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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists
Newswise LifeWire
Monday, July 25, 2016

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Life
(18 New)
 

Social and Behavioral Sciences

22-Jul-2016


When It Comes to Empathy, Don't Always Trust Your Gut

Is empathy the result of gut intuition or careful reasoning? Research published by the American Psychological Association suggests that, contrary to popular belief, the latter may be more the case.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Embargo expired on 22-Jul-2016 at 09:00 ET


Lack of Sleep Increases a Child's Risk for Emotional Disorders Later

When asked how lack of sleep affects emotions, common responses are usually grumpy, foggy and short-tempered. While many jokes are made about how sleep deprivation turns the nicest of people into a Jekyll and Hyde, not getting enough shut-eye can lead to far more serious consequences than irritability, difficulty concentrating and impatience.

– University of Houston

Sleep Medicine Reviews


Students Try to Overcome the 'Yuck' Factor in Bug-Eating 101

Food security is an issue of major concern along with climate change, as water supplies become scarce and the world’s population continues to grow.Combined, these factors are expected to stress the world’s agricultural capacity. But one solution may be right underfoot, so to speak.

– University of California Los Angeles UCLA


In the News: Drivers Frustrated by Lane Merge Method

It’s called “zipper merge,” and more and more transportation departments around the country are encouraging motorists to use it, according to an Associated Press report by Bill Draper. That’s when a driving lane is closed ahead, and motorists use all available lanes and alternate entry into the open lane when they reach the lane closure. Missouri and Kansas have recently joined Minnesota and Washington in encouraging use of the “zipper merge.”

Expert(s) available

– SUNY Buffalo State

21-Jul-2016


Why Americans Waste So Much Food

Even though American consumers throw away about 80 billion pounds of food a year, only about half are aware that food waste is a problem. Even more, researchers have identified that most people perceive benefits to throwing food away, some of which have limited basis in fact.

– Ohio State University

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2016 at 14:00 ET


Online Braggers Don’t Get Dates

What makes an online dater successful? Do the same factors that make face-to-face relationships successful also apply in the online dating world?

– National Communication Association

Communication Monographs


Here’s Why Run-Down Schools Trigger Low Test Scores

Lorraine Maxwell, an associate professor of design and environmental analysis at Cornell University, studied more than 230 New York City public middle schools and found a chain reaction at work: leaking toilets, smelly cafeterias, broken furniture, and run-down classrooms made students feel negatively which lead to high absenteeism and in turn, contributed to low test scores and poor academic achievement.

– Cornell University


Does Social Status Affect Generosity?

High-ranking people don't always turn out to be selfish jerks. It all depends on whether they feel worthy of their prominent social position, new research indicates.

– Michigan State University

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Sexual Minority Youth Have Higher Rates of Disordered Eating Behaviors

Sexual minority boys and girls are more likely to purge or take laxatives, use diet pills, or fast to lose weight than their straight peers, and those disordered eating trends may not be improving, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.

– University of British Columbia

International Journal of Eating Disorders


Does Social Status Affect Generosity?

High-ranking people don’t always turn out to be selfish jerks. It all depends on whether they feel worthy of their prominent social position, new research indicates. A series of six scientific studies led by Michigan State University’s Broad College of Business scholar Nicholas Hays found that people with high social status who didn’t believe they earned that status were much more generous than high-status people who felt they deserved the respect and admiration of others.

– Eli Broad College of Business, Michigan State University

Education

25-Jul-2016


Developmental Differences in Late Preterm Babies May Not Emerge Until After Age 2

Developmental differences in babies born 4 to 6 weeks early may not show up until after they turn two, a new study suggests.

– University of Michigan Health System

22-Jul-2016


Improving Diversity and College Access for Low-Income Native American Students Amherst Hosts College Horizons Summit

Making good on a pledge to even further expand on its commitment to student diversity, Amherst College recently hosted a group of Native American high school students for a weeklong summit intent on helping students get to college.

– Amherst College

Law and Public Policy

22-Jul-2016


Study: Violations of Privacy Rights by Fusion Centers Are the Exception, Not the Rule

Concerns that law enforcement fusion centers are violating individuals' privacy rights as they gather intelligence on terrorism, criminals and other threats to public safety are the exception and certainly not the rule, according to a study published in the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

– Indiana University

Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology


Study: Smart Technology – and Not Body Cameras – More Likely to Reduce Use of Lethal Force by Police

Two researchers from Temple University's Fox School of Business have found that smartphones and analytics are more likely than body cameras to reduce lethal force by police

– Temple University


Study: Car Sharing Stalls Under Tax Burdens, Competition

Researchers at DePaul University found that car rental taxes originally aimed at tourists and business travelers are hurting the car-sharing sector.

– DePaul University


Mapping the Law: New Website Created by Utah Man Aims to Connect Underserved Communities to Legal Resources

New Wikipedia-like web site created by University of Utah alumnus aims to better connect legal resources to those who need it —while also giving law students around the country a fresh way to improve their legal research and writing skills in the classroom.

– University of Utah

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs


Orange County Gets a C+ Overall in Latest ASCE Infrastructure Assessment

The Orange County branch of the American Society of Civil Engineers today released its 2016 Orange County Infrastructure Report Card, giving the county a C+ average in 12 categories. The report card was developed in collaboration with the UC Irvine Civil & Environmental Engineering Affiliates, an advisory group to the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering in UCI’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering.

– University of California, Irvine

LifeWire Announcements


Magnetar Capital Foundation Donates $5 Million to UChicago to Improve Financial Education for High School Students

A new partnership between UChicago STEM Education and the Magnetar Capital Foundation will expand access to financial education for high school students.

– University of Chicago

Embargo expired on 21-Jul-2016 at 10:00 ET

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