Social and Behavioral Sciences
Apartment Owners See Benefits to Going Smoke-Free
A survey of 324 multiunit owners/operators in South Dakota showed that adopting those policies reduced maintenance costs while improving safety. The research was a collaborative project involving nursing researchers at South Dakota State University and the South Dakota Department of Health. State tobacco control officials have developed materials to help more apartment owners institute voluntary smoke-free policies. Media embedded: Image(s)Expert(s) available
– South Dakota State University
Do Sex and Violence Sell? Maybe Not, Says New Study
Advertisers hoping to sway consumers might want to rethink running spots within media with violent or sexual themes, and might do better if the ads themselves have a G-rating, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association. Instead, violent and sexual media content may impair advertising’s effectiveness and ultimately deter purchasing, the research found. (Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2015 at 09:00 ET)
– American Psychological Association (APA)
Sex and Violence May Not Really Sell Products
If there’s one thing advertisers think they know, it is that sex and violence sell. A new analysis, however, provides some of the best evidence to date that this widely accepted adage just isn’t true.
– Ohio State University
News Today Tips the Scales Tomorrow
What’s in the newspaper today can predict how skinny or fat a country’s population will be tomorrow, says new research published in BMC Public Health.
BMC Public Health
– Cornell University
Poverty’s Most Insidious Damage Is to a Child’s Brain
A new study, published July 20 in JAMA Pediatrics, provides even more compelling evidence that growing up in poverty has detrimental effects on the brain. In an accompanying editorial, child psychiatrist Joan L. Luby, MD, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, writes that “early childhood interventions to support a nurturing environment for these children must now become our top public health priority for the good of all.”Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 20-Jul-2015 at 11:00 ET)Expert(s) available
JAMA Pediatrics, July 20, 2015
– Washington University in St. Louis
New Adolescent Friendship Study Confirms 'Birds of a Feather Flock Together - Stay Together'
No one likes to lose a friend, especially adolescents. Adolescent friendships are fleeting. The majority dissolve after a year or two. But why do friendships end? Researchers sought to answer this question by examining whether adolescent friendships end because of undesirable characteristics of friends, because of differences between friends, or both. They tracked friendships over six years, measuring the effect of both dissimilarities and undesirable individual attributes in predicting when an adolescent friendship would end. Media embedded: Image(s)
– Florida Atlantic University
Anti-bias Trainings Not Effective for Many
Most anti-bias trainings probably won’t be as effective as organizers hope, according to a study just published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. The research finds that only those whites who are aware of their racial biases will internalize negative feedback about their racial preferences and take steps to correct their behavior.
Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
– University of Vermont
Study: The Angelina Jolie Effect on Breast Cancer Screening
Angelina Jolie received widespread media attention in 2013 when she told the public that she’d tested positive for BRCA1, a gene associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and subsequently had a double mastectomy. Now research shows this publicity did influence some women’s intentions to seek similar testing.
Journal of Health Communication, DOI: 10.1080/10810730.2015.1064498
– North Carolina State University