Social and Behavioral Sciences
Psychiatric Diagnostic Tools May Not Be Valid for African Americans
Depression in African Americans, according to Sirry Alang, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University, is expressed in ways that are inconsistent with symptoms of depression laid out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The DSM-V is the primary source of diagnostic information, relied upon by not only clinicians and researchers, but also psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.
Social Science & Medicine
– Lehigh University
“Leaning in” Hurts Poor Women When Childcare Is Scarce
Poor moms who return to the workforce after a period of unemployment suffer significantly higher rates of depression, anxiety and physical symptoms of stress when they don’t have access to decent childcare, according to Vanderbilt sociology graduate student Anna Jacobs. Media embedded: Image(s)
Women's Health Issues July/August 2016
– Vanderbilt University
Intrusive Parents May Lead Children to Be Overly Self-Critical
In a five-year study on primary school children in Singapore, researchers from the National University of Singapore found that children with intrusive parents had a higher tendency to be overly critical of themselves, and this tendency increased over the years. Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Personality
– National University of Singapore
Harsh Parenting, Food Insecurity Predicts Obesity for Young Women
The adolescent years can be full of changes. A new study by Iowa State University researchers suggests that when these years include prolonged periods of food insecurity coupled with harsh parenting practices, females are prone to obesity in early adulthood.Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Adolescent Health
– Iowa State University
Taking Notes Boosts Memory of Jurors, New Study Finds
Jurors who are allowed to take and review notes during court trials are less likely to forget critical evidence, a new University of Liverpool study has found.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
– University of Liverpool
Marriage Not a Protective Mechanism Among Low-Income Urban Women
Marriage may not be the protective mechanism it was thought to be when it comes to poverty and child well-being among low-income urban young women, particularly those who have experienced trauma, finds a new study from Washington University in St. Louis.“Marriage, per se, did not appear to buffer the likelihood of having other negative adult outcomes for women with children,” said Melissa Jonson-Reid, professor at the Brown School and co-author of the paper, “Family Formation: A Positive Outcome for Vulnerable Young Women?” published in the August issue of the journal Children and Youth Services Review.
– Washington University in St. Louis
In Doctors We Trust – Especially When They Admit to Bias
A doctor’s guidance may reassure us more than we realize –especially if she says she is likely to recommend treatment in her field of expertise, known as “specialty bias.”
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June-2016
– Cornell University
Research Shows How Visual Perception Slows with Age
Older adults experience deficits in inhibition, which can affect how quickly they process information visually, according to a new study involving the University of Arizona.Media embedded: Image(s)
Journal of Vision
– University of Arizona
Kids Coping with Disaster Need Guidance. UCLA App Helps Parents Give It
A new UCLA app helps families cope with the trauma of natural disasters, including wildfires and extreme weather events like heat waves.
– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences
Silencing of Gene Affects People’s Social Lives, Study Shows
A team of researchers led by psychologists at the University of Georgia have found that the silencing of a specific gene may affect human social behavior, including a person’s ability to form healthy relationships or to recognize the emotional states of others.Media embedded: Image(s) (Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2016 at 15:00 ET)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 2016
– University of Georgia
Behavioral Economics Study Shows Boost in Fuel and Carbon Efficiency of Airline Captains
Interventions rooted in behavioral economics can significantly boost the use of fuel- and carbon-efficient flight practices in the airline industry, according to a study by economists at the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics and Political Science.
– University of Chicago
Book Chronicles Rise of Urban Planning in Ancient Egypt
Egyptian pharaohs, who are remembered for their pyramids and temples, many of which remain as magnificent monuments to their civilization, were also the world’s first urban planners.
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– University of Chicago
Lessons on Personalities Help Teens Cope With Social Stressors, UT Study Says
Teaching teens that social and personality traits can change helps them cope with social challenges such as bullying, which in turn can help mitigate stress and improve academic performance, according to a study by psychologists at The University of Texas at Austin.
– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)