Social and Behavioral Sciences
Ballooning 10 Billion World Population Drives Moderate-to-High Worries, Study Finds
Risk analysts have gathered new evidence that the public sees a medium-to-high risk that worldwide population growth could lead to food and water shortages, species extinctions, and other disasters, pointing to the likelihood that concerned individuals might support policies to slow the growth.
– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)
Childhood Poverty, Parental Abuse Cost Adults Their Health for Years to Come
Growing up in poverty or being abused by parents can lead to accumulated health problems later in life, according to research from Purdue University.
American Sociological Review, Feb-2016
– American Sociological Association (ASA)
Transgender Children Supported in Their Identities Show Positive Mental Health
A new study from the University of Washington, believed to be the first to look at the mental health of transgender children who have “socially transitioned,” finds that they had rates of depression and anxiety no higher than two control groups of children. The findings challenge long-held assumptions that mental health problems in transgender children are inevitable, or even that being transgender is itself a type of mental disorder.
(Embargo expired on 26-Feb-2016 at 00:00 ET)
– University of Washington
Birds Who Sing Together, Stay Together
The courtship and mating behaviors of the perky Australian red-backed fairy-wren have evolved into nothing short of a free-for-all. The rampant promiscuity of both sexes is legendary.
What’s a fairy-wren to do to keep from wasting energy raising another male’s chicks? New research from scientists at the Cornell University Lab of Ornithology provides a surprising answer: Sing with your mate.Media embedded: Video / Image(s)
Journal Biology Letters, Feb-2016
– Cornell University
Why People Oppose Same-Sex Marriage
Why do opponents of same-sex marriage really oppose it?
A UCLA psychology study published online today in the journal Psychological Science concludes that many people believe gay men and women are more sexually promiscuous than heterosexuals, which they may fear could threaten their own marriages and their way of life.Media embedded: Image(s)
– University of California Los Angeles UCLA
People in Food Deserts Eat Much Differently Than the Rest of America
A new study from Georgia Tech identifies the food choices and nutritional profiles of people living in America's food deserts. People with less access to grocery stores eat food that is 5 to 17 percent higher in fat, cholesterol and sugars compared to those shared in non-food deserts areas.
– Georgia Institute of Technology
University of Kentucky Researcher Helps Draft "Historic" Position Statement of Nutrition in Athletes
Three organizations have released a joint position statement representing evidence-based opinions on nutrition factors that influence athletic performance and emerging trends in sports nutrition.
– University of Kentucky
Who(What)’s Driving and When?
Advancing the state of knowledge about human factors aspects of autonomous passenger vehicles are two studies published recently in Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. One assesses the level of drivers’ trust in the autonomous car. The other suggests that drivers will respond best to verbal prompts alerting them to driving conditions and the state of the vehicle.
The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
– Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
People Stay True to Moral Colors, Studies Find
When judging the character of a friend, co-worker or potential romantic partner, pay attention to little acts of kindness or cruelty because these are likely part of a consistent behavioral pattern, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Research in Personality
– Washington University in St. Louis