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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Thursday, June 6, 2019

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Medical
(25 New)
Science
(15 New)
Life
(4 New)
Business
(1 New)
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Medical News


Opioid Epidemic Increases Number of Organs Available for Transplant

The confluence of two major health crises—the opioid epidemic and organ shortage—has moved surgeons to consider transplanting organs deemed as less than “perfect” in an effort to expand the donor pool and save more lives.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 00:00 ET


Brain Changes May Be Linked to Unexplained Motor Symptoms

A new study finds that people who have movement problems, symptoms that cannot be explained by an underlying disease, may have chemical changes in specific areas of the brain. The study is published in the June 5, 2019, online issue of Neurology®, t...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 16:00 ET


Predicting Postinjury Depression and PTSD Risk

Addressing the psychological effects of injury can improve health and reduce the negative outcomes of injury. Yet, in a national survey, only seven percent of trauma centers incorporate routine screening for PTSD symptoms.

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

JAMA Surgery; R01NR013503

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Biomarker predicts which pancreatic cysts may become cancerous

...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Gastroenterology, June 5. 2019; T32 DK007130-41, P30 DK052574, P50 CA196510-01A1, P30 DK052574, R01DK47673 and R01 DK63618

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


To Fight TB Infection, Early Protection Is Crucial

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Africa Health Research Institute have identified a master cell that coordinates the body’s immune defenses in the crucial early days after infection. Boosting the activity...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature, June-2019; HL105427; AI111914-02; AI123780; AI134236-02; T32 HL 7317-39; T32-AI007172; U19 AI91036; 5U24AI118672; T32 HL007317-37...

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 13:00 ET


For dying patients, early plans can improve quality of life

Careful documentation of a hospice patient’s end-of-life wishes – and prominently noting that information in health records early – could prevent unwanted hospitalizations and medical interventions, a new study suggests.

– Ohio State University

American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine


Individuals Who Attempt Suicide Carry an Increased Genetic Liability for Depression, Regardless of Their Psychiatric Disorder

Study provides new information on the genetic basis of suicide attempt

– Mount Sinai Health System

The American Journal of Psychiatry, June-2019


Study links irregular sleep patterns to metabolic disorders

A new study has found that not sticking to a regular bedtime and wakeup schedule--and getting different amounts of sleep each night--can put a person at higher risk for obesity

– NIH, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Diabetes Care


Unsalted tomato juice may help lower heart disease risk

In a study published in Food Science & Nutrition, drinking unsalted tomato juice lowered blood pressure and LDL cholesterol in Japanese adults at risk of cardiovascular disease.

– Wiley

Food Science & Nutrition


Study Suggests New Computer Analytics May Solve the Hospital Readmission Puzzle

A University of Maryland School of Medicine study suggests that a novel machine learning model developed at the University of Maryland Medical System (UMMS), called the Baltimore score (B score), may help hospitals better predict which discharged pat...

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

JAMA Network Open


Safe Consumption Spaces Would Be Welcomed By High-Risk Opioid Users

A large majority of people who use heroin and fentanyl would be willing to use safe consumption spaces where they could obtain sterile syringes and have medical support in case of overdose, suggests a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Blo...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Journal of Urban Health


US soldiers have worse heart health than civilians

Active duty Army personnel have worse cardiovascular health compared to people of similar ages in the civilian population, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association

– American Heart Association (AHA)

Journal of the American Heart Association


Mosquito Control Program Reduces Dengue, Costs in Sri Lanka

A public health, police, and military partnership to reduce the mosquito population in Sri Lanka resulted in a more than 50-percent reduction in dengue, as well as cost savings, finds a study from an international team of researchers led by NYU Colle...

– New York University

The Lancet Planetary Health


Replicating Fetal Bone Growth Process Could Help Heal Large Bone Defects

To treat large gaps in long bones, like the femur, that often eventually result in amputation, researchers developed a process that partially recreates the bone growth process that occurs before birth.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Science Translational Medicine; UL1TR001108; 16SDG31230034; 1435467; R01AR066193; R01AR063194; R01AR069564; R01EB023907; 5F32DE024712; TECG20150782...

includes video


Recreating embryonic conditions at break sites can help bones heal faster

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania have developed a unique technique that uses stem cells and flexible implantable bone-stabilizing plates to help speed the healing of large breaks or defects. The ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Science Translational Medicine


Nanotechnology treatment shows promise against multiple sclerosis

Irvine, Calif., June 5, 2019 — A nanotechnology treatment derived from bone marrow stem cells has reversed multiple sclerosis symptoms in mice and could eventually be used to help humans, according to a new study led by University of California, Ir...

– University of California, Irvine

ACS Nano, June-2019


UF Study: Hunger and Food Security May Impact College Student Health and Academic Performance

About 19 percent of respondents were identified as food insecure, lacking consistent access to nutritious food, while another 25 percent experienced anxiety about food shortage. Through this work, UF/IFAS researchers found that food insecure students...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


Walking Speed Points to Future Clinical Outcomes for Older Patients with Blood Cancers

Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the VA Boston Healthcare System have uncovered a new vital sign for gauging survival and likelihood of having an unplanned hospitalization in older patients with blood cancers: the speed at which they c...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Blood ; HL007479; AG000158


Nation’s Leading Medical Specialty Organizations Applaud Congressional Leaders’ Introduction of Legislation to Improve Oversight and Transparency in Prior Authorization

2019 (H.R. 3107), legislation that would protect patients from unreasonable Medicare Advantage plan requirements that needlessly delay or deny access to medically necessary care

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)


ATS Concerned by Trump Administration Action to Halt NIH Fetal Tissue Intramural Research

The American Thoracic Society is concerned by today’s announcement of the Trump Administration’s restrictions on federal support for fetal tissue research.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)


ASTRO applauds new prior authorization legislation to reduce cancer patient burden and delays

American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) applauds introduction of the The Improving Seniors’ Timely Access to Care Act of 2019

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)


DISARM Act Provides Framework Needed to Spur Antibiotic R&D, Protect Existing Drugs

The introduction of the Developing an Innovative Strategy for Antimicrobial Resistant Microorganisms -- DISARM -- Act -- by United States Senators Johnny Isakson (R-GA) and Bob Casey (D-PA) Tuesday represents an essential step toward addressing the g...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)


American Society of Anesthesiologists Launches CME Course to Reduce Opioid Misuse and Abuse

The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) today announced the launch of its new Opioid Analgesic Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) continuing medical education (CME) course available online now or in person at ANESTHESIOLOGY 2019...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


UT Southwestern Medical School students named DFW Schweitzer Fellows

Seven UT Southwestern Medical School students have been selected Dallas-Fort Worth Albert Schweitzer Fellows.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center


The Day Family Announces the Creation of The Ryan and Christina Day Fund for Pediatric and Adolescent Mental Wellness at Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Ryan and Christina Day have joined On Our Sleeves™, the movement to transform childhood mental health developed by Nationwide Children’s Hospital. Today, they announced the creation of The Ryan and Christina Day Fund for Pediatric and Adolescent ...

– Nationwide Children's Hospital

Science News


Hoard of the rings: Unusual rings are a novel type of Bronze Age cereal-based product

Strange ring-shaped objects in a Bronze Age hillfort site represent a unique form of cereal-based product, according to a study published June 5, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET


Koala drinking stations can reduce impact of climate change

A long-held view that koalas get all their hydration from eating leaves has been overturned by new research published today from Dr Valentina Mella and colleagues at the University of Sydney.

– University of Sydney

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET


Researchers Discover What Makes Deep-Sea Dragonfish Teeth Transparent

A team of researchers led by the University of California San Diego have discovered what’s responsible for making the teeth of the deep-sea dragonfish transparent. This unique adaptation, which helps camouflage the dragonfish from their prey, resul...

– University of California San Diego

Matter, June-2019; FA9550-15-0009 ; FA9550-10-1-0555

Embargo expired on 05-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


A Virtual Substrate Opens Path to Oxide Films on Silicon for Application in 5G, MEMS, Sensors and Quantum Computation

Proof that a new ability to grow thin films of an important class of materials called complex oxides will, for the first time, make these materials commercially feasible, according to Penn State materials scientists.

– Penn State Materials Research Institute

Nature Communications June-2019


Analysis: World’s Protected Areas Safeguard Only a Fraction of Wildlife

A new analysis published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment shows that the world’s protected areas (PAs) are experiencing major shortfalls in staffing and resources and are therefore failing on a massive scale to safeguard wild...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment


Cool, Nebulous Ring around Milky Way's Supermassive Black Hole

New ALMA observations reveal a never-before-seen disk of cool, interstellar gas wrapped around the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way.

– National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Nature, June 2019


Limiting warming to 2 degrees C will require emission cuts across entire food system

Feeding 10 billion people and keeping Earth from overheating this century require not only major changes to agriculture, but transformation of the entire food system, according to a new review

– International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)

Sustainability


Food freshness sensors could replace 'use-by' dates to cut food waste

The researchers say the new sensors could help detect spoilage and reduce food waste for supermarkets and consumers.

– Imperial College London

ACS Sensors


Solving a Beta Decay Puzzle

Researchers use advanced nuclear models to explain 50-year mystery surrounding the process stars use to transform elements.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Physics (2019). [DOI: 10.1038/s41567-019-0450-7]


Electron Bunches Keep Ions Cool at RHIC

Accelerator physicists have demonstrated a groundbreaking technique using bunches of electrons to keep beams of particles cool at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)—a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science user facility for nuclear phy...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory


Watch LIVE As a Wild California Condor Chick Grows Up

People across the world can get up-close-and-personal with an endangered California Condor chick in real time through live streaming video of a cliff-side nest in Pole Canyon on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Hopper Mountain National Wildlife...

– Cornell University


Argonne’s Nuclear Research Leads to Biomedical Breakthrough

At first glance, nuclear waste and metal hip implants seem completely unrelated. But the answers to why medical implants fail and what we can do about it may come from an unlikely source — the nuclear fuel cycle. Researchers from the U.S. Departmen...

– Argonne National Laboratory

includes video


A Stroke of Astronomical Luck for Solar Science

On July 2, 2019 a total solar eclipse will pass over Chile and Argentina, and through a stroke of astronomical luck, the path of totality crosses directly over the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory located ...

– Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)


The Foreseeable Future

Data science is used to predict everything from crimes to Yelp reviews. Darden Professor Michael Porter is leading the practice of predictive modeling, finding patterns in human behavior in hopes of benefiting society.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Michael Zentner Joins SDSC to Lead Sustainable Scientific Software Group

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego today announced the appointment of Michael Zentner as director of Sustainable Scientific Software, effective immediately.

– University of California San Diego

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


If You Teach Them, They Will Care

The next generation of nurses need the right tools to ensure that they are poised to deliver age-appropriate care and address the specialized needs of an older population. Researchers have developed and tested an innovative new curricular approach to...

– Florida Atlantic University

Nurse Educator


How early-life challenges affect how children focus, face the day

Experiences such as poverty, residential instability, or parental divorce or substance abuse, can affect executive function and lead to changes in a child’s brain chemistry, muting the effects of stress hormones, according to a new University of Wa...

– University of Washington

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


2010 college graduate empowers girls through clothing brand

2010 Wichita State University graduate, entrepreneur, and mother, Emilee Palomino is empowering girls allover the world through her brand, Smarty Girl. This brand makes STEM designed leggingsfor girls, such as airplanes, robots, chemistry, dinosaurs,...

– Wichita State University

includes video


UVA Darden School Announces Ventures Selected for 20th Annual Summer Incubator Program

The University of Virginia Darden School of Business welcomed 20 venture teams to the 2019 i.Lab Incubator program, which has been in operation for 20 years.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Business News


Consumers want food labelling details spoon-fed

Consumers want information on bioengineered foods spoon-fed. Respondents in a new survey almost never used their own device to scan a QR code, while half accessed information when a separate device was made available. The results could help food indu...

– University of Delaware

Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics

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