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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists

Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, March 10, 2016

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Science News

10-Mar-2016

Energy Efficient Window Paint, a New Kind of Quark, Electron Beam Reveals Invisible Elements, and More from the DOE Office of Science and DOE-Funded National Labs

Research news from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science and DOE-funded laboratories across the U.S.

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09-Mar-2016

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ASCO to Hold Capitol Hill Briefing March 15 on The State of Cancer Care in America: 2016

The State of Cancer Care in America: 2016 report, to be released on March 15 by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), chronicles the current realities of the cancer care delivery system in the United States and examines trends in the oncology workforce and practice environment that are affecting patient care and access.

– American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)

Arts and Humanities

09-Mar-2016

Case of Mistaken Identity Solved

As Jeanette Kohl, chair of the art history department at the University of California, Riverside gazed at the marble bust of a little boy at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles something just didn’t fit for her. Turns out, Kohl’s instincts were correct, and the 15th century bust titled “Saint Cyricus” does not depict the child martyr, but rather a different child, Simon of Trent, who disappeared on Easter of 1475 and was soon found dead. Given Kohl’s thorough research, the Getty plans to change the label and identification of the important sculpture.

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– University of California, Riverside

Social and Behavioral Sciences

09-Mar-2016

Children Born Prematurely Are Disadvantaged at School and Into Adulthood but Delaying School Entry May Not Be the Answer

Children born before 34 weeks gestation have poorer reading and maths skills than those born at full term, and the difficulties they experience at school continue to have effects into adulthood: by the age of 42, adults who were born prematurely have lower incomes and are less likely to own their own home than those born at full term.

(Embargo expired on 09-Mar-2016 at 19:05 ET)

The Impact of Premature Birth on Mathematics Achievement and Schooling

– University of Warwick

Quebeckers’ Sexual Tastes and Interests: a New Study Debunks Preconceived Notions

Findings recently published in The Journal of Sex Research contradict the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), as they demonstrate that a number of legal sexual interests and behaviors considered anomalous in psychiatry are actually common in the general population. Researchers have reasons to believe that this study’s results which are based on Quebec’s population can be applied to the population of North America and Europe as well.

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Journal of Sex Research. Published online: 03 Mar 2016

– Universite de Montreal

Gamers Don’t Notice the Ads When They’re Busy Killing

When people playing violent video games focus on killing and maiming, they don’t often remember the corporate brands they see along the way.

Psychology of Popular Media Culture

– Ohio State University

How Scheduling Takes the Fun Out of Free Time

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's Olin Business School found that scheduling takes the fun out of free time.

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– Washington University in St. Louis

One-Size-Fits-All Social Support Services Don’t Suit Needs of Younger Grandmothers Raising Grandchildren, Study Suggests

Younger African-American grandmothers who are the primary caregivers for their grandchildren may have different needs than older grandmothers, possibly requiring different types of support to reduce depression and improve the quality of their mental health, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University.

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The International Journal of Aging and Human Development

– Georgia State University

People with Anxiety Show Fundamental Differences in Perception

Why are some people so much more anxious than others? New research from the Weizmann Institute of Science shows that there are fundamental differences in the way anxious persons perceive the world. In a process called overgeneralization, even neutral stimuli can remind them of emotionally charged stimuli, triggering anxiety.

Current Biology, Mar-2016

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Work Climate Contributes Significantly to Working Moms' Decision to Breastfeed

New study finds supervisor, co-worker attitudes, comments matter more than employer accommodations.

Journal of Organizational Behavior

– University of Houston

New Intervention Program Reduces Bullying in Early Childhood

Physical and relational bullying can happen among children as young as 3- to 5-years-old, but the results of a new study suggest that a relatively short intervention program developed at the University at Buffalo can significantly reduce these behaviors.

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School Psychology Review

– University at Buffalo

Can Yoga Help Those Experiencing Depression, Anxiety or PTSD?

UNC-Chapel Hill explores the potential benefits of yoga for people who experience mental health problems related to trauma.

Trauma, Violence, & Abuse

– University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Banning Words on Instagram Doesn’t Help – It Makes It Worse

A new Georgia Tech study finds that Instagram’s decision to ban certain words commonly used by pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) communities has produced an unintended effect. The use of those terms decreased when they were censored in 2012. But users adapted by simply making up new, almost identical words, driving up participation and support within pro-ED groups by as much as 30 percent.

– Georgia Institute of Technology

08-Mar-2016

Increased Education Could Help Adolescents Limit Caffeine Consumption

Caffeine is the most available and widely used psychoactive substance in the world and is the only drug legally accessible and socially acceptable for consumption by children and adolescents. Some studies have shown that adolescents are the fastest-growing population of caffeine users, with 83.2% consuming caffeinated beverages regularly and at least 96% consuming them occasionally. With this in mind, researchers from Brescia University College developed a study to determine attitudes and beliefs as well as factors influencing caffeinated beverage consumption among adolescents.

Media embedded: Audio (Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2016 at 00:00 ET)

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

People in Their 60s Uniquely Benefit From Giving Advice Despite Fewer Chances to Offer It

A new study reveals that individuals in their 60s who give advice to a broad range of people tend to see their lives as especially meaningful. At the same time, this happens to be the age when opportunities for dispensing advice become increasingly scarce.

Social Psychology Quarterly, March-2016

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

An Active Social Life Associated with Well-Being in Life

Staying active socially despite health-related challenges appears to help lessen the decline in well-being people often experience late in life, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

How Weight Affects 'Wait!'

Researchers at the University of Iowa have found that overweight and obese children are at greater risk for pedestrian injury.

Accident Analysis & Prevention, Feb-2016

– University of Iowa

Welfare Recipients Seen as Immoral for Buying Ethical Products

Shoppers making ethical purchases, such as buying organic food or environmentally friendly cars, are generally seen as more virtuous - unless they're receiving government assistance. If ethical shopping is funded by welfare cheques, those shoppers are judged as immoral for taking advantage of public generosity, according to a new UBC Sauder School of Business study.

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Journal of Consumer Research

– University of British Columbia

Athletes Have Little Reason to Fear Zika at the Summer Olympics, UB Medical Geographer Says

Athletes should not be too concerned about Zika during the Summer Olympics, as the cooler weather there will slow mosquito transmission.

Expert(s) available

– University at Buffalo

07-Mar-2016

APA Names Members of CEO Search Committee

The Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association has named 15 eminent, diverse leaders of the discipline to the search committee for a new chief executive officer of the association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Hashtag Activism Can Effect Real-World Change

"Beyond the Hashtags" study examines Black Lives Matter activists' use of online media in 2014 and 2015.

– American University

Meditation and Ballet Associated with Wisdom, Study Says

A new study confirms the age-old conception that meditation is associated with wisdom. Surprisingly, it also concludes that somatic (physical) practices such as classical ballet might lead to increased wisdom.

PLOS One, Feb. 18, 2016

– University of Chicago

Research Reveals Workplace Interventions to Combat Burnout and Work-Related Stress

A report undertaken by health researchers at Leeds Beckett University has reviewed the most effective ways to treat and prevent burnout and work-related stress, and revealed organisational interventions in the workplace may be more effective than individual interventions alone.

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Interventions to prevent burnout in high risk individuals: evidence review

– Leeds Beckett University

Public Corruption by Officials May Not Be as Rampant as Reported

Researchers use more objective datasets to examine crimes by officials in the US.

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Public Integrity

– University of Missouri

'Thinking and Feeling'

UC Santa Barbara researchers studying empathy in relationships find that in the absence of caring, understanding alone doesn't cut it when stressful situations arise.

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Psychological Science

– University of California, Santa Barbara

New Report Finds Europe-Wide Shift Towards Weaker Job Security and Employment Support

New research from the University of Sheffield has found that across the EU there has been a significant shift towards weaker job security and employment support since the global financial crisis.

SPERI Global Political Economy Brief No. 3

– University of Sheffield

UF/IFAS experts available to speak on National Nutrition Month®

This year’s theme is ‘Savor the Flavor of Eating Right.’ UF/IFAS experts Linda Bobroff and Karla Shelnutt can talk about many areas in which individuals and families can eat to live healthier lives.

Expert(s) available

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Science Reveals How Tone of Candidates’ Voices Can Make a Difference at the Polls

Human voice pitch has been shown to influence how voters perceive candidates for elected office and appears to influence voters both in the laboratory and in real life as they tend to support candidates with lower-pitched voices. The remaining question is, how does this work?

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Expert(s) available

Plos One

– Florida Atlantic University

Importance of Depression Screenings in Pregnant, Postpartum Women

Social work chair at Buffalo State College speaks to the importance of screening pregnant and postpartum women for depression. saying it's more prevalent than once thought.

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Expert(s) available

– SUNY Buffalo State

Education

08-Mar-2016

From Alaska to the Outer Banks, Spring Break No Day at the Beach for Ithaca College Students

Several dozen Ithaca College students will spend their Spring Break helping others, in communities ranging from Alaska to native peoples' territory in New York State to Washington, D.C., Virginia, and North Carolina.

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– Ithaca College

Pop Culture

08-Mar-2016

Family Technology Rules: What Kids Expect of Parents

A new study on family technology rules is among the first to explore children's expectations for parents' technology use -- revealing kids' feelings about fairness and "oversharing" and the most effective types of household technology rules.

19th ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing; NSF: HCC - 1318143

– University of Washington

07-Mar-2016

Money Matters, but Christian Movies Are on the Move for Other Reasons, Filmmaker Says

"The Young Messiah" -- a film about a youthful Jesus discovering the truth about himself -- opens in theaters this week, following the success of “Risen." A Baylor film expert talks about how and why Christian movies are gaining prominence.

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Expert(s) available

– Baylor University

Law and Public Policy

09-Mar-2016

UNF Poll Reveals Trump Leads in Florida Republican Presidential Primary Race

A new University of North Florida statewide poll of likely Republican primary voters reveals that if the Florida Republican presidential primary were held today, Donald Trump would garner 35.5 percent of the votes through the Sunshine State.

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– University of North Florida

08-Mar-2016

University of Utah Researchers: Better Protections Needed for Migrant Women Trapped in Abusive Situations

New report from the S.J. Quinney College of Law focuses on remedies to help protect migrant women from domestic violence and sexual assault. The research is part of a broader initiative at the law school focused on drawing attention to empowering people through human rights education.

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Prevention and Protection Partnerships: Empowerment Through Rights Education

– University of Utah

07-Mar-2016

New Study Finds Troubling Health Care Outcomes for U.S. Workers Without Paid Sick Leave

There are 49 million U.S. workers without paid sick leave, causing an even greater divide in health care disparities as well as undesirable health care outcomes. A new study is the first to examine the relationship between paid sick leave benefits and delays in medical care and forgone medical care for both working adults and their family members.

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Health Affairs, March 2016

– Florida Atlantic University

What Latinos Really Think About Harsh Immigration Rhetoric: Survey

When Latinos hear tough talk about immigrants and immigration from politicians, their level of political trust is reduced and they start identifying more with their ethnic group than other qualities such as class or religion.

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– Vanderbilt University

LifeWire Announcements

GW Health Workforce Institute Receives $5.5 Million to Advance Health Workforce Equity Issues

Researchers at the George Washington University’s (GW) Health Workforce Institute today announced a $5.5 million award from The Atlantic Philanthropies to promote health workforce equity by identifying, connecting and preparing leaders in the field to advance social mission in health professions education.

– George Washington University

Cornell Designers Fuse Style and Technology for Fashion Runway Show

More than 100 student models will walk the runway while wearing the original creations of 34 student designers for an expected 2,000 students, faculty, alumni and fashion fans at the 32nd Annual Cornell Fashion Collective (CFC) Runway Show.

– Cornell University

IU School of Global and International Studies Convening Conference, 'America's Role in the World'

The School of Global and International Studies at Indiana University will convene a high-level, two-day conference March 30 and 31 at which about two dozen policy analysts, scholars, political leaders and journalists will consider the critical foreign policy issues that will face the United States’ next president.

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– Indiana University

President Jay A. Perman, MD, Wins National Diversity Award

University of Maryland, Baltimore President Jay A. Perman, MD, has been awarded the 2016 Giving Back Award from INSIGHT Into Diversity magazine, the largest and oldest diversity and inclusion publication in higher education.

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– University of Maryland, Baltimore

LifeWire Higher Education Events

Former Surgeon General Dr. David Satcher and Iyanla Vanzant to Speak at Georgia State

Iyanla Vanzant, best-selling author, inspirational speaker and and host of the hit reality show "Iyanla: Fix My Life," and Dr. David Satcher, former U.S. surgeon general, will be the keynote speakers at the Seventh Biennial Cultural Competency Conference at Georgia State University, April 7-8.

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– Georgia State University

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