manual Therapies

Viral study suggests an approach that may decrease kidney damage in transplant patients

BK polyomavirus is harbored in most humans; in kidney transplant patients, immune suppression drugs to help the kidney can reactivate the virus and instead cause kidney failure. Research shows a way to reduce BK polyomavirus levels in patients withou...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Journal of Virology; AI123162; GM008111

High LDL linked to early-onset Alzheimer's

Researchers with the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Emory University have found a link between high LDL cholesterol levels and early-onset Alzheimer's disease.

– Veterans Affairs (VA) Research Communications

JAMA Neurology

New genetic engineering strategy makes human-made DNA invisible

Bacteria are everywhere. They live in the soil and water, on our skin and in our bodies. Some are pathogenic,

– Forsyth Institute

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Researchers explore the epigenetics of daytime sleepiness

Everyone feels tired at times, but up to 20 percent of U.S. adults report feeling so sleepy during the day that it interferes with daily activities, including working, having meals or carrying on conversations.

– Brigham and Women’s Hospital


Does being seen really make cyclists safer on the road?

Researchers from UBC Okanagan have determined motorists tended to give cyclists wearing high-visibility vests more room on the road, compared to cyclists without high-visibility clothing.

– University of British Columbia's Okanagan Campus


Seeing Disfigured Faces Prompts Negative Brain and Behavior Responses

A new study led by Penn Medicine researchers, which published today in Scientific Reports, found that people have implicit negative biases against people with disfigured faces, without knowingly harboring such biases.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Scientific Reports

Study finds link between ambient ozone exposure and progression of carotid wall thickness

Study of nearly 7,000 Americans aged 45 to 84 is first epidemiological study to provide evidence that ozone might advance subclinical arterial disease.

– University at Buffalo

Environmental Health Perspectives, May-2019

New Study Evaluates Transcatheter Dialysis Conduit Procedures Over 15 Years

A new research study by Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute found that utilization of invasive procedures on hemodialysis conduits—artificially constructed shuts used by many individuals who require dialysis—increased markedly from 2001 thro...

– Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (JVIR)

Structural Sexism: FSU Researcher Offers New Perspective on Gender and Health Inequality

A Florida State University researcher has found gender inequality in U.S. states is bad for everybody’s health. In a new study published in the American Sociological Review, FSU Assistant Professor Patricia Homan developed a new structural sexism a...

– Florida State University

American Sociological Review

UAMS, International Collaborators Use FDA-Approved Drugs to Extend Life in Worms

An international research collaboration that includes the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) has discovered that aging in nematodes (worms) can be slowed and even reversed by a number of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved dru...

– University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Scientific Reports

Providing a Critical Roadmap to Bridge the GapBetween Medicine and Public Health

Academic medical centers across the country and around the world are rapidly creating and expanding population health departments to bridge the worlds of clinical practice and public health. However, few frameworks exist to guide these efforts. Now a...

– NYU Langone Health

Academic Medicine

includes video

SCCA’s Immunotherapy leaders featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting

More than 20 physicians and researchers from Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) will present at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) in Chicago, IL May 31 – June 4, 2019.

– Seattle Cancer Care Alliance

RAPID® Imaging Platform Expands Options for Speedy Stroke Treatment at Atlantic Health System Neuroscience

RAPID provides the most advanced brain imaging to stroke experts. The platform is noteworthy for its ability to shave time from the treatment decision-making process: Images are transmitted from patients’ CTA (computed tomography angiography) and...

– Atlantic Health System

Clinical Research Pathways Taps Emory Physician for Board of Directors

Clinical Research Pathways, a non-profit that advocates for increasing diversity in clinical research and expanding access to experimental drugs, biologics and medical devices, has added a new member to its board of directors.

– Clinical Research Pathways

Johns Hopkins Technology That Integrates Earlier Cancer Detection Into Routine Medical Care Receives Record Venture Investment

A pioneering blood test developed by Johns Hopkins researchers that incorporates earlier cancer detection into routine medical care will be developed by a new company that has raised the largest outside investment ever by a licensee of a Johns Hopkin...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Names 2019-2020 Board of Directors

Nineteen national leaders in nutrition, health and business will serve as the 2019-2020 Board of Directors of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Terri J. Raymond Becomes 2019-2020 President of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Registered dietitian nutritionist Terri J. Raymond will begin her one-year term on June 1 as the 2019-2020 President of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

$9.5 million aimed at detecting autism earlier in childhood

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis are leading a multicenter team conducting research to evaluate whether brain imaging might help reveal risk for autism spectrum disorder in early infancy. Previous research suggest...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Ebola Crisis in DRC Demands Immediate, Ongoing Investments

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s North Kivu province remains uncontrolled despite heroic efforts on the part of international and local responders. The spread of the disease continues to pose imminent risks of cross-border t...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

Science News

Mass Die-off of Puffins Recorded in the Bering Sea

A mass die-off of seabirds in the Bering Sea may be partially attributable to climate change, according to a new study publishing May 29 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE



Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

Homo sapiens may have had several routes of dispersal across Asia in the Late Pleistocene

Homo sapiens may have had a variety of routes to choose from while dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene Epoch, according to a study released May 29, 2019



Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

Genomics of Isle Royale Wolves Reveal Impacts of Inbreeding

A new paper explores the genetic signatures of a pair of wolves isolated on Isle Royale, a remote national park in Lake Superior. The pair are father-daughter and share the same mother. Such close inbreeding leads to genetic anomalies, which likely a...

– Michigan Technological University

Science Advances; NIH S10 OD018174 Instrumentation Grant; NIH R35GM119856; NSF DEB-1453041; Isle Royale National Park CESU task agreement no. P16AC00004; McIntyre-Stennis Grant USDA-NIFA-1014575...

Embargo expired on 29-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

“Slothbot” Takes a Leisurely Approach to Environmental Monitoring

For environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, infrastructure maintenance and certain security applications, slow and energy efficient can be better than fast and always needing a recharge. That’s where “SlothBot” comes in.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

International Conference on Robotics and Automation; N00014-15-2115

Africa's elephant poaching rates in decline, but iconic animal still under threat

Elephant poaching rates in Africa have started to decline after reaching a peak in 2011, an international team of scientists have concluded.

– University of York

Nature Communications

Achieving 100 Percent Renewables

University at Albany solar energy expert Richard Perez shares his blueprint for a carbon-free future in PV-Tech Power.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

PV-Tech Power

Tapping Fresh Water Under the Ocean Has Consequences

Tapping into offshore groundwater resources--for drinking water, for agricultural uses or to support offshore oil drilling--could lead to adverse onshore impacts.

– University of Delaware

Geophysical Research Letters

includes video

Quantum information gets a boost from thin-film breakthrough

Efforts to create reliable light-based quantum computing, quantum key distribution for cybersecurity, and other technologies got a boost from a new study demonstrating an innovative method for creating thin films to control the emission of single pho...

– Los Alamos National Laboratory

Applied Physics Letters

A new vision for genomics in animal agriculture

Iowa State University animal scientists helped to form a blueprint to guide the next decade of animal genomics research. The recently released document outlines research priorities that will help livestock producers meet the protein needs of a growin...

– Iowa State University

Frontiers in Genetics

Beyond 1 and 0: Engineers Boost Potential for Creating Successor to Shrinking Transistors

A materials scientist from the University of Texas at Dallas has offered a solution to the fast-approaching physical minimum for transistor size: a multi-value logic transistor based on zinc oxide, capable of two stable intermediate states between 0 ...

– University of Texas at Dallas

Nature Communications, online, April 30

New Argonne computational model to accelerate engine development for next-generation hypersonic flight

Argonne’s new numerical modeling tool helps researchers better understand a powerful engine that could one day propel the next generation of airplanes and rockets.

– Argonne National Laboratory

includes video

A New View of Exoplanets with NASA’s Upcoming Webb Telescope

One of the Webb telescope’s first observation programs is to look at young, newly formed exoplanets and the systems they inhabit. Scientists will use all four of Webb’s instruments to observe three carefully selected targets.

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

Internship Leads to Full-Time Job at NREL

An interest in managing energy distribution plus the skills Prateek Munankarmi learned in graduate school led to an NREL internship--and now a full-time job.

– South Dakota State University

A Day in the Life of a Synchrotron Duty Operator

X-ray work can be grueling. As a duty operator at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL), Sarah Edwards works 12-hour shifts starting at either 6 a.m. or 6 p.m.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Ocean and space exploration blend at URI’s Graduate School of Oceanography

KINGSTON, R.I., — May 29, 2019 — Scientists with a NASA-led expedition are operating from the Inner Space Center at the University of Rhode Island’s Graduate School of Oceanography as colleagues explore the deep Pacific Ocean to prepare to sear...

– University of Rhode Island

Society for Risk Analysis – Europe to Host 28th Annual Conference

The Society for Risk Analysis – Europe (SRA-E) will host its 28th Annual Conference, with a theme of “Systemic Risks: From Natural Hazards to Cyber Risks.” The three-day event, running June 24-26, 2019, will be hosted and cosponsored by the IAS...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Society for Risk Analysis – E 28th Annual Conference

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Belief in Learning Styles Myth May Be Detrimental

WASHINGTON -- Many people, including educators, believe learning styles are set at birth and predict both academic and career success even though there is no scientific evidence to support this common myth, according to new research published by the ...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Journal of Educational Psychology

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

UNH Researchers Say Companies Need to Get Schooled on Sexual Harassment Training

From Hollywood to Washington, D.C., and everywhere in between, there has been a steady stream of high-profile sexual harassment allegations making headlines and starting conversations about better awareness. While many businesses have sexual harassme...

– University of New Hampshire

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Vol 12, Issue 1

Study: Continuity, Not Change, Marked President Trump’s First Year

While the various unilateral executive actions taken by President Donald Trump during the first year of his administration received great public scrutiny, a new Vanderbilt analysis shows he didn’t actually use them any more or less than his immedia...

– Vanderbilt University

PS: Political Science & Politics

Aggie ACHIEVE: The Inclusive College Experience

This fall, we celebrate the launch of Aggie ACHIEVE, the state’s first inclusive, four-year postsecondary education program for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Expert Available

– Texas A&M University

Head named for Ken and Mary Alice Lindquist Department of Nuclear Engineering

Jean Paul Allain has been named the inaugural head of the recently established Ken and Mary Alice Lindquist Department of Nuclear Engineering at Penn State, effective July 1.

– Penn State College of Engineering

New Wind Instrument Philosophy Introduces Novel Possibilities for Musical Performance

After eight years of work, Jonas Braasch, professor of architecture and arts at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has figured out how to play a soprano saxophone as a brass instrument, a flute, a double-reed instrument, and a single-reed instrument. ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

NUS opens Singapore History Prize to global nomination of non-fiction and fiction works

The Department of History at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences today announced the opening of the second round of the NUS Singapore History Prize.

– National University of Singapore





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