Social and Behavioral Sciences
To Strengthen an Opinion, Simply Say It Is Based on Morality
Simply telling people that their opinions are based on morality will make them stronger and more resistant to counterarguments, a new study suggests.
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, July-2016
– Ohio State University
TSA Snarls May Boil Down to Ineffective Communication
Up front for Guy McHendry, Ph.D., is the TSA’s lack of communication for novice airline passengers who, when confronted with security procedures, might not have the firmest grasp of what’s expected.
– Creighton University
Too Much Sex Causes Genitals to Change Shape in Beetle Study, Expert on Managing Wedding Stress, Relationship Satisfaction Depends on the Mating Pool, and more in the Sex and Relationships Channel
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Why Everyone Wants to Help the Sick -- but Not the Unemployed
New research from Aarhus BSS at Aarhus University explains why healthcare costs are running out of control, while costs to unemployment protection are kept in line. The answer is found deep in our psychology, where powerful intuitions lead us to view illness as the result of bad luck and worthy of help.Media embedded: Image(s)
American Journal of Political Science
– Aarhus University
Increased Marrying, and Mating, by Education Level Not Affecting Genetic Make-Up, New Study Finds
While the latter half of the 20th century showed a widening gap between the more and less educated with respect to marriage and fertility, this trend has not significantly altered the genetic makeup of subsequent generations, a team of researchers has found. (Embargo expired on 30-May-2016 at 15:00 ET)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
– New York University
Law and Public Policy
Study Shows Tax on Plug-in Vehicles Is Not Answer to Road-Funding Woes
Given declining revenues from gasoline and diesel fuel taxes and the need for new ways of funding road infrastructure, state and federal policymakers are considering or have enacted annual registration fees for plug-in vehicles. In a paper to be published in the August issue of Energy Policy, researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis say that approach is misguided.
– Indiana University
Study Explores Why There Is No Labor Party in the United States
The improbable rise of Bernie Sanders’ presidential campaign presents an interesting question: why is Sanders, a self-proclaimed “democratic socialist,” running as a Democrat? “In any other industrialized country, Sanders would likely be the standard-bearer for a labor or social democratic party,” said McGill University sociologist Barry Eidlin, whose new study appears in the June issue of the American Sociological Review. “But the U.S. famously lacks such a party.”
American Sociological Review, June-2016
– American Sociological Association (ASA)
America’s Lack of Female President ‘Exceptional’ From Global Perspective; Hillary Clinton Suited for Position
It’s high time the United States elected the first woman president, and Hillary Clinton’s ability to handle global and domestic issues makes her most qualified to do the job, according to a new book edited by Dinesh Sharma, associate research professor at the Institute for Global Cultural Studies, Binghamton University, State University of New York
In The Global Hillary, published by Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), Sharma suggests that as a leading advocate of “smart power” – that is, combining America’s ‘hard’ military power and ‘soft’ cultural power – Clinton is arguably poised to tackle America’s global challenges than other candidates.Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 29-May-2016 at 00:00 ET)
– Binghamton University, State University of New York
Every Monday Should Be World No Tobacco Day
On May 31st, the World Health Organization hopes to spur the nearly one billion smokers worldwide to put down their cigarettes for World No Tobacco Day. While this annual event generates media attention and is a potential starting point for many quit attempts, without a sustained effort these smokers will likely be puffing away again in a matter of weeks.
Researchers say that one way to keep the momentum going after this once-a-year push to get smokers’ attention, is to use every Monday as a weekly opportunity to support smokers in their efforts to quit and stay quit.
Media embedded: Image(s)
– Monday Campaigns
Literacy Advocate and Pediatrician at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago Mariana Glusman Publishes Book to Address “30 Million Word Gap”
Pediatrician and literacy advocate writes book to curb the 30 million word gap. It is on the critical importance of reading and talking to you baby the minute they are out of the womb. Media embedded: Image(s)
– Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago