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Newswise LifeWire
Thursday, October 31, 2019

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(42 New)
 

Arts and Humanities

30-Oct-2019


Too real, or too fake? Female Instagram influencers in ‘authenticity bind’

Female Instagram influencers – whose livelihoods depend on their numbers of followers, views and likes – endure criticism and harassment both for being too real and for seeming too fake, according to a new study from Cornell University.

– Cornell University

International Journal of Communication


Lessons from “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” on How to be a “Good Neighbor”

The film, A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood, starring Tom Hanks as Rogers, is scheduled for release next month. Louis Benjamin Rolsky, a part-time lecturer in Rutgers University– New Brunswick’s Department of Religious Studies in the School of ...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick


Lost Lou Reed Recording for Andy Warhol Discovered by Cornell Musicologist

Twelve previously unreleased songs by Hall of Fame artist Lou Reed have been discovered on a cassette tape from 1975, stored in the archives of the Andy Warhol Museum.

– Cornell University

Social and Behavioral Sciences

30-Oct-2019


Statements About Immigrants in Trump’s Presidential Campaign Linked to US Latino Populations Feeling Unsafe

These immigration statements may also be linked to undocumented Latino immigrants’ reticence to access emergency healthcare

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 30-Oct-2019 at 14:00 ET


Study: Teens who have a loving relationship with their mother are less likely to enter abusive relationships

A mother’s warmth and acceptance toward her teenagers may help prevent those children from being in an abusive relationship later in life, even if her own marriage is contentious, according to a new University at Buffalo study.

– University at Buffalo

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Oct-2019


The danger of great gift expectations

In the coming months, the pressure to find gifts for loved ones, co-workers and other acquaintances will mount for many people as the holidays approach, and these purchases can add up quickly.

– Society for Consumer Psychology

Journal of Consumer Psychology


For teens, multitasking makes them feel better – and worse

Multitasking makes adolescents feel both more positively and more negatively about the main task they’re trying to accomplish, a new study finds.

– Ohio State University

Human Communication Research


Well Living Lab study shows cognitive performance of office workers improves when windows provide access to daylight, view

New research from the Well Living Lab, a Delos™ and Mayo Clinic collaboration, shows that office areas with windows, which provide people with natural light and views of the outdoors, improve workers' cognitive performance and satisfaction with the...

– Mayo Clinic

Building and Environment


UAH psychology researchers probe how juries evaluate informant testimony

Why does psychological research show a jury bias toward believing snitches? A UAH trio's insights have proven valuable to defense attorneys, and they've written a chapter in a new book on the subject.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Innocence Project


Trick or Treat Safely with Tips from the American Fitness Index®

Halloween can be a fun holiday for the whole family! The American Fitness® Index offers these safety tips to keep trick-or-treaters and party goers safe!

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

29-Oct-2019


Severe Alcohol Problems Predicted Among Heavy-Drinking College Students using Behavioral Economics

Most people drink less in situations where there are constraints on alcohol use. The sensitivity of alcohol use to the constraint of drink price can be assessed using an ‘alcohol purchase task’, whereby individuals specify how many drinks they wo...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 29-Oct-2019 at 10:00 ET


Whether a fashion model or not, some body image concerns are universal

When researchers from UCLA and the Laureate Institute for Brain Research in Tulsa, Oklahoma, wanted to test an app they created to measure body image perception, they went to the body image experts — fashion models.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

JMIR Mental Health

Embargo expired on 29-Oct-2019 at 10:45 ET


Teens with Autism Can Master Daily Living Skills When Parents Teach, Reach for iPads

Daily tasks can be difficult for some people with autism because they often involve sequential steps. Since people with autism are strong visual learners, a study examined if parents could help their teens learn using portable, mainstream devices lik...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders


When money is scarce, biased behavior happens faster

Discrimination may happen faster than the blink of an eye, especially during periods of economic scarcity, according to a new study from Cornell University.

– Cornell University

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Does Crime Really Rise During a Full Moon?

Noting that anecdotal beliefs can affect public policies and practices, a "pracademics" team from the NYU Marron Institute of Urban Management worked with public safety personnel to expore the axiom that crime rises with a full moon, and found no evi...

– New York University


Shaping a Contemporary Research Strategy for HIV

To end the HIV epidemic in the US, the use of behavioral and social science research—combined with biomedical strategies—is essential, according to a series of new papers in JAIDS. The 15 article supplement was co-edited by two faculty members in...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes; P30 AI 045008; P30 MH 097488; R13 HD 074468


Faith, Truth and Forgiveness: How Your Brain Processes Abstract Thoughts

Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have leveraged machine learning to interpret human brain scans, allowing the team to uncover the regions of the brain behind how abstract concepts,

– Carnegie Mellon University

Cerebral Cortex


Exerting self-control does not mean sacrificing pleasure

Choosing to eat chocolate cake instead of carrot sticks does not equal a lack of self-control, according to new research co-authored by a Cass Business School academic.

– City University London

Journal of Consumer Psychology


New study advocates a positive approach to school safety

...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences

28-Oct-2019


Narcissism Might Be a Dark Trait but It Can Lower Stress Levels and Reduce Chances of Depression

People who have grandiose narcissistic traits are more likely to be ‘mentally tough’, feel less stressed and are less vulnerable to depression, research led by Queen’s University Belfast has found.

– Queen's University Belfast

Personality and Individual Differences; European Psychiatry; Mental Toughness Symposium,November 15

Embargo expired on 28-Oct-2019 at 19:05 ET


How much do obesity and addictions overlap?

A large analysis of personality studies has found that people with obesity behave somewhat like people with addictions to alcohol or drugs. But obesity is also a complex condition that cannot be fully explained by the addiction model.

– The Neuro - Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital

Nature Human Behaviour, Oct. 28, 2019

Embargo expired on 28-Oct-2019 at 12:00 ET


Screening tool studied by UTHealth helps first responders report elder abuse

Medical first responders in a North Texas community are playing a part in combating the nationwide problem of underreported elder abuse, thanks to a tool that’s helping them identify and report potential cases of abuse while on emergency calls for ...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, January 2019; R01AG059993


Teen marijuana use may have next-generation effects

A new study by the University of Washington’s Social Development Research Group shows how a parent’s use of marijuana, past or present, can influence their child's substance use and well-being.

– University of Washington

Psychology of Addictive Behaviors


Innovative tool analyzes all 22,000 tweets from 2016 Republican presidential candidates

Donald Trump’s Twitter activity during the 2016 presidential primaries was largely comprised of tweets about performance, style, personal attacks and his standing in the polls. Researchers call this type of political messaging a strategy frame. I...

– University at Buffalo

International Journal of Communication

Education

29-Oct-2019


Text-based “Nudges” to High School Seniors from School Counselors Boost Financial Aid Filing, College Enrollment

High school seniors who receive texted reminders—or “nudges”—from their school counselors are 17 percent more likely to complete the college financial aid application process and 8 percent more likely to enroll in college directly after gradu...

– American Educational Research Association (AERA)

Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis


Should preschool writing be more communication and less ABCs?

Writing instruction in early education should be about more than letter formation and penmanship, argue Michigan State University researchers who found preschool teachers don't often encourage writing for communication purposes.

– Michigan State University

Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education

Law and Public Policy

30-Oct-2019


Research Debunks Myth of Super Bowl Sex Trafficking, Improves Media Narrative

For years news outlets have tied major sporting events to an increase in sex trafficking, but researchers have now revealed that assumption is a myth and that misleading news stories foster distorted views and misguided interventions that do not redu...

– University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin)

Anti-Trafficking Review


Why It Matters: The Big Red Button

A U.S. president can launch a first-strike nuclear attack at any time and, according to the law, does not need to seek advice first. Some experts think that’s too much power to put in one person’s hands.

– Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Gabrielle Sierra,

29-Oct-2019


Improving governance is key for adaptive capacity

Governance in climate vulnerable countries will take decades to improve, substantially impeding the ability of nations to adapt to climate change and affecting billions of people globally, according to new research published in Nature Sustainability....

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Nature Sustainability


Evidence of humans, not 'bots,' key to uncovering disinformation campaigns

Political disinformation campaigns on social media threaten to sway political outcomes, from U.S. elections to Hong Kong protests, yet are often hard to detect.

– University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Political Communication

28-Oct-2019


Viable alternatives to trophy hunting exist, say scientists

A recent letter in Science cited a lack of alternatives to trophy hunting. The authors suggested that bans on imports of hunting trophies would undermine biodiversity conservation efforts

– University of Hong Kong

Science

LifeWire Policy and Public Affairs


U.S. House of Representatives Supports the Health of Our Nation by Passing Title VIII Nursing Workforce Reauthorization

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) commends the U.S. House of Representatives for unanimously passing H.R. 728, the Title VIII Nursing Workforce Reauthorization Act of 2019. This overwhelming support represents an important step t...

– American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN)

LifeWire Announcement


Medicine, Media & Patients: A New Professional Language

Panel to Convene at Annual Medical conference at NIAF

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)

Medicine, Media, and Patients: a new professional language


Tuninetti named 2019 Singer Professor in the Humanities

Ángel Tuninetti is a passionate advocate for the importance of the humanities in higher education and society. He has been named the 2019 Singer Professor in the Humanities, recognizing his dedication and commitment to the study of the Spanish langu...

– West Virginia University - Eberly College of Arts and Sciences


Admiral John Richardson joins WHOI Board

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is pleased to announce that Admiral John Richardson recently joined the WHOI Board of Trustees. Richardson, a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, retired from his position as the 31st Chief of Nava...

– Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


Hackensack Meridian Health Partners with Point Pleasant Borough School District to Combat Youth Vaping

Hackensack Meridian Health, New Jersey’s largest and most comprehensive health network, conducted its first Take Vape Away symposium, partnering with the Point Pleasant Borough School District to alert adolescents and adults about the dangers of va...

– Hackensack Meridian Health


Sen. Sanders Lauds New Partnership Focused on Increasing College and Career Readiness

Four Vermont schools have joined CFES Brilliant Pathways’ growing network of programs across the US and Ireland in support of students becoming college and career ready. The addition of the Vermont schools supports a statewide initiative known as A...

– CFES Brilliant Pathways


Olin College Awarded Grant to Expand Public Interest Work

Olin College received a grant from the Public Interest Technology University Network (PIT-UN) to expand its work in public interest technology. With the funds from the grant, Olin will launch a student-led Public Interest Technology Clinic named PInT...

– Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering


UVA Darden Joins Local, State Partners to Launch Central Virginia Startup Accelerator

Catalyst, a newly launched accelerator serving startups in Central Virginia, has announced seven local companies for its inaugural cohort, including one founded by two Class of 2020 University of Virginia Darden School of Business students.

– University of Virginia Darden School of Business

University of Virginia Darden School of Business

LifeWire Higher Education Events


An “Evening of Denial” to Feature Advocates and Experts on the Impact of the Rejection of Scientific Knowledge—Nov. 4

New York University will host a “An Evening of Denial,” a panel discussion centering on the rejection of scientific knowledge, on Mon., Nov. 4.

– New York University


“Writing Lost and Found,” Part of New York Review of Books Classics Series—Nov. 7 Panel Discussion

The New York Institute for the Humanities will host “Writing Lost and Found: How Books Disappear and Are Rediscovered,” a panel discussion featuring Joan Acocella, Robyn Creswell, Edwin Frank, and Jenny McPhee, on Thurs., Nov. 7.

– New York University


SUNY and CUNY Chancellors Convene National Conference at UAlbany to Explore Disaster Preparedness, Recovery, and Response In Face of Climate Change

The University at Albany is hosting a national conference designed to explore ways that higher education institutions can strengthen disaster preparedness, response, and recovery efforts in an era of increasingly extreme weather caused by climate cha...

– University at Albany, State University of New York

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