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Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, October 17, 2019

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(35 New)

Science News


Do we trust artificial intelligence agents to mediate conflict? Not entirely

We may listen to facts from Siri or Alexa, or directions from Google Maps or Waze, but would we let a virtual agent enabled by artificial intelligence help mediate conflict among team members? A new study says not just yet.

– University of Southern California (USC)

IEEE International Conference on Robot & Human Interactive Communication

Arts and Humanities


Iowa State artist wants to find ‘what’s good’ in a divided world

Jennifer Drinkwater is interviewing people in Iowa and Mississippi for stories about “what’s good” in their communities. These interviews – and the artwork inspired by the interviewees’ words – are the “What’s Good Project,” which d...

– Iowa State University

Social and Behavioral Sciences


The long road of recovery after spinal cord damage

The U.S. Department of Defense recently awarded researchers from MetroHealth Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University more than $800,000 to study the experiences and needs of veterans and civilians who have suffered spinal cord injuries.

– Case Western Reserve University

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2019 at 05:00 ET


Cultivating Joy through Mindfulness: An Antidote to Opioid Misuse, the Disease of Despair

New research shows that a specific mind-body therapy, Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE), increases the brain’s response to natural, healthy rewards while also decreasing the brain’s response to opioid-related cues.

– University of Utah

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 16-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET

Young Adults Not Seeking Treatment for Substance Use Disorders

A growing number of young adults are dealing with a substance use disorder – in some cases, multiple substance use disorders – and not seeking help, according to a study led by an Iowa State University researcher. The results show two in every fi...

– Iowa State University

Journal of American College Health

Study: "Bottom-Line” Bosses May Invite Unethical Conduct, but Sometimes There’s a Payoff

On National Bosses Day, a study explores what happens when leaders adopt a "bottom-line mentality" at work. The researchers offer a new diagnostic tool to help organizations measure their own ethical climate.

– Rutgers School of Management and Labor Relations (SMLR)

Personnel Psychology; Personnel Psychology

Big Brands Can Handle ‘Fake News’ on Social Media

“Fake news” stories targeting corporations may be obnoxious, but a new study finds that they likely pose little threat to well-established brands.

– North Carolina State University

Journal of Product & Brand Management, Oct-2019

How hunger makes food tastier: a neural circuit in the hypothalamus

Why does everything taste better when we're hungry? According to new findings from the National Institute for Physiological Sciences in Japan, not only does food taste sweeter when our stomachs are rumbling

– National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS)

Nature Communications

Deaf Infants’ Gaze Behavior More Advanced Than That of Hearing Infants

Deaf infants who have been exposed to American Sign Language are better at following an adult’s gaze than their hearing peers, supporting the idea that social-cognitive development is sensitive to different kinds of life experiences.

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Developmental Science

Virtual walking system for re-experiencing the journey of another person

A research team consisting of Professor Michiteru Kitazaki from the Toyohashi University of Technology

– Toyohashi University of Technology


How partisan hate leads people to believe falsehoods

Researchers now have a better idea of why people who rely on partisan news outlets are more likely to believe falsehoods about political opponents.

– Ohio State University

Journal of Communication

Medical Minute: Providers help women cope with pain of infant loss

For women who suffer the devastation of an infant loss during pregnancy, emotions can run the gamut. They may feel guilty, angry or even relieved. No matter the feeling, expressing those emotions plays a big role in adapting to life after such a trag...

– Penn State Health


The 7 types of sugar daddy relationships

It turns out being Sugar Daddy isn't a one-size-fits-all gig. While it occasionally lives up to the stereotype of a wealthy, middle-aged man lavishing gifts and money on a young woman in return for her companionship, there's more to it in the U.S.

– University of Colorado Denver

Sociological Perspectives

Deaf infants more attuned to parent’s visual cues, study shows

A University of Washington-led study finds that Deaf infants exposed to American Sign Language are especially tuned to a parent's eye gaze, itself a social connection between parent and child that is linked to early learning.

– University of Washington

Developmental Science



Study Finds Relationship between Racial Discipline Disparities and Academic Achievement Gaps in U.S. Schools

WASHINGTON, D.C., October 16, 2019—An increase in either the discipline gap or the academic achievement gap between black and white students in the United States predicts a jump in the other, according to a new study published today in AERA Open, a...

– American Educational Research Association (AERA)


Embargo expired on 16-Oct-2019 at 00:00 ET


Read to kids in Spanish. It'll help their English.

Immigrant parents worry their children will struggle learning English and fret that as non-English speakers, they can’t help. A new study in the journal Child Development shows that’s simply not true. Reading to a young child in any language will...

– University of Delaware

Child Development

Developing engineering identity may be key to student success

Students who identify themselves as engineers early in their educational careers are more likely to complete their college degrees. Developing that engineering identity may help increase student diversity.

– South Dakota State University

Law and Public Policy


Innovation and National Security

The United States leads the world in innovation, research, and technology development. Since World War II, the new markets, industries, companies, and military capabilities that emerged from the country’s science and technology commitment have com...

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Independent Task Force Report No. 77, Council on Foreign Relations, September 2019.

includes video

Are Some Urban Settings Riskier for Traffic Injury or Death? We Know Less Than You Think

How risky is travel in the U.S.? It gets tricky. Despite a lot of research on the dangers of traffic injury and death, there’s a lack of clarity on the role of the built environment (roadway designs and adjoining development) and its risk effects. ...

– Florida Atlantic University

Accident Analysis and Prevention

US green economy worth $1.3 trillion per year, but new policies needed to maintain growth

The US green economy is estimated to generate over $1.3 trillion in revenue per year, representing 16.5% of the global green economy, according to a new study by UCL.

– University College London

Palgrave Communications

UC San Diego Researchers Connect Premature Births to Possible Causes in Central California

A research team led by UC San Diego has created an interactive map of preterm births — births before 37 weeks of gestation — and potential environmental and social drivers across Fresno County in Central California.

– University of California San Diego

Journal of Epidemiological Research

The Syrian Conflict: Consequences of U.S. Withdrawal

CFR Conference Call. Steven A. Cook and Gayle Tzemach Lemmon discuss the U.S. decision to withdraw from northeastern Syria and the Turkish response, including implications for the United States’ Kurdish allies in Syria and the future of the Islamic...

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Conference Call, Council on Foreign Relations, October 10, 2019.

Who's Who in Northern Syria?

CFR In Brief by Lindsay Maizland. With Turkey’s latest military offensive, here’s a rundown of the different forces in the region.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Lindsay Maizland, In Brief,, October 11, 2019.


Study reveals complexities and sensitivities in managing the UK’s withdrawal from the EU for border region residents

Brexit is already having an impact on life on both sides of the border. Respondents from the Central Border Region of Ireland/Northern Ireland report economic changes (e.g. job losses, business disinvestment, problems in labour recruitment, insurance...

– Queen's University Belfast

Does age at migration matter when it comes to mental health?

A new study published in The Gerontologist examined whether people who migrate later in life have poorer mental health than those who migrate earlier in life, and whether factors like socioeconomic status, physical health, language skills, and family...

– Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research at Rutgers University

The Gerontologist, Volume 59, Issue 5, October 2019

To Reduce Gun Violence, Lift Roadblocks to Firearm Data

While gun violence in America kills more than 35,000 people a year and as calls for policies to stem the crisis grow, University of Washington researchers point out in a new analysis that barriers to data stand in the way of advancing solutions.

– University of Washington

JAMA, Oct.-2019

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs

Statement of APA President Marking World Poverty Day

Following is the statement of Rosie Phillips Davis, PhD, president of the American Psychological Association, marking World Poverty Day: “World Poverty Day represents an opportunity for us to examine our biases, move beyond our individual selves a...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Embargo expired on 17-Oct-2019 at 00:05 ET

Occupational Medical Society Urges U.S. Congress to Consider Implications for Workplace Safety if Marijuana Is Legalized

As Congress looks at legislative proposals relating to federal marijuana policy, the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM) cautions legislators to avoid piecemeal solutions and to carefully consider the impact of any fed...

– American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)

Legalization of Marijuana – Implications for Workplace Safety

LifeWire Announcement

NIMH funds youth violence prevention research at DePaul University

Psychology researchers at DePaul University have received a $6.6 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to reduce African American youth violence. The project will reach ninth graders in Chicago Public Schools and teach them copin...

– DePaul University


UIC College of Pharmacy honored for diversity, inclusion

The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy has received the 2019 Health Professions Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) Award from INSIGHT Into Diversity magazine.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Babson Named Education Sponsor For AI World Conference & Expo 2019

For the third consecutive year Babson College has been named an education sponsor for AI World Conference and Expo 2019. The event will run October 23-25, 2019, at Seaport World Trade Center, Boston.

– Babson College

Oxford Honors Irish Schools/Trinity College-Dublin Program

At a gala dinner and award ceremony in the historic dining hall at Lady Margaret Hall, one of 38 colleges at Oxford University, CFES Brilliant Pathways CEO & President Rick Dalton recognized 11 Irish schools for their historic accomplishments over th...

– CFES Brilliant Pathways

New Undergraduate Degree in Communication, Media, and Design Offered at Rensselaer

As the contemporary media landscape grows ever more complex, a new undergraduate degree offered by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will provide students with the necessary critical framework to engage with, participate in, and study the media on a g...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Pandemic Exercise Featuring Global Business, Government Leaders to Highlight Preparedness

The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is hosting Event 201, a 3.5-hour multimedia pandemic simulation involving 16 leaders from global businesses, governm...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

University of Oklahoma Scholar Awarded Astronaut Scholarship

Emily Thomas, of Chickasha, Oklahoma, a junior biomedical engineering major in the Gallogly College of Engineering at the University of Oklahoma, was named a member of the 2019 Astronaut Scholar Class. Thomas is one of 52 scholars from 38 universitie...

– University of Oklahoma, Gallogly College of Engineering

The Science of Big Data

The University of Utah’s School of Computing, which is under the College of Engineering, has developed a new bachelor’s of science degree in data science that addresses all aspects of compiling, organizing and analyzing data. It is one of only a ...

– University of Utah

Bachelor’s of Science Degree in Data Science





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