Social and Behavioral Sciences
Children Born Prematurely Are Disadvantaged at School and Into Adulthood but Delaying School Entry May Not Be the Answer
Children born before 34 weeks gestation have poorer reading and maths skills than those born at full term, and the difficulties they experience at school continue to have effects into adulthood: by the age of 42, adults who were born prematurely have lower incomes and are less likely to own their own home than those born at full term.
(Embargo expired on 09-Mar-2016 at 19:05 ET)
The Impact of Premature Birth on Mathematics Achievement and Schooling
– University of Warwick
Quebeckers’ Sexual Tastes and Interests:
a New Study Debunks Preconceived Notions
Findings recently published in The Journal of Sex Research contradict the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), as they demonstrate that a number of legal sexual interests and behaviors considered anomalous in psychiatry are actually common in the general population. Researchers have reasons to believe that this study’s results which are based on Quebec’s population can be applied to the population of North America and Europe as well.Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Sex Research. Published online: 03 Mar 2016
– Universite de Montreal
Gamers Don’t Notice the Ads When They’re Busy Killing
When people playing violent video games focus on killing and maiming, they don’t often remember the corporate brands they see along the way.
Psychology of Popular Media Culture
– Ohio State University
How Scheduling Takes the Fun Out of Free Time
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis's Olin Business School found that scheduling takes the fun out of free time.Media embedded: Video / Image(s)
– Washington University in St. Louis
One-Size-Fits-All Social Support Services Don’t Suit Needs of Younger Grandmothers Raising Grandchildren, Study Suggests
Younger African-American grandmothers who are the primary caregivers for their grandchildren may have different needs than older grandmothers, possibly requiring different types of support to reduce depression and improve the quality of their mental health, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University.Media embedded: Image(s)
The International Journal of Aging and Human Development
– Georgia State University
People with Anxiety Show Fundamental Differences in Perception
Why are some people so much more anxious than others? New research from the Weizmann Institute of Science shows that there are fundamental differences in the way anxious persons perceive the world. In a process called overgeneralization, even neutral stimuli can remind them of emotionally charged stimuli, triggering anxiety.
Current Biology, Mar-2016
– Weizmann Institute of Science
Work Climate Contributes Significantly to Working Moms' Decision to Breastfeed
New study finds supervisor, co-worker attitudes, comments matter more than employer accommodations.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
– University of Houston
New Intervention Program Reduces Bullying in Early Childhood
Physical and relational bullying can happen among children as young as 3- to 5-years-old, but the results of a new study suggest that a relatively short intervention program developed at the University at Buffalo can significantly reduce these behaviors.Media embedded: Image(s)
School Psychology Review
– University at Buffalo
Can Yoga Help Those Experiencing Depression, Anxiety or PTSD?
UNC-Chapel Hill explores the potential benefits of yoga for people who experience mental health problems related to trauma.
Trauma, Violence, & Abuse
– University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Banning Words on Instagram Doesn’t Help – It Makes It Worse
A new Georgia Tech study finds that Instagram’s decision to ban certain words commonly used by pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) communities has produced an unintended effect. The use of those terms decreased when they were censored in 2012. But users adapted by simply making up new, almost identical words, driving up participation and support within pro-ED groups by as much as 30 percent.
– Georgia Institute of Technology
Increased Education Could Help Adolescents Limit Caffeine Consumption
Caffeine is the most available and widely used psychoactive substance in the world and is the only drug legally accessible and socially acceptable for consumption by children and adolescents. Some studies have shown that adolescents are the fastest-growing population of caffeine users, with 83.2% consuming caffeinated beverages regularly and at least 96% consuming them occasionally. With this in mind, researchers from Brescia University College developed a study to determine attitudes and beliefs as well as factors influencing caffeinated beverage consumption among adolescents.Media embedded: Audio (Embargo expired on 08-Mar-2016 at 00:00 ET)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior
People in Their 60s Uniquely Benefit From Giving Advice Despite Fewer Chances to Offer It
A new study reveals that individuals in their 60s who give advice to a broad range of people tend to see their lives as especially meaningful. At the same time, this happens to be the age when opportunities for dispensing advice become increasingly scarce.
Social Psychology Quarterly, March-2016
– American Sociological Association (ASA)
An Active Social Life Associated with Well-Being in Life
Staying active socially despite health-related challenges appears to help lessen the decline in well-being people often experience late in life, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
– American Psychological Association (APA)
How Weight Affects 'Wait!'
Researchers at the University of Iowa have found that overweight and obese children are at greater risk for pedestrian injury.
Accident Analysis & Prevention, Feb-2016
– University of Iowa
Welfare Recipients Seen as Immoral for Buying Ethical Products
Shoppers making ethical purchases, such as buying organic food or environmentally friendly cars, are generally seen as more virtuous - unless they're receiving government assistance. If ethical shopping is funded by welfare cheques, those shoppers are judged as immoral for taking advantage of public generosity, according to a new UBC Sauder School of Business study.Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Consumer Research
– University of British Columbia
Athletes Have Little Reason to Fear Zika at the Summer Olympics, UB Medical Geographer Says
Athletes should not be too concerned about Zika during the Summer Olympics, as the cooler weather there will slow mosquito transmission.Expert(s) available
– University at Buffalo
APA Names Members of CEO Search Committee
The Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association has named 15 eminent, diverse leaders of the discipline to the search committee for a new chief executive officer of the association.
– American Psychological Association (APA)
Hashtag Activism Can Effect Real-World Change
"Beyond the Hashtags" study examines Black Lives Matter activists' use of online media in 2014 and 2015.
– American University
Meditation and Ballet Associated with Wisdom, Study Says
A new study confirms the age-old conception that meditation is associated with wisdom. Surprisingly, it also concludes that somatic (physical) practices such as classical ballet might lead to increased wisdom.
PLOS One, Feb. 18, 2016
– University of Chicago
Research Reveals Workplace Interventions to Combat Burnout and Work-Related Stress
A report undertaken by health researchers at Leeds Beckett University has reviewed the most effective ways to treat and prevent burnout and work-related stress, and revealed organisational interventions in the workplace may be more effective than individual interventions alone. Media embedded: Image(s)
Interventions to prevent burnout in high risk individuals: evidence review
– Leeds Beckett University
Public Corruption by Officials May Not Be as Rampant as Reported
Researchers use more objective datasets to examine crimes by officials in the US.Media embedded: Image(s)
– University of Missouri
'Thinking and Feeling'
UC Santa Barbara researchers studying empathy in relationships find that in the absence of caring, understanding alone doesn't cut it when stressful situations arise.Media embedded: Image(s)
– University of California, Santa Barbara
New Report Finds Europe-Wide Shift Towards Weaker Job Security and Employment Support
New research from the University of Sheffield has found that across the EU there has been a significant shift towards weaker job security and employment support since the global financial crisis.
SPERI Global Political Economy Brief No. 3
– University of Sheffield
UF/IFAS experts available to speak on National Nutrition Month®
This year’s theme is ‘Savor the Flavor of Eating Right.’ UF/IFAS experts Linda Bobroff and Karla Shelnutt can talk about many areas in which individuals and families can eat to live healthier lives.Expert(s) available
– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Science Reveals How Tone of Candidates’ Voices Can Make a Difference at the Polls
Human voice pitch has been shown to influence how voters perceive candidates for elected office and appears to influence voters both in the laboratory and in real life as they tend to support candidates with lower-pitched voices. The remaining question is, how does this work?Media embedded: Image(s)Expert(s) available
– Florida Atlantic University
Importance of Depression Screenings in Pregnant, Postpartum Women
Social work chair at Buffalo State College speaks to the importance of screening pregnant and postpartum women for depression. saying it's more prevalent than once thought. Media embedded: Image(s)Expert(s) available
– SUNY Buffalo State