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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists
Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, July 28, 2016

Public Edition | newswise.com

Life
(36 New)
 

Science News

28-Jul-2016


As Hazard Warnings Increase, Experts Urge Better Decisions on Who and When to Warn

Effective warnings are a growing need as expanding global populations confront a wide range of hazards, such as a hurricane, wildfire, toxic chemical spill or any other environmental hazard threatens safety.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Arts and Humanities

27-Jul-2016


Professor Unearths a Gold Rush-Era Scandal

Chemistry Professor Tom Savage tells an epic tale of early California and a Mormon couple.


Expert(s) available

– California State University, Sacramento

26-Jul-2016


Americans Worried About Using Gene Editing, Brain Chip Implants and Synthetic Blood

Many in the general public think scientific and technological innovations bring helpful change to society, but they are more concerned than excited when it comes to the potential use of emerging technologies to make people's minds sharper, their bodies stronger and healthier than ever before, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.

– Pew Research Center

Pew Research Center

25-Jul-2016


Archaeologists Find Elusive 16th-Century Spanish Fort on Parris Island

The lost Spanish fort San Marcos, founded in 1577 at the town of Santa Elena by Pedro Menedez Marquez, has been found on present-day Parris Island in South Carolina by a pair of archaeologists.

– University of South Carolina

Journal of Archeology Science Reports

Social and Behavioral Sciences

28-Jul-2016


Study Finds Couples’ Division of Paid and Unpaid Labor Linked to Risk of Divorce

A new study suggests that financial factors, including couples’ overall resources and wives’ ability to support themselves in the event of a divorce, are not predictive of whether marriages last. Rather, it is couples’ division of labor — paid and unpaid — that is associated with the risk of divorce.

– American Sociological Association (ASA)

American Sociological Review, Aug-2016

Embargo expired on 28-Jul-2016 at 00:00 ET


ADHD Medication Reduces Risky Behavior in Children, Teens, Princeton Research Finds

New research provides some of the first evidence that medications taken by millions of American children to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) offer long-term benefits.

– Princeton University

Labour Economics


Baylor Sleep Expert Gives Six Tips to Switch Students From Summer to School Schedules

Students soon will leave behind the lazy summer days and go back to school, leaping — or crawling — out of bed when the alarm clock goes off. Baylor University sleep expert Michael Scullin, Ph.D., offers ways to make the transition.

Expert(s) available

– Baylor University

27-Jul-2016


Getting Digital Line-Ups Wrong Can Put Innocents Behind Bars

New research from the University of Warwick highlights why it’s vital for police to disguise distinctive features in line-ups.

– University of Warwick

Psychological Science


Voice Control in Orangutan Gives Clues to Early Human Speech

An adolescent orangutan called Rocky could provide the key to understanding how speech in humans evolved from the time of the ancestral great apes, according to new research.

– Durham University

Scientific Reports


After-Hours Email Expectations Negatively Impact Employee Well-Being

Earlier this year, France passed a labor reform law that banned checking emails on weekends. New research--to be presented next week at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management--suggests other countries might do well to follow suit, for the sake of employee health and productivity.

– Lehigh University

Academy of Management Annual Meeting


The Brain’s Super-Sensitivity to Curbs

Humans rely on boundaries like walls and curbs for navigation, and Johns Hopkins University researchers have pinpointed the areas of the brain most sensitive to even the tiniest borders.

– Johns Hopkins University

Neuropsychologia, Aug-2016; EY026042; DGE 0549379


Even Thinking About Marriage Gets Young People to Straighten Up

You don’t have to get married to settle down and leave behind your wild ways – you just have to expect to get married soon.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Marriage and Family


Homicides in Chicago Climbed Nearly 10 Percent Since 2005; Increases Were Highest Among African Americans and Youth 20 to 24 Years Old

Grimm statistics on homicides in Chicago

– Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago


From Policies Espoused by Trump to Brexit, Is Globalization Dying?

Rising political polarization, incivility and violence have led many people to ask, “What on earth is going on in America?” In the keynote address at the American Psychological Association’s 124th Annual Convention, renowned social psychologist Jonathan Haidt, PhD, will talk about how recent trends – including the growth of right-wing populist movements, the decline of trust in institutions and the increasingly divisive role of immigration in America and Europe – can be understood by drawing on psychology and other social sciences. Haidt will discuss how these trends threaten liberal democracies and will explain how the 21st century should be the century of social science.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

26-Jul-2016


As Hazard Warnings Increase, Experts Urge Better Decisions on Who and When to Warn

Well designed and executed emergency warnings can save lives, so risk experts are urging steps to create the most effective warnings for hurricanes, wildfires, and other environmental hazards.

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Embargo expired on 26-Jul-2016 at 08:30 ET


Study Identifies Neural Circuits Involved in Making Risky Decisions

New research sheds light on what’s going on inside our heads as we decide whether to take a risk or play it safe. Scientists located a region of the brain involved in decisions made under conditions of uncertainty, and identified some of the cells involved in the decision-making process. The work could lead to treatments for psychological and psychiatric disorders that involve misjudging risk, such as problem gambling and anxiety disorders.

– Washington University in St. Louis

The Journal of Neuroscience

Embargo expired on 26-Jul-2016 at 17:00 ET


Human ‘Super Predator’ More Terrifying Than Bears, Wolves and Dogs

Bears, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts but the fear they inspire in their prey pales in comparison to that caused by the human ‘super predator.’

– University of Western Ontario

Behavioral Ecology


Childhood Illness Not Linked to Higher Adult Mortality

Childhood illness not linked to higher adult mortality

– University of Stirling

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


A 30-Minute ‘Me’ Break Can Make You a Better Worker, Study Shows

If there are crumbs on your desk from countless lunches spent responding to emails and attending to other job-related responsibilities, it may be time to clean up and take a step back.

– University of Florida

Psychology, Health & Medicine


What's Going on When Babies Twitch in Their Sleep?

University of Iowa researchers suspect that sleep twitches in human infants are linked to sensorimotor development. Read on to learn how new parents can contribute to their study.

– University of Iowa


UD Poll Finds Clinton Outpacing Trump, 46-42

A new University of Delaware survey finds that 46% of registered voters would vote for Hillary Clinton and 42% would vote for Donald Trump, if the presidential election were being held today. Almost half of all respondents (47%) say they feel “disgusted” about the Republican Party’s nomination of Trump.

– University of Delaware

25-Jul-2016


It’s Not Just a Good Suit and Strong Handshake: New Study Identifies Key Factor in Getting Dream Job

A new study examines the influence of technology in job interviews.

– George Washington University


LGBTQ Students Feel Safer at Schools with Gay-Straight Alliances

A Vanderbilt University study found that LGBTQ students attending high schools with gay-straight alliances reported significantly fewer incidences of bullying based on sexual orientation or gender expression and had a greater sense of personal safety compared to students in schools without GSAs.

– Vanderbilt University

Journal of Youth and Adolescence


Pain of Rejection Makes Us More Likely to Commit Fraud

People commit fraud because they are unhappy about being rejected, a new study in Frontiers in Psychology has found.

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Psychology


Trolls Often Waive Their Anonymity Online

From politicians and celebrities, companies and organizations to individuals of certain nationalities and the socially disadvantaged, the list of parties affected by hate speech in social media is long. Insulting, threatening or derogatory comments are commonplace in today's digital world. The potential consequences of such virtual witch-hunts - whether justified or otherwise - include a loss of reputation, resignations, losing one's job, social isolation or falling share prices. Predominant opinion suggests that it is the supposed online anonymity which decreases the inhibitions of trolls on the internet.

– University of Zurich

PLOS ONE

Education

26-Jul-2016


T.A. Boot Camp Debuts for Ph.D. Students

Some of Clarkson University’s entering Ph.D. candidates, facing the role of serving as teaching assistants, are entering a ground-breaking pilot training program, which could be a model for all of higher education.

– Clarkson University

25-Jul-2016


NMU Archaeology Class Unearths Beaver Island History

Relatively little physical evidence exists of the early occupants and fascinating history of Beaver Island on Lake Michigan, A Northern Michigan University summer archaeology field school is gradually filling that void while giving students hands-on experience in excavation techniques and artifact analysis.

– Northern Michigan University


NMU Student Teaches Visually Impaired Woman to Golf

When a 62-year-old visually impaired woman expressed an interest in learning to hit a ball off a tee for a Leader Dogs for the Blind charity golf tourney, an NMU student was eager to accept the challenge.

– Northern Michigan University

Pop Culture

27-Jul-2016


Survey of 31 Years of Video Games Shows a Decline in Sexualized Female Characters

At a time when the video game industry has come under scrutiny for its low level of female employment and how women are depicted in its products, a new Indiana University study finds that sexualization of female primary game characters actually may be less than before.

– Indiana University


Expert Comment Available on the Quest of Women for American Presidency

As the first female presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton has secured a place in U.S. history. Ellen Fitzpatrick, author of "The Highest Glass Ceiling: Women’s Quest for the American Presidency", and professor of history at the University of New Hampshire, is available for comment on Clinton’s quest for the presidency and can talk about how her campaign is part a longer journey for women in the United States to break "The Highest Glass Ceiling".

Expert(s) available

– University of New Hampshire

25-Jul-2016


Optimizing Monday NIghts

After analyzing more than 20 years of Monday Night Football viewership, researchers at the University of Iowa have developed an optimization model that shows how its schedules could be improved despite the uncertainty that schedule makers face.

– University of Iowa

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs


UT Austin Website Promotes Transparency on Deaths in Texas State Custody

A new interactive, online database provides the public full access to records on 6,913 deaths that have occurred in Texas state custody since 2005. The database, launched by The University of Texas at Austin’s Institute for Urban Policy Research and Analysis (IUPRA), is designed to provide transparency of the state’s justice system and inform public policy.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

LifeWire Announcements


AARDA Salutes July #Autoimmune Heroes for Spearheading National Leadership, Collaboration on Autoimmune Disease Research

American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) announced today its July Autoimmune Heroes.

– American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA)


Local Philanthropist and UC San Diego Supporter Conrad Prebys Dies

University of California San Diego friend and supporter, Conrad Prebys died on Sunday, July 24, following a battle with cancer. The San Diego philanthropist and businessman was 82.

– University of California, San Diego


Sac State Gets $1.9 Million to Support K-12 STEM Teachers

The National Science Foundation has awarded Sacramento State a five-year, $1.9 million grant to help 20 middle school and high school teachers become education leaders in the STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) disciplines.

– California State University, Sacramento


Thomas Officially Sworn in as Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences President

Richard W. Thomas, MD, DDS, was officially sworn in as the sixth President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in a small ceremony on the University campus today.

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

LifeWire Higher Education Events


UofL Faculty and Staff Introduce at-Risk Youth to Careers in Health Care

Twenty-six students from the Shawnee neighborhood who are participating in the 1+1=U Summer Youth Enrichment Program visited the UofL Health Sciences Center Wednesday, July 20, to learn about sports medicine, healthy habits and steps to a career in health care.

– University of Louisville

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