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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists

Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, April 14, 2016

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Featured Story:

The 6 Elements of an Effective Apology, According to Science

There are six components to an apology – and the more of them you include when you say you’re sorry, the more effective your apology will... (more)

– Ohio State University

Featured Story:

Sexist Video Games Decrease Empathy for Female Violence Victims

Young male gamers who strongly identify with male characters in sexist, violent video games show less empathy than others toward female violence victims, a new study found. (more) (Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2016 at 14:00 ET)

– Ohio State University

Arts and Humanities

12-Apr-2016

"The Signal and the Noise" Selected for One Book Program

Nate Silver’s improbably entertaining book on statistics and forecasting, “The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail -- but Some Don’t,” is Northwestern University’s One Book One Northwestern all-campus read for the 2016-17 academic year

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– Northwestern University

Social and Behavioral Sciences

13-Apr-2016

Sexist Video Games Decrease Empathy for Female Violence Victims

Young male gamers who strongly identify with male characters in sexist, violent video games show less empathy than others toward female violence victims, a new study found.

(Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2016 at 14:00 ET)

PLOS ONE

– Ohio State University

Can Training Help Make Employees More Resilient?

A five-hour educational program can promote resilience among employees facing downsizing and restructuring, according to a study in the April Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM).

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

– Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Study Links Gang Membership and Depression

Kids who decide to join gangs are more likely to be depressed and suicidal - and these mental health problems only worsen after joining, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University criminologist.

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Criminal Justice and Behavior

– Michigan State University

Exposure to American Indian Mascots Activates Stereotypes

Ethnic brand imagery, including American Indian mascots, can strengthen stereotypes, causing detrimental societal consequences, according to a newly published study conducted by a University of Montana researcher.

Journal of Consumer Psychology

– University of Montana

Rockin’ for Research: Baylor University Psychologist Uses His Music to Teach Statistics

WACO, Texas (April 13, 2016) — Couples’ romances, marriages and conflicts are favorite research subjects of Baylor University psychologist Keith Sanford, Ph.D. But he deals with other relationships in a rock music video he wrote to help his students as they wrestle with statistics. Studies have shown that music enhances memory and learning, and “I wanted something different from a lecture,” says Sanford, a former rock band member who is an associate professor of psychology in Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences.

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– Baylor University

What Causes Déjà Vu?

You walk into a room and suddenly your brain goes fuzzy with an overwhelming wave of familiarity—although this is a totally new experience. Like something out of a sci-fi plot, it almost seems as if you’ve walked into the future.

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– Texas A&M University

Citizen Participation Helps Overcome Dengue in Brazil

More than 1.5 million cases of dengue fever were reported in Brazil in 2015. Young children often are the hardest hit. Now, Boise State University political scientists Brian Wampler and Mike Touchton hope to improve the odds by increasing citizen involvement and awareness.

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– Boise State University

12-Apr-2016

The 6 Elements of an Effective Apology, According to Science

There are six components to an apology – and the more of them you include when you say you’re sorry, the more effective your apology will be, according to new research.

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Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, May-2016

– Ohio State University

Understanding Genes Linked to Autism-Relevant Behavior in High-Risk Siblings

UM College of Arts & Sciences psychology researchers find that dopamine genes could shine a light on early communication.

Autism Research

– University of Miami

Sorry Kids, Seniors Want to Connect and Communicate on Facebook, Too

Older adults, who are Facebook's fastest growing demographic, are joining the social network to stay connected and make new connections, just like college kids who joined the site decades ago, according to Penn State researchers.

Computers in Human Behavior

– Penn State University

Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Since Many Carry the Genes

Computer model sheds light on how male homosexuality remains present in populations throughout the ages.

Archives of Sexual Behavior

– Springer

Sexually Transmitted Infections, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists

Prehistoric humans may have developed social norms that favour monogamy and punish polygamy thanks to the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and peer pressure, according to new research from the University of Waterloo in Canada.

Nature Communications

– University of Waterloo

11-Apr-2016

Maryland’s 2011 Alcohol Sales Tax Reduced Alcohol Sales, Study Suggests

Maryland’s 2011 increase in the alcohol sales tax appears to have led to fewer purchases of beer, wine and liquor in the state, suggesting reduced alcohol use, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research indicates.

American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

New Findings Reveal Social Thinking in the Infant Brain

An innovative collaboration between neuroscientists and developmental psychologists that investigated how infants’ brains process other people’s action provides the first evidence that directly links neural responses from the motor system to overt social behavior in infants.

Psychological Science, April 12, 2016. DOI: 10.1177/0956797616632231.

– University of Chicago

Moral Sticklers Seen as More Trustworthy, New Study Finds

Would you kill an innocent person to save five others? If, like most people, you said no, it may be because following moral rules such as “don’t kill innocent people” sends a powerful social signal that you are trustworthy.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, April 2016

– Cornell University

Mothers Say Middle-Class Status Little Protection Against Gendered Racism for Black Boys

Study reveals how African American mothers parent young sons -- via 'bias-preparation' strategies -- to navigate 'Thug' image and vulnerabilities of African American masculinity.

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Gender & Society

– Syracuse University

Fathers Plays a Critical Role in Family Values for Mexican-Origin Youth

Past research has indicated that Latino families, particularly Mexican-origin families, tend to be more family oriented and place a significant emphasis on family time. New research from the University of Missouri found that a father's family values can predict family values held by Mexican-origin youth as well as family time for late adolescents. Research also indicated that the link between family time and young adults' depressive symptoms depended on parental acceptance and warmth.

Journal of Marriage and Family

– University of Missouri

Imagery Effective Way to Enhance Memory, Reduce False Memories, Study Finds

Using imagery is an effective way to improve memory and decrease certain types of false memories, according to researchers at Georgia State University.

The Journal of General Psychology

– Georgia State University

It’s Not Me, It Really Is You

Attractive and smart but unlucky in love? New research suggests you might not have luck to blame but rather your own negative traits.

– University of Florida

Personality May Dictate How Distracted You Are While Driving

UAB researchers uncover new information about drivers’ likelihood to participate in risky roadway behavior.

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Accident Analysis and Prevention, April 2016

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Education

13-Apr-2016

NYU-X Lab: Artificial Intelligence in Education--Imagining and Building Tomorrow’s Cyber Learning Platform Today

NYU Meyers' Burleson imagines the future of Artificial Intelligence in Education in 2041 as having transitioned from what was primarily a research endeavor, with educational impact involving millions of users/learners (in 2015), to serving, now—in 2041—as a core contributor to democratizing learning and active citizenship for all (impacting billions of learners throughout their lives).

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Education

– New York University

MSU Pathfinders Program Plays Key Role in Freshman Retention Efforts

For nearly two decades, Mississippi State’s Pathfinders program has played a vital role in improving freshman retention at the university.

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– Mississippi State University

12-Apr-2016

Northwestern Academy's CPS Students to Visit Colleges

Students in the inaugural class of Northwestern University’s innovative college prep program for Chicago students will tour top-tier universities over spring break, a significant milestone in their journey to higher education.

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– Northwestern University

11-Apr-2016

NYU Steinhardt Scholars Present Research on Diversity, Inequality, and Technology in Education at AERA 2016

More that 70 NYU scholars convened in Washington, DC, for the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association (AERA), the largest gathering of academics in the field of education research.

– New York University

Pop Culture

11-Apr-2016

IU's Little 500 Will Again Feature Two Days of Exciting Cycling, Fundraising for Scholarships

Hundreds of hours of preparation by members of the 65 teams competing in Indiana University's Little 500 will culminate with intense competition in the two bike races Friday and Saturday, April 15 and 16, at Bill Armstrong Stadium on the Bloomington campus. This year marks the 29th running of the women's Little 500 and the 66th running of the men's race. Ben Higgins, an IU alumnus and star of ABC's hit reality-TV series "The Bachelor," will serve as grand marshal of both races, joined by his fiancé, Lauren Bushnell.

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– Indiana University

Law and Public Policy

14-Apr-2016

Income Tax Preparation Chains Target Low-Income Workers

National tax preparation chains continue to exploit the working poor, many of whom spend a significant portion of a key federal anti-poverty tax credit just to pay for filing their taxes, a new study concludes.

(Embargo expired on 14-Apr-2016 at 00:05 ET)

– Johns Hopkins University

13-Apr-2016

Changes in State Policies Impact Fatal and Non-Fatal Assaults of Law Enforcement Officers

State-level policy changes can impact the number of fatal and non-fatal assaults, including shootings, of law enforcement officers, a new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research finds.

Injury Prevention

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

International College Students Are Less Likely to Experience Violent Crimes, New Research Suggests

New research suggests that students from abroad may be at less risk to experience violent, non-sexual victimization than their domestic counterparts, according to criminologists at Georgia State University and the University of West Georgia.

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Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Mar-2016

– Georgia State University

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs

2016 Society for Nutrition and Behavior Annual Conference in San Diego, CA

SNEB will gather at the Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina in San Diego, CA from July 30 – August 2 for the 49th Annual Conference. This premier event for nutrition education professionals from around the world allows attendees the opportunity to interface with influential nutritionists from extension, public health, government, academia, industry and community settings.

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

LifeWire Announcements

UC Irvine Business School to Launch New Part-Time Hybrid Online and in-Classroom MBA Section Beginning Fall 2016

Beginning fall 2016, The Paul Merage School of Business will roll out a new offering in its Fully Employed MBA (FEMBA) program: FEMBA Flex. FEMBA Flex will be delivered in a hybrid learning environment, combining online learning with on-campus experiences. FEMBA Flex will be added to the current on-campus FEMBA program, providing incoming students the ability to choose the option they prefer upon admission.

– University of California, Irvine, The Paul Merage School of Business

Four Faculty Members Earn Guggenheim Fellowships

Four UChicago faculty members have won John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowships: Lauren Berlant, the George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor in English Language and Literature; Anthony Cheung, Assistant Professor in Music and the College; Justin B. Richland, Associate Professor in Anthropology and the Social Sciences; and Theo van den Hout, the Arthur and Joann Rasmussen Professor in Western Civilization and in Hittite and Anatolian Languages.

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– University of Chicago

Acclaimed Music Educator Francisco J. Núňez to Be Awarded Honorary Degree by Ithaca College

The founder of the award-winning Young People’s Chorus of New York City, Francisco J. Núñez, will be among three awarded honorary degrees at Ithaca College's Commencement ceremony. Also recognized will be New York Times correspondent Adam B. Ellick and Fisher House Foundation chair and chief executive officer Kenneth Fisher.

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– Ithaca College

Center for Financial Responsibility to Define New Standard Regarding ‘Best Interest’

The Department of Labor rules require financial advisers to act in their clients’ best interest but don’t define best interest or explain best practices.

– Texas Tech University

MIT Wins 76th Putnam Competition

For the third year in a row the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) team won first place in the 76th William Lowell Putnam Mathematics Competition. The Putnam Competition, administered by the Mathematical Association of America, includes a $25,000 prize and an added $1,000 for each team member: Mark Sellke, Bobby Shen, and David Yang.

– Mathematical Association of America

Alternative Weekends Program Offers Solution to Addressing Local Social Justice Issues

Students participating in Alternative Breaks at UCSD have traveled to 16 locations internationally and domestically to commit 8,250 hours of service to 15 different nonprofit organizations. The program is devoted to establishing globally conscious active citizens through service trips during academic breaks. Now, a new offshoot to the program offers a one-weekend mini trip that allows students to address social issues in their own backyard.

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– University of California, San Diego

Ga., N.Y. Sociologists Get National Science Foundation Grant To Investigate Affordable Housing Approach

Researchers at Georgia State University in Atlanta and the City University of New York (CUNY) have been awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation to study community land trusts, a way cities can help address America's urban affordable housing crisis.

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– Georgia State University

CUR to Honor Co-Discoverer of Water on Mars at 2016 Undergraduate Award Event

The Council on Undergraduate Research awards Planetary Scientist, Lujendra Ojha, at their Posters on the Hill Event for Undergraduate Research.

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

DHS S&T Undersecretary Reginald Brothers to Speak at 2016 U.S. Science & Engineering Festival

In addition to Dr. Brothers’ keynote address, DHS S&T, the Museum of Science Fiction, and the Prince William County Fire Department will cohost an exhibit showcasing how the first responder community uses new technology.

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– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Rush Named One of the World’s Top Young Universities

Rush University is ranked 22nd on the Times Higher Education’s (THE) 2016 list of the world’s top 150 universities under 50 years of age, placing it No. 1 among all such institutions in the United States. The rankings were released April 6.

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– Rush University Medical Center

LifeWire Higher Education Events

Method for Earlier Detection of Leukemia Wins $300,000 Grant

A team of MIT researchers received a $300,000 grant to develop a new diagnostic program that could detect leukemia at its earliest stages.

– Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT

Technology That Addresses User-Focused Design in Prosthetic Devices Selected as “Best of the Best” in Student Innovation Awards at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Extraordinary achievements in student innovation at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) were recognized recently with several hallmark entrepreneurship awards—the 10 winning ideas for spring 2016 and the overall “Best of the Best” in the Change the World Challenge, and the Rensselaer Class of 1951 Student Entrepreneurship Awards.

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– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

A Front Row Seat to History

While the stereotypical spring breakers throughout the United States flee to far-flung destinations to absorb sun and fun, UC San Diego student Sophie Silvestri experienced something far more breathtaking. “When we approached the plaza in Old Havana and saw an American flag hanging next to a Cuban flag, I will never forget that,” said the School of Global Policy and Strategy graduate student. Silvestri and 15 classmates traveled to Cuba March 18-25 as a conclusion to their winter quarter course “Cuba: Revolution and Reform,” taught by professor Richard Feinberg. A tradition in its fifth year, this trip couldn't have occurred at a better time: the students had a front-row seat to history in the making.

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– University of California, San Diego

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