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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists

Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, November 19, 2015

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Featured Story:

Liking on Facebook Good for Teens’ Stress, Being Liked… Not So Much

Facebook can have positive and negative effects on teens levels of a stress hormone, say researchers at the University of Montreal and the Institut... (more)

– Universite de Montreal

Featured Story:

Landmark Study Provides Strongest Evidence Yet of a Meaningful Link Between Breakfast Quality and Educational Attainment

A direct and positive link between pupils’ breakfast quality and consumption, and their educational attainment, has for the first time been demonstrated in a ground-breaking new study carried out by public health experts at Cardiff... (more) (Embargo expired on 16-Nov-2015 at 19:00 ET)

– Cardiff University

Arts and Humanities

16-Nov-2015

Gifts Representing China’s Ethnic Diversity and Silk Road Fabrics Elevate D.C. Museum to Top Collector of Central Asian and Chinese Minority Textiles

The George Washington University Museum and The Textile Museum have acquired two major collections comprised of Central Asian ikats with links to the Silk Road, as well as textiles reflecting traditions of Chinese ethnic minorities.

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– George Washington University

Expert on National Security Issues and French Citizenship Available

UTEP Assistant Professor of Security Studies Damien Van Puyvelde, Ph.D., is an expert on national security issues and French citizenship. He is available to talk about the Paris attacks.

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Expert(s) available

– University of Texas at El Paso

Has Chicago’s $3.2 Billion Public Housing Makeover Successfully Re-Integrated the Poor? New Research Says No

A $3.2 billion (and counting) transformation of Chicago’s notorious high-rise public housing has dramatically changed the urban landscape there, attracting affluent residents to segregated areas and catalyzing revitalization in long-marginalized neighborhoods. But far fewer low-income Chicagoans at the heart of the city’s initiative—replacing deteriorating public housing with high-quality mixed-income communities—have been helped than intended when the ambitious plan was launched 15 years ago.

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Expert(s) available

– Case Western Reserve University

Social and Behavioral Sciences

19-Nov-2015

More Than Half of ‘Children’ Misperceive or Reject Parents’ Political Party Affiliations

A new study finds that more than half of all “children” in the U.S. either misperceive or reject their parents’ political party affiliations.

(Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 00:00 ET)

American Sociological Review, Dec-2015

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

How a Raisin Can Predict a Toddler’s Future Academic Ability

A simple test using a raisin can predict how well a toddler will perform academically at age eight, according to research conducted at the University of Warwick

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 00:05 ET)

Journal of Pediatrics

– University of Warwick

Special Report: Fighting Terrorism by Keeping Your Physical and Behavioral Health in Check

Physician leaders say terrorism is in part a psychological tactic. Several physicians interviewed offer advice on what the public can do so that fear, anxiety, and depression caused by terrorism doesn't get the best of them.

(Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 06:05 ET)

– Pennsylvania Medical Society

The Psychology of Transgender

The following feature was produced by the American Psychological Association. You may reprint it in its entirety or in part. We only request that you credit APA as the source. We also have provided a photograph of Bockting for reprinting.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 09:00 ET)
Expert(s) available

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Sociologists Available to Discuss Holiday-Related Topics: Family, Religion, Consumerism, and Mental Health

As the holiday season begins, the American Sociological Association (ASA) has sociologists available to discuss holiday-related topics, including family, religion, consumerism, and mental health.

Expert(s) available

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

18-Nov-2015

Young Whites Usually More Optimistic Than Minority Peers About Likelihood of Living to 35

A new study of young people finds that, with one exception, whites are more optimistic — sometimes drastically so — than their minority peers about their likelihood of living to 35.

(Embargo expired on 18-Nov-2015 at 00:00 ET)

Journal of Health and Social Behavior-Dec 2015

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

Liking on Facebook Good for Teens’ Stress, Being Liked… Not So Much

Facebook can have positive and negative effects on teens levels of a stress hormone, say researchers at the University of Montreal and the Institut universitaire de santé mentale de Montréal.

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Psychoneuroendocrinology

– Universite de Montreal

College Studies May Reduce Risk of Dementia for Older Adults, Research Finds

Older adults who take college courses may increase their cognitive capacity and possibly reduce their risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease or other forms of dementia, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Neuropsychology

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Research Shows Texas Grow! Eat! Go! Interventions Having Positive Impact on Youth

Research has shown that efforts through the Texas Grow! Eat! Go! program have had a positive effect on improving the health and wellness of youth in the five participating Texas counties.

– Texas A&M AgriLife

Men Eat to Excess When They Need to Impress

Men have a reputation of doing just about anything to show off in front of women, no matter how seemingly absurd. That effort to impress apparently extends to their eating habits: A new Cornell study shows that men eat significantly more food when in the company of women – and such excess is motivated by a hardwired male urge to demonstrate prowess to the opposite sex, researchers suggest.

– Cornell University

Before the Pilgrims, Floridians Celebrated the ‘Real’ First Thanksgiving

It’s that time of year when children make cardboard turkeys and draw the Mayflower, while we prepare to fill our tables with stuffing and pumpkin pie the way most of us imagine the Pilgrims did at the first Thanksgiving in 1621.

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– University of Florida

17-Nov-2015

Mother's Age at Birth May Influence Symptoms of Depression in Daughters

The daughters, but not the sons, of women who give birth at age 30 or older are more likely to experience symptoms of depression as young adults, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, published online Nov 16, 2015

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Self-Help Books: Stressed Readers or Stressful Reading?

Consumers of self-help books are more sensitive to stress and show higher depressive symptomatology, according to a study conducted by researchers at the CIUSSS de l'Est-de-l'Île-de-Montréal (Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal) and the University of Montreal, the findings of which were published in Neural Plasticity.

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Neural Plasticity

– Universite de Montreal

The Fittest Fiddle

University of Iowa researchers say behavior, particularly psychologist Edward Thorndike’s law of effect, is the foundational principle behind the evolution of the violin and other handmade inventions. Simply put, behaviors that are followed by positive outcomes tend to be repeated.

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– University of Iowa

Whether You Are Territorial, a Girlfriend Stealer or a Cross-Dresser, It's in Your Genes

Whether you're territorial, a girlfriend stealer, or a cross dresser - when it comes to finding a partner, scientists have discovered that for some birds it's all in the genes. Individual animals usually exhibit flexibility in their behaviour, but some behaviours are genetically determined.

Nature Genetics

– University of Sheffield

Playing Across the Aisles

An August decision by Target department stores to discontinue the practice of separating its toy aisles by gender might be the first step in creating a new generation of play, a Creighton University researcher says.

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– Creighton University

16-Nov-2015

Crime Dramas and Sexual Assault: A Study

Previous research has identified that exposure to the crime drama genre lowers rape myth acceptance and increases sexual assault prevention behaviors such as bystander intervention. However, recent content analyses have revealed marked differences in the portrayal of sexual violence within the top three crime drama franchises.

Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives

– Taylor & Francis

Marginalized Groups Use the Internet to Broaden Their Networks, Rather Than Reinforce Ties

A new research study from Indiana University supports the commonly held view that people from disadvantaged groups are using the Internet to broaden their social networks. Those who are from racially or educationally advantaged groups depend more on face-to-face interactions and use the Internet to reinforce their connections with others.

– Indiana University

Arrested Development: Study Examines How Arrests in the Homeless Population Impact Long Term Attitudes Toward Police

University of Alberta research is giving insight into how officer interactions with the homeless can shape their long-term attitudes toward police. The study, published in the International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, finds negative interactions can affect attitudes for at least two years.

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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

– University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Education

19-Nov-2015

Study Finds Closing Low-Performing NYC High Schools Had Positive Effects

New York City’s policy of closing very low-performing high schools during the last decade produced notable benefits for the middle schoolers who likely would have enrolled in these schools, according to a new report from the Research Alliance for New York City Schools at NYU.

– New York University

18-Nov-2015

Intervention Improves Teacher Practices and Student Engagement in Early Elementary School Classrooms

A classroom program that helps teachers adapt their interactions with students based on individuals’ temperaments may lead to more student engagement in kindergarten, more teacher emotional support to kindergarten and first grade students, and better classroom organization and less off-task behavior in first-grade classes, according to research by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Institute of Education Sciences; Elementary School Journal; R305B080019; R305A080512

– New York University

17-Nov-2015

Parents Aiming Too High Can Harm Child’s Academic Performance

When parents have high hopes for their children’s academic achievement, the children tend to do better in school, unless those hopes are unrealistic, in which case the children may not perform well in school, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

– American Psychological Association (APA)

University Raises Retention Rate to Best Rate in Ten Years

As many as one in three first-year students never make it back for the sophomore year, according to the U.S. News & World Report, but Otterbein, a small, comprehensive liberal arts university located 15 minutes northeast of Columbus, Ohio, is bucking the trend, recording a retention rate of 81.1 percent this fall, its best figure in ten years.

– Dick Jones Communications

Recipe for Success: Entrepreneurs Concoct Businesses in Saint Louis University’s Kitchen

Food startups in the St. Louis area are sprouting from Saint Louis University's shared use kitchen.

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– Saint Louis University Medical Center

16-Nov-2015

Landmark Study Provides Strongest Evidence Yet of a Meaningful Link Between Breakfast Quality and Educational Attainment

A direct and positive link between pupils’ breakfast quality and consumption, and their educational attainment, has for the first time been demonstrated in a ground-breaking new study carried out by public health experts at Cardiff University.

(Embargo expired on 16-Nov-2015 at 19:00 ET)

Public Health Nutrition

– Cardiff University

Traditional Calendar Schools Increase Property Values by Nearly Two Percent in Wake County, North Carolina

An RTI International and Elon University analysis of more than 50,000 residential real estate transactions shows that prices for homes assigned to traditional calendars were up to 2 percent higher than similar homes that switched to multi-track year round calendars.

Economics of Education Review, Dec 2015

– RTI International

Study: How Students of Different Backgrounds Use Strategies to Strengthen College Applications

Over the past 25 years, the higher education system in the United States has grown more competitive, with students trying to gain admissions to the most desirable institutions and institutions vying for the most desirable students. During this time period, high school students across the country – particularly those from families of higher socioeconomic status – have increasingly used multiple strategies to enhance their college applications, finds research led by NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Research in Higher Education

– New York University

Author of New Book Aims to Reassert the “Public” in Public Education

The United States may be witnessing the end of public education. That’s the reality David Hursh, professor in teaching and curriculum at the University of Rochester's Warner School of Education, argues in his forthcoming book "The End of Public Schools: The Corporate Reform Agenda to Privatize Education."

Expert(s) available

– University of Rochester

Pop Culture

16-Nov-2015

Understanding Importance of Play in Relation to Literature, Life

Despite the predictions that almost all entertainment will require a videogame controller or occur online, Tim Bryant, assistant professor of English at Buffalo State, knows differently. Non-digital gaming is, in fact, growing in popularity.

Expert(s) available

– SUNY Buffalo State

Law and Public Policy

18-Nov-2015

MTSU Poll: Voters Value Gun Rights but Want Stricter Sales Rules

Although strongly protective of gun rights in general, most Tennessee voters favor requiring background checks for gun sales among private individuals and at gun shows and support laws to prevent the mentally ill from buying guns, according to the latest MTSU Poll.

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– Middle Tennessee State University

How Can Technology Improve School Safety?

APL is leading a National Institute of Justice study to examine how technology is used to prevent and respond to criminal violence in K–12 schools.

– Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

What Is Confident Pluralism?

Even a cursory glance at today’s headlines reveals a deep inability to get along. From politics, to religion, to social issues, extreme positions may play well with a political base, but do little to further substantive conversation and real change. How do we get back to forming meaningful relationships that can move toward common ground despite our deep ideological differences? The answer lies in a confident pluralism, said an expert on law and religion at Washington University in St. Louis

Expert(s) available

– Washington University in St. Louis

16-Nov-2015

Study Finds Honesty Varies Significantly Between Countries

Research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) has found that people's honesty varies significantly between countries. It also suggests that honesty is less important to a country's current economic growth than during earlier periods in history.

London Experimental Workshop

– University of East Anglia

Senator Tim Scott (R-Sc) Talks ISIS, Leadership at McConnell Center

Senator Tim Scott spoke at the University of Louisville through the McConnell Center’s Distinguished Lecture Series. He address the challenges the U.S. faces in combating ISIS, as well as leadership principles.

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– University of Louisville

LifeWire Announcements

Mobile App, Interactive Web-Based Tool Launched to Educate Service Members on Unsafe Dietary Supplements

A new mobile application and interactive web-based tool have been launched to help military troops identify unsafe dietary supplements that may jeopardize their health or career.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

UC San Diego Alumnus Joseph Edelman Pledges $400,000 to Help Students Facing Mental Health Challenges

At UC San Diego, a $400,000 pledge from alumnus and hedge fund founder Joseph E. Edelman will directly benefit students in need of ongoing psychiatric services, while also improving opportunities for specialized fellowship training and clinical research in college mental health.

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– University of California, San Diego

Research Explores How ‘Deviant’ Messages Flood Social Media

From terrorist propaganda distributed by organizations such as ISIS, to political activism, diverse voices now use social media as their major public platform. Organizations deploy bots — virtual, automated posters — as well as enormous paid “armies” of human posters or trolls, and hacking schemes to overwhelmingly infiltrate the public platform with their message. A University of Arkansas at Little Rock professor of information science has been awarded a grant to continue his research that will provide an in-depth understanding of the major propagators of viral, insidious content and the methods that make them successful.

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43-1094-15

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock

Rare Earths for Life: An 85th Birthday Visit with Mr. Rare Earth

While scientists often talk about their life’s work, few lives have been fuller than that of Ames Laboratory’s Karl A. Gschneidner, Jr. who’s being honored for over six decades of research in the rare-earth metals.

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– Ames Laboratory

College of Education Wins $7 Million Grant for Teacher Prep Reform

In light of upcoming mandated teacher reform, Texas Tech, with funding from the Gates Foundation, is creating a center to help other universities change their teacher preparation programs.

– Texas Tech University

LifeWire Higher Education Events

Bill Bradley, Jack Matlock, Stephen Cohen and John Pepper on "U.S.-Russian Conflict from Ukraine to Syria" - Nov. 23 Discussion

Former U.S. senator Bill Bradley and former U.S. ambassador to Russia Jack Matlock, Jr. will be among the panelists for “U.S.-Russian Conflict From Ukraine to Syria: Did U.S. Policy Contribute to It?”—a discussion at NYU’s School of Law on Mon., Nov. 23, 6-8 p.m.

– New York University

AU Announces Fall 2015 Commencement Speaker

Smithsonian Secretary David Skorton will deliver the keynote address at American University's first-ever fall commencement ceremony.

– American University

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