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Monday, June 10, 2019

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Medical
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Medical News


Survey: Majority of Current Gun Owners Support the Sale of Personalized Guns

A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that almost four out of five current gun owners support the sale of both traditional and personalized guns through licensed dealers. However, only 18 percent ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Preventive Medicine

Embargo expired on 10-Jun-2019 at 00:05 ET


Study Links Poor Sleep with Poor Nutrition

Many Americans get less than the recommended amount of sleep, and many do not consume the recommended amounts of important vitamins and minerals. A new study suggests the two factors may be connected.

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 13:45 ET


Sun-Exposed Oyster Mushrooms Help Patients Fight Tuberculosis

In a new study, researchers show that sun-exposed oyster mushrooms offer a readily available source of vitamin D that can help TB patients respond better to anti-TB drugs by improving immune response.

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 15:45 ET


Policies Encouraging Healthy Eating Could Greatly Cut Cancer-Related Costs

The foods we eat can play an important role in preventing cancer. New modeling research presented at Nutrition 2019 shows that policies using taxes or warning labels to encourage healthier eating could reduce the number of people who develop cancer, ...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 12:45 ET


New Research on Diet and Supplements During Pregnancy and Beyond

The foods and nutrients a woman consumes while pregnant have important health implications for her and her baby. Nutrition 2019, the annual meeting of the American Society for Nutrition, will feature new research on prenatal vitamins, infant suppleme...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 13:45 ET


Do Policies Targeting Sugary Drinks Pay Off?

Drinks with added sugar, also known as sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), are one of the largest sources of added sugar in the American diet and a major contributor to obesity. SSBs include non-diet sodas, flavored juice drinks, sports drinks, sweeten...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 12:45 ET


Large international study finds diabetes drug cuts cardiovascular and kidney problems

A clinical trial that followed more than 9,900 people in 24 countries has found that the drug dulaglutide reduced cardiovascular events and kidney problems in middle-aged and older people with Type 2 diabetes. During more than five years of follow...

– McMaster University

The Lancet

Embargo expired on 09-Jun-2019 at 19:30 ET


Millions of Cardiovascular Deaths Attributed to Not Eating Enough Fruits and Vegetables

Preliminary findings from a new study reveal that inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption may account for millions of deaths from heart disease and strokes each year. The study estimated that roughly 1 in 7 cardiovascular deaths could be attribute...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 08-Jun-2019 at 09:35 ET


Food for Thought: Studies Reveal Diet’s Role in Children’s Brain Health

Eating well, drinking enough water and taking certain supplements have all been shown to positively affect brain function in adults. Less is known about how these factors affect children. At Nutrition 2019, the annual meeting of the American Society ...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 08-Jun-2019 at 08:45 ET


Research Reveals How Diet Influences Diabetes Risk

Could changing what we eat lower the chances of developing type 2 diabetes? Studies presented at Nutrition 2019 will examine how consuming certain foods, vitamins and even the order in which we eat can affect blood sugar levels and risk of developing...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 08-Jun-2019 at 12:00 ET


What is the World Drinking? Study Reveals Global Intake of Major Beverages

The beverages we drink represent a substantial source of our daily calories and nutrients, yet standardized methods for tracking beverage consumption have been limited. In the latest and most comprehensive assessment of worldwide beverage consumption...

– American Society for Nutrition (ASN)

Nutrition 2019, June 8-11, 2019

Embargo expired on 08-Jun-2019 at 12:00 ET


Rapidly Removing Fluid from Critically Ill Patients in Kidney Failure Linked to Increased Risk of Death

The faster fluid is removed using continuous dialysis from patients with failing kidneys, the higher the likelihood they will die in the next several months, according to a study published today in JAMA Network Open by University of Pittsburgh School...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

JAMA Network Open

Embargo expired on 07-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Vivian Li Joins the Rutgers School of Public Health

The Rutgers School of Public Health is excited to announce that Vivian (Wei) Li, PhD, will be joining the department of biostatistics and epidemiology as an assistant professor in August.

– Rutgers School of Public Health


How to Improve Care for Patients with Disabilities? We Need More Providers Like Them

It is common for patients to prefer seeking care from a clinician similar to them — such as of the same gender, ethnicity and culture — who can relate to their experiences and make treatment plans that work better for their lives. To meet these p...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

New England Journal of Medicine


Giving babies antacids could put them at risk for bone fractures during childhood

Infants who are given antacids in their first year of life are more likely to fracture a bone later as a child, according to a new study published June 7 in Pediatrics.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Pediatrics


Mayo Clinic 的研究表明,遗传信息可以促使女性接受癌症预防治疗

研究表明,为期五年的他莫昔芬或雷洛昔芬疗程,及通过使用芳香酶抑制剂,可以将乳腺癌的风险降低一半。然而,乳腺癌高风险女性对预防性药物治疗的接受程度较低。

– Mayo Clinic


研究发现药物治疗可以延缓骨髓瘤症状的发作

...

– Mayo Clinic


Estudo descobre que terapia medicamentosa pode retardar o início dos sintomas do mieloma

O maior estudo randomizado envolvendo mieloma múltiplo latente sugere que a lenalidomida, uma droga contra o câncer, pode retardar o início dos sintomas do mieloma, de acordo com pesquisadores da Mayo Clinic.

– Mayo Clinic


The Best Tendon Choice for ACL Repair: Five-Year Follow-Up Study

Three different types of tendon grafts all provide good long-term outcomes in patients undergoing reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee, reports a study in the June 5, 2019 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. Th...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery


Mental and Physical Health Drive Employee Productivity

Mental and physical health are the most important factors affecting workplace productivity, reports an open-access paper in the June Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


Estudo descobre que marcadores de DNA podem ser valiosos na detecção precoce do câncer colorretal

Novos estudos sobre a detecção precoce do câncer colorretal e o impacto da terapia celular na qualidade de vida estão entre as várias apresentações da Mayo Clinic no encontro anual da Sociedade Americana de Oncologia Clínica em Chicago.

– Mayo Clinic


Informação genética pode encorajar mulheres a aceitar tratamento preventivo de câncer, mostra estudo da Mayo Clinic

Estudos mostram que o risco de câncer de mama pode ser reduzido pela metade com o uso de tamoxifeno e raloxifeno no transcorrer de cinco anos, e também de inibidores de aromatase. No entanto, mulheres com alto risco de desenvolver câncer de mama t...

– Mayo Clinic


Naloxone access law in Pennsylvania falls short

A study finds that only one-third of pharmacies in Philadelphia carry naloxone nasal spray, a medication used to rapidly counter the effects of opioid overdose, and that many of the pharmacies that do carry the drug require patients to have a physici...

– University of Illinois at Chicago

JAMA Network Open


تظهر دراسة أجرتها مؤسسة Mayo Clinic أن المعلومات الوراثية يمكن أن تشجع النساء على قبول علاج السرطان الوقائي

تشير الدراسات إلى أن خطر الإصابة بسرطان الثدي يمكن أن ينخفض إلى النصف من خلال استخدام دورة مدتها خمس سنوات من تاموكسيفين أو رالوكسيفين، و...

– Mayo Clinic


تظهر الدراسة أن مؤشرات الحمض النووي قد تكون لها قيمتها في الكشف المبكر عن سرطان القولون والمستقيم

...

– Mayo Clinic


ISPOR Announces 2019-2020 Board of Directors

ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, announced the results of its recent elections and its 2019-2020 Board of Directors.

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research


Socially Determined Wins First LifeBridge Health and CareFirst Innovation Challenge: Startup Takes Home $50,000

The winner of the inaugural LifeBridge Health and CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield (CareFirst) Innovation Challenge is Socially Determined, a digital startup developing the science of social determinates of health (SDOH) and implementing community-base...

– LifeBridge Health

Science News


Engineers use graph networks to accurately predict properties of molecules and crystals

Nanoengineers at UC San Diego have developed new deep learning models that can accurately predict the properties of molecules and crystals. They can enable researchers to rapidly scan the nearly-infinite universe of compounds to discover potentially ...

– University of California San Diego

Chemistry of Materials, June-2019; DE-AC02-05-CH11231; ACI-1053575


Counting the Uncounted

Detecting all individuals in a population is usually impossible when monitoring, so estimates of abundance must account for imperfect detection.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Conservation Biology


Older Forests Resist Change – Climate Change, That Is

Older forests in eastern North America are less vulnerable to climate change than younger forests, particularly for carbon storage, timber production, and biodiversity, new research finds. The study, to be published in Global Change Biology’s J...

– University of Vermont

Global Change Biology


New Core-Shell Catalyst for Ethanol Fuel Cells

Scientists at Brookhaven Lab and the University of Arkansas have developed a highly efficient catalyst for extracting electrical energy from ethanol, an easy-to-store liquid fuel that can be generated from renewable resources. The catalyst steers the...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2019


Dashing the Dream of Ideal ‘Invisibility’ Cloaks for Stress Waves

Some have dreamt of creating the perfect cloak to make buildings impervious to stress waves caused by bombs, earthquakes or other calamities. Sorry, researchers are now dashing the dream. But there's still hope. It is possible to make imperfect, r...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis; ARO W911NF-16-1-0064; ARO W911NF-18-1-0003


Rapid change in coral reefs prompts global calls for a rethink

Coral reef experts from around the world are calling for an urgent re-evaluation of our climate goals in the light of increasing

– Lancaster University

Functional Ecology


Rapid retreat of Arctic coastline revealed in images from the air

Extreme erosion of Arctic coastlines in a changing climate - up to a metre a day - has been revealed with drone surveys.

– University of Edinburgh

Cryosphere


Behavioural correlations of the domestication syndrome are decoupled in modern dog breeds

Scientists since Darwin have been intrigued by the simultaneous alteration of multiple morphological

– Stockholm University

Nature Communications


How are scientists making wheat more climate resilient?

Groundbreaking tools and techniques can develop climate resilient wheat

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


UPDATED EMBARGO: How much would you pay to eliminate child labor from your cocoa?

An increase in cocoa price by 2.8 percent could potentially eliminate the very worst forms of child labor from cocoa production in Ghana, according to a new economic model described in a study published June 5

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 07-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET


Researchers see stress and trauma in women’s stories about abortion

A University at Buffalo-led research team has used public narratives, an increasingly popular form of person-centered advocacy offering a forum for sharing previously untold stories, to study the undue stress experienced by women in relation to abort...

– University at Buffalo

Journal of Social Work


New UIC report on racial inequity for Native Americans in Chicago

A new report from the University of Illinois at Chicago’s Institute for Research on Race and Public Policy documents the historical and ongoing contributions of Native Americans in Chicago and examines how racial inequity impacts members of this co...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


The impact of gender norms on health

The standards and expectations to which men and woman generally conform impact health across life stages, health sectors and world regions, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.By analyzing a series of six cas...

– Washington University in St. Louis

The Lancet


Teens sleep longer, are more alert for homework when school starts later

Preliminary findings from a new study of middle school and high school students suggest that they got more sleep and were less likely to feel too sleepy to do homework after their district changed to later school start times.

– American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM)

Sleep


Gregg B. Fields Named Executive Director of FAU’s Institute for Human Health and Disease Intervention

Gregg B. Fields, Ph.D., has been named executive director of FAU’s Institute for Human Health and Disease Intervention (I-HEALTH), created to advance health through pioneering research and practical applications.

– Florida Atlantic University


Paula Smith is named director of UCI intercollegiate athletics

Irvine, Calif., June 6, 2019 — After completing a national search, Chancellor Howard Gillman has appointed Paula Smith as director of intercollegiate athletics at the University of California, Irvine. Smith has nearly 30 years of experience in coll...

– University of California, Irvine

Business News


The Gulf of Mexico Alliance Brings in GIS Software Leader Esri for Drone Training

Gulf of Mexico Alliance business, academic, nonprofit, state, and federal partners will participate in an Esri Drone2Map workshop at the annual All Hands meeting at The Lodge at Gulf State Park in Gulf Shores, Alabama.

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance

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