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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists

Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, June 16, 2016

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Featured Story:

Why People Help Distant Kin

Natural selection favors people who help close kin at their own expense: It can increase the odds the family’s genes are passed to future... (more) (Embargo expired on 15-Jun-2016 at 14:00 ET)

– University of Utah

Featured Story:

‘Map’ of Teenage Brain Provides Strong Evidence of Link Between Serious Antisocial Behaviour and Brain Development

The brains of teenagers with serious antisocial behaviour problems differ significantly in structure to those of their peers, providing the clearest... (more) (Embargo expired on 15-Jun-2016 at 19:00 ET)

– University of Southampton

Arts and Humanities

15-Jun-2016

How Is Our Control Over Our Actions Influenced by Luck?

Does a person’s negative circumstances – particularly those including poverty, lack of education, lack of strong parental support – affect whether they are morally responsible for their behavior? That’s just one of the questions Matthew Talbert, associate professor and chair of the Department of Philosophy at West Virginia University, asks in his new book, “Moral Responsibility: An Introduction.”

Expert(s) available

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

14-Jun-2016

Citizens Academy Helps to ‘Humanize the Badge’

More than 30 students graduated in June from the UC Santa Cruz Citizens Police Academy

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– University of California, Santa Cruz

13-Jun-2016

Not Only in Hollywood: Gender Pay Gap Persists in the Arts

The authors conclude: "Private employers in the arts would do well to look into the same affirmative action policies and income stabilization measures that appear to be effective in driving (relative) income parity in the governmental sector. Additional grants should be put in place to encourage the professional growth of female artists. Furthermore, if made better aware of these disparities, arts degree-granting institutions could place a heightened emphasis on building their students' self-promotional skills and enhancing their portfolios of other abilities necessary to be able to navigate the unique, contract-based trajectories of arts careers."

Social Currents

– Lehigh University

Social and Behavioral Sciences

15-Jun-2016

Why People Help Distant Kin

Natural selection favors people who help close kin at their own expense: It can increase the odds the family’s genes are passed to future generations. But why assist distant relatives? Mathematical simulations by a University of Utah anthropologist suggest “socially enforced nepotism” encourages helping far-flung kin.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 15-Jun-2016 at 14:00 ET)

PLOS ONE, Jan. 15, 2016

– University of Utah

‘Map’ of Teenage Brain Provides Strong Evidence of Link Between Serious Antisocial Behaviour and Brain Development

The brains of teenagers with serious antisocial behaviour problems differ significantly in structure to those of their peers, providing the clearest evidence to date that their behaviour stems from changes in brain development in early life, according to new research led by the University of Southampton and the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the University of Rome “Tor Vergata” in Italy.

Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 15-Jun-2016 at 19:00 ET)

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry; doi:10.1111/jcpp.12581

– University of Southampton

Desert, Swamp or Mirage? Retail Food Environments and the Health of Communities

Differing food landscapes are described in a new series of papers entitled <i>Retail Food Environments in Canada: Maximizing the Impact of Research, Policy and Practice,</i> recently released in a special supplement of the <i>Canadian Journal of Public Health.</i>

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Canadian Journal of Public Health Vol 107 (2016) Supplement 1, Retail Food Environments in Canada

– University of Saskatchewan

Dartmouth Team Uses Smart Light to Track Human Behavior

Using the power of the light around us, Dartmouth College researchers have significantly improved their innovative light-sensing system that tracks a person's behavior continuously and unobtrusively in real time.

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14th ACM International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services

– Dartmouth College

Depressed, Out of Work? Study Suggests Skills to Help Land a Job

Unemployed people were more likely to land a job if they used skills commonly taught as part of cognitive therapy for depression, a new study found.

Journal of Clinical Psychology, June-2016

– Ohio State University

14-Jun-2016

Soft-Core Pornography Viewers Unlikely to Hold Positive Attitudes Towards Women

Frequent viewers of soft-core pornography, such as photographs of naked and semi-naked female models, are unlikely to think positively about women and are likely to have become desensitised to soft-core pornography common in newspapers, advertising and the media.

(Embargo expired on 14-Jun-2016 at 19:05 ET)

Annual Conference of the British Psychological Society’s Division of Forensic Psychology

– University of Nottingham

Even When Help Is Just a Click Away, Stigma Is Still a Roadblock

Stigma is a major barrier for people with mental health issues. Even in a private and anonymous setting online, someone with greater self-stigma is less likely to take that first step to get information about mental health concerns, according to an Iowa State University study.

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Journal of Counseling Psychology

– Iowa State University

Why Teaching Math Is Child’s Play

A new study published in Infant and Child Development by researchers from Concordia University in Montreal shows that the natural process of teaching mathematics to one another gives kids the chance to explore and construct a deeper understanding of their social and physical worlds.

– Concordia University

Four Tips to Help Parents Cope with Their Child’s Transition From High School to College

The transition from high school to college can be as difficult for parents as it is for the students leaving the house. Becky Scott, M.S.W., lecturer in Baylor University’s Diana R. Garland School of Social Work, shares four tips to help parents adjust when their children transition to college.

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Expert(s) available

– Baylor University

13-Jun-2016

Children Less Likely to Trust Ugly People

Is beauty only skin deep? Children don't seem to think so, like adults and babies, children think the uglier you are, the less trustworthy you are.

Frontiers in Psychology

– Frontiers

Rolling on Molly: US High School Seniors Underreport Ecstasy Use When Not Asked About Molly

A new study, published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence by researchers affiliated with NYU CDUHR, compared self-reported ecstasy/MDMA use with and without “Molly” in the definition. Researchers found that reported lifetime use (8.0% vs. 5.5%) was significantly higher with Molly in the definition.

Drug and Alcohol Dependence; K01 DA-038800, PI: Palamar, P30 DA011041, PI: Deren, K01 AA021511, PI: Keyes, and 01 DA-01411,

– New York University

UAB Clinical Psychologist Offers Tips for Helping Children Cope with Mass Violence/Complex Issues

Clinical psychologist Josh Klapow, Ph.D., in the School of Public Health at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, says children in particular will be at a loss in understanding, processing and coping with the myriad issues surrounding the devastating Orlando shooting.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Sociologists Available to Discuss Orlando Nightclub Massacre

The American Sociological Association has sociologists available to discuss the Orlando nightclub massacre from a variety of perspectives.

Expert(s) available

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

Education

15-Jun-2016

Six Summer Essentials for Families to Follow

While it’s important for children of all ages to embrace the down time away from the high expectations and heavy workloads of being in school, summer is not necessarily the time to abandon a structured schedule and learning opportunities. Here are a few tips for families to follow to help make this summer season productive and enjoyable.

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– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

13-Jun-2016

Food and Environment Course Examines Sustainability of Student Cafés

A food and environment course took the students out of the classroom to learn about food service operations and their sustainability options.

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– University of Chicago

Pop Culture

14-Jun-2016

Bill Rasmussen: Rutgers Alumnus Founded ESPN, Created First 24-Hour TV Network

The self-proclaimed 'sports junkie' changed sports broadcasting, how the world watches television

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– Rutgers University

Law and Public Policy

15-Jun-2016

Journalism Expert/ Author Ben Yagoda on #Trump Media Bans: "An Outrageous Assault on the Spirit, if Not the Letter, of the First Amendment."

Ben Yagoda, a well-known author who helped inaugurate a journalism minor at the University of Delaware, called Donald Trump's recent media ban of the Washington Post "an outrageous assault on the spirit, if not the letter, of the First Amendment."

Expert(s) available

– University of Delaware

13-Jun-2016

Crucial Details Surface in 40-Year-Old Murder Case

Crucial details were overlooked in the 40-year-old Florida murder case involving a man sentenced to death row for killing four people found in a furniture store, according to a new Medill Justice Project investigation.

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– Northwestern University

Largest Texas Health Insurer Requests to Raise Premiums on Individual Policies

Blue Cross Blue Shield of Texas (BCBS), which insures approximately 603,000 individual Texas policyholders, announced a proposal to raise premiums on three popular Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) plans by almost 60 percent.

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– Texas A&M University

50 Years of 'Read Him His Rights': Miranda Decision Revolutionized Criminal Law

Fifty years ago this week, June 13, 1966, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Miranda v. Arizona and changed the course of American criminal justice.

– Creighton University

Crash Study Aims to Make Roads Safer

Fatal bicycle and pedestrian crashes are on the rise in Wisconsin, where urban planning professor Bob Schneider has created a list of policy recommendations and urban design solutions to make the state's roads safer.

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Expert(s) available

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

LifeWire Announcements

Social Science Researchers Partner with Illinois Town on Civic Challenge

The University of Chicago's CivX program matches research training in the social sciences with civic institutions that are confronting a challenge. The largest project to date is running this week in partnership with the town of Okawville, Illinois.

– University of Chicago

Pharmacist Association Calls for Ban on Prescription Drug Advertising

At the annual meeting of the ASHP House of Delegates during ASHP’s 2016 Summer Meetings and Exhibition this week in Baltimore, ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists) approved a policy calling on Congress to ban all direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising of prescription drugs and medication-containing devices.

– ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists)

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