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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Monday, November 13, 2017

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(52 New)
 

Medical News

13-Nov-2017


Scientists Discover New Mechanisms That Bacteria Use to Protect Themselves From Antibiotics

Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified new mechanisms used by bacteria to resist infection-fighting antibiotics.

– University of Birmingham

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET


Dengue Immunity Can Protect Against Zika Virus

A study by LJI researcher Dr. Sujan Shresta reports that mice rendered immune to dengue show "cross-protection" from subsequent Zika infection and then identifies specific types of immune T-cells capable of defending against both viruses. These revel...

– La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Nature Communications, Nov-2013

Embargo expired on 13-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET


Exposure to Benzene During Pregnancy: A Pilot Study Raises Concerns in British Columbia

Université de Montréal research reveals that 29 pregnant women living near natural-gas hydraulic fracturing sites had a median concentration of a benzene biomarker in their urine that was 3.5 times higher than that found in women from the general C...

– Universite de Montreal

Environment International, Nov 6, 2017; Université de Montréal Public Health Research Institute New Initiative Research Grant ; West Moberly First Nations


Ludwig Scientists Share Findings on Development and Treatment of Glioblastoma at the 2017 Society for Neuro-Oncology Annual Meeting

Ludwig Cancer Research has released the scope of its participation at this year’s Annual Meeting and Education Day of the Society for Neuro-Oncology in San Francisco, California, November 16-19.

– Ludwig Cancer Research

The 2017 Society for Neuro-Oncology Annual Meeting, Nov-2017

12-Nov-2017


Reduction in Common Heart Hormone Associated with Improved Outcomes and Lower Mortality for Heart Failure Patients

Heart failure patients discharged from the hospital with a reduced level of a common hormone produced by the heart had significantly lower rates of readmission and lower death rates.

– Intermountain Medical Center

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Nov 2017

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 18:15 ET


Follow-Up Cholesterol Testing Reduces Risk of Reocurrence for Heart Attack and Stroke Patients

If you have a heart attack or stroke, it’s important to get your “bad” cholesterol measured by your doctor on a follow up visit. Researchers have found that one step is significantly associated with a reduced risk of suffering another serious c...

– Intermountain Medical Center

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Nov. 2017

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 18:15 ET


Heart Attack, Stroke Patients Prescribed Statin Medication Upon Discharge Have Better Long-Term Outcomes

Patients with a prior history of heart attacks or stroke have better outcomes when cholesterol-lowering medications are used after they’re discharged from the hospital, according to a new study from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute ...

– Intermountain Medical Center

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 14:30 ET


Federal Policy to Reduce Re-Hospitalizations Is Linked to Increased Mortality Rates

Federal policymakers five years ago introduced the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program to spur hospitals to reduce Medicare readmission rates by penalizing them if they didn’t. A new analysis led by researchers at UCLA and Harvard University, ho...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 14:30 ET


Heart’s Pumping Function Is Not an Indicator of Heart Failure Survival Rates

Contrary to popular practice, a measure of the heart’s pumping function known as “left ventricular ejection fraction” is not associated with the long-term outcomes of hospitalized heart failure patients, a UCLA-led study of Medicare patients ha...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 14:30 ET


Dry Eye Sufferers Will Soon Have a Drug-Free Solution

A study of dry eye sufferers who inserted a handheld neurostimulator device in their nose to make their eyes produce more tears experienced significant relief from their disease, according to research presented today at AAO 2017, the 121st Annual Mee...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

121st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 15:30 ET


Sex Poses Little Risk of Triggering Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Worried whether your heart health is strong enough for sex? A new study may lay your fears to rest: The risk that sex would trigger a sudden cardiac arrest is exceedingly small.

– Cedars-Sinai

Journal of the American College of Cardiology

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 14:30 ET


At-Home Vision Monitoring App May Improve Patient Care

Patients with age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy who used a mobile application to test their vision at home got comparable results to in-office vision testing, according to research presented today at AAO 2017, the 121st Annual ...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

121st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

Embargo expired on 12-Nov-2017 at 13:45 ET

11-Nov-2017


Penn Study Finds Men Are More Likely To Receive CPR in Public than Women

When it comes to your likelihood of receiving bystander CPR if you experience a Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) in public, it turns out your gender may play a lifesaving role. According to a new study from researchers in the Center for Resuscitation Scie...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2017; American Heart Association Mentored Clinical Research Project Award

Embargo expired on 11-Nov-2017 at 11:15 ET


Stroke Study Expands Window of Clot Removal Treatment for Some Patients

A procedure to remove clots from blocked brain vessels – known as thrombectomy - may be beneficial for some stroke patients even if they come in to the emergency room beyond the 6-hour treatment window that current guidelines endorse, according to ...

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

NEJM

Embargo expired on 11-Nov-2017 at 08:30 ET


World’s Largest Clinical Specialty Database Yields Critical Insights to Advance Ophthalmic Patient Care

The American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced key milestones and clinical insights from studies powered by its clinical database. The IRIS® Registry (Intelligent Research In Sight) has amassed more than 41.2 million unique patients in its da...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Embargo expired on 11-Nov-2017 at 13:30 ET


Hormone Replacement Therapy May Protect Against Eye Disease

Women who took estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy after ovary removal had a lower risk of developing glaucoma, according to research presented today at AAO 2017, the 121st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

121st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

10-Nov-2017


Sleep Apnea May Increase Risk of Developing Alzheimer’s Disease

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may put elderly people at greater risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (AD), according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine....

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 10-Nov-2017 at 00:15 ET


Biomarker May Predict Early Alzheimer’s Disease

Researchers at SBP have identified a peptide that could lead to the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The discovery, published in Nature Communications, may also provide a means of homing drugs to diseased areas of the brain to treat AD,...

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Nature Communications; P01 HD29587; R01 NS086890; DPI DA041722; P30 NS076411

Embargo expired on 10-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET

includes video


Brain Chemistry Profiles Shows Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Gulf War Illness as Unique Disorders

Researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center have found distinct molecular signatures in two brain disorders long thought to be psychological in origin — chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and Gulf War Illness (GWI).

– Georgetown University Medical Center

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 10-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET


Leading Scientist Urges UK and EU Action Plans to ‘Lose Jargon’ in a Bid to Win the Battle with ‘Superbugs’

One of the UK’s leading microbiologists is concerned that confusing language and a lack of specific objectives are hampering the global fight against antibiotic-resistant infections.

– University of Birmingham

The Lancet Infectious Diseases

Embargo expired on 10-Nov-2017 at 18:30 ET


New Study Offers Added Hope for Patients Awaiting Corneal Transplants

New national research led by Jonathan Lass, MD of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center has found that corneal donor tissue can be safely stored for 11 days before transplantation surgery...

– Case Western Reserve University

Jama Opthalmology; EY20797; EY20798

Embargo expired on 10-Nov-2017 at 14:30 ET


Ludwig Researchers Uncover Novel Mechanism by Which Tumors Evade a Variety of Cancer Immunotherapies

A Ludwig Cancer Research study led by Benoit Van den Eynde, Director of Ludwig Brussels, has identified a novel mechanism by which tumors of the aggressive skin cancer melanoma can resist cancer immunotherapy.

– Ludwig Cancer Research

Nature Communications, Nov-2017


Both Obese and Anorexic Women Have Low Levels of ‘Feel Good’ Neurosteroid

Women at opposite extremes of the weight spectrum have low levels of the neuroactive steroid allopregnanolone, according to new research published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Neuropsychopharmacology


Genetic Treatment for Blindness May Soon be Reality

Patients who had lost their sight to an inherited retinal disease could see well enough to navigate a maze after being treated with a new gene therapy, according to research presented today at AAO 2017, the 121st Annual Meeting of the American Academ...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)


USC Roski Eye Institute Experts Present Breakthrough Research at AAO 2017

USC Roski Eye Institute experts will present advances in stem cell–based therapy, biopsy techniques, diabetic retinal detachment repair and more at the American Academy of Ophthalmology 2017 meeting in New Orleans, Nov. 10-14.

– Keck Medicine of USC

American Academy of Ophthalmology Annual Meeting


Veterans Still Waiting for Healthcare as Day to Commemorate Their Military Service Draws Near

As Veteran’s Day approaches on Nov. 11, 2017, the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is concerned about veterans having to endure long delays for needed healthcare due to the underuse and mismanagement of anesthesia services in Vete...

– American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA)


What Causes Congestive Heart Failure Hospitalizations?

Heart failure (HF) affects approximately 5.7 million adults in the United States according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If not properly managed, HF can lead to frequent hospitalizations. A heart failure hospitalization should be...

– Valley Health System

09-Nov-2017


Cancer Drug Parity Laws Lower Costs for Many, but Not Everyone

In an analysis of the impact of parity laws published in JAMA Oncology, UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and collaborators from Harvard Medical School report modest improvements in costs for many patients. However, patients who ...

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

JAMA Oncology

Embargo expired on 09-Nov-2017 at 11:00 ET


Parasites Suck It Up

Depletion of a fatty molecule in human blood propels malaria parasites to stop replicating and causing illness in people and instead to jump ship to mosquitoes to continue the transmission cycle, according to a new study by an international research ...

– Harvard Medical School

Cell, Nov 9

Embargo expired on 09-Nov-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


UK Study Shows Cell Signaling Interaction May Prevent Key Step in Lung Cancer Progression

New findings from University of Kentucky faculty published in Scientific Reports reveals a novel cell signaling interaction that may prevent a key step in lung cancer progression.

– University of Kentucky

Scientific Reports


UT Dallas Chemist Has Designs on Drug-Resistant Breast Cancer

Dr. Jung-Mo Ahn, associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry at The University of Texas at Dallas, has designed a small molecule that could help breast cancer patients for whom current treatments no longer work.

– University of Texas at Dallas

eLife, August 2017


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain – Can CBT Help Fight the Opioid Epidemic?

By teaching patients better strategies for coping with chronic pain, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a valuable treatment alternative for the millions of Americans taking opioids for noncancer pain, according to an article in the Journal of Psy...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Journal of Psychiatric Practice


Simple Blood Test Identifies Critically Ill Patients Who Misuse Alcohol, Study Finds

A simple blood test for a compound called PEth can accurately identify critically ill hospital patients who misuse alcohol, a study has found. The finding is important because patients who misuse alcohol tend to have worse outcomes.

– Loyola University Health System

Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research


Study: Former NFL Players More Likely to Have Enlarged Aortas

Former NFL players were more likely to have enlarged aortas, but further study is needed to determine whether that puts them at greater risk for life-threatening aneurysms, researchers found.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging


Increasing Hydroxyurea Dose Helps to Keep Young Sickle Cell Patients Out of the Hospital

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital researchers report that maximizing the dose of hydroxyurea increased levels of fetal hemoglobin and reduced the odds of hospitalizations for young sickle cell anemia patients.

– St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

American Journal of Hematology. Published online: September 28, 2017.


Ozanimod Successful in Clinical Trials for Multiple Sclerosis

Celgene Corporation recently announced results from two phase 3 trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of the drug ozanimod. Ozanimod was invented by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI).

– Scripps Research Institute


World-Renowned Health Research on the Hill

UC Santa Cruz’s genomics investigators have built a research powerhouse in sequencing, storing, cataloging, assembling, validating, and analyzing huge volumes of genomic data in their mission to use genomics to positively impact health, nature, and...

– University of California, Santa Cruz


News From and About Johns Hopkins Scientists at Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting

The following Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine faculty are scheduled to speak at the 2017 annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience in Washington, D.C., on Nov. 11-15. To arrange interviews, or for other information, call or email the...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


UB Researcher Targets Specific Areas of the Brain to Better Understand Obesity, Drug Addiction

Mietlicki-Baase is one of a handful of researchers studying amylin’s effects on food reward and how amylin signaling in the brain differs between males and females.

– University at Buffalo


Avoid Foodborne Illness This Holiday Season with Tips From UTHealth Experts

This holiday season, think twice before you do that late-night nibbling at the buffet table, particularly if it has been sitting out for a while. One bite of crab dip or deviled eggs gone bad, and you may be moving your holiday festivities to the bat...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston


Save Yourself the Holiday Food Stress with 8 Simple Healthy Eating Strategies

When an average slice of pumpkin pie and scoop of vanilla ice cream can contain 46 grams of sugar – nearly twice the recommended daily added sugar intake of 25 grams for women and well above the recommendation of 36 grams for men– the holidays ca...

– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

MedWire Policy and Public Affairs


Healthcare Groups Urge Congressional Action on Drug Shortages

ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists), together with five other healthcare organizations, today sent a letter to Reps. Morgan Griffith (R-Va.) and Diana DeGette (D-Colo.) — the Vice Chairman and Ranking Member, respectively, of the H...

– ASHP (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists)

MedWire Announcements


NEPIN Receives Grant From Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

NEPIN receives grant from Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to accelerate educational advancement for nurses across the U.S.

– Organization for Associate Degree Nursing (OADN)


NIH Awards $2.34 Million to GBSI for Reverse Experimental Design Training to Improve Research Reproducibility

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) $2.34 million over five years for a groundbreaking experimental design training project to improve reproducibility in preclinical research. The proje...

– Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI)


Research to Prevent Blindness and American Academy of Ophthalmology Announce New Grant Opportunities to Support Vision Research

Research to Prevent Blindness and the American Academy of Ophthalmology today announced that they have created a new category of grant to support researchers who want to use the Academy’s IRIS® Registry database to conduct population-based studies...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)

Embargo expired on 11-Nov-2017 at 13:30 ET


University of Chicago to Lead Initiative to Improve Diabetes Care in Vulnerable, Underserved Communities in U.S.

The University of Chicago has been selected by the Merck Foundation to play a national leadership role in a $16 million, five-year initiative to improve access to high-quality diabetes care among the most vulnerable and underserved communities throug...

– University of Chicago Medical Center


Michigan Medicine Enters Drug Discovery Collaboration with AstraZeneca in Chronic Kidney Disease

Michigan Medicine enters drug discovery collaboration with AstraZeneca in Chronic Kidney Disease

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan


Edmonds Family Medicine Plans to Become Part of Virginia Mason

Virginia Mason announced today Edmonds Family Medicine, the largest family practice group serving north King and south Snohomish counties, plans to become part of the Virginia Mason Health System early next year.

– Virginia Mason Medical Center


Mount Sinai and ProHEALTH Dental Open Affiliated Practice in Long Island City

New Practice Kicks Off Innovative Oral Health Program

– Mount Sinai Health System


Young Investigators Named Winners of 2017 Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research

Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) has named three investigators as recipients of this year’s Paul Marks Prize for Cancer Research. The award recognizes promising investigators aged 45 or younger at the time of nomination for their efforts in advancing...

– Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center


Mayo Clinic professor receives national Distinguished Teacher Award

Reflecting on your education, you probably remember one or two extraordinary teachers who stand out. They were the instructors who were able to make dull subjects interesting or complex information easily understandable. They had the humor, empathy a...

– Mayo Clinic


TTUHSC El Paso Faculty Publish Cardiology Textbook

A textbook guiding cardiologists on the latest treatments in cardiovascular medicine was recently published by two faculty members at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso).

– Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso

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