Social and Behavioral Sciences
Sexist Video Games Decrease Empathy for Female Violence Victims
Young male gamers who strongly identify with male characters in sexist, violent video games show less empathy than others toward female violence victims, a new study found. (Embargo expired on 13-Apr-2016 at 14:00 ET)
– Ohio State University
Can Training Help Make Employees More Resilient?
A five-hour educational program can promote resilience among employees facing downsizing and restructuring, according to a study in the April Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM).
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
– Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Study Links Gang Membership and Depression
Kids who decide to join gangs are more likely to be depressed and suicidal - and these mental health problems only worsen after joining, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University criminologist.Media embedded: Image(s)
Criminal Justice and Behavior
– Michigan State University
Exposure to American Indian Mascots Activates Stereotypes
Ethnic brand imagery, including American Indian mascots, can strengthen stereotypes, causing detrimental societal consequences, according to a newly published study conducted by a University of Montana researcher.
Journal of Consumer Psychology
– University of Montana
Rockin’ for Research: Baylor University Psychologist Uses His Music to Teach Statistics
WACO, Texas (April 13, 2016) — Couples’ romances, marriages and conflicts are favorite research subjects of Baylor University psychologist Keith Sanford, Ph.D. But he deals with other relationships in a rock music video he wrote to help his students as they wrestle with statistics. Studies have shown that music enhances memory and learning, and “I wanted something different from a lecture,” says Sanford, a former rock band member who is an associate professor of psychology in Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences.
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– Baylor University
What Causes Déjà Vu?
You walk into a room and suddenly your brain goes fuzzy with an overwhelming wave of familiarity—although this is a totally new experience. Like something out of a sci-fi plot, it almost seems as if you’ve walked into the future.Media embedded: Image(s)
– Texas A&M University
Citizen Participation Helps Overcome Dengue in Brazil
More than 1.5 million cases of dengue fever were reported in Brazil in 2015. Young children often are the hardest hit. Now, Boise State University political scientists Brian Wampler and Mike Touchton hope to improve the odds by increasing citizen involvement and awareness.
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– Boise State University
The 6 Elements of an Effective Apology, According to Science
There are six components to an apology – and the more of them you include when you say you’re sorry, the more effective your apology will be, according to new research.Media embedded: Image(s)
Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, May-2016
– Ohio State University
Understanding Genes Linked to Autism-Relevant Behavior in High-Risk Siblings
UM College of Arts & Sciences psychology researchers find that dopamine genes could shine a light on early communication.
– University of Miami
Sorry Kids, Seniors Want to Connect and Communicate on Facebook, Too
Older adults, who are Facebook's fastest growing demographic, are joining the social network to stay connected and make new connections, just like college kids who joined the site decades ago, according to Penn State researchers.
Computers in Human Behavior
– Penn State University
Prevalence of Homosexuality in Men Is Stable Throughout Time Since Many Carry the Genes
Computer model sheds light on how male homosexuality remains present in populations throughout the ages.
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Sexually Transmitted Infections, Peer Pressure May Have Turned Humans Into Monogamists
Prehistoric humans may have developed social norms that favour monogamy and punish polygamy thanks to the presence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and peer pressure, according to new research from the University of Waterloo in Canada.
– University of Waterloo
Maryland’s 2011 Alcohol Sales Tax Reduced Alcohol Sales, Study Suggests
Maryland’s 2011 increase in the alcohol sales tax appears to have led to fewer purchases of beer, wine and liquor in the state, suggesting reduced alcohol use, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research indicates.
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
New Findings Reveal Social Thinking in the Infant Brain
An innovative collaboration between neuroscientists and developmental psychologists that investigated how infants’ brains process other people’s action provides the first evidence that directly links neural responses from the motor system to overt social behavior in infants.
Psychological Science, April 12, 2016. DOI: 10.1177/0956797616632231.
– University of Chicago
Moral Sticklers Seen as More Trustworthy, New Study Finds
Would you kill an innocent person to save five others? If, like most people, you said no, it may be because following moral rules such as “don’t kill innocent people” sends a powerful social signal that you are trustworthy.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, April 2016
– Cornell University
Mothers Say Middle-Class Status Little Protection Against Gendered Racism for Black Boys
Study reveals how African American mothers parent young sons -- via 'bias-preparation' strategies -- to navigate 'Thug' image and vulnerabilities of African American masculinity.Media embedded: Image(s)
Gender & Society
– Syracuse University
Fathers Plays a Critical Role in Family Values for Mexican-Origin Youth
Past research has indicated that Latino families, particularly Mexican-origin families, tend to be more family oriented and place a significant emphasis on family time. New research from the University of Missouri found that a father's family values can predict family values held by Mexican-origin youth as well as family time for late adolescents. Research also indicated that the link between family time and young adults' depressive symptoms depended on parental acceptance and warmth.
Journal of Marriage and Family
– University of Missouri
Imagery Effective Way to Enhance Memory, Reduce False Memories, Study Finds
Using imagery is an effective way to improve memory and decrease certain types of false memories, according to researchers at Georgia State University.
The Journal of General Psychology
– Georgia State University
It’s Not Me, It Really Is You
Attractive and smart but unlucky in love? New research suggests you might not have luck to blame but rather your own negative traits.
– University of Florida
Personality May Dictate How Distracted You Are While Driving
UAB researchers uncover new information about drivers’ likelihood to participate in risky roadway behavior.Media embedded: Image(s)
Accident Analysis and Prevention, April 2016
– University of Alabama at Birmingham