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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists

Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, June 23, 2016

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Arts and Humanities

22-Jun-2016

Philosophers Examine Near-Death Experiences

Drawing from research supported by The Immortality Project at the University of California, Riverside and their own investigation, philosophers John Martin Fischer and Benjamin Mitchell-Yellin examine the phenomenon of near-death experiences in a book published this month by Oxford University Press.

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– University of California, Riverside

21-Jun-2016

‘Free State of Jones’ Not Free of Historical Inaccuracies, Southeastern Professor Asserts

The movie "The Free State of Jones" tells the story of Confederate soldier and Union sympathizer Newton Knight who came to be known as a modern-day Robin Hood. But the historical record tells a different version of Knight, according to Deep South historian Samuel C. Hydge Jr.

– Southeastern Louisiana University

20-Jun-2016

New Book Chronicles Waterborne Rescue Efforts on 9/11

"American Dunkirk: The Waterborne Evacuation of Manhattan on 9/11," chronicles the untold story of the largest water rescue in history. The new book, co-written by the University of Delaware's James Kendra and Tricia Wachtendorf, comes from research that began in New York on Sept. 13, 2001.

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– University of Delaware

Social and Behavioral Sciences

22-Jun-2016

Psychiatric Diagnostic Tools May Not Be Valid for African Americans

Depression in African Americans, according to Sirry Alang, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University, is expressed in ways that are inconsistent with symptoms of depression laid out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The DSM-V is the primary source of diagnostic information, relied upon by not only clinicians and researchers, but also psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.

Social Science & Medicine

– Lehigh University

“Leaning in” Hurts Poor Women When Childcare Is Scarce

Poor moms who return to the workforce after a period of unemployment suffer significantly higher rates of depression, anxiety and physical symptoms of stress when they don’t have access to decent childcare, according to Vanderbilt sociology graduate student Anna Jacobs.

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Women's Health Issues July/August 2016

– Vanderbilt University

21-Jun-2016

Intrusive Parents May Lead Children to Be Overly Self-Critical

In a five-year study on primary school children in Singapore, researchers from the National University of Singapore found that children with intrusive parents had a higher tendency to be overly critical of themselves, and this tendency increased over the years.

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Journal of Personality

– National University of Singapore

Harsh Parenting, Food Insecurity Predicts Obesity for Young Women

The adolescent years can be full of changes. A new study by Iowa State University researchers suggests that when these years include prolonged periods of food insecurity coupled with harsh parenting practices, females are prone to obesity in early adulthood.

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Journal of Adolescent Health

– Iowa State University

Taking Notes Boosts Memory of Jurors, New Study Finds

Jurors who are allowed to take and review notes during court trials are less likely to forget critical evidence, a new University of Liverpool study has found.

Applied Cognitive Psychology

– University of Liverpool

Marriage Not a Protective Mechanism Among Low-Income Urban Women

Marriage may not be the protective mechanism it was thought to be when it comes to poverty and child well-being among low-income urban young women, particularly those who have experienced trauma, finds a new study from Washington University in St. Louis.“Marriage, per se, did not appear to buffer the likelihood of having other negative adult outcomes for women with children,” said Melissa Jonson-Reid, professor at the Brown School and co-author of the paper, “Family Formation: A Positive Outcome for Vulnerable Young Women?” published in the August issue of the journal Children and Youth Services Review.

– Washington University in St. Louis

In Doctors We Trust – Especially When They Admit to Bias

A doctor’s guidance may reassure us more than we realize –especially if she says she is likely to recommend treatment in her field of expertise, known as “specialty bias.”

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June-2016

– Cornell University

Research Shows How Visual Perception Slows with Age

Older adults experience deficits in inhibition, which can affect how quickly they process information visually, according to a new study involving the University of Arizona.

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Journal of Vision

– University of Arizona

Kids Coping with Disaster Need Guidance. UCLA App Helps Parents Give It

A new UCLA app helps families cope with the trauma of natural disasters, including wildfires and extreme weather events like heat waves.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

20-Jun-2016

Silencing of Gene Affects People’s Social Lives, Study Shows

A team of researchers led by psychologists at the University of Georgia have found that the silencing of a specific gene may affect human social behavior, including a person’s ability to form healthy relationships or to recognize the emotional states of others.

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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2016

– University of Georgia

Behavioral Economics Study Shows Boost in Fuel and Carbon Efficiency of Airline Captains

Interventions rooted in behavioral economics can significantly boost the use of fuel- and carbon-efficient flight practices in the airline industry, according to a study by economists at the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics and Political Science.

– University of Chicago

Book Chronicles Rise of Urban Planning in Ancient Egypt

Egyptian pharaohs, who are remembered for their pyramids and temples, many of which remain as magnificent monuments to their civilization, were also the world’s first urban planners.

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– University of Chicago

Lessons on Personalities Help Teens Cope With Social Stressors, UT Study Says

Teaching teens that social and personality traits can change helps them cope with social challenges such as bullying, which in turn can help mitigate stress and improve academic performance, according to a study by psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Education

22-Jun-2016

Early Behavior Problems Impact Long-Term Educational Attainment More for Boys Than Girls

A new study finds that behavioral problems in early childhood have a larger negative effect on high school and college completion rates for boys than girls, which partially explains the substantial gender gap in educational attainment that currently exists in the United States.

(Embargo expired on 22-Jun-2016 at 00:00 ET)

Sociology of Education, July-2016

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

21-Jun-2016

Standardized-Exam Development Approach Improves Classroom Exams

Blueprinting may improve consistency of exams in the classroom year to year. A medical school professor will discuss how he successfully predicted students’ performance on a first-year medical course exam he developed using blueprinting at the APS Institute on Teaching and Learning Workshop.

(Embargo expired on 21-Jun-2016 at 17:00 ET)

Institute on Teaching and Learning Workshop, Jun-2016

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Active Learning Science Courses May Improve Student Retention in STEM

Having undergraduate students take part in scientific discovery may be a viable way to keep students interested in STEM, according to a growing body of research by science educators and education researchers. Experts summarize the successes and challenges of discovery-based research courses at the American Physiological Society’s Institute on Teaching and Learning Workshop.

(Embargo expired on 21-Jun-2016 at 11:30 ET)

Institute on Teaching and Learning Workshop, Jun-2016

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Summer Safety

With summer comes fun in the sun, beach outings, pool parties and outdoor adventures like camping, hiking, bicycling and skateboarding. What also comes is an increased risk for injuries and as such, an increased need for awareness. The specialists at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles have compiled a list of helpful guidelines to ensure that you and your family have an enjoyable and safe summer in the heat and in and around the water.

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

20-Jun-2016

Nate Disser Gets Distinguished Fellowship, Aims to Help People in Pain

Nate Disser, a human physiology major at Gonzaga University, is one of two dozen students nationwide chosen to take part in a paid 10-week Undergraduate Summer Research Fellowship from the American Physiological Society. For Disser, from Broomfield, Colorado, the internship is a perfect fit.

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– Gonzaga University

Law and Public Policy

22-Jun-2016

State Judges Are Not Representative of the People They Serve

State courts handle more than 90 percent of trials and judicial business issues that impact Americans the most—safety, health, finances and family. In the last decade alone roughly a billion cases have gone through the state judicial system. A first-of-its-kind database of more than 10,000 current state judges shows when it comes to race, gender and ethnicity, these courts are not representative of the people they serve.

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– Vanderbilt University

United States Parents Not as Happy as Those Without Children, Baylor University Researcher Says

Parents in the United States generally are not as happy as those who aren’t parents. Not only that, the U.S. has the largest “happiness gap” among parents compared to non-parents in 22 industrialized countries, according to a new report.

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the American Journal of Sociology

– Baylor University

New Book Explains "Democracy for Realists."

Would you believe that Hillary Clinton’s supporters are more liberal than those of Bernie Sanders? How about this? In the voting booth, election-year droughts and floods have a major impact on whether an incumbent or challenger wins an election. And finally: People don’t choose a candidate because they agree with them on the issues.

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Expert(s) available

– Vanderbilt University

21-Jun-2016

Fan Yang’s “Faked in China” Tackles Competing Visions of the Chinese Economy in a Globalized World

Book closely examines China’s cultural dilemma as it deals with competing visions for the nation’s economy since it joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001.

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– University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC)

UT Expert Discusses Critical Voting Groups for 2016 Election

The 2016 presidential elections will be one of the nation's historic races—both because of the presumptive candidates and the voter groups each will drive to the polls—according to a political science expert at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Expert(s) available

– University of Tennessee

Countdown to Brexit: Impacts on the Economy

British citizens have a weighty decision this week. Stay in or leave the European Union (EU), the economic and political union composed of 28 European countries that they have been part of for decades. Tom Barkley, a British citizen and professor of finance practice and director of the M.S. in finance program and in the Whitman School of Management at Syracuse University, discusses what might happen and what he’ll be looking for as the votes are counted.

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Expert(s) available

– Syracuse University

20-Jun-2016

More Tall Buildings, Less Sprawl Key to Suburbs' Future, Book Says

High-rise developments that incorporate mass transit offer the most sustainable and efficient way to accommodate future suburban growth, according to a new book by Kheir Al-Kodmany, an urban planner at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

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New Suburbanism: Sustainable Tall Building Development

– University of Illinois at Chicago

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs

SNEB Members Testify at House Agriculture Committee Hearing on the Importance of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education

SNEB applauds Congressional efforts to more fully understand the benefits of SNAP, and in particular its efforts to promote and sustain a robust nutrition education program for the 90 million people who are to be served by SNAP-Ed.

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

LifeWire Announcements

Cure Violence Ranks 14th on 2016 Top 500 Global NGO List

Cure Violence ranks 14th in NGO Advisor’s new 2016 report of the Top 500 NGOs in the world, one of the definitive international rankings of non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

– University of Illinois at Chicago

New Timeline for Prestigious William P. Van Wagenen Fellowship

Foreign study fellowship offered for post-residency neurosurgeons.

– American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)

Edward Mclaughlin Named Interim Dean of Cornell’s Dyson School

ITHACA, N.Y. – Edward McLaughlin, a distinguished expert in the efficiency of food distribution systems, will become the interim David J. Nolan Dean of the Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management starting July 1, Provost Michael Kotlikoff announced June 21.

– Cornell University

American Psychological Association's 124th Annual Convention Aug. 4 - 7, 2016, Denver

The American Psychological Association’s 124th annual convention will take place Aug. 4–7, 2016 at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

President Obama Announces Winner of New Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute and New Manufacturing Hub Competitions

Recently, President Barack Obama announced that the the Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition (SMLC), will lead the new Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute, in partnership with the Department of Energy (DOE). The winning coalition, headquartered in Los Angeles, California, brings together a consortium of nearly 200 partners from more than 30 states—and from across academia, including Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), industry, and nonprofits—to spur advances in smart sensors and digital process controls that can radically improve the efficiency of U.S. advanced manufacturing.

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– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

NUS is Asia’s best in Latest Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings

The National University of Singapore (NUS) has been named Asia’s top university in the latest Asia University Rankings 2016 published by the Times Higher Education (THE) magazine. This is the first time that the University has attained the top position in this ranking of Asia universities since the introduction of this category in 2013.

(Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2016 at 12:00 ET)

– National University of Singapore

Scholarships Foster Growing Diversity in Sciences at Duquesne University

Scholarships designed to increase diversity in scientific fields at Duquesne University will provide six eligible students with full-tuition, four-year scholarships, starting this fall.

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

NYU Meyers and Penn St. Awarded $5.8M NIH Grant to Improve Health for Minorities Living with HIV

The study will utilize an engineering-inspired framework to design an intervention to increase engagement along the HIV care continuum for African American/Black and Hispanic People Living with HIV who are neither taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) nor well engaged in HIV primary care.

R01DA040480

– New York University

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