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Newswise - News for Journalists
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Wednesday, June 5, 2019

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Medical
(29 New)
Science
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Life
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Medical News


Large Gaps in Life Expectancy in Major U.S. Cities Linked to Racial/Ethnic Segregation By Neighborhood

Among the 500 largest U.S. cities, 56 have very large life expectancy gaps between neighborhoods, where on average people in one neighborhood can expect to live 20 to 30 years longer than their neighbors a few miles away.

– NYU Langone Health

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 00:05 ET


Children’s brains reorganize after epilepsy surgery to retain visual perception

Children can keep full visual perception – the ability to process and understand visual information – after brain surgery for severe epilepsy, according to a study funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Hea...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Journal of Neuroscience, Jun-2019

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2019 at 13:00 ET


Labels of U.S. Probiotic Products Lacking, Researchers Find

When it comes to buying probiotics, most product labels do not give consumers enough information to make an informed decision, according to a research team led by Georgetown University Medical Center.

– Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center

Journal of General Internal Medicine

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2019 at 12:00 ET


Lymphoma trial finds combination targeted therapy effective prior to chemotherapy

Results of a Phase II clinical trial conducted at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center revealed that combination targeted therapy, consisting of rituximab, lenalidomide and ibrutinib (RLI), had an 84.6 percent overall response rate (ORR)...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2019 at 13:10 ET


Columbia University and Deerfield Management Launch Hudson Heights Innovations

Columbia University and Deerfield Management, a healthcare investment firm, today announced the creation of a major research and development alliance. The collaboration is intended to advance the translation of biomedical discoveries into transformat...

– Columbia University

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 08:00 ET


Reducing Opioid Prescriptions After C-Sections

Researchers say there’s a better way to take care of patients after C-sections to help them heal faster and manage pain without increasing their risk of long-term opioid use.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology


Cervical Cancer During Pregnancy, Though Serious, is Highly Treatable According to New Research Review

“Individualized therapies are strongly recommended and the treatment decision should be made collaboratively with a multidisciplinary team consisting of obstetricians, gynecologists, oncologists, pediatricians, and psychologists,” says researcher...

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

Journal of Cellular Physiology


Many Kids with Pneumonia Get Unnecessary Antibiotics, Chest X-Rays

Preschool children with community-acquired pneumonia often receive unnecessary tests and treatment at outpatient clinics and emergency departments, according to a nationally representative study led by Todd Florin, MD, MSCE, from Ann & Robert H. Luri...

– Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, May-2019


Study finds link between burnout and weight gain

Feeling overworked contributes to a variety of unhealthy behaviors.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Health Psychology


Estudio descubre que terapia farmacológica retrasa aparición de síntomas de mieloma

El mayor ensayo aleatorio para mieloma múltiple quiescente plantea que un fármaco oncológico, la lenalidomida, puede retrasar la aparición de los síntomas del mieloma, dicen los investigadores de Mayo Clinic.

– Mayo Clinic


Estudio descubre marcadores del ADN potencialmente útiles para detección temprana del cáncer colorrectal

Entre varias presentaciones que Mayo Clinic hace durante la reunión anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncología Clínica en Chicago, están estudios nuevos sobre la detección temprana del cáncer colorrectal y la repercusión de la terapia celular...

– Mayo Clinic


La información genética motiva a las mujeres a aceptar el tratamiento preventivo contra el cáncer, muestra estudio de Mayo Clinic

Los estudios muestran que la administración durante 5 años de tamoxifeno, raloxifeno e incluso de los inhibidores de la aromatasa puede reducir a la mitad el riesgo de cáncer de mama. Sin embargo, las mujeres con alto riesgo de cáncer de mama se ...

– Mayo Clinic


Do Images of Food on Kids’ Clothes Influence Eating Behavior?

As some sweet treat fans celebrate National Doughnut Day on June 7, a pediatrician examines the new trend of donuts showing up on children's clothing.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Eating Behaviors


研究表明药物可降低视神经脊髓炎复发风险

依库珠单抗药物是一种抑制炎症反应的合成抗体,可显著降低视神经脊髓炎谱系疾病(neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder,简称NMOSD)复发的风险。这种罕见但严重的自身免疫性炎症性疾病可导致...

– Mayo Clinic


Brush your teeth -- postpone Alzheimer's

The researchers have determined that gum disease (gingivitis) plays a decisive role in whether a person developes Alzheimer´s or not.

– University of Bergen

Science Advances


Should STEMI Patients Recover in the ICU?

Providers need more clear guidance on whether a patient who has suffered from STEMI heart attack should recover in the intensive care unit, a new University of Michigan study, published in The BMJ, finds.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

The BMJ, June-2019


Facial Bones of Black Adults Age Differently Than Other Races, Rutgers Study Finds

Facial bones in black adults maintain higher mineral density as they age than other races, resulting in fewer changes to their facial structure, a Rutgers study finds. The study, published in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery, is the first to document h...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery


Snout Dated: Slow-Evolving Elephant Shark Offers New Insights into Human Physiology

Slow-evolving elephant shark reveals hormonal adaptation and offers new insights into human physiology.

– University of California San Diego Health

Science Signaling


Researchers Restore Beta-Cell Function by Deleting Old Cells

Research from Joslin Diabetes Center has shown in mice that insulin resistance increases the proportion of aged beta-cells which are dysfunction. Such an increase in aged beta-cells could lead to type 2 diabetes. These researchers confirmed similarly...

– Joslin Diabetes Center

Cell Metabolism

includes video


Controlling a Runner’s High, Exercise and Anxiety, Physical Activity and Cognitive Performance and More from the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Science®

If you're looking for health and fitness story ideas, view these research highlights from the May 2019 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, ACSM’s flagship journal. ACSM is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organizatio...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise


Tip Sheet: Engineering Antibody-Producing B Cells; Editing Genes via Gold Nanoparticles; And Using AI to Screen Lung Cancer Patients

Below are summaries of recent Fred Hutch research, with links for additional background and media contacts.

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center


Aviso de un experto: Análisis genéticos pueden llevar a mejor detección del cáncer e intervenciones

De todos los casos de cáncer colorrectal y mamario, entre el 5 y el 10 por ciento se vinculan con la herencia, dice una revisión hecha por Mayo Clinic acerca de las afecciones y los síndromes hereditarios más comúnmente encontrados.

– Mayo Clinic


New Minimally Invasive Procedure Treats Debilitating Swallowing Disorder

Loyola Medicine is among the first centers in Illinois to offer a new minimally invasive procedure to treat a debilitating swallowing disorder called achalasia. There are no incisions or scars, minimal pain and a fast recovery.

– Loyola University Health System


Association for Molecular Pathology Expresses Serious Concerns with Congress’ Attempt to Resurrect Human Gene Patenting Debate and Reverse Settled Supreme Court Ruling

AMP has expressed serious concerns with Congress’ recent proposal to amend Section 101 of the Patent Act. If enacted, the draft legislation would overturn 150 years of patent case law and permit patenting of human genes and naturally-occurring asso...

– Association for Molecular Pathology


Cancer researchers earn $4.1 million Cancer Moonshot grant to develop immunotherapy treatments for children, adolescents

A team of researchers from Indiana University and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center have been awarded a $4.1 million National Cancer Institute “Cancer Moonshot” grant to develop immunotherapy treatments for cancer in children and adolescents...

– Indiana University

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SUNY Upstate Medical University's Albanese elected president of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America

SUNY Upstate Medical University's Stephen Albanese elected president of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America, a professional society of more than 1,400 surgeons, physicians and allied health professionals dedicated to improving the care...

– SUNY Upstate Medical University


Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Foundation's $32 million gift advances Mayo Clinic research

A generous $32 million gift from the New York-based Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Foundation will enable Mayo Clinic to expand its research mission with the construction of a four-story, 64,000-square-foot research building in Rochester.

– Mayo Clinic


Mount Sinai Scientist Awarded $8 Million for Visionary Research on Environmental Influences on Health and Disease

A theory that proposes the existence of a dynamic interface between the environment and human physiology over someone’s lifetime has earned a leading Mount Sinai researcher the prestigious Outstanding Investigator Award from the National Institute ...

– Mount Sinai Health System

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Comprehensive Breast Imaging Suite Coming to Orland Park

The new dedicated breast imaging suite in Orland Park will provide screening and diagnostic mammography as part of a joint venture with Solis Mammography.

– University of Chicago Medical Center

Science News


New Approach Optimizes Use of Future Wave Electricity Generators During Disaster

When hurricanes strike, loss of electricity ranks as one of the top concerns for relief workers. New work, described in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, looks to develop a strategy for how floating devices that harness the energy of o...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Using Physics to Print Living Tissue

3D printers can be used to make a variety of useful objects by building up a shape, layer by layer. Scientists have used this same technique to “bioprint” living tissues. Bioprinting is a relatively new technology that has advanced mostly by tria...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Applied Physics Reviews

Embargo expired on 04-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Full moon at Normandy: Celestial Sleuth corrects D-Day historical record

Texas State University astronomer, physics professor and Texas State University System Regents' Professor Donald Olson has applied his distinctive brand of celestial sleuthing to the events of June 1944 to correct the historical record regarding the ...

– Texas State University

Sky & Telescope


new polymer tackles PFAS pollution

Commonly used in non-stick and protective coatings, lubricants and aviation fire-fighting foams, PFAS does not break down readily in the environment. Tests by the US FDA has detected PFAS and other "forever chemicals" contamination of food. The new p...

– Flinders University

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering


Metal Foam Stops .50 Caliber Rounds As Well As Steel – At Less Than Half the Weight

Researchers have demonstrated that vehicle armor using composite metal foam can stop ball and armor-piercing .50 caliber rounds as well as conventional steel armor, even though it weighs less than half as much.

– North Carolina State University

Composite Structures, May-2019


STUDY: Frogs Find Refuge in Elephant Tracks

Frogs need elephants. That’s what a new WCS-led study says that looked at the role of water-filled elephant tracks in providing predator-free breeding grounds and pathways connecting frog populations.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Mammalia


New research explores the mechanics of how birds flock

Wildlife researchers have long tried to understand why birds fly in flocks and how different types of flocks work.

– University of New Orleans

eLife


Salmon get a major athletic boost via a single enzyme

Salmon species, known for undertaking arduous upstream migrations, appear to owe a good deal of their athletic ability to the presence of a single enzyme.

– University of British Columbia

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


Networking with ghosts in the machine... and speaking kettles

Imagine for just a moment that your kettle could speak? What would it say? How would it feel? More importantly, what on earth would you ask it?

– Lancaster University

The Design Journal


Early lives of Alaska sockeye salmon accelerating with climate change

An ample buffet of freshwater food, brought on by climate change, is altering the life history of one of the world's most important salmon species.

– University of Washington

Nature Ecology & Evolution


Fear of 'killer shrimps' could pose major threat to European rivers

The fear of invasive 'killer shrimps' can intimidate native organisms to such a degree that they are incapable of performing their vital role in river systems, a new study suggests.

– University of Plymouth

Acta Oecologica


Researchers discover cells that change their identity during normal development

A new study by researchers at the University of Virginia and other institutions has discovered a type of pigment cell in zebrafish that can transform after development into another cell type.

– University of Virginia

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Deep Learning Techniques Teach Neural Model to “Play” Retrosynthesis

Researchers at Columbia Engineering have developed a new technique based on reinforcement learning that trains a neural network model to correctly select the “best” reaction at each step of the retrosynthetic process. This form of AI provides a f...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

ACS Central Science


It’s Alive! UNH Researchers Create Innovative “Living” Bridge

Engineers at the University of New Hampshire have designed a unique living laboratory on a heavily traveled iconic bridge which could change the way infrastructure is viewed. The Memorial Bridge, which links Portsmouth, New Hampshire to Kittery, Main...

– University of New Hampshire

includes video


Department of Energy Announces $75 Million for High Energy Physics Research

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $75 million in funding for 66 university research awards on a range of topics in high energy physics to advance knowledge of how the universe works at its most fundamental level.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


New DOE program connects fusion companies with national labs, taps ORNL to lead

The Department of Energy has established the Innovation Network for Fusion Energy program, or INFUSE, to encourage private-public research partnerships for overcoming challenges in fusion energy development.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


New App Provides Emergency Response Vehicles with the Fastest, Safest Path to Incident Scenes

QuickRoute uses GPS and routing data to provide turn-by-turn directions, and it features an alerting mechanism to warn responders of hazards along the route, such as a flooded road, an accident, or downed power lines.

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

The Pew Research Center

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Study offers comprehensive roadmap for regulating political activity by nonprofits

Lloyd Hitoshi Mayer's comprehensive approach yields surprising and controversial solutions, beginning with the creation of a simple and broad definition of political activity that charities will be prohibited from engaging in.

– University of Notre Dame

Journal of Legislation


What's Your Attitude About Pubic Hair Removal?

A study led by UNLV anthropologists combed through written records from the 1890s to early 2000s from nearly 200 societies around the world to figure out how pubic hair removal practices differ from Western societies and the motives behind it.

– University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Cross-Cultural Research, SAGE Publications (Vol 53, Issue 2, April 2019)


Not all teens turn to social media when they’re lonely

Technology is so pervasive it may seem as if teens spend more time on social networking sites than in real conversations with friends. New research challenges that assumption and finds some teens, especially when they feel lonely, prefer face-to-face...

– Iowa State University

Information and Management

includes video


Research by SUSU is of Interest for the Whole World

Two-day meeting of the International Scientific Council took place at South Ural State University. Leading scientists from around the world and directors of the largest corporations highly praised SUSU’s accomplishments and discussed the prospects ...

– South Ural State University


Creating mascots to entertain fans

Brittany Jacob, an alum of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee's Washington County campus, leads a team that is behind a number of well-known corporate and sports mascots.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


CSUs Awarded $7M to Improve Equity in STEM Education

Six CSU campuses will receive a combined $7.5 million to reimagine online courses in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields: Fullerton, Humboldt, Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, San Marcos and Sonoma. ​The awards are issued...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office


Businessman donates $3 million for Rowan University pet therapy program

Shreiber’s gift will establish an endowment to create a self-sustaining program to bring certified therapy dogs to Rowan’s Glassboro, N.J. campus.

– Rowan University

Business News


Babson Event Dedicated To Changing Landscape For Financing Women Entrepreneurs

Impact Day, a global convening of investors, accelerators, policy-makers, scholars, women entrepreneurs, and other key stakeholders who are dedicated to changing the landscape of financing women entrepreneurs, will take place June 5, 2019, at Babson ...

– Babson College

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