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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Daily Wire
Wednesday, June 19, 2019

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Medical News

Scientists Identify Genes Associated with Biliary Atresia Survival

Scientists at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have identified an expression pattern of 14 genes at the time of diagnosis that predicts two year, transplant-free survival in children with biliary atresia – the most common diagnosis l...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center


Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 07:00 ET

Collegiate Affirmative Action Bans Linked to Increase in Smoking among Minority High School Students

College affirmative action bans may adversely affect the health of underrepresented minority high school students, according to the results of a new study from researchers at Penn Medicine. Between 1996 and 2013, nine U.S. states banned consideration...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

PLOS Medicine

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET

Researchers from Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center Successfully Pilot Multidisciplinary Approach for Addressing Immunotherapy-Related Toxicities

New research from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, published in the June 2019 issue of JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, pilots multidisciplinary team approach for providing diagnosis and management of immunotherapy...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 09:25 ET

Mount Sinai Study Reveals New Genetic Link to Heart Disease

Findings may help improve risk prediction tools for cardiovascular disease

– Mount Sinai Health System

Journal of the American College of Cardiology, June-2019

Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 14:00 ET

U.S. Youth Suicides on the Rise

– Harvard Medical School


Embargo expired on 18-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET

3 Signs of Progress Against Sickle Cell Disease

June 19 is World Sickle Cell Awareness Day. Scientists at Cincinnati Children's have recently made three important steps forward in helping people with sickle cell in the U.S. and in sub-Saharan Africa live longer, better lives.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

New England Journal of Medicine

Researchers Find Cause of Rare, Fatal Disease That Turns Babies’ Lips and Skin Blue

Scientists used a gene editing method called CRISPR/Cas9 to generate mice that mimic a respiratory disorder in newborn infants that turns their lips and skin blue. The new laboratory model allowed researchers to find the ailment’s cause and a poten...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, June 14, 2019

Study Shows Experimental Drug Can Encourage Bone Growth in Children with Dwarfism

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute in Australia and seven other medical institutions report that an experimental drug called vosoritide, which interferes with certain proteins that block bone growth, al...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

New England Journal of Medicine

Parental Support Is Key When Autistic Adolescents Want to Learn to Drive

Autistic adolescents need the support of their parents or guardians to prioritize independence so that they are prepared for learning to drive, according to a study of specialized driving instructors who have worked specifically with young autistic d...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Autism in Adulthood, May-2019

Participation Requested for AMSSM CRN Race Day Medical Event Study

The AMSSM Collaborative Research Network has partnered with the International Institute for Race Medicine (IIRM) to conduct a cross-sectional study of medical incidents at running road races in the United States.

– American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM)

Road Race Medical Director Contact Information; AMSSM-IIRM Road Running Race Survey

Medicare program aimed at lowering costs, improving care may not be working as well as thought

As the Medicare system seeks to improve the care of older adults while also keeping costs from growing too fast, a new University of Michigan study suggests that one major effort may not be having as much of an impact as hoped.

– University of Michigan

Annals of Internal Medicine

An Ounce of Prevention: Preoperative Management of Inflammation May Stave Off Cancer Recurrences

A new study out of the Cancer Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that traditional cancer treatments can paradoxically promote new tumor growth.

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

The Journal of Clinical Investigation

Antidepressants can reduce the empathic empathy

Depression is a disorder that often comes along with strong impairments of social functioning.

– University of Vienna

Translational Psychiatry

Size Matters: New Data Reveals Cell Size Sparks Genome Awakening in Embryos

Transitions are a hallmark of life, and so there is a transition during early development when an embryo undergoes biochemical changes, switching from being controlled by maternal molecules to being governed by its own genome. For the first time, res...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Developmental Cell; R35GM12874

Researchers find potential new way to prevent most common pregnancy-related conditions

A new primate study finds evidence that growth factor plays a key role in maintaining healthy pregnancy by promoting artery remodeling.

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

Endocrinology, 2019 Jun 1;160(6):1492-1505


根据Mayo Clinic对最常见遗传性综合征和病症的综述,在所有结直肠癌和乳腺癌病例中,5%–10%与遗传因素有关。

– Mayo Clinic

Major League Baseball Grant Funds Study of Pitch Counts, Throwing Injuries

A grant from Major League Baseball allows Michigan Medicine orthopaedic sports medicine researchers to examine throw counts in youth baseball players to prevent adolescent throwing arm injuries.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Lower Health Care Costs Act Highlights the Value of Vaccines

The Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee hearing today on the Lower Health Care Costs Act provides a valuable opportunity for lawmakers to address challenges compromising access to and uptake of vaccines that are among our most impo...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

$1 Million Gift Will Create First Endowed Primary Care Chair at Western Connecticut Health Network

A $1 million gift from Dr. Eric Moskow, a primary care physician and healthcare entrepreneur, and his family will establish the Neligan-Safford Endowed Chair in Primary Care, the first chair in primary care at WCHN. The endowed chair is named in hono...

– Western Connecticut Health Network

Jamie Perry, PhD. Named New Editor of The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal

Dr. Jamie Perry has been named the editor of The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal (CPCJ), a peer-reviewed publication dedicated to prevention, diagnosis and interdisciplinary treatment of cleft and cleft palate and other craniofacial conditions.

– American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association (ACPCA)

Glaucoma Research Foundation Accepting Preliminary Applications for 2020 Research Grants

Preliminary applications for one-year Shaffer Grants in the amount of $50,000 are being accepted until July 15, 2019 through the Glaucoma Research Foundation website.

– Glaucoma Research Foundation

Science News

Unexpected culprit – wetlands as source of methane

Knowing how emissions are created can help reduce them

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Soil Science Society of America Journal; 2011-03007; 2011-00829; 1457505

Your Nose Knows When It Comes to Stronger Memories

Memories are stronger when the original experiences are accompanied by unpleasant odors, a team of researchers has found. The study broadens our understanding of what can drive Pavlovian responses and points to how negative experiences influence our ...

– New York University

Learning and Memory

Found: New Bismuth Compounds in Well-Known Systems of Two Elements

Scientists discover an unexpected source of new materials, with potential for energy applications.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Chemical Communications 54, 7089 (2018). [DOI: 10.1039/c8cc02563k]

Clearing the Decks: MTRI Zooms in on Bridge Damage

A hitch-mounted, cinema-quality camera on a pick-up truck can make bridge inspections safer and faster, developed by the Michigan Tech Research Institute (MTRI) and Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT).

– Michigan Technological University

Michigan Department of Transportation

includes video

Climate change had significant impact on Amazon communities before arrival of Europeans

Climate change had a significant impact on people living in the Amazon rainforest before the arrival of Europeans and the loss of many indigenous groups, a new study shows.

– University of Exeter

Nature Ecology and Evolution

Microfluidics Device Captures Circulating Cancer Cell Clusters

About 90% of cancer deaths are due to metastases, when tumors spread to other vital organs, and a research group recently realized that it’s not individual cells but rather distinct clusters of cancer cells that circulate and metastasize to other o...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

AIP Advances

Looming insect invasion threatens California wine and avocados

UC Riverside is testing whether a sesame seed-sized wasp can control a pest that could seriously damage California crops including wine, walnuts, and avocados.

– University of California, Riverside

A New Manufacturing Process for Aluminum Alloys

Using a novel Solid Phase Processing approach, a research team at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory eliminated several steps that are required during conventional extrusion processing of aluminum alloy powders, while also achieving a significant ...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Materialia, June 2019/1463679

includes video

A quick liquid flip helps explain how morphing materials store information

Experiments at SLAC’s X-ray laser reveal in atomic detail how two distinct liquid phases in these materials enable fast switching between glassy and crystalline states that represent 0s and 1s in memory devices.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

P. Zalden et al., Science, 13 June 2019 (10.1126/science.aaw1773)

Dinosaur bones are home to microscopic life

Bad news, Jurassic Park fans--the odds of scientists cloning a dinosaur from ancient DNA are pretty much zero.

– Field Museum


Quantum Music to My Ears

It sounds like an old-school vinyl record, but the distinctive crackle in the music streamed into Chris Holloway’s laboratory is atomic in origin. The group spent years finding a way to directly measure electric fields using atoms, so who can blame...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

AIP Advances

Lighting the way for organic LEDs

Chris Giebink, associate professor of electrical engineering, has been awarded a two-year, $1.1 million grant from the Department of Energy for his research in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).

– Penn State College of Engineering

WVU researchers dig in to find ways to reclaim marginal lands, economies

Out of the 10 million acres of land damaged by extractive industries in Appalachia, about 500,000 lie in the borders of West Virginia. Rather than discarding the region’s history, West Virginia University researcher Zachary Freedman sees the future...

– West Virginia University

Trekking to the top

Growing up riding four-wheelers and collecting rocks near her grandparents’ cabin in the valleys wedged between the Rocky Mountains, Shelby Isom’s childhood was an adventure.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

UAH center part of effort to evaluate technologies for first responders

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) is the only academic institution selected to be a contractor in a DHS experiment designed to improve first responder communications and on-site information during a major disaster.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Argonne scientists transform farming with biomass buffers

A team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has been working for nearly a decade to uncover new strategies to control the environmentally harmful side effects of modern day farming, including the releas...

– Argonne National Laboratory

includes video

A day in the life of an accelerator designer

Physicist Tor Raubenheimer explores the world by climbing rocks and designing particle accelerators.

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Cross-class collaboration combines cloud computing with ag

In a new collaboration, Cornell students teamed up to learn how to work together to develop the kinds of digital tools that could reshape farming.

– Cornell University

includes video

First book published on fishes of the Salish Sea

The first book documenting all of the known species of fishes that live in the Salish Sea is now available.

– University of Washington

Mathematician Eric Larson Receives Prestigious Hertz Foundation Thesis Award

A mathematical problem that has vexed researchers for more than 100 years was solved.

– The Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Lifestyle & Social Sciences

Many Parents Struggle for Years to Adjust After Learning a Child is Gay, Bisexual or Lesbian

Two years after their child “comes out” as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB), many parents still say that it is moderately or very hard for them to adjust to the news, according to a study published today.

– George Washington University

Archives of Sexual Behavior

New study shows gender pay gap is still issue for airline staff

High-flying careers in the airline industry don't mean sky-high salaries for women, according to new research by Swansea University.

– Swansea University

Research in Transportation Business and Management

Anurag Singh and Sharada Singh of Education Management Solutions, LLC Are Finalists in the Entrepreneur Of The Year 2019 Greater Philadelphia Awards Program

Anurag Singh, CEO, and Sharada Singh, COO, of Education Management Solutions, LLC (EMS) were recently announced as finalists in the Entrepreneur Of The Year 2019 Greater Philadelphia Awards program. EMS, a Minority and Woman-owned Business Enterp...

– Education Management Solutions (EMS)

Business News

Cooking (and Uncooking) the Books: Corporate Financial Misreporting

After misstating earnings, which companies come clean? In the aftermath of major corporate scandal, Professor Justin Hopkins takes stock of employee stock option misreporting, disincentives to investigate misbehavior and constraints to integrity.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business





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