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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Monday, December 18, 2017

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(57 New)
 

Medical News

18-Dec-2017


Researchers Find Racial Disparities in Intensity of Care at the End of Life

Different outcomes exist between blacks and whites receiving care from the same hospice

– Mount Sinai Health System

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society; 5R01NR013499

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET


‘Simple, But Powerful’ Model Reveals Mechanisms Behind Neuron Development

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have now uncovered new insights into the regulatory network behind neuron growth.

– Scripps Research Institute

Development, Dec. 2017; R01 NS072129; IOS-1121095

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 07:00 ET


Are Parents Doing Enough to Prepare “Substitute” Babysitters Over the Holidays?

Parents may underestimate the importance of preparing new sitters for common scenarios like injuries or more serious emergencies.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:00 ET


New Procedure Helps Patients Avoid Hip Replacement, Repair Joint Damage

Doctors at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center are using a procedure called Subchondroplasty to give patients with damaged hips more treatment options and ultimately avoid replacement surgery.

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 00:05 ET


How Electroconvulsive Therapy Relieves Depression Per Animal Experiments

In a study using genetically engineered mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have uncovered some new molecular details that appear to explain how electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) rapidly relieves severe depression in mammals, presumably including people. T...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neuropsychopharmacology; R01DA016303, R01NS039156, U54HD079123


Clinical Decision Support App Helps Improve Quality of Life and Longevity for Heart Failure Patients

A clinical decision support application developed by Intermountain Healthcare researchers that more quickly identifies when heart failure becomes advanced and a heart patient’s care needs have changed is successful in helping to improve patient’s...

– Intermountain Medical Center

Journal of Cardiac Failure, Nov 2107


Reducing Air Pollution From Coal Power Plants in the Western Balkans Would Save Thousands of Lives Annually

Tomorrow, ministers at the 15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community in Kosovo will adopt new rules for emission limits for coal power plants in the Western Balkans (as part of the transposition of the EU’s Industrial Emissions Dire...

– Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)

15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community


Alzheimer’s Clinical Trials Get A Prevention Makeover

From trial-ready registries to genotyping parties, the field has developed new techniques and meds to stem a tide of failed trials. Alzforum’s 13-part series sums up the state of the art as presented at a recent conference.

– Alzforum

15-Dec-2017


Exposure to Larger Air Particles Linked to Increased Risk of Asthma in Children

Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University report statistical evidence that children exposed to airborne coarse particulate matter — a mix of dust, sand and non-exhaust tailpipe emissions, such as tire rubber — are more likely to develop asthma ...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; K23AI103187, R21AI107085, RD835871

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 06:00 ET


Coarse Particulate Matter May Increase Asthma Risk

Children exposed to coarse particulate matter may be more likely to develop asthma and to be treated in an ER or be hospitalized for the condition, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Re...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 00:15 ET


Many Women Report Not Feeling Completely Informed about Breast Cancer Treatment Options, but Web-Based Tool Could Help

Results from two separate studies in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons showed a decision aid tool may help mitigate the sense of urgency patients feel about making treatment decisions.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Embargo expired on 15-Dec-2017 at 11:00 ET


Results of Clinical Testing in Retinitis Pigmentosa

In a phase 1/2a study jCyte's investigational therapy, jCell, showed a good safety profile and indications of potential benefit for patients with retinitis pigmentosa

– jCyte

Ophthalmology Innovation Summit


A Gold-Standard Cancer Treatment Is in Decline, and Money May Be Why.

Researchers have determined that offering brachytherapy for cervical cancer ends up costing hospitals money. That can leave hospitals -- and their patients -- in the lurch.

– University of Virginia Health System

International Journal of Radiation Oncology


After Searching 12 Years for Bipolar Disorder’s Cause, Team Concludes It Has Many

Nearly 6 million Americans have bipolar disorder, and most have probably wondered why. After more than a decade of studying over 1,100 of them in-depth, a team of scientists has an answer – or rather, seven answers.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

International Journal of Epidemiology, 10.1093/ije/dyx229


Canola Oil Linked to Worsened Memory and Learning Ability in Alzheimer's Disease, Temple Researchers Report

Canola oil is one of the most widely consumed vegetable oils in the world, yet surprisingly little is known about its effects on health.

– Temple University

Scientific Reports


Amber-Tinted Glasses May Provide Relief for Insomnia

Knowing that individuals with insomnia are also unlikely to change their ways, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center tested a method to reduce the adverse effects of evening ambient light exposure, while still allowing use of blue light...

– Columbia University Medical Center

Journal of Psychiatric Research


BIDMC Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence to Identify Bacteria Quickly and Accurately

Microscopes enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI) could help clinical microbiologists diagnose potentially deadly blood infections and improve patients’ odds of survival, according to microbiologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BI...

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Journal of Clinical Microbiology; UL1 TR001102; F32 AI124590


Study Prompts New Ideas on Cancers’ Origins

Cancer therapies often target cells that grow and divide rapidly, such as stem cells, but in studying how stomach cancers occur, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that even when the stomach isn't able to make...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Gastroenterology, published online Dec. 15


Penn Medicine’s Innovation Accelerator Program Announces Support for Four New Projects for Improving Health Care

Penn Medicine’s Innovation Accelerator Program, now in its fifth year, has announced funding for four new projects aimed at addressing disparities to improve health care delivery and patient outcomes.

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Mayo Clinic Launches Online Course for Pilots Participating in FAA Basicmed

Starting today, private and recreational pilots across the country can access the new online Mayo Clinic BasicMed Course, a free education program for pilots pursuing medical qualification through FAA BasicMed.

– Mayo Clinic


ProMedica Toledo Hospital First in Country to Perform Commercial Implant of the Avalus™ Surgical Aortic Valve

Toledo heart surgeon is first in the U.S. to perform new heart valve replacement surgery. Heart valve disease affects about five million Americans each year.


Expert Available

– ProMedica

includes video

14-Dec-2017


Clinical Trial Does Not Support the Use of Bortezomib for Kidney Transplant Recipients

• In a trial of kidney transplant recipients with late antibody-mediated rejection, treatment with bortezomib, a type of proteasome inhibitor, failed to improve the function of transplanted kidneys and prevent immunologic tissue injury. • Bortez...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN)

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 17:00 ET


Survival Rates Are Improving for Individuals with Kidney Failure

• In the United States, the excess risk of kidney failure–related death decreased by 12% to 27% over any 5-year interval between 1995 and 2013. • Decreases in excess mortality over time were observed for all ages and both during treatment wit...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN)

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 17:00 ET


How Defeating THOR Could Bring a Hammer Down on Cancer

Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center uncovered a novel gene they named THOR. It's a long non-coding RNA that plays a role in cancer development. Knocking it out can halt the growth of tumors.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Cell; U01CA113913 ; R01 CA154365

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


“Bet Hedging” Explains the Efficacy of Many Combination Cancer Therapies

Benefits of many cancer drug combinations are not due to drug synergy, but to “bet hedging.” Combinations give each patient multiple chances of responding to at least one drug, increasing survival within patient populations. Findings suggest new ...

– Harvard Medical School

Cell

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET


Johns Hopkins Scientists Chart How Brain Signals Connect to Neurons

Scientists at Johns Hopkins have used supercomputers to create an atomic scale map that tracks how the signaling chemical glutamate binds to a neuron in the brain. The findings, say the scientists, shed light on the dynamic physics of the chemical’...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neuron; R01GM094495

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Researchers Track Muscle Stem Cell Dynamics in Response to Injury and Aging

A new study led by SBP describes the biology behind why muscle stem cells respond differently to aging or injury. The findings, published in Cell Stem Cell, have important implications for the normal wear and tear of aging.

– Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Cell Stem Cell; R01 AR064873; F31 AR065923-03

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:00 ET

includes video


Scientists Pinpoint Gene to Blame for Poorer Survival Rate in Early-Onset Breast Cancer Patients

A new study led by scientists at the University of Southampton has found that inherited variation in a particular gene may be to blame for the lower survival rate of patients diagnosed with early-onset breast cancer.

– University of Southampton

Nature Communications

Embargo expired on 14-Dec-2017 at 19:00 ET


Men, If You Have HPV, Odds Are You Will Be Reinfected with the Same Type

Men infected with HPV16, the type responsible for most HPV-related cancers, are 20 times more likely to be reinfected with the same type of HPV after one year. That is according to a new study published this month in the Proceedings of the National A...

– Moffitt Cancer Center

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


Liquid Biopsy Results Differed Substantially Between Two Providers

Two Johns Hopkins prostate cancer researchers found significant disparities when they submitted identical patient samples to two different commercial liquid biopsy providers. Liquid biopsy is a new and noninvasive alternative to tumor tissue sequenci...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

JAMA Oncology


Researchers Identify Way to Block Malaria-Causing Parasites’ Ability to Shield Themselves Against Drug Treatment

Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have identified a way to block the ability of parasites that cause malaria to shield themselves against drug treatments in infected mice—a finding that could lead to the development of new approache...

– Indiana University

Cell Host & Microbe, Dec-2017


Allergens Widespread in Largest Study of U.S. Homes

Allergens are widespread, but highly variable in U.S. homes, according to the nation’s largest indoor allergen study to date. Researchers from the National Institutes of Health report that over 90 percent of homes had three or more detectable aller...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Z01ES025041; UM2AI117870; P30ES005605


Genetics May Play Role in Chronic Pain After Surgery

Genetics may play a role in determining whether patients experience chronic pain after surgery, suggests a study published today in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiolog...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

American Society of Anesthesiologists


Tumor Mutational Burden and Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy

Researchers at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey examined an association between mutational burden and response to immune checkpoint therapy in several cancer types and found that a mutational burden threshold exists in eight cancers that predic...

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

JCO Precision Oncology, Dec-2017


Womb Natural Killer Cell Discovery Could Lead to Screening for Miscarriage Risk

For the first time the functions of natural killer cells in the womb have been identified.

– University of Warwick

eLife; RMRRH0035; RMRRH0019


High Success Rate Reported for Diabetic Charcot Foot Surgery

Nearly four out of five diabetic patients with severe cases of a disabling condition called Charcot foot were able to walk normally again following surgery, a Loyola Medicine study has found.

– Loyola University Health System

Foot & Ankle International


Muscle Paralysis May Increase Bone Loss

Muscle paralysis rapidly causes inflammation in nearby bone marrow, which may promote the formation of large cells that break down bone, a new study finds.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology


Stressed-Out Worms Hit the Snooze Button

When you catch a nasty cold, curling up in bed to sleep may be the only activity you can manage. Sleeping in response to stress isn’t a uniquely human behavior: many other animals have the same reaction, and it’s not clear why. While the circadia...

– Genetics Society of America

Genetics


Study Explores Patient-Doctor Communication About Opioid Tapering

Increased scrutiny of opioid prescribing for patients with chronic pain has led providers and healthcare organizations to consider opioid-dose reductions, known as tapering. Such actions can precipitate communication challenges for primary-care phys...

– American Pain Society

The Journal of Pain


Mayo Clinic研究显示:Emojis(表情符号)能帮助跟踪癌症患者的生活质量

...

– Mayo Clinic


Estudio Identifica ObstáCulos Al Trasplante Como Terapia Para Mieloma MúLtiple en Minorías Raciales

Un estudio de Mayo Clinic descubrió que entre los obstáculos para que los pacientes se sometan al trasplante de células madre como parte del tratamiento para el mieloma múltiple están la educación, el seguro de salud y el acceso a atención mé...

– Mayo Clinic


New Cellular Approach Found to Control Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease

Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that extracellular vesicles – tiny protein-filled structures – isolated from amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) can be used to effectively slow the progression of kidney damage in mice with a type o...

– Children's Hospital Los Angeles Saban Research Institute

Scientific Reports, Dec-2017


Thyroid Cancer Implications and Controversies for Treatment Presented by Megan R. Haymart, MD

At the American Thyroid Association Annual Meeting, Dr. Haymart discussed the controversies in the treatment of low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer and the implications for clinicians and patients alike.

– American Thyroid Association


Nuevo Consorcio Del NIH Hará MáS Eficientes Los Ensayos ClíNicos Para La Enfermedad De Alzheimer Y Otras Demencias Afines

Se espera que un nuevo consorcio de ensayos clínicos fundado por los Institutos Nacionales de Salud (NIH, por sus siglas en inglés) acelere los estudios y los amplíe a terapias para tratar o prevenir la enfermedad de Alzheimer y otras demencias af...

– Mayo Clinic


SLU Researcher Leads Call for Action to Address Gambling Disorders

Scholars from more than 25 universities across the United States have issued a Gambling Call to Action Statement regarding the need for more research on gambling and its mental and physical health consequences.

– Saint Louis University

MedWire Announcements


Wichita State University Biology Professor Receives Five-Year Grant Renewal for Female Fertility Research

George Bousfield, Lawrence M Jones Distinguished Professor, biological sciences at Wichita State University, was awarded a five-year renewal of a grant that will potentially yield over $8 million to conduct research that could affect fertility diagno...

– Wichita State University


New AAE.org Website Transforms Members' and Patients' Online Experience

The American Association of Endodontists has developed and launched a new website that offers more content and easier navigation for members, dental professionals and patients.

– American Association of Endodontists (AAE)


SLU Receives Grant to Reduce Food Insecurity, Connect Families to Community Resources

With a $580,000 grant from Missouri Foundation for Health, a team of Saint Louis University researchers aims to lower the rate of food insecurity while connecting families to available resources by improving screening practices and follow-up care.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center


Roy Jensen, MD, Named KC Chamber's 'Kansas Citian of the Year'

“Roy Jensen, through his leadership and collaboration, has brought NCI (National Cancer Institute) designation to our town

– University of Kansas Cancer Center

includes video


Penn State Health and Highmark Health Join Forces to Create a High-Value, Community-Based Health Care Network for Members and Patients

Two of Pennsylvania’s health care leaders come together to invest $1 billion in the future of health care in central Pennsylvania

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center


Probing Alzheimer’s at Both Ends of the Spectrum

Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have received two grant awards, in partnership with investigators from other institutions, from the National Institutes of Health to conduct major studies on Alzheimer’s disease, t...

– Case Western Reserve University

National Institutes of Health


Barancik Prize To Be Presented at ACTRIMS Forum 2018

Professor Robin Franklin to receive the 2017 Barancik Prize for pioneering work to restore function for people with progressive MS. He will receive the award at ACTRIMS Forum 2018 on February 1 in San Diego, California.

– Americas Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Scleroses (ACTRIMS)

ACTRIMS Forum 2018


FCC, NCI Working with Markey to Improve Rural Cancer Care Via Broadband Access

A new collaboration using resources from the UK Markey Cancer Center, FCC, NCI, and more will evaluate how to use telecommunications to improve access to cancer care for patients in Eastern Kentucky.

– University of Kentucky


Penn Researcher Receives $4M State Award for Multi-Institution Effort to Transform Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

Douglas H. Smith, MD, the Robert A. Groff Professor of Neurosurgery at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has received a $4-million, four-year PACT (PA Consortium on Traumatic Brain Injury) award from the Pennsylvania ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


American Pain Society Scientific Summit Explores Pain Mechanisms

Understanding Pain Mechanisms is the theme of the American Pain Society’s Scientific Summit, www.americanpainsociety.org, March 4-6 at the Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim. The conference brings together leading pain researchers and clinicians to explor...

– American Pain Society


Penn Medicine | Virtua Strategic Alliance Brings First Proton Therapy to South Jersey

Cancer care in South Jersey is about to enter a new era. Penn Medicine, in partnership with Virtua, announced plans to build a new proton facility on the campus of Virtua’s acute care hospital, Virtua Voorhees. The new $35 million center, which wil...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Pacific University (Ore.) Receives $200,000 From W.M. Keck Foundation for Undergraduate Research Initiative

Grant will fund Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creative Inquiry curriculum featuring methodologies unique to the arts and humanities.

– Pacific University (Ore.)

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