Social and Behavioral Sciences
Up to 27 Seconds of Inattention After Talking to Your Car or Smartphone
If you think it is okay to talk to your car infotainment system or smartphone while driving or even when stopped at a red light, think again. It takes up to 27 seconds to regain full attention after issuing voice commands, University of Utah researchers found in a pair of new studies for the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.
Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2015 at 00:00 ET)
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
– University of Utah
Fear-Based Appeals Effective at Changing Attitudes, Behaviors After All
Fear-based appeals appear to be effective at influencing attitudes and behaviors, especially among women, according to a comprehensive review of over 50 years of research on the topic, published by the American Psychological Association. (Embargo expired on 22-Oct-2015 at 09:00 ET)
– American Psychological Association (APA)
The Power of Thank You: Research Links Gratitude to Positive Marital Outcomes
A key ingredient to improving couples’ marriages might just be gratitude, according to new University of Georgia research.
The study was recently published in the journal Personal Relationships.
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– University of Georgia
Using Skype, FAU Unlocks the Voices of People Who Stutter in Rwanda
According to the African Stuttering Research Center, there is just one therapist for every 37,483 people who stutter in Africa. Florida Atlantic University is the first to provide free tele-therapy for patients who stutter in Africa. Media embedded: Video / Image(s)
– Florida Atlantic University
Alcohol Ads Linked to Teen Alcohol Brand Choices
Overall exposure to brand-specific alcohol advertising is a significant predictor of underage youth alcohol brand consumption, with youth ages 13 to 20 more than five times more likely to consume brands that advertise on national television and 36 percent more likely to consume brands that advertise in national magazines compared to brands that don’t advertise in these media. (Embargo expired on 20-Oct-2015 at 08:00 ET)
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abus; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (5R01AA020309)
– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
New Study Explores Gender Bias in Academic Hiring
When all else is equal between highly qualified candidates for entry-level faculty positions, professors in academic science overwhelmingly prefer women over men, Cornell researchers previously found in national experiments. In their follow-up study, Cornell social scientists Stephen J. Ceci and Wendy M. Williams found that women’s hiring edge disappeared when pitted against slightly more accomplished men for faculty positions in engineering, economics, psychology and biology.
Frontiers in Psychology
– Cornell University
Rehab Counselors Help Clients Find Work, Live Independently
Rehabilitation counselors can help clients with physical or mental disabilities—or both, as is often the case—find employment and live independently, according to South Dakota State University professor Alan Davis. October is National Disability Employment Awareness month.Media embedded: Image(s)Expert(s) available
– South Dakota State University
Study Compares Traditional and Modern Views of Aging
Traditional societies may see the aging process in a more positive light than modern societies, according to a Cornell researcher in a recent study published in the Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Science.
Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Science
– Cornell University
A Study Suggests a Computer Algorithm Can Predict Someone’s Behavior More Reliably Than Humans Can
In research presented at IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics, researchers, from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory suggest an algorithm can predict human intuition better than us humans.Media embedded: Image(s)
IEEE Data Science and Advanced Analytics; MIT News
– Newswise Trends
Survey: More than Half of U.S. and Canadian Food Workers Go to Work Sick
As part of the annual Mind of the Food Worker study, the CRPP polled more than 1,200 food workers at all stages of the food supply chain, including farms, processing plants, cafeterias, restaurants, and grocery stores across the U.S. and Canada. The independent survey was commissioned by Alchemy Systems, which works with companies and organizations across the food system to improve safety and operations. Media embedded: Image(s)
– Dick Jones Communications
Moving, Even to More Affluent Areas, Puts Kids at Greater Risk for Not Graduating High School
Want to make sure your child graduates from high school? Don’t move. A new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis finds that students experiencing at least one move over a twelve-month period have a roughly 50 percent decreased likelihood of obtaining a high school diploma by age 25.
Social Science Research
– Washington University in St. Louis
Students Plan 'Get FRUVED' Activities to Promote Healthy Campus Lifestyle
Students at South Dakota State University are carving the pathway toward a healthier college experience with the Get FRUVED—Get your FRUits and VEgetables—social marketing campaign.Media embedded: Image(s)
– South Dakota State University