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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Monday, September 25, 2017

Public Edition |

(54 New)

Medical News


Brain Guides Body Much Sooner Than Previously Believed

The brain plays an active and essential role much earlier than previously thought, according to new research from Tufts University scientists which shows that long before movement or other behaviors occur, the brain of an embryonic frog influences mu...

– Tufts University

Nature Communications, Sept 25, 2017; Allen Discovery Center program through The Paul G. Allen Frontiers Group; W. M. Keck Foundation; G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Charitable Foundation...

Embargo expired on 25-Sep-2017 at 05:00 ET

MRI Contrast Agent Locates and Distinguishes Aggressive From Slow-Growing Breast Cancer

A new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent being tested by researchers at Case Western Reserve University not only pinpoints breast cancers at early stages but differentiates between aggressive and slow-growing types.

– Case Western Reserve University

Nature Communications; Sept.-2017

Embargo expired on 25-Sep-2017 at 05:00 ET

Electronic Triage Tool Improves Patient Care in Emergency Departments

When a patient arrives in any emergency department, one of the first steps in their care process is triage, an opportunity for a care team member to identify critically ill patients and assign priority treatment levels.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Annals of Emergency Medicine; R21HS023641

New Published Research in October's MSSE Journal

Latest Research From ACSM

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

Thinking ‘Out-of-the-box’ May Build a Better Brain and Prevent Dementia

With disease-modifying treatment trials for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) currently unsuccessful and only medications to treat symptoms available, what now? A leading neuroscientist has developed the “Dementia Prevention Initiative,” which abandons ...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


Adding Radiation to Chemotherapy May Dramatically Improve Survival for Advanced-Stage NSCLC Patients

Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy for patients with limited metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may curb disease progression dramatically when compared to NSCLC patients who only receive chemotherapy, according to a new randomiz...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 24-Sep-2017 at 16:00 ET

Distress associated with missed appointments and hospital admission during cancer treatment

Psychological distress has long been associated with negative health outcomes for cancer patients, though specific reasons remain unclear.

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 24-Sep-2017 at 16:15 ET

Long-Term Survival Rates More Than Double Previous Estimates for Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Long-term results of a phase III clinical trial indicate that survival rates for patients receiving chemoradiation for unresectable, locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be more than twice as high as previous estimates.

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 24-Sep-2017 at 16:00 ET

Study at Urban Cancer Center Finds 75 Percent of Its Depressed Patients Were Previously Undiagnosed

A new study of patients at an urban cancer center points to a potentially serious problem that may limit the impact of clinical cancer care—undiagnosed depression.

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 24-Sep-2017 at 16:15 ET

Radiation-Immunotherapy Combination Can Slow Tumor Growth for Some Patients with Metastatic Late-Stage Cancer

A new study involving patients with stage IV cancer finds that treatment with radiation therapy and immunotherapy can halt the growth of tumors by stimulating the body’s immune system to attack the cancer.

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 24-Sep-2017 at 16:00 ET

International Trial Confirms Safety, Effectiveness of High-Dose Brachytherapy Plus Pelvic Radiation for Cervical Cancer

Findings from a new multicenter, international clinical trial confirm the effectiveness of high-dose brachytherapy, or internal radiation therapy, for managing locally advanced cervical cancer. Tumor control was significantly better following four fr...

– American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)

ASTRO Annual Meeting, Sep-2017


A New NYC Epilepsy Unit, Cost of Premature Births, ACA Repeal Headaches, and More in the Healthcare News Source

The latest research, features and announcements in healthcare in the Healthcare News Source

– Newswise

Families of ECMO Survivors for Heart Conditions Report Favorable Quality of Life

One of the few large studies to report long-term outcomes in cardiac patients treated in childhood with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has found overall favorable outcomes among survivors, as reported by families. ECMO provides short-term...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Aug. 2017

Researchers Describe Mechanism That Underlies Age-Associated Bone Loss

A major health problem in older people is age-associated osteoporosis — the thinning of bone and the loss of bone density that increases the risk of fractures. Researchers have now detailed an underlying mechanism leading to that osteoporosis.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences; AR-044741; DE-023813; AR-070135

Can Gardening Prevent Cancer?

Public health researchers, armed with a $1 million American Cancer Society grant, have launched one of the first randomized controlled trials ever to study the physical and psychological benefits of community gardening.

– University of Colorado Boulder

How a Double Lung Transplant Saved the Life of a New Mom

Cystic fibrosis patient Fanny Vlahos was pregnant when she caught pneumonia and her lung function declined drastically. By the time her son was four months old, Mrs. Vlahos was tethered to an oxygen tank and too weak to pick him up. But a double lung...

– Loyola University Health System

Is Sitting Really ‘the New Smoking?’

It’s a popular catchphrase: “Sitting is the new smoking.” A phrase that is often attributed to James A. Levine, MD, PhD, of the Mayo Clinic, but even he seems to have pulled back from that characterization a little.

– Texas A&M University

Effective Help Is Available for Migraine Sufferers

Although it’s the third most prevalent illness in the world, migraine is widely misunderstood and frequently undiagnosed. Until quite recently a common “remedy” for migraine was to lie in a dark room and wait for the pain to pass. But today the...

Expert Available

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

An Age-Old Question: When Do You Need a Geriatrician?

There’s no right age to switch to a geriatric specialist, but there are guidelines that can help determine whether a geriatrician – a physician who specializes in the healthcare needs of people who are aging – is the right choice for you or you...

Expert Available

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


Air Pollution May Have Damaging Effects on the Kidneys

• In a study of US veterans, researchers found a linear relationship between air pollution levels and risk of experiencing kidney function decline and of developing kidney disease or kidney failure.

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN)

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 17:00 ET

Study Reveals High Rates of Opioid Prescriptions and Excessive Dosing in Dialysis Patients

• From 2006 to 2010, almost two thirds of US dialysis patients received at least one opioid prescription every year and >20% received chronic prescriptions. • More than 25% of dialysis patients using opioids received doses exceeding recommendati...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN)

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 17:00 ET

Locking Down the Big Bang of Immune Cells

Scientists have found that ignored pieces of DNA play a critical role in the development of immune cells (T cells). These areas activate a change in the structure of DNA that brings together crucial elements necessary for T cell formation. This “bi...

– University of California San Diego

Cell, Sep-2017

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 12:00 ET

Being Active Saves Lives Whether a Gym Workout, Walking to Work or Washing the Floor

The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, led by the Population Health Research Institute of McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, shows any activity is good for people to meet the current guideline of 30 minutes of activity ...

– McMaster University

The Lancet

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 18:30 ET

Targeting a Binding Protein in Mutated p53 Could Yield New Cancer Treatment Strategies

Research by Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey investigators shows the targeting of a binding protein of mutant p53 known as Rac1 could lead to new therapeutic strategies for patients whose cancer carries mutations in the p53 gene.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Genes & Development, Sept-2017

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 17:00 ET

Fitbits Could Lead to Negative Impact on Pupils’ Well-Being, Study Finds

Pupils in secondary schools are reluctant to see fitness and health tracking devices such as Fitbits introduced into Physical Exercise lessons in schools and the device could potentially cause a negative impact on students’ overall well-being, rese...

– University of Birmingham

Sport, Education and Society, Sept-2017

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 19:05 ET

EMBARGOED AJPH Research: Sugar-Sweetened Soda and Weight, Gun Retailers as Partners for Suicide Prevention, Twitter as Predictor of Health Outcomes, Changing Nutrition Patterns in Chinese Social Classes

In this month’s release, find new embargoed research on sugar-sweetened soda and weight, gun retailers and suicide prevention, Twitter as predictor of health outcomes and changing nutrition patterns in China

– American Public Health Association (APHA)

American Journal of Public Health AJPH

Embargo expired on 21-Sep-2017 at 16:00 ET

Breathing Dirty Air May Harm Kidneys

Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. Scientists culled national VA da...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Implant-Specific Blood Metal Ion Levels Can Effectively Identify Patients at Low Risk of Adverse Reactions after 'Metal on Metal' Hip Replacement

Patients with "metal on metal" (MoM) artificial hips are at risk of complications caused by adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD). A study in the September 20, 2017 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery confirms that blood metal .

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery

Flu Vaccine Used in Elderly May Benefit Middle-Aged Adults with Chronic Conditions

Expanding the high-dose influenza vaccine recommendation to include middle-aged adults with chronic health conditions may make economic sense and save lives. The findings may justify for clinical trials of the high-dose and new recombinant trivalent ...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Vaccine; R01GM111121

Scientists Restore Tumor-Fighting Structure to Mutated Breast Cancer Proteins

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have successfully determined the full architecture of the breast cancer susceptibility protein (BRCA1) for the first time. This three-dimensional information provides a potential pathway to ...

– Virginia Tech

Science Advances

New Yorkers Worried About Health Care Costs, Less About Quality of Care

High cost is by far the most important health care issue for New Yorkers, and their concern about it is growing. In a recent survey of a representative sample of New York state residents, 58 percent said the high cost of health care is their biggest ...

– Cornell University

Cornell Institute for Healthy Futures

Drug Combination May Improve Impact of Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer

Checkpoint inhibitor-based immunotherapy has been shown to be very effective in recurrent and metastatic head and neck cancer but only in a minority of patients. University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers may have found a way t...

– University of California San Diego Health

JCI Insights

Investigators May Unlock Mystery of How Staph Cells Dodge the Body’s Immune System, Allowing Patients to Be Infected Again and Again

For years, medical investigators have tried and failed to develop vaccines for a type of staph bacteria associated with the deadly superbug MRSA. But a new study by Cedars-Sinai investigators shows how staph cells evade the body’s immune system, o...

– Cedars-Sinai

Cell Host & Microbe

Studies Inconsistent on When Concussed Students Should Return to Learn, Policies and Protocols May Be Needed

Reintegration into school has been a noticeably neglected area of focus in concussion research, particularly in comparison to research on return-to-play. When and how a student should be fully integrated into the classroom are just two questions UAB ...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Rehabilitation Psychology, Sept-2017

Study Shows Diet and Exercise Improve Treatment Outcomes for Obese Pediatric Cancer Patients

Diet and exercise may improve treatment outcomes in pediatric cancer patients, according to a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Pediatrics Research

Exosomes are the Missing Link to Insulin Resistance in Diabetes

Chronic tissue inflammation resulting from obesity is an underlying cause of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. But the mechanism by which this occurs has remained cloaked, until now. In a paper, University of California San Diego School of Medi...

– University of California San Diego Health


New Wayne State Research Findings Offers Hope to People with Fibromyalgia

A novel psychological therapy that encourages addressing emotional experiences related to trauma, conflict and relationship problems has been found helpful for people with the chronic pain condition fibromyalgia. A research team led by Mark A. Lumley...

– Wayne State University Division of Research

Pain, Sept-2017

Unique Gene Therapy Prevents, Reverses Multiple Sclerosis in Animal Model

Multiple sclerosis can be inhibited or reversed using a novel gene therapy technique that stops the disease’s immune response in mouse models, University of Florida Health researchers have found.

– University of Florida

Molecular Therapy, Sept-2017

Find the Expert You Need in the Newswise Expert Directory

Need an expert in a hurry? Need to pitch an expert in a hurry? Find experts and manage your experts in the Newswise Expert Directory. Our database of experts is growing daily. Search by institution, name, subject, keywords, and place.

– Newswise

When Good Immune Cells Turn Bad

Investigators at CHLA have identified the molecular pathway used to foster neuroblastoma and demonstrated use of a clinically available agent, ruxolitinib, to block the pathway.

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

Oncotarget, September 2017; CDMRP10669916; W81XWH-12-1-0571; 5U54CA163117

Trusted Messages Key to Counter Community Concerns During Disease Outbreak

Utilizing messages focused on images created by local artists and written information communicated through local dialects proved essential to counter misperceptions during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, according to a study conducted in part by ...

– University of Louisville

PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Personality Changes Don't Precede Clinical Onset of Alzheimer's

Findings of a new and comprehensive study from FSU College of Medicine Associate Professor Antonio Terracciano and colleagues, published today in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, has found no evidence to support the idea that personality changes begin be...

– Florida State University

JAMA Psychiatry

Researchers Find Flint’s Water Crisis Led to Fewer Babies and Higher Fetal Death Rates

An estimated 275 fewer children were born in Flint, Michigan, while the city was using lead-contaminated water from the Flint River, according to findings by researchers from West Virginia University and the University of Kansas.

– West Virginia University

Working Paper

Importance of Lifetime Care for Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients

Alabama Adult Congenital Heart Disease Director Mark Cribbs, M.D.In the last decade, the number of adults living with congenital heart disease began exceeding the number of children living with congenital heart disease, even as treatments improved....

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Science and Health News Tips from Johns Hopkins

These news tips, from stories in the fall 2017 issue of Johns Hopkins Magazine, include an engineer/fisherman's idea for a "smart" lure and the need for a really high SPF sunscreen for a new solar probe.

– Johns Hopkins University

Novel Knee Surgery Utilizes Patient’s Regrown Cartilage Cells

Vanderbilt’s Scott Arthur, M.D., recently performed the state’s first knee surgery using a newly approved implant containing a patient’s regrown cartilage cells.

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center

MedWire Policy and Public Affairs

STS Calls on Lawmakers to Make Patients a Priority

The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) is once again urging members of the Senate to ensure that patient access to high quality health care is a priority when considering health reform plans.

– The Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Tri-Regulator Collaborative Releases Position Statements Addressing Electronic Health Records, Practitioner Burnout

The Tri-Regulator Collaborative, which represents the governing boards of the three organizations representing the state boards that license physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and pharmacists – the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB), ...

– Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB)

MedWire Announcements

“Top Docs” Raise the Bar at UC San Diego Health

More than 100 physicians from UC San Diego Health were named “Top Docs” in the annual <i>San Diego Magazine</i> “Physicians of Exceptional Excellence” annual survey. These physicians represent 45 diverse specialties, from infectious disease, ...

– University of California San Diego Health

UTSW Lung Cancer Researcher Named NCI Outstanding Investigator

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has selected UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer researcher Dr. Ralph DeBerardinis to receive its prestigious Outstanding Investigator Award. The award includes annual funding of $600,000 for seven years to suppo...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Penn First in World to Treat Patient with New Radiation Technology

Doctors at Penn Medicine have become the first in the world to treat a patient with a new treatment platform designed to streamline the way therapeutic radiation is delivered to cancer patients.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Mount Sinai Queens Opens a Satellite of the Head and Neck and Thyroid Institute

Patients in Queens now have access to high quality, advanced medical care for a wide range of ear, nose, and throat (ENT) conditions at Mount Sinai Doctors Queens

– Mount Sinai Health System

A Dedicated Epilepsy Unit Opens at NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn

NYU Langone Hospital – Brooklyn has opened a new state-of-the-art Epilepsy Unit to address the immense community need for epilepsy care.

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn

MedWire Higher Education Events

Nation’s Experts in Hematologic Malignancies to Discuss Latest Treatment Advances and Examine Patient Cases during NCCN 12th Annual Congress

NCCN 12th Annual Congress: Hematologic Malignancies™ will be held October 6 – 7, 2017 in San Francisco, California, and features a new Nursing Forum.

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

12th Annual Congress: Hematologic Malignancies™





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