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Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, July 18, 2019

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Science News

17-Jul-2019


E-Cigarette’s & Vaping: A Tool to Quit Smoking or Growing Danger for Youth?

While cigarette use for high school students is at an all-time low (8%), 21% of students in the United States report using e-cigarettes in the past month; the highest level to date. The use of e-cigarettes--or electronic cigarettes often called vapin...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

16-Jul-2019


Men Account for 50% of Infertility: First Andrologist Appointed at Rutgers

The first step in identifying and treating infertility is often rigorous testing for women. However, only 50 percent of infertility is attributable to the female partner alone, 50 percent of couples have a male factor, according to Nikhil Gupta, MD, ...

– Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Social and Behavioral Sciences

18-Jul-2019


Women Now Seen as Equally as or More Competent Then Men

Women have come a long way in the United States over the last 70 years, to the point where they are now seen as being as competent as men, if not more so, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

– American Psychological Association (APA)

American Psychologist

Embargo expired on 18-Jul-2019 at 09:00 ET


The “Chicago Parent Program” Proves as Effective in Reducing Children’s Behavior Problems as Nationally-Renowned “Parent-Child Interaction Therapy”

A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing suggests that the Chicago Parent Program, a group-based parent management training (PMT) program developed by JHSON faculty Deborah Gross, is just as effective in decreasing child ...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing

Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

includes video


Danbury Hospital’s Most Vulnerable Patients Are Getting Healing Hugs

Danbury Hospital launched Healing Hugs, a new service where trained volunteer cuddlers provide comfort to babies in the Danbury Hospital Spratt Family Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Studies have shown that NICU babies who are cuddled experie...

– Western Connecticut Health Network

17-Jul-2019


Marijuana use may not make parents more ‘chill’

Sorry, marijuana moms and dads: Using pot may not make you a more relaxed parent, at least when it comes to how you discipline your children. A study of California parents found that current marijuana users administered more discipline techniques of ...

– Ohio State University

Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions


Nationwide Study on Teen ‘Sexting’ Has Good News, Bad News

The good news is that adolescent sexting is not at epidemic levels as reported in some media headlines. The bad news is that it also has not decreased despite preventive efforts by educators and others, according to a much-needed update to what is cu...

– Florida Atlantic University

Archives of Sexual Behavior


Win or lose: Rigged card game sheds light on inequality, fairness

Researchers at Cornell University are using a rigged card game to shed light on perceptions of inequality.

– Cornell University

Science Advances


URI professor, geneticists refute widespread racist analogy comparing human races to dog breeds

University of Rhode Island anthropology professor Holly Dunsworth and four geneticists refute a common analogy comparing dog breeds with human races in a peer-reviewed, scholarly paper published by the online journal Evolution: Education and Outreac...

– University of Rhode Island

Evolution: Education and Outreach

16-Jul-2019


Long live the long-limbed African chicken

Pick your chicken wisely. The choice could make or break your marriage. For generations, household farmers in the Horn of Africa have selectively chosen chickens with certain traits that make them more appealing. Some choices are driven by the farmer...

– Washington University in St. Louis

International Journal of Osteoarchaeology


'Harsh parenting' might alter kids' brains

Children who are routinely disciplined could be adversely affected right into their teenage years, according to Canadian researchers.

– Universite de Montreal

Biological Psychology, March 29, 2019


Screen Time for Young Children: What You Need To Know

For the first time, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued guidelines on physical activity, sleep, and screen time for children from birth through age four. The WHO guidelines are designed to reduce the risk of childhood obesity, which is risi...

– Western Connecticut Health Network


West Virginia 4-H youth experience Eastern Woodland Indian traditions

West Virginia University’s Native American Studies Program partnered with WVU Extension Service to host a Native American Eastern Woodland cultural expert at county 4-H camps in June.

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences

15-Jul-2019


Increases in Social Media Use and Television Viewing Associated with Increases in Teen Depression

A new study by a team of CHU Sainte-Justine scientists has revealed that social media use and television viewing are linked to increases in adolescent depressive symptoms.

– Universite de Montreal

JAMA Pediatrics, July 15, 2019

Embargo expired on 15-Jul-2019 at 11:00 ET


'Racist Police Officer' Stereotype May Become a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Belief in the “racist police officer” stereotype may become a self-fulfilling prophecy for law enforcement officers and lead to increased support for forceful or threatening policing tactics, according to research published by the American Psycho...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Law and Human Behavior

Embargo expired on 15-Jul-2019 at 09:00 ET


Traveling to Mars will require complicated teamwork

NASA’s next giant leap will be sending humans to Mars, projected for the 2030s, and a University of Georgia researcher is partnering with the space agency to explore the challenges of such a mission.

– University of Georgia

12-Jul-2019


Pre-Term Babies Are Less Likely to Form Romantic Relationships in Adulthood

Adults who were born pre-term (under 37 weeks gestation) are less likely to have a romantic relationship, a sexual partner and experience parenthood than those born full term.

– University of Warwick

JAMA Open today

Embargo expired on 12-Jul-2019 at 11:00 ET


From the Oscars to the Nobel Prize, winners need to choose their friends wisely

Being friends with an award juror can increase a person's chance of being nominated but decrease their chances of being selected as the victor, according to new research published in the Academy of Management Journal.

– City University London


Seeing greenery linked to less intense and frequent cravings

Being able to see green spaces from your home is associated with reduced cravings for alcohol, cigarettes and harmful foods, new research has shown.

– University of Plymouth

Health & Place

11-Jul-2019


Facial Plastic Surgery in Men Enhances Perception of Attractiveness, Trustworthiness

In the first of a kind study, plastic surgeons at Georgetown University Medical Center found that when a man chose to have a nip or a tuck on his face, it significantly increased perceptions of attractiveness, likeability, social skills, or trustwort...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery

Embargo expired on 11-Jul-2019 at 11:00 ET


Survivors’ near-miss experiences on 9/11 linked to post-traumatic stress

People who narrowly avoid disaster do not necessarily escape tragedy unharmed, and their knowledge of the victims’ fate shapes how survivors respond to traumatic events, according to the results of a new paper by a UB psychologist that explores the...

– University at Buffalo

Social Psychological and Personality Science


How sounds, shapes, speech and body movements convey emotion through one shared property

Death metal band logos often have a spiky look while romance novel titles often have a swirly script.

– Dartmouth College

Proceedings of the Royal Society B


Making sense of morality: FSU researchers advance the study of ethical decision-making

Two Florida State University researchers collaborated on thought-provoking research focusing on the psychology of making moral decisions.

– Florida State University

Cognition


University of Kentucky to Study Decision-Making Processes Behind Substance Use Disorders

UK team believes their approach is a valuable step forward that will improve understanding of drug-use decisions and advance the development of improved treatments.

– University of Kentucky

R01DA045023; R01DA047368


Sound mind: Detecting depression

AI algorithms can now more accurately detect depressed mood using the sound of your voice, according to new research by University of Alberta computing scientists.

– University of Alberta

Education

17-Jul-2019


Study: Head Start Accountability Systems May Be Missing How Classroom Quality Varies Within Preschool Centers

The high-stakes accountability policies used to monitor the quality of Head Start preschool centers may miss important variation in classroom quality within centers, which could lead to incorrect representations of center quality and inaccurate decis...

– American Educational Research Association (AERA)

American Educational Research Journal

Embargo expired on 17-Jul-2019 at 08:55 ET

16-Jul-2019


天普大学成为费城交响乐团2019年中国巡回演出的合作伙伴

40 年前, 天普大学曾授予中国最伟大的领导人之一, 邓小平, 荣誉学位。这是邓小平生前唯一接受的一个荣誉学位。 为此,天普大学在当时中美建交中扮演了一个特殊的角色。这也是为什么在...

– Temple University

15-Jul-2019


The American Macular Degeneration Foundation Partners with Fight for Sight to Offer Summer Student Research Fellowships

Eye research funders come together to foster research to treat age-related macular degeneration.

– American Macular Degeneration Foundation (AMDF)

11-Jul-2019


Astronaut Shares his Journey into Space, Ahead of Apollo 11 50th Anniversary

Ahead of the 50th anniversary of the monumental landing on the moon, Rutgers is proud to chat with Payload Specialist Astronaut and Rutgers Alumnus Bob Cenker as he explores his journey into space. Cenker was a crewmember on the 1986 space shuttle Co...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Pop Culture

12-Jul-2019


What’s the Likelihood of a ‘Crawl’ Situation? UF Experts Dispel Alligator Attack Misconceptions

The new horror film "Crawl" centers around alligator attacks. The University of Florida's Croc Docs weigh in on the prevalence of alligator encounters.

Expert Available

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Law and Public Policy

18-Jul-2019


Johns Hopkins Develops Criteria for Diagnostic Imaging

On June 30, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced that the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has been designated a so-called “qualified provider-led entity.” This allows Johns Hopkins to develop criteria that meet...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

17-Jul-2019


Forces Behind Growing Political Polarization in Congress Revealed in New Model

For much of the 20th century, political polarization within the United States House of Representatives tended to decrease over the course of a two-year term. But starting in the mid-1980s, that trend reversed, and in recent decades, polarization has ...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Journal of the Royal Society Interface

16-Jul-2019


First Ever State Sepsis Regulation in U.S. Tied to Lower Death Rates

Death rates from sepsis fell faster in New York than expected – and faster than in peer states – following the introduction of the nation’s first state-mandated sepsis regulation.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

JAMA; R01HS025146

Embargo expired on 16-Jul-2019 at 11:00 ET

15-Jul-2019


New E-Cigarette Laws Could Drive Some Users to Smoke More Cigarettes

Efforts by the FDA and some cities to limit the availability and appeal of e-cigarettes to young users could drive some existing users to smoke more tobacco cigarettes to get their fix, according to new research from Duke Health.

– Duke Health

Substance Use & Misuse; K01DA043413, K23DA039294, K23DA042898

Embargo expired on 15-Jul-2019 at 08:00 ET


Oil and American religion set stage for current political divides, historian finds

In his newest research, Darren Dochuk, associate professor of history at the University of Notre Dame, chronicles North America’s age of oil — in particular, crude’s inseparable relationship to Christianity.

– University of Notre Dame

Anointed with Oil: How Christianity and Crude Made Modern America

12-Jul-2019


Taking Opioids for Pain May Make It Harder to Find Primary Care

Finding a new doctor for health checkups and general care can pose a challenge to anyone. But for people who take prescription opioid pills for their chronic pain, it might be far harder, according to a new study.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA Network Open, doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6928

11-Jul-2019


Public Favors Compensation For Kidney Donors If Payments Portend Big Boost in Transplants and Organs Allocated Fairly; Pilot Studies Would Be Useful

Nearly a fifth of the respondents in a recent study said they would reverse their opposition to compensating kidney donors if a form of non-cash payment led to a substantial increase in the supply of available organs for transplant.

– Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School

American Economic Review


The Truth About Tariffs

Backgrounder by Andrew Chatzky. Tariffs have been applied over the years to protect homegrown industries and target competitors who are seen as using unfair trade practices. They impose costs on both importers and exporters and had been in decline un...

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

CFR Editorial Staff, CFR.org, May 16, 2019.

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs


AED Signs on to Support New Legislative Initiative – The Nutrition CARE Act

The Academy for Eating Disorders (AED) supports the introduction of the Nutrition Counseling Aiding Recovery for Eating Disorders (CARE) Act that was recently introduced in the U.S. Congress.

– Academy for Eating Disorders (AED)


ASA Opposes House Energy and Commerce Surprise Medical Bills Proposal; Urges Continued Negotiations

Today, ASA announced strong opposition to the surprise medical bill introduced Tuesday, July 9 and passed today by the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health, the “Pallone-Walden” bill, or H.R. 3630 the “No Surprises Act.”

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)


Can Illinois help its municipalities pay their pension bills – and is it?

A new report from the Government Finance Research Center at the University of Illinois at Chicago examines state intervention in municipal pension funding in Illinois

– University of Illinois at Chicago

LifeWire Announcement


$2.8 Million Grant to Fund Nurse Practitioner Students at Binghamton University

Binghamton University’s Decker School of Nursing received a $2.8 million grant in July from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HRSA) Advanced Nursing Education Workforce (ANEW) program to provide financial support for graduate nursin...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Executive Board of the Council on Undergraduate Research Appoints New Executive Officer

Lindsay Currie, who has more than a decade of experience in nonprofit management and community engagement, has been appointed executive officer of the Council on Undergraduate Research.

– Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)


Physicists receive $2 million for new plasma physics center

West Virginia University physicists received a $2 million federal grant to create a plasma physics research. It will be the only facility in the world capable of making detailed three-dimensional measurements of the motion of ions and electrons at ki...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


UIC becomes first public university in Illinois to offer public policy graduate program

The new Master of Public Policy degree, which will be offered by the UIC's College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, recently was approved by the Illinois Board of Higher Education and will begin admitting students for the spring 2020 semester.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


Pincus Family Foundation partners with Tulane University to launch violence prevention scholarship program

The Pincus Family Foundation has awarded a $550,000 grant to Tulane University to create a new, interdisciplinary program that will train future leaders in community-focused violence prevention in New Orleans.

– Tulane University


UVA Darden Professor Gentile Shortlisted for Thinkers50 Award

UVA Darden Professor Mary Gentile was shortlisted for the prestigious Thinkers50 Distinguished Achievement Awards for the second year in a row.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


First $100M-Plus Fundraising Year in UVA Darden History Powers New Scholarships, Faculty, Facilities

Darden announced an all-time record for fundraising in a fiscal year, with $123 million in total philanthropic impact from $103 million in new commitments and $20 million in matching funds.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Cornell University launches Engineering Management Distance Learning Program

Cornell University is launching the Engineering Management Distance Learning Program, which will allow working professionals to earn Master of Engineering degrees while remaining on the job.

– Cornell University


University of Redlands celebrates a decade of Tree Campus USA recognition

The University of Redlands, a private liberal arts university in Southern California, has received the 2018 Tree Campus USA recognition from the Arbor Day Foundation for its commitment to effective urban forest management and for engaging staff an...

– University of Redlands


Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Faculty Earns Lifetime Achievement Award

Johns Hopkins School of Nursing (JHSON) faculty member Gloria Ramsey, JD, RN, FNAP, FAAN, has earned the President’s Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Black Nurses Association (NBNA). The honor applauds Ramsey’s varied career as a nurs...

– Johns Hopkins School of Nursing


Alexi Zentner’s new novel ‘Copperhead’ centers on racism

Copperhead, published July 9 by Penguin Random House, is the latest novel by Alexi Zentner, author of The Lobster Kings and Touch. Zentner has written about family, duty and responsibility before, but the Binghamton University novelist’s latest bo...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Media Advisory: Ribbon-cutting ceremony for UIC Academic and Residential Complex

The building holds 83,000 square feet of residence space, including a mix of traditional dorm rooms and suite-style units.

– University of Illinois at Chicago


AI-assisted Immersive Classroom To Be Used in First Credit-Bearing Course

Students at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, NY, will feel as if they are learning Chinese on the streets of Beijing this summer when an intelligent, immersive environment developed by Rensselaer and IBM Research is used in an academic credi...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


UVA Darden Alumni-Led Cybersecurity Venture Draws Significant Funding, High-Profile Clients

Digital risk protection startup SafeGuardCyber has scaled quickly since being launched in 2014 by two Darden alumni.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Cornell East Asia Series partners with Cornell University Press

The Cornell East Asia Series (CEAS), the scholarly press of the East Asia Program, has joined Cornell University Press as a new imprint.

– Cornell University


U Announces New Associate Vice President for Faculty

Professor Sarah Projansky has accepted an offer to serve as associate vice president for faculty at the University of Utah.

– University of Utah

LifeWire Higher Education Events


Immunotherapy Symposium

On September 19 and 20, 2019, SCCA will celebrate its second Immunotherapy Symposium in Seattle, WA.

– Seattle Cancer Care Alliance


New Jersey Governor’s School Hosts 2019 Research Symposium

The New Jersey Governor’s School of Engineering and Technology at Rutgers–New Brunswick , a tuition-free, summer residential program for high-achieving high school juniors interested in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subj...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Sociology and Social Justice

On August 10-13, thousands of sociologists from around the nation and the world will meet in New York at the association’s 114th Annual Meeting. At a time when issues ranging from the U.S. census to the racial wealth gap dominate public discourse,...

– American Sociological Association (ASA)


MTSU to open ‘Chris Young Café’ in fall to ‘encourage students to dream bigger’

A new live entertainment venue on the Middle Tennessee State University campus will be named the Chris Young Café to honor the multiplatinum Nashville entertainer’s continued support of his alma mater. MTSU President Sidney A. McPhee, at an ev...

– Middle Tennessee State University

LifeWire Marketplace


Virtual Gaming Revolutionizes Pharmacy Education

SimPHARM is a clinical therapeutic simulation tool that creates a realistic clinical experience in which one minute of virtual time equals one minute of real time. Ideal for flipped classroom learning environments, the platform's cognitive game engin...

– Education Management Solutions (EMS)

LifeWire Marketplace


Nurses Are Changing the Conversation about Mental Health Care Among Incarcerated Persons

– Gonzaga University

Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

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