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Thursday, August 13, 2020

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Life
(38 New)
 

Arts and Humanities

12-Aug-2020


A historian's 40-year quest to retrace the extraordinary life of activist Mary Talbert

A century separates the lives of these two women, but they share much in common: Both are educators and community activists. Both are deeply committed to the fight for social justice. Both are tireless in their work.

– University at Buffalo

Social and Behavioral Sciences

12-Aug-2020


A Novel Strategy for Quickly Identifying Twitter Trolls

Two algorithms that account for distinctive use of repeated words and word pairs require as few as 50 tweets to accurately distinguish deceptive “troll” messages from those posted by public figures.

– PLOS

PLOS ONE

Embargo expired on 12-Aug-2020 at 14:00 ET


When you’re smiling, the whole world really does smile with you

From Sinatra to Katy Perry, celebrities have long sung about the power of a smile – how it picks you up, changes your outlook, and generally makes you feel better. But is it all smoke and mirrors, or is there a scientific backing to the claim? Grou...

– University of South Australia

Experimental Psychology; Grant NCN 2012/04/A/HS6/058; Nos. 17J05236 and 19K14482; JSPS KAKENHI Nos. 15H05709, 17H00875, 18H04199, and 18K12015; PGC2018-098558-B-I00; H2019/HUM-5705

Embargo expired on 12-Aug-2020 at 18:00 ET


Fear of stricter regulations spurs gun sales after mass shootings, new analysis suggests

It's commonly known that gun sales go up after a mass shooting, but two competing hypotheses have been put forth to explain why that's the case: is it because people fear more violence and want to protect themselves, or is it because mass shootings t...

– Cell Press

Patterns


Low Leadership Quality Predicts High Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence

Low leadership quality, as rated by employees, is a risk factor for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the workforce, according to a study in the August Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

– Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine


SDSU professor finds after-hours cannabis use has no impact on workplace performance

Although it has become increasingly accepted for medical and recreational use, cannabis is still considered among one of the most widely used illegal substances in the United States and in many European countries.

– San Diego State University

Group and Organization Management


Evolutionary theory of economic decisions

Making decisions in the face of uncertainty has never been easy.

– Stanford University

Evolutionary Human Sciences


Young children would rather explore than get rewards

Young children will pass up rewards they know they can collect to explore other options, a new study suggests.

– Ohio State University

Developmental Science


MTSU, Texas State professors posit pandemic offers 'largest criminological experiment in history'

In a research paper published in the American Journal of Criminal Justice, Ben Stickle, an associate professor of criminal justice administration, posits that the novel coronavirus tragedy presents a unique opportunity for a “randomized control tri...

– Middle Tennessee State University

American Journal of Criminal Justice, Jun-2020


Book examines influence of racism on voting rights

There is greater awareness today of structural racism in the U.S., but Americans are still split on the impact it has on the voting rights of underrepresented groups, according to a new book that examines the history of hostility toward Latinos and h...

– Iowa State University

American Journal of Political Science


Research suggests bias against natural hair limits job opportunities for black women

New research suggests Black women with natural hairstyles, such as curly afros, braids or twists, are often perceived as less professional than Black women with straightened hair, particularly in industries where norms dictate a more conservative app...

– Duke University

Social Psychological and Personality Science


How anxiety--and hope--can drive new product adoption

Researchers from University of New South Wales, University of Southern California, and Imperial College London published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that analyzes how varying levels of hope and anxiety about outcomes from new products aff...

– American Marketing Association (AMA)

Journal of Marketing


USC Center for the Digital Future study finds huge gaps in views based on political beliefs on alternatives to traditional voting; half want changes in political conventions

A majority of Americans say national elections need to change because of the COVID-19 pandemic, including broad support for voting by mail and online political conventions, reports a new study by the USC Center for the Digital Future.

– USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism

11-Aug-2020


Misogyny expert: Male entitlement hurts women, girls

Boys and men unfairly benefit from a system of gendered norms and expectations that are enforced by misogyny, according to misogyny expert Kate Manne.

– Cornell University

Entitled: How Male Privilege Hurts Women


Economists conclude opioid crisis responsible for millions of children living apart from parents

Affiliates with Notre Dame’s Wilson Sheehan Lab for Economic Opportunities found that greater exposure to the opioid crisis increases the chance that a child’s mother or father is absent from the household and increases the likelihood that he or ...

– University of Notre Dame

National Bureau of Economic Research


Demographics data helps predict NY flood insurance claims

In flood-prone areas of the Hudson River valley in New York state, census areas with more white and affluent home owners tend to file a higher percentage of flood insurance claims than lower-income, minority residents, according to a new study.

– Cornell University

Journal of Environmental Management, July-2020


NAU professors examine the role racial disparities play in mortality rates of rural, urban residents

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers collected nationally representative data from 3,131 U.S. counties between 1968-2016, and looked at historical trends in death rates between older black and white adults living in different communities.

– Northern Arizona University

JAMA Network Open, Aug-2020


Jealous feelings can act as a tool to strengthen friendships

Jealousy can be important for maintaining friendships, which are crucial to physical and emotional health. A study conducted by scientists at Arizona State University, Oklahoma State University, and Hamilton College found feelings of jealousy were se...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Untapped potential for TikTok to convey COVID-19 guidance

Research published in DeGruyter's International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health suggests TikTok is rich with untapped educational potential.

– De Gruyter

International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health


NYC shoppers 4 times more likely to frequent stores adhering to social distance guidelines

New York City residents are four times more likely to choose a store where shoppers respect 6 feet of distancing than one where no one is social distancing, according to a Cornell University experiment using 3D simulation.

– Cornell University


Anthropology professor finds evidence of wine, caffeine in 500-year-old pottery

From suburbia to cities across the globe, caffeine and wine are often a source of collective comfort: the first for a morning pick-me-up, the latter to unwind. Now a Wichita State University professor has discovered evidence to suggest that even our ...

– Wichita State University

Journal of Archeological Science

10-Aug-2020


Knowledge is Power: Learning More About COVID-19 Can Reduce Your Pandemic Stress

A new study finds that the more people know about COVID-19, the less pandemic-related stress they have. The study also found that making plans to reduce stress was also effective for older adults – but not for adults in their 40s or younger.

– North Carolina State University

Journals of Gerontology: Series B


Fighting like cats and dogs?

Animal behaviour scientists from the University of Lincoln, UK, have discovered that filling your home with appeasing pheromones could be the key to a happy household where both dogs and cats are living under the same roof.

– University of Lincoln

Frontiers in Veterinary Science


Tulane researchers studying rise in intimate partner violence amid COVID-19 pandemic

Tulane mental health experts say many of the strategies that are critical to ensuring public health are having a major impact on families experiencing intimate partner violence., also known as IPV.

– Tulane University

Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy


New model shows how voting behavior can drive political parties apart

If voters gravitate toward the center of the political spectrum, why are the parties drifting farther apart? A new model reveals a mechanism for increased polarization in U.S. politics, guided by the idea of "satisficing"-- that people will settle fo...

– Santa Fe Institute

SIAM Review

Education

11-Aug-2020


School spending cuts? Citizens prefer teachers and administrators to take the hit during economic crises

With schools around the world looking into various cost-cutting measures in the midst of the COVID-10 pandemic, new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York reveals that citizens prefer teachers and administrative staff to be...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Educational Studies, July-2020

10-Aug-2020


Successful school instruction is digital - but not exclusively

Secondary school students perform better in natural sciences and mathematics and are more motivated when digital tools are used in instruction.

– Technical University of Munich

Computers & Education

Law and Public Policy

13-Aug-2020


Examining Congress members' popularity on Instagram

With a "virtual campaign season" underway due to the COVID-19 pandemic, social media platforms will be a particularly important way for candidates to build a following and connect with voters.

– Dickinson College

Online Information Review

12-Aug-2020


Research finds TSA may have missed thousands of firearms at checkpoints in 2014-2016

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has reported that it found 4,432 firearms in carry-on baggage at airport security checkpoints in 2019, and more than 20,000 firearms since 2014.

– Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)

INFORMS Journal on Applied Analytics

11-Aug-2020


California Voters: ‘Release and Implement the Master Plan for Aging as Part of COVID-19 Response’

Over the past months, the COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally shaken the nation’s social, demographic, political, economic, and health care landscapes with more than 4.8 million cases and 157,631 deaths nationally as of August 6.

– The SCAN Foundation

Office of Governor GAVIN NEWSOM; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC covid data tracker 2020


New research shows popular opinion impacts the ‘imperial presidency’

Doug Kriner, professor of government at Cornell University, is the co-author of the recently published book “The Myth of the Imperial Presidency: How Public Opinion Checks the Unilateral Executive,” which contains analysis of unilateral president...

– Cornell University

“The Myth of the Imperial Presidency: How Public Opinion Checks the Unilateral Executive”


New book explores four major threats to US democracy

In their new book, “Four Threats: The Recurring Crises of American Democracy,” Suzanne Mettler, professor of government at Cornell University, and Robert Lieberman, professor of political science at Johns Hopkins University, not only assert that ...

– Cornell University

Four Threats: The Recurring Crises of American Democracy

10-Aug-2020


What the rest of the world can learn from South Korea's COVID-19 response

CU Denver researcher investigates how South Korean policy enabled the country to flatten the curve without economic disaster

– University of Colorado Denver

The American Review of Public Administration

LifeWire Announcement


Partnership With Vicarious Visions To Boost Gaming Education and Events at Rensselaer

A new agreement will formalize a long-standing relationship between two pivotal players in the Capital Region gaming industry: the Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences (GSAS) program at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Vicarious Visions, the pr...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)


Group is established to connect, inspire and empower UCI women in technology

Irvine, Calif., Aug. 12, 2020 — To connect, inspire and empower women working, researching and teaching in technology-related fields across campus, the University of California, Irvine has established a new diversity affinity group, Women in Techno...

– University of California, Irvine


NYU Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Launches Indigenous and Diasporic Language COVID-19 PSA Series

The NYU Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies has launched “Conversemos COVID-19” (“Let’s Talk COVID-19”), an initiative aimed at offering information about the pandemic in various indigenous and diasporic languages widely spoken ...

– New York University


Rutgers Dean Receives Award for Acclaimed Book on Realities and Challenges Faced by Three Generations of Gay Men

Rutgers School of Public Health Dean, Perry N. Halkitis, has received the Distinguished Book Award from the American Psychological Association’s Society for the Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity for Out in Time: The Public Lives...

– Rutgers School of Public Health


Free ArtPlay workshops for teachers will share tips for virtual teaching Aug. 11, Aug. 17

When musical theater and visual arts summer camps went online at the University of Alabama at Birmingham this summer, staff did not know what to expect. The award-winning camps, presented by UAB’s ArtPlay, are always popular, to the point of sellin...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

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