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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Friday, May 31, 2019

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Medical News

Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer

Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

ASCO Annual Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 31-May-2019 at 09:00 ET

Scientists Bioengineer Human Liver Disease in the Lab to Find New Treatments

Scientists successfully bioengineered human liver organoids that faithfully mimic key features of fatal liver disease in the laboratory. This allowed them to uncover underlying disease biology in the organoids and test a potential therapy that in pre...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Cell Metabolism, May 30, 2019

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 11:00 ET

New NCCN Guidelines for Children with Cancer Meet Growing Needs of Pediatric Oncology Community Worldwide

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) debuts NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)—comprehensive, up-to-date, evidence-based, consensus-driven guidelines for treating...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 09:30 ET

Childhood Adversity Linked to Earlier Puberty, Premature Brain Development, and Greater Mental Illness

Growing up in poverty and experiencing traumatic events like a bad accident or sexual assault were linked to accelerated puberty and brain maturation, abnormal brain development, and greater mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and p...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Psychiatry; MH107235; MH089983; MH096891; P50MH06891

Classification System Based on Co-Occurring Conditions May Provide Insight Into Autism

According to research published today in Autism Research, creating a classification system for ASD based on co-occurring conditions could provide useful insights into the underlying mechanics of ASD and these conditions.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Autism Research; Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Platelet-Rich Fibrin May Lead to Better Outcomes with Fat Grafting

A "second-generation" platelet concentrate called platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) might enhance the outcomes of fat grafting for plastic surgery procedures, reports an experimental study in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the offi...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Minority Children Have More Complications, Higher Costs of Cleft Palate Repair

A new study documents racial disparities among children undergoing surgery to repair cleft palate, including a higher risk of complications in African-American children, reports the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official med...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Newly Discovered Immune Cell Linked to Type 1 Diabetes

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say mysterious, previously unseen “X cell” may be cause of type 1 diabetes

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell; R0 AI099027

Study Shows Safety Initiative Decreases Opioid Use in VA Patients with Little Impact on Pain Scores

New research published in Anesthesiology reports that after an Opioid Safety Initiative was implemented at the Veterans Health Administration, patients undergoing knee replacement surgery were prescribed significantly less opioids with minimal impact...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Heartburn drugs linked to fatal heart and kidney disease, stomach cancer

A study from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System has linked long-term use of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to fatal cases of cardiovascular disease, chr...

– Washington University in St. Louis


Examining perceptions of accessibility symbols

The International Symbol of Access has been criticized for its inadequate representation of disability diversity, poorly representing universal design of space and products.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Disability and Health Journal

UCI research helps shed new light on circadian clocks

Irvine, Calif., May 30, 2019 – Can your liver sense when you’re staring at a television screen or cellphone late at night? Apparently so, and when such activity is detected, the organ can throw your circadian rhythms out of whack, leaving you mor...

– University of California, Irvine

Cell, May-2019

Emergency room or doctor's office?

A new study in the journal Heliyon, published by Elsevier, examines the relationship between the way individuals perceive and respond to threats (threat sensitivity)

– Elsevier


Study: Childhood Adversity Linked With Severe Depression in Adulthood

Children who face adversity are at a significantly greater risk for severe depression, research out of the University at Albany’s finds. Adversity has long been associated with depression, but until now, the timing of the adversity in relation to d...

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Depression and Anxiety

Church, couch, couple: Social psychological connections between people and physical space

Societies and people have reshaped the world many times over. From building cities and communities that live within them

– Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Personality and Social Psychology Review

International team identifies potential therapeutic target for sepsis

An international collaboration led by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center has identified a potential new therapeutic target for sepsis.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Science Advances

Eating blueberries every day improves heart health

Eating a cup of blueberries a day reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease - according to new research led by the University of East Anglia

– University of East Anglia

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

How the enzyme lipoxygenase drives heart failure after heart attacks

In a study in Metabolism, Ganesh Halade details the profound lipidomic and metabolic signatures and the modified leukocyte profiling that delay heart failure progression and provide improved survival in 12/15 lipoxygenase-deficient mice. Heart failur...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental; AT006704 ; HL132989; POST31000008

African Mole-Rats Immune to ‘Wasabi Pain’

A new report in Science provides the first evidence of a mammal — the highveld mole-rat — being immune to pain from exposure to allyl isothiocyanate, or AITC, the active ingredient of wasabi.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Cornell team, EPA to partner on emissions big data project

A team from Cornell University associate professor Max Zhang’s lab will work with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over the next year on a machine learning model designed to predict fossil fuel emissions. The project was a winning entry in...

– Cornell University

The Medical Minute: The pitfalls of too much screen time

Too much screen time can cause health problems for an adult. Mix it with the turmoil of teen years — or the plasticity of a preschooler’s brain — and it can lead to conditions ranging from obesity to mental health disorders.

– Penn State Health

Success after epilepsy surgery: It's more than just seizure freedom

Epilepsy surgery that stops seizures is usually considered successful. However, surgical consequences -- such as cognitive issues, depression, and anxiety -- can affect quality of life. And some struggle with the 'burden of normality' that comes from...

– International League Against Epilepsy

Loyola Medicine Initiative to Prevent Burnout in Young Physicians

Loyola Medicine pathologist Marissa Saint Martin, MD, is leading an initiative to help prevent burnout in young doctors.

– Loyola University Health System

Loyola Medicine Celebrates 50th Anniversary

Loyola Medicine, the top rated health system in Chicago's western suburbs, is celebrating its 50th anniversary.

– Loyola University Health System

Environmental Expert Addresses Plan to Combat Lyme Disease, Tick-borne Illness

An environmental expert is available to comment on the need to fund research to combat tick-borne illnesses.

Expert Available

– Indiana University

NCCN and AstraZeneca Support Quality Improvements for Lung Cancer Care

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Oncology Research Program (ORP) and AstraZeneca are collaborating to seek proposals for improving care processes for patients with unresectable stage III and stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn Appoints Director of Vascular Neurology, Comprehensive Stroke Center

Board certified in neurology and vascular neurology, Shadi Yaghi, MD, will oversee the Joint Commission–accredited Comprehensive Stroke Center at NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn and director clinical vascular neurology research for NYU Langone Heal...

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn

New England Journal of Medicine

Science News

Ancient DNA Tells the Story of the First Herders and Farmers in East Africa

A collaborative study led by archaeologists, geneticists and museum curators is providing answers to previously unsolved questions about life in sub-Saharan Africa thousands of years ago.

– Saint Louis University

Science; 5R01GM100233

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

DNA Study Illustrates the Complex Story of Ancient Herders and Farmers in East Africa and How Food Production Entered Sub-Saharan Africa

How food production entered sub-Saharan Africa some 5,000 years ago and the ways in which herding and farming spread through the continent in ancient times has been a topic of archaeological debate. Now an international scientific team is unlocking ...

– Stony Brook University


Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 14:00 ET

Scientists Design Organic Cathode for High Performance Batteries

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have designed a new, organic cathode material for lithium batteries. With sulfur at its core, the material is more energy-dense, cost-effective, and environmentally...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Advanced Energy Materials

Study of northern Alaska could rewrite Arctic history

Parts of Alaska's mountainous Brooks Range were likely transported from Greenland and a stretch of the Canadian Arctic much farther to the east

– Dartmouth College

Special Papers

Combination of experiments and calculations allows examination of boron’s complicated dance

In a study that combines groundbreaking experimental work and theoretical calculations, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists in Germany and Poland, have determined the nu...

– Argonne National Laboratory

Physical Review Letters, May 10, 2019

Tips for Safe Travel with Pets

Kit Darling, infection control coordinator at the Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, has some helpful tips for keeping pets safe and calm during road trips, plane rides, and any other type of trip away from hom...

– Texas A&M University

Ten Years and Nearly a Billion Dollars: How Project Management Made a Massive X-Ray Light Source Possible

As one of the Department of Energy’s Office of Science’s biggest projects, the National Synchrotron Light Source-II put managers’ management skills to the test. Careful planning and reviews allowed them to tackle challenges including vibrations...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

SLAC fires up electron gun for LCLS-II X-ray laser upgrade

Crews at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have powered up a new electron gun, a key component of the lab’s upgrade of its Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser, and last night it fired its first electrons....

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

SLAS Scientific Director Mike Tarselli, Ph.D., Named to IUPAC’s “Periodic Table of Younger Chemists”

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry named SLAS Scientific Director Mike Tarselli, Ph.D., to its 2019 “Periodic Table of Younger Chemists.” The recognition is part of the IUPAC’s 100th anniversary celebration and honors a diver...

– SLAS (Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Politicians Walk The Walk, When It Comes To Financial Investments

For the most part, politicians do put their money where their mouths are. A recent study of U.S senators and representatives finds that the more liberal a politician’s voting record is, the more likely the politician is to invest in socially respon...

– North Carolina State University

Management Science, May-2019

Texas A&M Researcher: Immigration At Southern Border A Humanitarian Crisis, Not An "Invasion"

Changing immigration trends are the topic of a new issue of The Takeaway, a publication of the Bush School of Government & Public Service at Texas A&M University.

– Texas A&M University

Baylor Nutrition Expert Gives the Scoop on Ice Cream and Other Summertime Treats

The summer heat is coming. And that brings with it the excitement of ice cream, frozen yogurt and snow cones.

Expert Available

– Baylor University

Enjoy the View and the Experience BEFORE You Post the Selfie, Baylor Expert Says

In this digital age, what's more important when you're on vacation -- the experience itself or the selfie that proves you were there?

Expert Available

– Baylor University

Water Activities Provide Relaxation, Connection, Baylor Outdoor Adventure Expert Says

As some seek relaxation on the water, others might want a physical challenge, but Schrank says even those who seek a workout should remain receptive to additional outcomes.

Expert Available

– Baylor University

Baylor Expert Shares 11 Tips to Help You Negotiate the Best Retail Price

In today’s retail climate, where stores struggle to keep up with online competition and customers can compare prices with the ease of their smartphones, the price tag is just a starting point for negotiations, said a negotiation expert at Baylor Un...

Expert Available

– Baylor University

Baylor’s Benjamin Franklin Scholars Bring Light to Complex Figure

Sometimes the Franklin legends are bigger than Franklin the man – and it’s taken an army of historians and scholars throughout the centuries to sort it out.

Expert Available

– Baylor University

UIC Launches HR Management Degree

Entry-level jobs in human resource management are expected to grow at a rate of 7.1% between 2016 and 2026, according to the 2016 Occupational Outlook Handbook provided by the U.S. Government’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. In response, the Universit...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Philosopher Nancy Cartwright Honored for Lifetime Scholarly Achievement

UC San Diego Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Nancy Cartwright is the recipient of the Carl Gustav Hempel Award, recognizing lifetime achievement in the philosophy of science as well as scholarly excellence. Given bi-annually by the Philosophy o...

– University of California San Diego

Olin College Professor Carrie Nugent Awarded Carl Sagan Medal

Carrie Nugent Ph.D., assistant professor of computational physics and planetary science, has been awarded the Carl Sagan Medal for Excellence in Public Communication in Planetary Science. The prize is awarded annually by the Division for Planetary Sc...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering

In a Nation Divided, Civility is Essential

“The seeds for UC San Diego’s civility and conflict resolution programs were planted years ago by Murray Galinson—Elaine’s late husband—in partnership with the National Conflict Resolution Center,” said UC San Diego Chancellor Pradeep K. ...

– University of California San Diego





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