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Thursday, June 20, 2019

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Medical News


Silver Loading and Switching: Unintended Consequences of Pulling Health Policy Levers

A move by the White House in 2017 – decried by many health policy analysts as an attempt to undercut the Affordable Care Act – had unanticipated consequences that improved the affordability of health insurance for Marketplace enrollees.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Health Services Research

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2019 at 00:05 ET


More aggressive treatments needed to improve 5-year survival rate for glioblastoma

Despite improvements in median and short-term survival rates for patients with glioblastoma, the most common brain tumor in adults, the percentage of patients achieving five-year survival remains low, according to new Mayo Clinic research.

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2019 at 00:05 ET


New Study Highlights Need for Ethnic and Ancestral Diversity in Genomic Research

A new multicenter analysis led by researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and other institutions found the inclusion of diverse, multiethnic populations in large-scale genomic studies is ...

– Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Nature, June 19, 2019

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 13:00 ET


Vitamin D Supplementation Not Associated With Reduced Cardiovascular Events

This study, called a meta-analysis, combined the results of 21 randomized clinical trials with about 83,000 patients to look at whether vitamin D supplementation was associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease events such as heart attack o...

– JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JAMA Cardiology

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 11:00 ET


Even People with Well-Controlled Epilepsy May Be at Risk for Sudden Death

People with epilepsy have a rare risk of sudden death. A new study shows that risk may apply even to people whose epilepsy is well-controlled, which is contrary to previous, smaller studies that showed the risk was highest among those with severe, di...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 16:00 ET


Study Findings Highlight the Need for Diversity in Genomic Research

More than three-quarters of genomic data is derived from people of European descent, leaving other ethnic groups understudied.

– Mount Sinai Health System

Nature

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 13:00 ET


EHR medication lists lack accuracy, may threaten patient safety

Almost 1 in 4 medications were mismatched between the clinician’s notes and the formal medication list in a patient's electronic medical record, according to study of ophthalmic medications by Kellogg Eye Center.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Ophthalmology


Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss

A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don’t lose any weight, a new study suggests.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight


Sinai Researchers Find Link Between Exposure to World Trade Center Dust and Prostate Cancer

World Trade Center (WTC) responders with prostate cancer showed signs that exposure to dust from the World Trade Center site had activated chronic inflammation in their prostates, which may have contributed to their cancer, according to a study by Mo...

– Mount Sinai Health System

Molecular Cancer Research, Jun-2019


Psoriasis Patients Turn to Alternative Medicine When Traditional Treatments Fail

A recent survey from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found patients with psoriasis frequently use complementary or alternative therapies to treat their symptoms when traditional treatments fail.

– George Washington University

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, July-2019


TuBA: A New Computational Tool to Tune Molecular Classification of Tumors

Investigators at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have developed a computational method that uncovers clinically relevant gene expression patterns in large cohorts of breast cancer patients. This method, which is applicable to the analysis of a...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

GigaScience, Jun-2019


Studying Diverse Populations Can Boost Genetic Discovery, Curb Health Disparities

Studying diverse, multi-ethnic populations can increase genetic discoveries and reduce health disparities, according to one of the largest genetic studies of Hispanics and Latinos, African-Americans, Asians and other minorities. The study by Rutgers ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Nature; Rutgers Today


Bisexual Individuals Can Suffer from Identity Denial, May Increase Risk for Depression

Bisexual individuals may feel discriminated against and have high rates of stress and depression because they believe that their sexual identity is often questioned or denied by others, according to a Rutgers study.

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Self and Identity 31 May 2019


New Research Finds Increased CT Use for Suspected Urolithiasis Patients in ED

A new study performed in conjunction with the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute examines changing characteristics of utilization and potential disparities in US emergency department (ED) patients undergoing CT of the abdomen and pelvis (CTAP) ...

– Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute

Journal of American College of Radiology (JACR)


Study finds similar cardiovascular outcomes for generic, brand-name drugs for hypothyroidism

A new study by Mayo Clinic researchers may have broad implications for treatment of patients with predominantly benign thyroid disease and newly treated hypothyroidism.

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings


Can Facebook Help Predict and Monitor Disease? Study Says “Yes”

A new study reveals Facebook posts alone can predict some 21 diseases and conditions, many of them interrelated such as diabetes and hypertension, and anxiety and depression.

– Stony Brook University

PLOS ONE


Patients of Surgeons With Higher Reports of Unprofessional Behaviors Are More Likely to Suffer Complications

Patients of surgeons with higher numbers of reports from co-workers about unprofessional behavior are significantly more likely to experience complications during or after their operations, researchers from Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC)...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

JAMA Surgery


In Making Treatment Decisions, American Women Prefer More Involvement than American Men

Ethnic group and gender both influence patients’ experiences with treatment decision-making but in different ways, according to new research led by Henry S. Perkins, MD, of the University of Texas Health Science Center and the Ecumenical Center for...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Medical Care


Scaffold Helps Cells Repair Torn Meniscus in Lab Tests

About a million times a year, Americans with a torn meniscus get surgery, but certain tears don't heal well. Duke scientists have developed a scaffold from a pig’s meniscus that performed better in lab tests than healing without a scaffold.

– Duke Health

Scientific Reports; AG028716, AR048852, AG015768, AR073752, AG046927, AR073221, AR074800, AR065527


Huntsman Cancer Institute Research Discovery Leads to New Clinical Trial for Myelofibrosis Patients

Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) discovered in laboratory studies that an experimental drug called selinexor may block a crucial survival pathway exploited by myelofibrosis cells.

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

Clinical Cancer Research


Finding the truth

Brian Duncan did it all in his early years: professional football, bull riding, and boxing. Decades later, he’s participating in a study with UT Southwestern that looks at the long-term cognitive effects that concussions may have on athletes.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

includes video


Synthetic joint lubricant holds promise for osteoarthritis

A new type of treatment for osteoarthritis, currently in canine clinical trials, shows promise for eventual use in humans. The treatment, developed by Cornell University biomedical engineers, is a synthetic version of a naturally occurring joint lubr...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June-2019


Estudio descubrió resultados cardiovasculares similares entre fármacos genéricos y comerciales para hipotiroidismo

Un nuevo estudio dirigido por los investigadores de Mayo Clinic puede tener amplias consecuencias en el tratamiento de los pacientes con enfermedades predominantemente benignas de la tiroides e hipotiroidismo de nueva aparición.

– Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic Proceedings


Summertime Safety for Kids

Summer is a great time to get outside with the family, but it is also the time of year when kids are most often injured. You can protect your child by following tips for outdoor activities, heat and sun, and water safety.

– Western Connecticut Health Network


American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) to host Annual Meeting in Chicago, September 15-18

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) will host its 61st Annual Meeting at McCormick Place in Chicago, September 15-18, 2019. The meeting will feature updates on clinical trials, cancer research and new approaches that involve radiatio...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)


Nephrologist uses royalties from dialysis solution to fund future innovations

A nephrologist at UAB who created a solution to help critically ill patients in the intensive care unit safely receive dialysis has created a fund to boost future inventions and products to help people living with kidney disease.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham


Immunotherapy-Chemo Combo Based on Work of Roswell Park’s Dr. Ben Seon Gets FDA Approval

A cancer therapy based on the work of Ben Seon, PhD, at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for patients with an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center


Athletic trainers call for heat-readiness to protect student athletes

With summer underway, the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) is calling for all sports organizations to evaluate their readiness to prevent and treat exertional heat stroke, one of the three leading causes of death in sports.

– National Athletic Trainers' Association


ASA Opposes Senate HELP Surprise Medical Bills Proposal

Today, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) announced strong opposition to the “surprise medical bill” provisions of the recently released U.S. Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee proposal, “The Lower Health...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


ASN Foundation for Kidney Research Announces 2019 Grant Recipients

The ASN Foundation for Kidney Research announced the 2019 recipients of research grants to advance new understandings of—and treatments for—kidney diseases. The Foundation will fund 46 leading researchers working to cure kidney diseases. These...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)


NCCN and AstraZeneca Seek Opportunities to Improve Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

NCCN Oncology Research Program (ORP) issues request for proposals to improve quality of care for people with stage III, stage IV, and recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)


Leading Health and Technology Organizations Release Common Cancer Data Standards to Enable Sharing Across EHR Systems and Improve Patient Care

Three of the nation’s leading health and technology organizations have established a core set of data elements and recommended technical specifications (the Minimal Common Oncology Data Elements, or “mCODE”) that are essential for capturing and...

– MITRE

ASCO’s 2019 Annual Meeting


Stephanie Shiau Joins the Rutgers School of Public Health

The Rutgers School of Public Health is excited to announce that Stephanie Shiau, PhD, will be joining the department of biostatistics and epidemiology as an instructor in August.

– Rutgers School of Public Health


UIC’s Institute for Tuberculosis Research tapped to support $28 million drug discovery project

The University of Illinois at Chicago will work with TB Alliance to help find new drug treatments for tuberculosis, a bacterial infection considered to be one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The goal is to produce two new clinical-stage dru...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Mayo Clinic to host Sixth Annual Metastatic Breast Cancer Conference

Mayo Clinic will host the Sixth Annual Metastatic Breast Cancer Conference at the Omni Scottsdale Resort and Spa at Montelucia in Scottsdale, Arizona, Sept. 19–20. This program is a joint effort among Mayo Clinic, Baylor College of Medicine, and Th...

– Mayo Clinic

6th Annual Metastatic Breast Cancer Conference, September 19-20, 2019


Hackensack Meridian Health Children’s Hospitals Ranked Among the Top Children’s Hospitals by U.S. News & World Report in 2019-20 Best Children’s Hospitals Rankings

Combined cancer program at Joseph M. Sanzari Children’s Hospital and K. Hovnanian Children’s Hospital ranked #44 in the U.S. and Joseph M. Sanzari Children’s Hospital ranked #49 for Pediatric Neurology and Neurosurgery

– Hackensack Meridian Health

Science News


Successful ‘alien’ bird invasions are location dependent

A new study published today in Nature, shows that alien bird introductions are most successful in locations and climates similar to their native habitats and in places where other alien species are already established. The discovery is important f...

– University of Utah

Nature

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 13:00 ET


Scientists map elusive toxic proteins linked to Alzheimer’s, providing new molecular clues for prevention

A team of researchers from McMaster University has mapped at atomic resolution a toxic protein linked to Alzheimer’s disease, allowing them to better understand what is happening deep within the brain during the earliest stages of the disease. ...

– McMaster University

Chemical Science


Record efficiency for a gas engine

At the end of May, the final meeting of the "Horizon 2020" project "GasOn" with the EU Commission took place in Brussels. The aim of this EU project was the further development of gas engines for cars and vans. Around 20 partners participated, includ...

– Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology


A Trojan Horse for Fusion Disruptions

Thin-walled diamond shells carry payloads of boron dust; the dust mitigates destructive plasma disruptions in fusion confinement systems.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Physical Review Letters 122, 065001 (2019). [DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.065001]


Owner Training Key to Reducing Risk of Dog Bite Injuries

Dog attacks have been on the rise and it may the owners who need to go back to school. A new study published in Risk Analysis: An International Journal investigated what leads dog owners to train their pets using positive reinforcement methods.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Risk Analysis: An International Journal


Scientists develop climate-ready wheat that can survive drought conditions

Wheat plants engineered to have fewer microscopic pores – called stomata – on their leaves are better able to survive drought conditions associated with climate breakdown, according to a new study.

– University of Sheffield

Plant, Cell and Environment


First step towards a better prosthetic leg? Trip people over and over

The first step a Vanderbilt team took in addressing a challenge in lower-body prosthetics was coming to understand the way people with two legs catch themselves, accomplished by covering test subjects with motion-capturing sensors.

– Vanderbilt University

Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation; R01HD088959

includes video


Sea otters have low genetic diversity like other threatened species, biologists report

Sea otters have low genetic diversity, which could endanger their health as a species, a UCLA-led team of life scientists has discovered.

– University of California Los Angeles (UCLA)

Molecular Biology and Evolution


Appearance of deep-sea fish does not signal upcoming earthquake in Japan

The unusual appearance of deep-sea fish like the oarfish or slender ribbonfish in Japanese shallow waters does not mean that an earthquake is about to occur, according to a new statistical analysis.

– Seismological Society of America (SSA)

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America


Cool halo gas caught spinning like galactic disks

A group of astronomers led by Crystal Martin and Stephanie Ho of the University of California, Santa Barbara, has discovered a dizzying cosmic choreography among typical star-forming galaxies

– W. M. Keck Observatory

Astronomical Journal


A sound idea: a step towards quantum computing

A team at the University of Tsukuba studied a novel process for creating coherent lattice waves inside silicon crystals using ultrashort laser pulses.

– University of Tsukuba

Physical Review B


A songbird’s fate hinges on one fragile area

Researchers were surprised to find that a migratory songbird that breeds in the eastern and central United States is concentrated during winter in just one South American country.

– Ohio State University

The Condor: Ornithological Applications


Borrowing from Astronomy to Rob the Twinkle from Brain Imagery

UC San Diego Professor David Kleinfeld and postdoctoral fellow Rui Liu adopted adaptive optics (AO) to correct microscopic images for the scattering of light that occurs in brain tissue. The result was the first-ever recording of the subcellular neur...

– University of California San Diego

Nature Methods; PHY153264; R35 NS097265

includes video


Neutrons get a wider angle on DNA and RNA to advance 3D models

Scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland used neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to capture new information about DNA and RNA molecules and enable more accurate computer si...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


Cornell partnership aims to improve food security in Latin America

Like a tiny needle in a sprawling hayfield, a single crystal grain measuring just tens of millionths of a meter – found in a borehole sample drilled in Central Siberia – had an unexpected chemical makeup. And a specialized X-ray technique in use ...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Mineralogical Magazine, May 8, 2019


Deep Submersible Dives Shed Light on Rarely Explored Coral Reefs

A new paper examines the rarely explored coral reefs in deep water, where less than 1% of light from the surface makes it through. The research identifies how these corals are able to survive in such a dark place.

– University of Washington

Limnology and Oceanography

includes video


NASA’s Upcoming Webb Telescope Will Survey Saturn and Titan

Among the most intriguing solar-system targets Webb will study after its launch in 2021 are Saturn and its moon, Titan. Saturn’s weather undergoes seasons like Earth, except that they last 7-1/2 years. Occasionally, storms encircle the planet, maki...

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)


Cornell Partnership Aims to Improve Food Security in Latin America

Cornell University and the Core Foundation have signed a Memorandum of Agreement to explore new ways to promote food security and agricultural innovation in Peru and across Latin America.

– Cornell University


A miniature camera for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will help test the observatory and take first images

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are building the world’s largest digital camera for astronomy and astrophysics – a minivan-sized 3,200-megapixel ‘eye’ of the future Large Synoptic Survey Telesco...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

includes video


Researcher Receives NIH Grant to Develop Rapid, Reliable and Low-cost HIV Test

HIV testing is expensive ($50 to $200 per test), technically complex, and requires trained technicians. Researchers are developing a rapid, disposable, automated, and low-cost HIV viral load assay to increase timely access to HIV care and to improve ...

– Florida Atlantic University


American Psychological Association's 127th Annual Convention Aug. 8 - 11, 2019, Chicago

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a second round of funding for the country’s four Big Data Innovation Hubs – organizations where academics, community leaders, regional business, and local and state government representatives coll...

– University of California San Diego

1916481; 1916573; 1915774

Lifestyle & Social Sciences


High School Seniors Losing Trust in Law Enforcement, Justice System

High school seniors’ confidence in law enforcement and the justice system significantly declined from 2006 to 2017 while their faith in religious organizations and schools was comparatively higher and more stable, according to research published by...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Developmental Psychology

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2019 at 09:00 ET


'Whole Person' Approach Needed to Solve Opioid Epidemic, Says APA

Solving the opioid epidemic requires a “whole person” approach that includes nonpharmacological treatment for pain, as well as ensuring that people have the employment, education and housing supports they need for long-term recovery, the chief ex...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 19-Jun-2019 at 10:00 ET


How Information Is Like Snacks, Money, and Drugs—to Your Brain

A new study by researchers at UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business has found that information acts on the brain's dopamine-producing reward system in the same way as money or food.

– University of California, Berkeley Haas School of Business

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2019


American Psychological Association's 127th Annual Convention Aug. 8 - 11, 2019, Chicago

The American Psychological Association’s 127th annual convention will take place Aug. 8-11, 2019, at the McCormick Place Convention Center in Chicago.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

American Psychological Association’s 127th annual convention, Aug. 8-11, 2019


Florida State becomes largest university to add experiential learning requirement

Florida State University is embarking on a new initiative that has the potential to create one of the most diverse and robust talent pipelines in the nation.Already a national leader in student success, Florida State plans to enrich the student learn...

– Florida State University

Business News


Nursing Home Care Cost Significantly Outpaces General Inflation and Medical Care Prices

One of the largest studies on out-of-pocket costs for nursing home care finds prices are high and rising faster than other medical care and consumer prices, reports a team of health policy researchers.

– Georgetown University School of Nursing & Health Studies

RRC08098401

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2019 at 07:00 ET


Birth order influences CEO risk-taking

Younger siblings often take more risks as chief executives, just like they did when they were kids trying to keep up with their older brothers and sisters, according to University of Georgia management researchers.

– University of Georgia

Academy of Management Journal


New Platform Flips Traditional On-Demand Supply Chain Approach on its Head

Research recently published in Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, by systems engineers at Rensselaer, demonstrated how a hierarchical model that provides suppliers with a certain amount of choice could improve supply and demand matching ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Transportation Research Part B: Methodological

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