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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Thursday, January 4, 2018

Public Edition | newswise.com

Medical
(44 New)
 

Medical News

04-Jan-2018


Researchers Detect a Loophole in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment

A team of researchers in Italy and Austria has determined that a drug approved to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be less effective in a particular subset of patients. The study, which will be published January 4 in the Journal of Experi...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of Experimental Medicine, February 2018; GR-2011-02346826; IG-17622; GR-2011-02347441; GR-2011-02351370

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 09:00 ET

03-Jan-2018


Nursing Homes Should Require Flu Shots for All Staff and Patients, Most Older Adults Say

As flu season swings into high gear, a new poll suggests nursing homes and other long-term care facilities should be doing more to get their staff and patients vaccinated before it’s too late. Nearly three-quarters of people over age 50 say all sta...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 07:00 ET


Improving the Work Environment Could Reduce Moral Distress Among ICU Nurses

Critical care nurses who practice in healthy work environments report less moral distress and higher job satisfaction, according to new research published in American Journal of Critical Care. The findings amplify the call for hospitals and healthcar...

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

American Journal of Critical Care, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 06:00 ET


Most ICU Monitoring Alarms Are Not Clinically Relevant, Even as Technology Becomes More Accurate

A review of research studies that assessed alarm accuracy and/or clinical relevance in hospitalized patients published over a 30-year period found low proportions of clinically relevant patient alarms.

– American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)

American Journal of Critical Care, Jan-2018

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 06:00 ET


Specially Timed Signals Ease Tinnitus Symptoms in First Test Aimed at the Condition’s Root Cause

Millions of Americans hear ringing in their ears -- a condition called tinnitus -- but a new study shows an experimental device could help quiet the phantom sounds by targeting unruly nerve activity in the brain. Results of the first animal tests a...

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Science Translational Medicine, Jan. 3 2018; DC004825; DC00011

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

includes video


Caffeine Level in Blood May Help Diagnose People with Parkinson’s Disease

Testing the level of caffeine in the blood may provide a simple way to aid the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, according to a study published in the January 3, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neur...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurology

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 16:00 ET


Study Shows Stem Cell Transplant Is Better Than Drug Therapy for Scleroderma

Duke Health researchers, publishing in the Jan. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, found significantly improved survival among patients with a severe form of scleroderma who underwent chemotherapy, whole body radiation and a stem cell tr...

– Duke Health

New England Journal of Medicine; N01-AI05419; N01-AI25481; HHSN272201100025C; HHSN272200900057C; 1UMZAI117870

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 17:00 ET


Research Finds Hysterectomy Alone Associated with Increased Long-Term Health Risks

Mayo Clinic researchers show that hysterectomy with ovarian conservation is associated with a significantly increased risk of several cardiovascular diseases and metabolic conditions. The findings are published in Menopause.

– Mayo Clinic

Menopause

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET


MIND Diet Ranked Among Best

For the third consecutive year, a diet created, studied and reported on by researchers at Rush University Medical Center has been ranked among the top five diets for 2018 in multiple categories by U.S. News & World Report.

– Rush University Medical Center

Embargo expired on 03-Jan-2018 at 09:30 ET


Study Uncovers Potential Key to Preventing Back Pain in Runners

A new study from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center examines what may cause chronic back pain in runners and the exercises to help prevent it.

– Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Journal of Biomechanics


Perspective: Let’s Put the ‘Ph’ Back in Science PhD Programs

Today’s graduate biomedical science education system is in need of comprehensive reform, two researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health argue in a new paper.

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

mBio


Facial Exercises Help Middle-Aged Women Appear More Youthful

A 30-minute daily or alternate-day facial exercise program sustained over 20 weeks improved the facial appearance of middle-aged women, resulting in a younger appearance with fuller upper and lower cheeks, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.

– Northwestern University

JAMA Dermatology


Rare Forms of ‘Thunder’ Protein May Be Linked to Schizophrenia

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified rare genetic variations in a protein called Thorase, which is responsible for breaking down receptors at the connections between neurons in the brain.

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Science Translational Medicine; DA000266


An Unusual Form of Antibiotic Resistance in Pandemic Cholera

Researchers at the University of Georgia have now shown that the enzyme that makes the El Tor family of V. cholerae resistant to those antibiotics has a different mechanism of action from any comparable proteins observed in bacteria so far. Understan...

– American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)

Journal of Biological Chemistry, December 2017


Current Speech Recognition Software Couldn't Analyze Apollo Mission Archives, So NASA Had Scientists Build a Better One

When they began their work, researchers discovered that the first thing they needed to do was to digitize the audio. Five years later, the team is completing its work, which has led to advances in technology to convert speech to text, analyze speaker...

– Newswise


Genetic Changes Help Mosquitoes Survive Pesticide Attacks

UCR study shows how intensive pesticide use is driving mosquito evolution at the genetic level

– University of California, Riverside

Trends in Parasitology


Estudio Descubre RelacióN Entre Histerectomía y Más Riesgos para la Salud a Largo Plazo

Los investigadores de Mayo Clinic revelaron que la histerectomía, aunque no incluya los ovarios, se relaciona con mucho más riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, arteriopatía coronaria y afecciones metabólicas, como obesidad. Los resultados se...

– Mayo Clinic

Menopause


Macrophage Nanosponges Could Keep Sepsis in Check

Researchers at UC San Diego have developed macrophage "nanosponges"—nanoparticles cloaked in the cell membranes of macrophages—that can safely remove sepsis-causing molecules from the bloodstream. In lab tests, these macrophage nanosponges improv...

– University of California San Diego

PNAS, Oct-2017; DMR-1505699; HDTRA1-14-1-0064; 1R01HL125352


Story Tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2018

Study identifies microbes to diagnose endometriosis without surgery; brain-inspired device can quickly classify data; neutrons “see” how water flows through fractured rock; new method could help with demand for electric vehicle charging stations;...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Reproductive Immunology

includes video


Are You Considering LASIK Eye Surgery?

If you struggle with nearsightedness, farsightedness, and/or astigmatism, you probably wear glasses or contact lenses to help you to see. This can be frustrating, especially if you misplace your glasses or lose a contact lens. You’ve probably heard...

– Valley Health System


The Medical Minute: Giving Back Through Blood Donation

Donating blood is a tangible way to help people who are struggling with serious health conditions, yet many people may not think about it or make time for it.

– Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center


Malcolm Gladwell Published in the Journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

In his bestsellers The Tipping Point, Blink and Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell writes about the unexpected implications of scientific research, urging readers to think different. In an editorial published this month in Ophthalmology, the journal of the A...

– American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO)


Overtreatment of Low-Risk Thyroid Cancer, What Doctors and Patients Should Know about the Risks Presented by Megan R. Haymart, MD

At the American Thyroid Association Annual Meeting, Dr. Haymart discussed the controversies in the treatment of low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer and the implications for clinicians and patients alike.

– Newswise


UC Davis Researcher Urges Caution on Engineered Stem Cells

In a commentary published in the Jan. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, UC Davis researcher William Murphy expressed cautious optimism about efforts to genetically engineer hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to temporarily resist cell deat...

Expert Available

– UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center

New England Journal of Medicine

02-Jan-2018


The Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders in Puerto Rico is High

Puerto Ricans make up the second largest Hispanic group in the United States, comprising 9.5% of the population (Mexicans are the largest group). Puerto Ricans living on the U.S. continent have some of the highest rates of drinking, binge drinking, a...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


An Organ-on-A-Chip Device That Models Heart Disease

Recently, researchers have been studying diseases with a new approach: small, organ-on-a-chip devices that mimic the functions of human organs, serving as potentially cheaper and more effective tools. Now researchers have built a device that's especi...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

APL Bioengineering

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


Mount Sinai Researchers Find Differences in Very PreTerm Infant Morbidity and Mortality Rates among New York City Hospitals

Blacks and Hispanic very preterm infants are more likely to be born at New York City hospitals with higher risk-adjusted neonatal morbidity-mortality rates, and these differences contribute to excess morbidity and mortality among black and Hispanic i...

– Mount Sinai Health System

JAMA Pediatrics

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:05 ET


Surge in Alcohol-Related Emergency-Department Visits Needs a Different Approach

While moderate drinking – up to one drink per day for women, two for men – can be part of a healthy lifestyle, excessive and chronic drinking can contribute to injury and disease. Each year, U.S. patients utilize emergency department (ED) service...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 10:00 ET


Review Lays out Recommendations, Calls for Research to Improve Post-Hospitalization Sepsis Outcomes

Half of sepsis survivors never fully recover; Dr. Derek Angus lays out an approach to change that.

– Health Sciences at the University of Pittsburgh

Journal of the American Medical Association; K08 GM115859, R01 GM097471 K08 GM115859, R01 GM097471

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 11:00 ET


NIH Discovery Brings Stem Cell Therapy for Eye Disease Closer to the Clinic

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI), part of the National Institutes of Health, report that tiny tube-like protrusions called primary cilia on cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)—a layer of cells in the back of the eye—are es...

– NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Cell Reports

Embargo expired on 02-Jan-2018 at 12:00 ET


The Harmful Effects of Processed Carbs Supported by a New Study Published in AACC’s Journal Clinical Chemistry

Innovative research published in the Obesity issue of AACC’s journal, Clinical Chemistry, demonstrates that people are at greater risk for obesity if they produce higher than normal levels of insulin after eating processed carbohydrates. These find...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

Clinical Chemistry, Jan-2018


New Drug Testing Approach a Game-Changer for Benzodiazepine Abuse

A first-of-its-kind study published in the Pain Management issue of AACC’s The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine shows that a new drug testing approach dramatically improves detection of illicit benzodiazepine use. This could help to curb abus...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, Jan-2018


Blacks’ High Diabetes Risk Is Driven by Obesity, Not Mystery

In a surprising finding, blacks and whites have the same risk of developing diabetes when all biological factors for the disease are considered over time, reports a large new Northwestern Medicine study.

– Northwestern University

JAMA


Migraine Surgery Produces 'Dramatic Improvements' in Functioning, Study Finds

In addition to reducing headache frequency and severity, surgical treatment for migraine leads to significant improvements in everyday functioning and coping ability, according to a study in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, ...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Zooming in on Protein to Prevent Kidney Stones

Researchers have applied Nobel prize-winning microscope technology to uncover an ion channel structure that could lead to new treatments for kidney stones. In a recent study published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, researchers revealed a...

– Case Western Reserve University

Nature Structural and Molecular Biology; P30EY11373 ; MCB080077 ; ACI-1053575; 1S10RR23057; 1S10OD018111; 1338135; R01GM103899 ; R01GM093290...


Nueva Pauta: Hacer Ejercicio para Mejorar la Memoria y el Pensamiento

Una nueva pauta para los profesionales de la salud indica que hay que recomendar ejercicio dos veces por semana a las personas que tienen deterioro cognitivo leve para mejorar su memoria y pensamiento.

– Mayo Clinic

Neurology


Educational Video May Increase Public Willingness to Become Face Transplant Donors

After watching a brief educational video, members of the public are more likely to say they would be willing to donate a facial transplant to a severely disfigured patient, reports a study in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®,...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Spider's Web Inspires Removable Implant to Control Type 1 Diabetes

For the more than 1 million Americans who live with type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections are literally a matter of life and death. And while there is no cure, a Cornell University-led research team has developed a device that could revolutionize...

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences


State-of-the-Art MRI Technology Bypasses Need for Biopsy

The most common type of tumor found in the kidney is generally quite small (less than 1.5 in). These tumors are usually found by accident when CAT scans are performed for other reasons and the serendipitous finding poses a problem for doctors.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Journal of Urology


Research That Is Unraveling the Puzzle of Obesity Showcased in January Issue of AACC’s Journal Clinical Chemistry

Laboratory medicine experts are using genomics, metabolomics, and other cutting-edge clinical testing methods to advance the understanding of obesity. A special issue of AACC’s journal Clinical Chemistry, “Obesity: Innovative Approaches to Overco...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

Clinical Chemistry, Jan-2018

MedWire Announcements


Bluefield Innovations Pursues Broadly Applicable Cancer Target

Bluefield Innovations, a collaboration between The Johns Hopkins University and Deerfield Management to catalyze early stage therapeutic development, announced today the acceptance and funding of its first project. The target, the enzyme RNA polymera...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine


Penn Medicine Chief Scientific Officer Receives Outstanding Investigator Award from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


NIH Awards $8 Million to Wake Forest Baptist for Alcohol Addiction Research Center

The Wake Forest Translational Alcohol Research Center will employ preclinical animal models and clinical research to study behavioral and neurobiological factors associated with vulnerability and resilience to alcohol use disorder.

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

MedWire Marketplace


How to Prevent and Treat Frostbite

When the temperature dips below freezing, it’s critical to protect your skin from cold-weather health risks. Frostbite occurs when the skin – and sometimes the tissue beneath the skin – freezes due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. De...

– American Academy of Dermatology

includes video

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