Social and Behavioral Sciences
Psychology: The Power of Expectations
Expectations have a lot of power over people as is evidenced by the placebo effect: Patients get pills that have no active ingredient. But the patients are not aware of that. Firmly believing that they are taking an effective drug, they actually get better afterwards. Only their expectations were at play here.Media embedded: Image(s)
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
– University of Würzburg
Girls From Progressive Societies Do Better at Math
Research co-authored by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) has found that the 'maths gender gap' - the relative underperformance of girls at maths - is much wider in societies with poor rates of gender equality. Published today in the American Economic Review, the research shows that the performance gap between girls and boys is far less pronounced in societies that hold progressive and egalitarian views about the role of women.
American Economic Review
– Queen Mary University of London
Post-Conflict Reconciliation Led to Societal Healing, but Worsened Psychological Health, New Study Finds
A new study published in Science suggests reconciliation programs promote societal healing, but that these gains come at the cost of reduced psychological health, worsening depression, anxiety, and trauma. (Embargo expired on 12-May-2016 at 14:00 ET)
– New York University
A Sixth Sense Protects Drivers Except When Texting
While much has been made about the dangers of texting and driving, less attention has been focused on the age-old distractions of being absent minded or upset while driving. A team of researchers from the University of Houston (UH) and the Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) focused on all three of these important factors.Media embedded: Image(s)
– University of Houston
Can Psychological Therapies Help People Who Self-Harm?
Self-harm is intentional self-poisoning or self-injury. Many people who are admitted to hospital because of this are at an increased risk of self- harming again and of suicide. It is a major problem in many countries, leads to high levels of distress for patients and their families and friends, and places significant demands on health services.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Genetic Link Found Between Impulsivity and Binge-Drinking Teens
Psychologists have discovered a new genetic link between impulsivity and teenage binge-drinking.
Frontiers in Genetics
– University of Sussex
Pregnant Pause in Drug Use
Johns Hopkins Bayview center helps babies by helping moms get clean: “Most of us wouldn’t have survived what some of these mothers have been through.”Media embedded: Image(s)
– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing