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Tuesday, August 6, 2019

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Science News

31-Jul-2019


Heavier drinking linked to structural brain differences among young men in large brain imaging study

Chronic misuse of alcohol can cause damage to the structure and function of the brain, and this in turn can impair decision-making and further exacerbate problem drinking. The cerebral cortex – a folded layer of cells that forms the outer layer of ...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 31-Jul-2019 at 10:00 ET

Arts and Humanities

01-Aug-2019


Human genetic diversity of South America reveals complex history of Amazonia

The vast cultural and linguistic diversity of Latin American countries is still far from being fully represented by genetic surveys.

– Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Molecular Biology and Evolution

30-Jul-2019


Report seeks to recognize meaning of Mount Rushmore for Native people

Mount Rushmore is a symbol of freedom for many, but the monument has a complicated meaning for Native people. A research team is working with the National Park Service to document the significance of the Black Hills for Lakota, Cheyenne and Arapaho p...

– Iowa State University

29-Jul-2019


String theory

Rene Izquierdo is a teacher, performer and researcher. He has saved some bygone music of his Cuban homeland from being lost to history.'

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

includes video

Social and Behavioral Sciences

06-Aug-2019


Many Post on Social Media Under the Influence of Drugs – and Regret It

Posting on social media, texting, and appearing in photos while high is prevalent among people who use drugs—and many regret these behaviors, according to a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU College of Global Publ...

– New York University

Substance Abuse; K01DA038800 ; R01DA044207

Embargo expired on 06-Aug-2019 at 00:05 ET

05-Aug-2019


Warning to adults: Children notice everything

Adults are really good at paying attention only to what you tell them to – but children don’t ignore anything. That difference can actually help children do better than adults in some learning situations, a new study suggests.

– Ohio State University

Developmental Psychology


Young Teens of Color More Likely to Avoid Peers with Mental Illness

Students identifying as black or Latino are more likely to say they would socially distance themselves from peers with a mental illness, a key indicator of mental illness stigma, according to research published by the American Psychological Associati...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

02-Aug-2019


Change the bias, change the behavior? Maybe not.

In a meta-analysis of published research, psychologist Calvin Lai of Washington University in St. Louis teases out how changes in implicit bias do — and do not — appear to lead to changes in behavior. And why that might be.

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

01-Aug-2019


Middle-School Latino Children Report More Depressive Symptoms After Family Member Arrested, Study Finds

Latino children who experience the immigration-related arrest of a family member report more severe levels of depression than those who don’t have such an experience, especially if one or both parents are undocumented, according to new research pub...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 01-Aug-2019 at 09:00 ET


Supervisors Driven By Bottom Line Fail To Get Employees' Top Performance, New Baylor Study Says

Supervisors driven by profits could actually be hurting their coveted bottom lines by losing the respect of their employees, who counter by withholding performance, according to a new study led by Baylor University.

– Baylor University

Human Relations


Unraveling complicated issues of inequality in workplaces, communities

African American health care workers are there for a reason.A new book by a Washington University in St. Louis social scientist shows how hospitals, clinics and other institutions participate in “racial outsourcing,” relying heavily on black doc...


Expert Available

– Washington University in St. Louis

includes video

31-Jul-2019


Parents’ Mental Illness Increases Suicide Risk in Adults with Tinnitus, Hyperacusis

A study is the first to examine the relationship between parental mental illness like anxiety and depression in childhood and the risk of suicide and self-harm in adults who suffer from tinnitus, noise or ringing in the ears, and hyperacusis, extreme...

– Florida Atlantic University

American Journal of Audiology


What compulsive dating-app users have in common

Loneliness and social anxiety is a bad combination for single people who use dating apps on their phones, a new study suggests. Researchers found that people who fit that profile were more likely than others to say they’ve experienced negative outc...

– Ohio State University

Journal of Social and Personal Relationships

30-Jul-2019


Virtual reality to solve personal problems

People are often much better at giving useful advice to a friend in trouble than they are in dealing with their own problems.

– Universidad De Barcelona

Scientific Reports


How Families With Same-Sex Parents Resolve Conflict has Impact

Rachel Farr, an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Kentucky, previously reported that children adopted by lesbian, gay and heterosexual parents are well-adjusted over time. Her most recent study, co-authored by d...

– University of Kentucky

Journal of Family Psychology


From trauma to healing

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee researchers are helping families and communities deal with trauma and its aftermath.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

includes video

29-Jul-2019


How can you reliably spot a fake smile? Ask a computer

Real and fake smiles can be tricky to tell apart, but researchers at the University of Bradford have now developed computer software that can spot false facial expressions.

– University of Bradford

Advanced Engineering Informatics


Employees’ proactive behaviors can be risky business, psychologists find

Organizations often expect their employees to show initiative through proactive behavior, and at the same time, expect them to work well with their co-workers to achieve goals. But proactive approaches may not always be welcome by other team members,...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology


Stressed at school? Art therapy reduces teenage girls’ headaches

In a pilot study led by the UW, researchers explored art-based mindfulness activities that schools could use to reduce headaches, a common side effect of stress in adolescent girls. After three weeks of twice-weekly mindfulness and art therapy sessio...

– University of Washington

Art Therapy

Education

05-Aug-2019


Visa concerns deter foreign-born PhDs from working in startups

Foreign-born Ph.D. graduates with science and engineering degrees from American universities apply to and receive offers for technology startup jobs at the same rate as U.S. citizens, but are only half as likely to actually work at fledgling companie...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 05-Aug-2019 at 15:00 ET

01-Aug-2019


PPPL apprenticeship program offers young people chance to earn while they learn high-tech careers

The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, in partnership with the New Jersey Department of Labor, has embarked on a new apprenticeship program to teach high-tech skills to young people through four years of on-the-job training and technical courses. ...

– Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory


Warrior-Scholar Project helps veterans adapt to demands of the classroom

Thirteen students came to Cornell University’s campus July 20-28 for The Warrior-Scholar Project (WSP), an immersive college preparation experience for current and former enlisted service members.

– Cornell University

31-Jul-2019


Rounds with Leadership: A Time for Generative Thinking

Rounds with Leadership is a forum for AACN’s Board Chair and President/CEO to offer commentary on issues and trends impacting academic nursing.

– American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)


Newly Discovered Historic Records Reveal New Details Surrounding the Elaine Massacre

As Arkansas honors the 100th anniversary of the Elaine Massacre this year, a University of Arkansas at Little Rock professor and alumnus are uncovering more secrets surrounding one of the worst race massacres in the country’s history. 

– University of Arkansas at Little Rock

30-Jul-2019


School Segregation Worsens for Latino Children Compared with a Generation Ago

Latino children are likely to enter elementary schools this year with fewer white peers than a generation ago, judging by data reported in a new study published today in Educational Researcher, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Rese...

– American Educational Research Association (AERA)

Educational Researcher

Embargo expired on 30-Jul-2019 at 09:00 ET


Get the Dirt: ACI Launches ‘Exploration Clean’ Game to Teach Cleaning Chemistry

The American Cleaning Institute (ACI) has enhanced and expanded its “Exploration Clean” online experience to further help teach middle-school students the science and chemistry behind cleaning.

– American Cleaning Institute


Starting college soon? Freshmen can start prepping before leaving home

Good preparation can help an 18-year-old student cope with the sometimes overwhelming changes that come with college. Here are some of the ways students can get ready.

Expert Available

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Pop Culture

01-Aug-2019


Rutgers Professor Reflects on Springsteen's Legacy ahead of “The Boss’s” 70th Birthday

In celebration of Springsteen’s 70th birthday, Rutgers University Press will issue "Long Walk Home," a series of essays on Springsteen, and will offer a course this fall on “Springsteen's American Vision.”

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Law and Public Policy

06-Aug-2019


Can Simulators Prevent Police Car Wrecks?

Police car wrecks are the biggest risk management expense related to law enforcement, causing local governments to lose money. New research from the University of Georgia shows that a driver training program can result in a 12:1 savings.

– University of Georgia

Journal of Insurance Regulation

02-Aug-2019


Trust and Mistrust in Americans’ Views of Scientific Experts

Public confidence in scientists is on the upswing, and 60% of Americans say scientists should play an active role in policy debates about scientific issues, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.

– Pew Research Center

Embargo expired on 02-Aug-2019 at 10:00 ET

01-Aug-2019


How Little We Know: Experts Document the Lack of Research on Youth Firearm Injury

A national team of experts has published the largest-ever examination of the state of research on all aspects of youth firearm injury – whether intentional, unintentional or self-inflicted. The bottom-line conclusion: Far more research, and better ...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Journal of Behavioral Medicine, August 2019; HD087149


Blight-busting demolitions reduced gun injuries, deaths in Detroit neighborhoods

For the past half-decade, Detroit's government and community groups have worked to tear down abandoned houses and other buildings in the city's most blight-stricken neighborhoods, in the name of public safety and quality of life.

– University of Michigan

Journal of Behavioral Medicine


What Is the Status of the Iran Nuclear Agreement?

CFR Backgrounder by Zachary Laub. The United States’ withdrawal from the arms control agreement has heightened tensions and left the remaining signatories scrambling to keep the deal alive.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

CFR Editorial Staff, CFR.org, July 31, 2019.


Hormuz and Oil: The Global Problem of a Global Market

Blog Post from CFR's Energy Realpolitik by Amy M. Jaffe.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Amy M. Jaffe, Council on Foreign Relations, July 24, 2019.

31-Jul-2019


The language of leaving: Brexit, war and cultural trauma

A new paper by University of South Australia Adjunct Professor Jon Stratton explores the influence of the language used by Britain’s wartime hero on the Brexit vote and the unresolved cultural fears that the English still hold when it comes to inva...

– University of South Australia

Journal for Cultural Research

30-Jul-2019


Tech industry accounted for one in seven jobs in Utah in 2018, report shows

Utah’s tech industry made significant contributions to the state economy in 2018, supporting one in seven Utah jobs and one-sixth of worker earnings in the state. The economic activity generated over $2.5 billion in tax revenue to help fund schools...

– Kem C. Gardner Policy Institute, David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah

Utah’s Tech Economy

29-Jul-2019


The momentum myth: Staggering primaries didn’t affect outcome of 2016 nominating contests

During the 2016 primary season, voters didn't shift their preferences based on who was winning, according to a massive analysis of more than 325,000 tracking poll results.

– Vanderbilt University

Journal of Politics

includes video


When Legislatures Can and Can’t Check Executive Powers

The largest analysis of gubernatorial executive orders to date reveals important nuances that explain how and when legislatures are able to constrain executive power.

– Vanderbilt University

Legislative Studies Quarterly

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs


Statement of APA CEO on Gun Violence and Mental Health

Following is the statement of Arthur C. Evans Jr., PhD, CEO of the American Psychological Association, in reaction to President Trump’s statements today regarding gun violence and mental illness:

– American Psychological Association (APA)


Biophysicists Join Effort to Eliminate Sexual Harassment in STEMM

The Biophysical Society (BPS) is proud to add its name and support to the Societies Consortium on Sexual Harassment in STEMM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine) to measurably advance professional and ethical conduct, climate ...

– Biophysical Society


2019 Regional Ocean Partnership Act Introduced

Mississippi Senator Wicker introduced the Regional Ocean Partnership Act, July 18, 2019. The Act, if passed, will authorize Regional Ocean Partnerships (ROPs) to address cross-jurisdictional ocean and coastal issues. The Gulf of Mexico Alliance (Alli...

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance


HIV Status Has No Place in Border Patrol Policy

Statement from IDSA, HIVMA, SHEA, and PIDS. The U.S. Customs and Border Patrol’s policy and practice of allowing immigrant families to be separated because a parent is living with HIV runs counter to more than three decades of science and to existi...

– Infectious Diseases Society of America, the HIV Medicine Association, and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

LifeWire Announcement


Seventh Edition of APA's Best-Selling Publication Manual to Publish in October with a 700,000 First Printing

The long-expected seventh edition of the best-selling Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association will go on sale in October, with a first printing of 700,000 copies, APA announced at the opening of APA 2019, the association’s 127t...

– American Psychological Association (APA)


Global Heritage Fund Launches New Sustainable Travel Program to Discover the Lost Empires of Morocco

Global Heritage Fund will uncover the rich heritage of southern Morocco in an exclusive new travel program crafted to high standards of sustainability and community inclusion. Join this eye-opening and transformational journey to experience heritage ...

– Global Heritage Fund


Notre Dame Announces Significant Growth in Research Funding

Researchers from the University of Notre Dame have received $180.6 million in research funding for fiscal year 2019 — $100 million more than 10 years ago and a more than 27 percent increase from last year.

– University of Notre Dame


UIC Awarded $4.7 Million NSF Grant to Enhance K-8 Math Instruction, Professional Development in South Cook County

UIC researchers will lead a five-year, $4.7 million project funded by the National Science Foundation to develop and implement a professional development program for K-8 math educators that spans across three levels — teacher, school and district. ...

– University of Illinois at Chicago


UVA Darden Welcomes Seven New Professors to Start 2019–20 Academic Year

The new professors will enhance a number of academic areas at the School, including Strategy, Ethics and Entrepreneurship; Global Economies and Markets; Technology and Operations Management; Accounting; and Leadership and Organizational Behavior.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business


Texas Tech Vietnam Center & Archive Oral Histories Will Soon Be More Accessible

Thanks to a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the archive is making its interviews keyword searchable.

– Texas Tech University


Smithsonian Gardens Presents “Habitat”

For the first time in its 47-year history, Smithsonian Gardens is presenting a campus-wide exhibition featuring multiple exhibits across the Smithsonian. “Habitat,” on display through December 2020, includes 14 distinct exhibits in indoor and out...

– Smithsonian Institution


Olin College Named to Top College Value Lists

in College of Engineering has been designated a top 10 national “Best Buy” college by Fiske Guide to Colleges. The list covers 20 private and public colleges and universities nationwide that are noted for their academic offerings and affordable c...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


MSU receives $2.5M for less commonly taught languages

Michigan State University was awarded a four-year, $2.5 million grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to support further development in the research and teaching of less commonly taught languages, with an emphasis on Indigenous languages. This i...

– Michigan State University


Germany Selects German "Ivy League" Universities

On June 19 the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat) selected German's 11 Universities of Excellence to be strengthened with more than €1 billion over the next seven years.

– German Center for Research and Innovation

LifeWire Higher Education Events


38th Annual New Jersey Film Festival Fall 2019 Begins September 13

The Rutgers Film Co-op/New Jersey Media Arts Center, in association with the Rutgers University Program In Cinema Studies, is proud to present the 38th Bi-Annual New Jersey Film Festival Fall 2019. Showcasing new international films, American indepe...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

LifeWire Research Alert


Data science finds the reason for home-team advantage in basketball

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 31-Jul-2019 at 14:00 ET

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