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Tuesday, June 18, 2019

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Medical
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Medical News


Researchers find genetic cause for fatal response to Hepatitis A

Researchers have identified a genetic mutation that caused an 11-year-old girl to suffer a fatal reaction to infection with the Hepatitis A virus (HAV). The study, which will be published June 18 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, reveals that ...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Experimental Medicine, August 2019; ANR-10-IAHU-01; 18265; R01-AI091707

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 09:00 ET


Study: Marijuana use increases, shifts away from illegal market

A new article published by researchers from University of Puget Sound and University of Washington reports that, based on analysis of public wastewater samples in at least one Western Washington population center.

– University of Washington

Addiction

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 09:00 ET


Shedding Light on ‘Black Box’ of Inpatient Opioid Use

People who receive opioids for the first time while hospitalized have double the risk of continuing to receive opioids for months after discharge compared with their hospitalized peers who are not given opioids. The findings are among the first to sh...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Annals of Internal Medicine

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 17:00 ET


Breastmilk Antibody Protects Preterm Infants from Deadly Intestinal Disease

Human and mouse experiments show that an antibody in breastmilk is necessary to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis – an often deadly bacterial disease of the intestine.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Nature Medicine; K08DK101608, R03DK111473, R01DK11856; 5-FY17-79

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Facebook Posts Better at Predicting Diabetes, Mental Health Than Demographic Info

Analyzing language shows that identifying certain groups of words significantly improves upon predicting some medical conditions in patients

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

PLOS ONE, July 2019

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET


From Function to Form

Researchers use new method to predict structures for four proteins and one RNA molecule from humans, bacteria and yeast In a marked departure from previous work, the new method uses synthetic mutations in the DNA sequence rather than naturally occur...

– Harvard Medical School

Nature Genetics

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


How to Reinvigorate Exhausted Immune Cells and Stop Cancer Along the Way

In cancer and chronic infections immune balance can be disrupted, resulting in immune system dysfunction or “exhaustion.” An important protein called TOX, which varies in amount in different immune cell types, controls the identity of the cells t...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Nature; AI105343, AI082630, AI115712, CA210944, AI117950, AI108545

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Researchers discover key genetic trigger that compromises cancer immunotherapy

An international research team has discovered a gene that triggers a process called “exhaustion” in the immune T cells used to battle cancer in immunotherapy. The gene, called Tox, launches a process that remodels the cells’ machinery to weaken...

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Nature, June 2019

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


NewYork-Presbyterian Among Nation’s Best in Every Specialty Featured in U.S. News and World Report “Best Children’s Hospitals” Survey

For the 13th year in a row, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital ranks in more pediatric specialties than any other New York hospital in U.S. News & World Report’s “Best Children’s Hospitals.”

– New York-Presbyterian Hospital

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 00:05 ET


Antidepressants can reduce the empathic empathy

Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning. Until recently, researchers assumed that acute episodes of depression also impair empathy, an essential skill for successful social interactions and unders...

– University of Vienna

Translational Psychiatry


6 "firsts" in advancing regenerative medicine toward patient care

A statewide bipartisan initiative is transforming health care from a focus on treating disease to one of tapping the body's ability to heal itself. Regenerative Medicine Minnesota is a legislative initiative aimed at improving health by advancing reg...

– Mayo Clinic


Antioxidant puts up fight, but loses battle against toxic protein linked to Alzheimer’s disease

New research may explain why an antioxidant that protects the brain is associated with deterioration in areas susceptible to Alzheimer’s disease. Superoxide dismutase improves cognition, but its protective benefits weaken when levels of tau protein...

– Iowa State University

Antioxidants & Redox Signaling


Your circle of friends, not your Fitbit, is more predictive of your health

To get a better reading on your overall health and wellness, you’d be better off looking at the strength and structure of your circle of friends, according to a new Notre Dame study.

– University of Notre Dame

PLOS One


Study underscores role of menthol cigarettes in smoking cessation

Researchers cite Big Tobacco's marketing stronghold on African American smokers among reasons why this group is 12% less likely to quit.

– University at Buffalo

Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Jun-2017


Report Surveying Digital Credentials in Healthcare Released by FSMB

The Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) has released a report entitled “Healthcare and Digital Credentials: Technical, Legal, and Regulatory Considerations”. This report surveys and expands upon the FSMB’s experience applying digital tech...

– Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB)

FSMB


Ultrasound imaging can monitor the exact drug dose and delivery site in the brain

An ultrasound imaging technique called passive cavitation imaging was able to create an image and estimate the amount of a drug that crossed the blood-brain barrier to reach a specific location in the brain, according to a study by NIBIB-funded bioen...

– National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Scientific Reports; R01 EB027223


Underenrollment in clinical trials: Patients not the problem

The authors of the study published this month in the Journal of Clinical Oncology investigated why many cancer clinical trials fail to enroll enough patients. The researchers sought to identify potential interventions – i.e., solutions – to impro...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of Clinical Oncology


Stem cells reprogrammed into neurons could reveal drugs harmful to pregnancy

Pregnant women are often advised to avoid certain drugs because of potential risks to their unborn infant's growing brain cells.

– Colorado State University

Cell Stem Cell


Pitt, UPMC Trauma Doctors Lead National Trial to Settle Debate on Managing Airways in Emergencies

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and UPMC will lead nearly two dozen emergency medical service agencies across the country in a Department of Defense (DOD)-funded clinical trial aimed at improving survival among people who have difficu...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

W81XWH18F0426


American Academy of Dermatology Awards 29 Shade Structure Grants to Protect America’s Youth

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, and it only takes one blistering sunburn during childhood or adolescence to nearly double a person’s chance of developing melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, later in life. To hel...

– American Academy of Dermatology


Hackensack University Medical Center Holds 29th Annual Medical and Dental Staff Scholarship Awards Ceremony

The Medical and Dental Staff at Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center recently held the 29th Annual Scholarship Awards Ceremony. The scholarships are awarded to hospital team members and their dependents. This year, 10 indi...

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Henry Ford Cancer Institute Treats its First Patient with Innovative ‘Living Drug’ Therapy

Henry Ford Cancer Institute has treated its first patient with CAR T-cell therapy, an approach that uses engineered cells from a patient's immune system to destroy cancer. The altered cells remain active for years after the treatment, acting as a 'li...

Expert Available

– Henry Ford Health System


Five Tips for Improving Men’s Health

James Heckman, MD, Assistant Medical Director of Healthcare Associates at BIDMC and Aria Olumi, MD, Chief of Urologic Surgery at BIDMC, share tips for improving men's health.

Expert Available

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


“Keyhole” Surgery Repairs Spina Bifida In Utero

Multi-institution collaboration is the first in the western U.S. to perform completely laparoscopic repair of open spina bifida

Expert Available

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Clinical Trials


Innovative Surgery Provides New Option for Bladder Cancer

Expert urologic surgeons at the Cancer Center at BIDMC, Peter Chang, MD, and Andrew Wagner, MD, discuss an innovative procedure offered at BIDMC in which they build a new bladder for their patients with bladder cancer. have been performing this pr...

Expert Available

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


A Health Number Men Should Know

Aria Olumi, MD, Chief of Urologic Surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, explains the importance of men knowing their prostate-specific antigen (PSA) number.

Expert Available

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


Healthcare Experts Debate New Methods of Assessing the Value of Prescription Drugs, Medical Devices, and Procedures

Value in Health, the official journal of ISPOR, the professional society for health economics and outcomes research, announced today the publication of a new supplement, “New Approaches to Value Assessment: Towards More Informed Pricing in Healthc...

– ISPOR—The Professional Society for Health Economics and Outcomes Research

Value in Health Supplement, Jun-2019


Mayo once again ranked among ‘Best Children’s Hospitals’ by U.S. News & World Report

Mayo Clinic Children's Center has again been ranked as one of the top-performing children's hospitals in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota on U.S. News & World Report's 2019–2020 "Best Children's Hospitals" rankings.

– Mayo Clinic


Eight UVA Children’s Hospital Specialties Nationally Ranked by U.S. News & World Report

Eight University of Virginia Children’s Hospital specialties earned a top-50 national ranking in U.S. News & World Report’s 2019-2020 “Best Children’s Hospitals” guide.

– University of Virginia Health System


Intrexon Corporation and Surterra Wellness Partner in $100mm Deal to Advance Commercial Scale Fermentation-based Cannabinoid Production

Intrexon Corporation (Intrexon) (NASDAQ: XON), a leader in the engineering and industrialization of biology to improve quality of life and health of the planet

– Intrexon Corporation


Ochsner Hospital for Children joins national consortium on hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Mayo Clinic's Todd and Karen Wanek Family Program for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Ochsner Hospital for Children are collaborating within a consortium to provide solutions for patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), a rare and co...

– Mayo Clinic


BRAINBox Solutions working with Fralin Biomedical Research Institute, Carilion Clinic to bring mTBI test to market

Virginia Tech, with the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute and its clinical partner Carilion Clinic, will serve as one of the national anchor research and clinical sites to validate a test for mild Traumatic Brain Injury. The test combines injury-r...

– Virginia Tech


Boise State and Molecular Testing Labs to Revolutionize HIV Testing and Treatment

New testing methods being developed by Molecular Testing Labs and Boise State University utilize RNA molecular signatures, which can be detected using cutting edge technology and lab techniques. This means that people at risk for contracting HIV can ...

– Boise State University


Hackensack Meridian Health Hackensack University Medical Center Unveils State-of-the-Art Patient Pavilion to Transform Campus

$714 million investment will create modern surgical suites and private rooms

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Hackensack University Medical Center Graduates Fourth Class of Operation Hackensack S.M.A.R.T. Soldiers

Innovative partnership provides high-quality, individualized specialty medical training to the uniformed services including U.S. Army, U.S. Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Air Force, Air Force Reserve, Air National Guard, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Na...

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Nancy S. Forster joins Glaucoma Research Foundation Board of Directors

Nancy and Pat Forster chaired Glaucoma Research Foundation’s 2019 Annual Glaucoma 360 Gala, raising a record $660,000 to advance glaucoma research and education programs.

– Glaucoma Research Foundation

Science News


Supercomputers Aid in Novel Simulations of Gamma Ray Generation Research

UC San Diego mechanical and aerospace engineering graduate student Tao Wang recently demonstrated how an extremely strong magnetic field, similar to that on the surface of a neutron star, can be not only generated but also detected using an x-ray las...

– University of California San Diego

FA9550-17-1-0382; 1632777; Physics of Plasmas Jan-2019

Embargo expired on 17-Jun-2019 at 17:00 ET


Livermore Lab-Led Study Finds Any Single Hair From the Human Body Can Be Used for Identification

Any single hair from anywhere on the human body can be used to identify a person. This conclusion is one of the key findings from a study by a team of researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Michigan State University.

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Scientific Reports


Flowing for Function

A flowing magnetically responsive liquid seamlessly regulates the shape and properties of solids, letting them perform an array of jobs.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 559, 77 (2018). [DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0250-8]


Climate change will fuel more war, new study suggests

Droughts, floods, natural disasters and other climatic shifts influenced between 3% and 20% of armed conflicts over the last century. By century’s end, one in four armed conflicts, including civil wars, will be a result of a changing climate.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Nature, June 12-2019


Climate Change Threatens Commercial Fishers From Maine to North Carolina

Most fishing communities from North Carolina to Maine are projected to face declining fishing options unless they adapt to climate change by catching different species or fishing in different areas, according to a study in the journal Nature Climate ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature Climate Change; Rutgers Today


The fractal brain, from a single neuron’s perspective

Hacking into brain signals may be more straightforward than once thought. Physicists studying the brain at Washington University in St. Louis have shown how measuring signals from a single neuron may be as good as capturing information from many neur...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Neuroscience

includes video


Managing the risk of aggressive dog behavior

Aggressive behaviour in pet dogs is a serious problem for dog owners across the world, with bite injuries representing a serious risk to both people and other dogs.

– University of Bristol

Risk Analysis


Bees required to create an excellent blueberry crop

Getting an excellent rabbiteye blueberry harvest requires helpful pollinators--particularly native southeastern blueberry bees--although growers can bring in managed honey bees to do the job,

– United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service


Phantom sensations: When the sense of touch deceives

Without being aware of it, people sometimes wrongly perceive tactile sensations. A new study in the scientific journal Current Biology shows how healthy people can sometimes misattribute touch to the wrong side of their body

– Bielefeld University

Current Biology


RNR ‘switch’ offers hope in battling antibiotic resistant bacteria

New research from Cornell University offers a new pathway for targeting pathogens in the fight against antibiotic resistant bacteria.

– Cornell University

Nature Communications


The complex fate of Antarctic species in the face of a changing climate

Oxygen concentrations in both the open ocean and coastal waters have declined by 2-5% since at least the middle of the 20th century.

– University of Plymouth

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B


Scientists unearth green treasure – albeit rusty – in the soil

Cornell University engineers have taken a step in understanding how iron in the soil may unlock naturally occurring phosphorus bound in organic matter, which can be used in fertilizer, so that one day farmers may be able to reduce the amount of artif...

– Cornell University

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, June-2019


Science Snapshots: new nitrides, artificial photosynthesis, and TMDC semiconductors

From Berkeley Lab: groundbreaking study maps out paths to new nitride materials; new framework for artificial photosynthesis; TMDCs don’t have to be perfect to shine bright.

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Materials; PNAS; Science


Artificial intelligence can make the U.S. electric grid smarter

With the assistance of artificial intelligence, researchers at Argonne are developing new ways to extract insights about the electric grid from mountains of data, with the goal of ensuring reliability and efficiency. The work combines Argonne's long-...

– Argonne National Laboratory

kibaekkim PES-GCN-preprint


Researchers studying slow-release fertilizer to feed crops, improve water quality

A research project looking for ways to add value to biochar may have found an unexpected application for the black powder that's a co-product of thermochemically converting biomass to bio-oil. Biochar could be a slow-release fertilizer that feeds cro...

– Iowa State University

Biomass Research and Development Initiative, 2018-10008-28616


NYU Launches Chemical Biology Initiative

New York University is launching a Chemical Biology Initiative, committing to six new tenure-track positions in its Chemistry Department, the renovation of nearly 70,000 square feet of lab space, and a multi-disciplinary approach to develop molecular...

– New York University


Texas Tech Celebrates Funding, Legislative Approval for School of Veterinary Medicine

Texas Tech University System officials today (June 17) recognized all who played a part in helping secure funding from the Texas Legislature that will help establish the Texas Tech University School of Veterinary Medicine, a first for the State of Te...

– Texas Tech University


Smithsonian’s Sidedoor Podcast Returns for Season Four

The Smithsonian’s Sidedoor has returned with new episodes and a new host. Now in its fourth season, the podcast invites listeners to step behind the curtain into a fascinating world of Smithsonian stories.

– Smithsonian Institution


Texas Tech University System Achieves Historic Success in 86th Texas Legislature

The Texas Tech University System completed a historic 86th Texas Legislature with legislative support and startup funding for a new veterinary school and dental school.

– Texas Tech University


New Grant Funds Anti-Aging Study

The William and Ella Owens Medical Research Foundation has awarded Texas Biomed Associate Professor Marcel Daadi, Ph.D., with a grant of more than $100,000 to test a promising FDA-approved drug for reversing age-related cognitive decline and memory d...

– Texas Biomedical Research Institute

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


Human rights treaties benefit the world’s most oppressed

By incorporating the role of dissent, a new theory of treaty effects shows that international human rights agreements, even if they don’t work perfectly, can still greatly benefit some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

– Vanderbilt University

Contentious Compliance: Dissent and Repression under International Human Rights Law


Study explores how gossip spreads in social networks

Researchers studying the spread of infectious diseases and transmission of information have developed a model that elucidates the reasons why some news propagates through social networks before there is time to corroborate the facts.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Cornell


Public Opinion Data Offers Insights Into Transgender Issues

In the first national public opinion survey of its kind, sociologists from Indiana University, University of Maryland and Ohio State University found evidence that undermines some of the primary arguments used to restrict the rights of transgender Am...

– Indiana University

Socius


UIC project helps CPS kids learn science through art, movement

A focus of the joint initiative is to create and disseminate an arts-enriched science learning model that can be adopted nationwide.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


CUR Biology Division Selects 2019 Mentor Awardees

The Biology Division of the Council on Undergraduate Research has selected its 2019 Mentor Awardees: Jessica Malisch (St. Mary’s College of MD), Marina Cetkovic-Cvrlje (St. Cloud State Univ), and Amelia Ahern-Rindell (Univ of Portland).

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


Babson Students Get Hands On to Scale a Lean Venture

A Babson College undergraduate student team this spring helped solve a company’s real operating constraint as part of their capstone class, Scaling Lean Ventures.

– Babson College


Emily Ruskovich Wins 2019 International Dublin Literary Award

Writer Emily Ruskovich, an assistant professor in the Department of Theatre, Film and Creative Writing, has won the 2019 International Dublin Literary Award for her novel “Idaho.”

– Boise State University


NYU Receives $1.5 Million Mellon Foundation Grant to Launch Public Humanities in Doctoral Education

NYU has received a $1.5 million grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to launch a Public Humanities program in doctoral education in its Graduate School of Arts and Science.

– New York University


Master of Science in Applied Behavior Analysis now offered by UAH’s College of Education

The Department of Curriculum and Instruction in the College of Education at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) is pleased to announce its newest graduate degree program, the Master of Science in Applied Behavior Analysis.

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Stuart McClure, Founder of Cylance, Urges Graduates to Never Give Up in Commencement Address

Stuart McClure, founder of Cylance and the 2019 distinguished executive Commencement speaker, urged the nearly 850 graduates across programs — from MBA to Specialty Masters to PhD to undergraduate — to push through fear, never let others define t...

– University of California, Irvine, Paul Merage School of Business


Getting kids and families healthier with cooking through strategic partnerships

Through culinary literacy programming, The Kids Cook Monday, an initiative of The Monday Campaigns, and New Jersey Healthy Kids Initiative at Rutgers University are promoting healthier eating. Getting kids involved in preparing meals makes them more ...

– Monday Campaigns

includes video

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