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Friday, June 7, 2019

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Medical News

The Nicotine in E-cigarettes Appears to Impair Mucus Clearance

E-cigarette vaping with nicotine appears to hamper mucus clearance from the airways, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 07-Jun-2019 at 00:15 ET

Is sex primarily a strategy against transmissible cancer?

One of the greatest enigmas of evolutionary biology is that while sex is the dominant mode of reproduction among multicellular organisms, asexual reproduction appears much more efficient and less costly.


Plos Biology

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET

Do Medical-Alert Bracelets Benefit Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease?

• In a study of patients with chronic kidney disease who did or did not wear medical-alert bracelets or necklaces, the frequency of safety events—or unintended harm from medical therapy—reported at annual visits was not different in the 2 group...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)


Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 17:00 ET

More Than 1 Million New Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections Every Day

Every day, there are more than 1 million new cases of curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among people aged 15-49 years, according to data released today by the World Health Organization.

– World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO Bulletin

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET

UCLA researchers identify three-drug combination that helps curb the growth of deadly type of skin cancer

A UCLA-led research team has pinpointed a three-drug combination that could prove to be an effective new therapy for people with a specific type of advanced melanoma.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Nature Medicine

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET

Weight-Loss Patients at Higher Risk of Death From Substance Use Disorders

The death rate from drug- and alcohol-related causes in people who’ve had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is nearly triple that of the general public, according to University of Pittsburgh research published today in Surgery for Obesity and Relate...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases; U01 DK066557, U01-DK66667, UL1-RR024996, M01RR-00037, U01-DK66471, U01-DK66526, U01-DK66585, UL1-RR024153, U01-DK66555

Autism linked to less empathy in general population -- but that may not be a bad thing

Researchers have conclusively shown that people with autistic traits show less empathy and reduced understanding of other people's feelings in a new study out today from the University of Bath and King's College London (1000 BST Friday 7 June 2019). ...

– University of Bath

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Ultrasound Method is First to Restore Dopaminergic Pathway in Brain at Early Stages of Parkinson's Disease

Researchers have developed a technique that could open up new ways to facilitate targeted drug delivery into the brain, enabling drugs to treat brain diseases more focally. They used transcranial, focused ultrasound and intravenously injected microbu...

– Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Journal of Controlled Release print June 10 2019

includes video

Caffeine and Exercise Performance, HITT and Type 2 Diabetes, Physical Activity and Sedentary Time and More from the Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Science®

If you're looking for health and fitness story ideas, view these research highlights from the June 2019 issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise®, ACSM’s flagship journal. ACSM is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organizati...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Scientists Recreate Blood-Brain Barrier Defect Outside the Body

Scientists can't make a living copy of your brain outside your body. That's the stuff of science fiction. But in a new study, they recreated a critical brain component, the blood-brain barrier, that functioned as it would in the individual who provid...

– Cedars-Sinai

Cell Stem Cell, June 6, 2019

Hot Water Soak as Effective as Exercise for People with Peripheral Artery Disease

Hot water therapy may help manage peripheral arterial disease (PAD)—a common condition affecting blood flow to the arms and legs—just as well as exercise, according to new research. The findings could help people with PAD, who find exercise is di...

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Big Step in the Right Direction:

A study published in The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing shows that Claire Temple, a nurse character in the Marvel cinematic universe and the cast of Call the Midwife, on BBC and PBS are portraying nurses in groundbreaking ways.

– UCLA School of Nursing

The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing

Importance of Reproducibility in Science; Dieldrin and Disrupted DNA Methylome; Novel Ach’ase Reactivators; and More Featured in June 2019 Toxicological Sciences

Papers on dieldrin and disrupted DNA methylome, novel ach’ase reactivators, developmental neurotoxicity screening, and sex effects in ozone-mediated airway dysfunction are featured in latest issue of Toxicological Sciences.

– Society of Toxicology

Toxicological Sciences, Volume 169 Issue 2, June 2019

Late-Breaking Science Announced for TVT 2019

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) has announced that TVT 2019, the Structural Heart Summit, will feature four studies which will be presented as Late-Breaking Science on Friday, June 14th. TVT 2019 is a practical course featuring the lates...

– Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF)

Avenues of Fear

NIMH-supported research led by a University at Albany psychologist investigates age and gender factors for fear learning in the brain.

– University at Albany, State University of New York

A Guide to Understanding Gender Identity

As more people become aware of the transgender and gender-nonconforming experience, many may be uncertain about the terminology used by these communities. A NewYork-Presbyterian expert breaks down some of the terms that are used to describe the spect...

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital

When It Looks Like Dementia But Isn’t: Epilepsy Not Just a “Children’s Disease”

When Guy Bradley began having episodes of memory loss and confusion, doctors suspected a stroke or dementia. Instead, an EEG showed that the 69-yeard old epilepsy, which is frequently missed in older patients because it's presumed to be a "children'...

– University of Kentucky

Enjoy the Journey: Avoid Travel Aches and Pains This Summer

Whether you are traveling alone, on business or on your way to a sunny resort with your family this summer, long hours in a car or on an airplane can leave you stressed, tired, stiff and sore. ACA suggests offers tips to alleviate some of the common ...

– American Chiropractic Association

Minimally Invasive Procedure Fixes Hole in Heart

Texas Tech Physicians of El Paso now performs a safe and minimally invasive treatment for a heart birth defect that affects up to 25% of people.

– Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso

includes video

The Medical Minute: Healthy babies start with healthy moms

Athletes invest hours practicing before a big game. Runners train for months leading up to a marathon. A mother-to-be should likewise prepare herself for the mental and physical rigor of pregnancy, labor and caring for a newborn.

Expert Available

– Penn State Health

Harvard Medical School Announces 2019 Media Fellowships

Harvard Medical School’s Media Fellowship program, now entering its 22nd year, is accepting applications for Fall 2019.

– Harvard Medical School

Bloomberg School Announces 2019 Bloomberg Fellows Cohort

The Bloomberg American Health Initiative at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is announcing its 2019 cohort of Bloomberg Fellows, each drawn from an organization working on one of five health challenges facing the nation: addiction ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

HHS Fetal Tissue Research Ban Threatens Progress Toward Cure for HIV, Other Life-threatening Diseases

The Department of Health and Human Services’ announcement Wednesday that it will halt funding for research involving the use of human fetal tissue conducted within the National Institutes of Health

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

Sanjay B. Maggirwar, PhD, MBA, to Chair the GW Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine

Sanjay B. Maggirwar, PhD, MBA, has been selected to serve as chair of the Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences

– George Washington University

Lakefront Bariatrics Accredited as Comprehensive Center

Lakefront Bariatrics of Chicago has received a national accreditation indicating it meets the highest standards for patient safety and quality of care.

– Loyola University Health System

Henry Ford Stroke Centers Earn American Heart Association Quality Awards

All five of Henry Ford Health System's hospitals that are equipped to treat stroke recently earned an American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Get With The Guidelines™ recognition, which recognizes the hospitals' commitment to ensurin...

– Henry Ford Health System

Researchers use digital tools, technology to predict schizophrenia

They will explore novel risk identification methods such as digital phenotyping.

– University of Georgia

GW Launches Correctional Health Administration Online Master's Program

The George Washington University has announced a first-of-its kind online program for a Master of Science in Health Sciences in Correctional Health Administration. This program is designed to prepare graduates to lead health care initiatives for inca...

– George Washington University

Mercy Medical Center Holds Ceremonies to Officially Unveil Resona 7 Ultrasound Technology at Hospital’s Vascular Center

Mercy Medical Center, a 144-year-old, university affiliated medical facility with a national reputation for women’s health, recently hosted a reception and ribbon-cutting to unveil five premium Resona 7 ultrasound systems from Mindray, Paul R. Luca...

– Mercy Medical Center, Baltimore

includes video

National Surgical Care Program Opens Enrollment for Hospitals to Implement Enhanced Recovery Pathways

AHRQ Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery announces its next enrollment period as it expands its perioperative care program for decreasing surgical patients’ complications and speeding their recoveries.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)


Dr. Michael Kuettel, ASTRO Board member, appointed to CMS Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment

Michael Kuettel, MD, MBA, PhD, FASTRO, a member of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Board of Directors, has been appointed to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment (HOP). ...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

More than 270 Mount Sinai Physicians Named to New York Magazine’s 2019 “Best Doctors” Issue

Mount Sinai Health System physicians held 275 spots on New York magazine’s annual "Best Doctors" issue, released on May 30.

– Mount Sinai Health System

Science News

Ultimate Destiny

Study using mouse neural crest tissue reveals how primitive, undifferentiated cells choose their adult fate

– Harvard Medical School

Science; N647844, 2015-03387, 2016-03645; R01HL131768

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET

New Research Shakes Up the Sloth Family Tree

New research on the evolutionary relationships between tree sloths and their extinct giant relatives is challenging decades of widely accepted scientific research.

– McMaster University

Current Biology; Nature Ecology and Evolution

Embargo expired on 06-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET

Invasive parasite robs fish of ability to swim, poses potential threat to endangered species

Researchers at Texas State University have identified an increasingly severe invasive parasite problem in the San Marcos and Comal Rivers that could impact native fish—including endangered species unique to Texas springs.

– Texas State University

UCI Scientists Create New Class of Two-Dimensional Materials

Irvine, Calif., June 6, 2019 – In a paper published this week in Nature, materials science researchers at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions unveil a new process for producing oxide perovskite crystals in exquisitely flexib...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature, June 2019

Solved: How tides can trigger earthquakes

The tides are turning in a quest to solve an earthquake mystery.

– Earth Institute at Columbia University

Nature Communications

Berkeley Lab Technology Provides Clarity Amid Hawaiian Water Contamination Concerns

For years, routine testing has shown that watersheds of the Mahaulepu Valley and Waikomo Stream in southeast Kauai frequently contain high counts of potentially pathogenic fecal indicator bacteria (FIB). To better understand the cause of the high FIB...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

A bean for all seasons?

An Ohio biologist and partners at universities from three different African countries assert that the hardy-but-humble Marama bean could someday rise up as a new alternative crop in the often-arid climates of developing countries, while its drought- ...

– Case Western Reserve University

Food and Energy Security

includes video

Penn State takes first, second place in international image-dehazing challenge

The dehazing algorithm has strong implications for the future of autonomous driving.

– Penn State College of Engineering

Manipulating Light-Matter Interaction Unlocks Properties for Quantum Information Storage and Computing

Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have come up with a way to manipulate tungsten diselenide (WSe2) —a promising two-dimensional material—to further unlock its potential to enable faster, more efficient computing, and even quantum in...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Nature Communications

New Molecular Sieves

Molecular sieves are useful in many industrial processes, especially in the chemical and energy sectors. They could be used to remove contaminants from water and have received attention for potential applications in aerospace, rail transportation, au...

– University of Delaware

Nature Chemistry

Study shakes up sloth family tree

A pair of studies published June 6 have shaken up the sloth family tree, overturning a longstanding consensus on how the major groups of sloths are related. According to the results, the three-toed sloth is more closely related to a large family that...

– University of Chicago

“Palaeoproteomics resolves sloth relationships.” Presslee and Slater et al, Nature Ecology & Evolution, June 6, 2019.

Thwarting oil-pipeline corrosion by identifying a nanoscale villain

Certain molecules of iron, when juxtaposed, have been found by Sandia National Labs and Aramco Research Center researchers to cause microscopic holes in steel pipe used for oil transport.

– Sandia National Laboratories

Nature’s Materials Degradation

Simulations Shed Light on Self-Healing Cement

A first-of-its-kind computer simulation reveals self-healing cement for geothermal and oil and gas wells performs better than originally thought.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 10, 30011 (2018). [DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b113309]

Understanding Amazonia’s Mysterious Ocelots

Ocelots are ubiquitous and adaptable, however, researchers warn this does not justify complacency regarding their conservation, as deforestation is destroying their habitat.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Ecology and Evolution

Elasmobranches Getting Slammed

Sharks, rays, and skates are at an elevated risk of extinction due to overfishing, and Indonesia is a global hub for commercial fishing for these slow-growing, cartilaginous fishes.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science

Taking Stock of Indonesia’s Reef Fishes

The team recorded a total of 176 species belonging to 19 families of economically important reef fishes.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science

Fertilizer plants emit 100 times more methane than reported

Emissions of methane from the industrial sector have been vastly underestimated, researchers from Cornell University and Environmental Defense Fund have found.

– Cornell University

Elementa, May 2019

Researchers uncover a new obstacle to effective accelerator beams

Release proposes explanation for failure to focus accelerator-fired ion beams.

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Physics of Plasmas

High-Fidelity Multiphysics Simulations to Improve Nuclear Reactor Safety and Economics

Engineers can model heat distribution in reactor designs with fewer or no approximations.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Neutrons allow analysis of polymer gels’ unusual attributes

Researchers used neutron scattering at ORNL’s Spallation Neutron Source to investigate the response properties of polymer gels commonly used in products like cosmetics, adhesives, and paints. A better understanding of their behaviors will lead to i...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

DHS Releases Two Compliance Assessment Bulletins for Public Comment

DHS S&T announced the release of two Project 25 (P25) Compliance Assessment Program (CAP) draft Compliance Assessment Bulletins (CAB) for review and comment. The draft CABs are available for public comment through July 19, 2019, and they address P25 ...

– Homeland Security's Science And Technology Directorate

UW System forms Freshwater Collaborative of Wisconsin

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee will lead a collaboration of 13 UW System institutions in a research and teaching partnership aimed at enhancing Wisconsin’s leadership in freshwater science, technology, entrepreneurship and economic growth.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Think Treasuries are risk-free? Not so fast.

Oversight of the Treasury market hasn't kept up with new technology, leaving these very safe investments unexpectedly vulnerable to major shocks, says Vanderbilt law professor Yesha Yadav in a new paper.

– Vanderbilt University


UW Professor Leads Students to Hidden History in a Small Tennessee Town


– University of Washington

includes video

UVA Darden Launches Application for Admission to the Full-Time MBA Class of 2022

The University of Virginia Darden School of Business announced today that its application for the full-time MBA Class of 2022 is now live.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

UVA Darden Announces Admissions Events With Dean Scott Beardsley Throughout Asia

University of Virginia Darden School of Business Dean Scott Beardsley will travel throughout Asia in June, meeting with prospective students, alumni, partner companies and other key stakeholders in the region during the two-week trip.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

Business News

The hidden secrets of creating a viral YouTube ad

Researchers from the University of Southern California, University of Houston, and Uber Technologies, Inc. published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing

– American Marketing Association (AMA)

Journal of Marketing

Beyond the Alphabet: The ABCs of Analytic Writing

Effective, persuasive analytical writing is a critical management skill. Here, Darden Professor Marc Lipson details how to write with the reader in mind and present ideas clearly and concisely.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business





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