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Newswise LifeWire - Lifestyle and Social Science News for Journalists
Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, December 20, 2018

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Life
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Science News

18-Dec-2018


5 Things Santa and His Elves Have to Do to Avoid Christmas Disaster

As you and the elves at the North Pole prepare for your busiest and biggest night of the year, we know that you and your team will face challenges including extreme weather, dangerous and slippery rooftops, hauling heavy packages and maneuvering down...

– National Athletic Trainers Association

17-Dec-2018


CBD may worsen glaucoma, raise eye pressure

A study from researchers at Indiana University has found that CBD -- a major chemical component in marijuana -- appears to increase pressure inside the eye of mice, suggesting the use of the substance in the treatment of glaucoma may actually worsen ...

– Indiana University

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science; EY024625

Arts and Humanities

19-Dec-2018


Professor Puts Artistic Spin on Marine Research

University of Iowa Assistant Professor in Printmaking Terry Conrad joined scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on a research cruise to study foraminifera, single-celled organisms that live in the ocean, and to create related art a...

– University of Iowa

18-Dec-2018


Takeaway containers – the environmental cost of packing our favourite fast-foods

Scientists say more should be done to tackle the growing environmental impact of takeaway food containers.

– University of Manchester


Ask a Rutgers Philosopher: Nine Thoughts on Holiday Gift-Giving

What’s the best way to give gifts this holiday season? Should you do it anonymously? Does your motivation matter? If these sound like philosophical questions, don’t fear. Larry Temkin, Distinguished Professor in Rutgers University–New Brunswick...


Expert Available

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

includes video

17-Dec-2018


Satellite data expose looting

Globally archaeological heritage is under threat by looting. The destruction of archaeological sites obliterates the basis for our understanding of ancient cultures and we lose our shared human past. Research at University of Bern shows that satellit...

– University of Bern

Heritage

Social and Behavioral Sciences

20-Dec-2018


Certain Moral Values May Lead to More Prejudice, Discrimination

People who value following purity rules over caring for others are more likely to view gay and transgender people as less human, which leads to more prejudice and support for discriminatory public policies, according to a new study published by the A...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Experimental Psychology: General.

Embargo expired on 20-Dec-2018 at 09:00 ET


Safety Tips to Help Prepare Your Home for Holiday Guests

If your holidays will include elderly visitors, it may be important to do some advance planning to help ensure their safety. Dr. Sonja Rosen, chief of Geriatric Medicine at Cedars-Sinai, offers tips to prevent falls and keep older guests comfortable....

– Cedars-Sinai

19-Dec-2018


In Just Six Months, Exercise May Help Those with Thinking Problems

Getting the heart pumping with aerobic exercise, like walking or cycling for 35 minutes three times a week, may improve thinking skills in older adults with cognitive impairments, according to a study published in the December 19, 2018, online issue ...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology®

Embargo expired on 19-Dec-2018 at 16:00 ET


Marmoset monkeys expect the melody’s closing tone

In speech and music, words and notes depend on each other. Humans are highly sensitive to such dependencies, but the evolutionary origins of this capacity are poorly understood. Cognitive biologists at the University of Vienna conducted playback expe...

– University of Vienna

Evolution and Human Behavior


What are you looking at? How attention affects decision-making

Scientists using eye-tracking technology have found that what we look at helps guide our decisions when faced with two visible choices, such as snack food options. But it is not as easy as saying we simply choose what we look at the most, the researc...

– Ohio State University

Psychological Science


Intellectual Curiosity and Confidence Help Children Take on Math and Reading

Children’s personalities may influence how they perform in math and reading, according to a study by psychology researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Are the late Stephen Hawking's religious beliefs typical of U.K. scientists?

The late Stephen Hawking famously didn't believe in God. Neither does the renowned Richard Dawkins. But is that typical for U.K. scientists?

– Rice University

Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion

18-Dec-2018


Criminal History Strong Indicator for Future Violent Crime

New research shows violent offenders will likely commit the same crime again. For example, a prior homicide conviction increased the likelihood by 1,467 percent. Researchers say that's why an offender's entire criminal history needs to be considered ...

– Iowa State University

Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice


Want to help your teens? Make their lives predictable

Establishing consistent routines at home for your teen may generate pushback, but it could also set him or her up for future success.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Adolescent Health


Study Suggests Shifts in Afghan Attitudes Towards Increased Education and Delayed Marriage

In Afghanistan’s most underdeveloped regions, attitudes towards education and child marriage appear to have changed significantly since the overthrow of the Taliban government in 2002, according to a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomb...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Journal of Adolescent Health


FSU Researcher: Unfair treatment by police linked to physiological impacts among black men

Advocates of proactive policing argue that stopping and searching law-abiding citizens is a minor inconvenience. However, researchers from Florida State University have found it might actually be getting under the skin of black men — literally. In ...

– Florida State University

Journal of Health and Social Behavior


UW-Milwaukee's Nonprof-IT provides tech support to community groups

Milwaukee nonprofits benefit from free expertise; students earn credit and experience through Nonprof-IT program.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

17-Dec-2018


Higher Average Potency Cannabis May Increase Risk for First Disorder Symptom

States do not regulate the potency of recreational cannabis, even though THC levels have increased significantly. Now new research shows higher average potency cannabis at first use increases the risk for the first symptom of cannabis use disorder.

– Iowa State University

Drug and Alcohol Dependence

Embargo expired on 17-Dec-2018 at 11:00 ET


What Looks Like Substance Abuse Could be Self-Medication, Study Finds

When improved antidepressants hit the market in the 1980s, heavy drinking among people with depression dropped 22 percent, suggesting people who knowingly use drugs and alcohol to relieve mental and physical pain will switch to safer, better treatmen...

– Johns Hopkins University

NBER Working Paper, Dec-2018


How to Diminish Collusion in Public Procurement Auctions? Impose a Price Floor, Economists Argue in New Paper

A pair of economists suggest a new way to alleviate the problem of collusion the public procurement process: establish price floors for the contracted work—i.e., a minimum price below which bids are disqualified.

– New York University

Journal of Political Economy


How a personality trait puts you at risk for cybercrime

Impulse online shopping, downloading music and compulsive email use are all signs of a certain personality trait that make you a target for malware attacks. New research from Michigan State University examines the behaviors – both obvious and subt...

– Michigan State University

Social Science Computer Review

Education

19-Dec-2018


'Sonic Thunder' explores shock waves

A sonic boom and a thunderclap may seem like different phenomena, but their behavior is the same--that's one of the approaches used to explain shock waves in "Sonic Thunder."

– South Dakota State University

Sonic Thunder


University of Wisconsin Milwaukee undergraduate researchers honored

More than 1,000 students are involved in undergraduate research at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The university was one of two nationally which received the 2018 Campus-Wide Award for Undergraduate Research Accomplishments from the Council...

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

18-Dec-2018


What is the future of land-grant universities?

When land-grant universities were founded in the mid-19th century, the United States was much different than it is today. What do such institutions need to do to survive and thrive in our very different world? To answer that question, Stephen Gavazz...

– Ohio State University

Land-grant universities for the future

17-Dec-2018


Professor Ray Hull coauthors new book 'The Art of Influence'

Wichita State University Communication Sciences and Disorders Professor Ray Hull has coauthored a new book, “The Art of Influence,” with New York Times best-selling author Jim Stovall. The “Art of Influence” helps readers understand what make...

– Wichita State University

Art of Influence


Graduating MTSU student teachers in demand at fall recruitment fair [+VIDEO]

From China, to Washington, D.C., to right here in Rutherford County, representatives from more than 40 school districts and educational entities convened on the Middle Tennessee State University campus this week seeking to hire the next crop of new t...

– Middle Tennessee State University

includes video

LifeWire Announcements


John Wen Appointed Russell Sage Professor and Department Head

Professor John T. Wen has been named the Russell Sage Professor and head of the Department of Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering (ECSE) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He will begin his new roles on Jan. 1, 2019.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


WVU maintains R1 status, ranking alongside most prestigious research universities

West Virginia University continues to rank among the nation’s elite research institutions as reflected in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.

– West Virginia University


National Academy of Inventors Inducts Two UC San Diego Scholars

UC San Diego's Chancellor Pradeep K. Khosla and Professor Susan Taylor were named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors. They are part of the NAI’s 2018 cohort of 148 new fellows who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation.

– University of California San Diego


Janice Bowie Named Director of Bloomberg School's Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) Program

Janice Bowie, PhD, MPH, an expert in health disparities and community-based research methods, has been named director of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Doctor of Public Health (DrPH) program.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health


Daniel J. Myers Named American University Provost

American University President Sylvia M. Burwell announced today the selection of Daniel J. Myers as provost and chief academic officer effective January 15, 2019.

– American University


Graduate Student Awarded National Lab Fellowship for Nuclear Reactor Research

Documenting the reactions that take place inside an active nuclear reactor is incredibly tough – high temperatures, corrosion, pressure, fission gas production, microstructure and cracks (among other things) make accurate data collection difficult....

– Boise State University


Two Books for Two Cities: Tulane English professors earn rare book honor

A pair of Tulane University English professors has earned the distinct honor of having their respective books named the official reading selections for two American cities in 2019.

– Tulane University


Buffalo native recognized for community leadership, volunteerism

Matthew Nagowski, a Buffalo native, School of Industrial and Labor Relations graduate and a group vice president at M&T Bank, was honored for his leadership and volunteerism in the Buffalo community with the Cornell New York State Hometown Alumni Awa...

– Cornell University

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