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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Monday, May 6, 2019

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Medical News

06-May-2019


New Model Improves Staging and Risk Predictions for Esophageal Cancer Patients

A new nomogram for assessing metastatic risk in esophageal cancer patients shows promise for more accurate risk-stratification, which is particularly relevant for stage T2 patients.

– American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS)

AATS 99th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 06-May-2019 at 08:05 ET


Rheumatoid Arthritis Drug Diminishes Zika Birth Defects in Mice

In experiments with pregnant mice infected with the Zika virus, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have successfully used a long-standing immunosuppressive drug to diminish the rate of fetal deaths and birth defects in the mice’s offspr...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Journal of Clinical Investigation Insights.; T32 OD011089, R01HD097608


Tips for Staying Healthy While Traveling Abroad This Summer

Nothing can ruin foreign travel like a nasty virus. A small bug bite or even a sip of water can lead to a serious illness and wreck a long-planned vacation. But with a little planning and preparation, it's easy to protect your health. Specially train...

– Cedars-Sinai

05-May-2019


Clinical Trial Shows Promise for Increasing Lung Transplant Patients’ Life Expectancy

A new study shows that a potential treatment for ischemia- reperfusion injury is safe for humans. Building upon three decades of preclinical animal studies, this NIH-funded trial demonstrated, for the first time, the safety of Regadenoson (an adenos...

– American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS)

American Association for Thoracic Surgery’s 99th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-May-2019 at 16:55 ET


Excessive Use of Skin Cancer Surgery Curbed With Awareness Effort

Sometimes a little gentle peer persuasion goes a long way toward correcting a large problem. That’s the message from researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and seven collaborating health care organizations which report that a “Dear Colleague” p...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

JAMA Dermatology

Embargo expired on 05-May-2019 at 09:15 ET

04-May-2019


A New Technique for Minimally Invasive Surgery in Lung Cancer – Ultrasonic Device is Safe and Effective for Lung Vessel Sealing in Minimally Invasive Lobectomy

According to a new study, an ultrasonic vessel-sealing device can improve patient outcomes by reducing the incidence of thoracotomy conversion for VATS/robotic anatomical lung resection

– American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS)

AATS 99th Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 04-May-2019 at 11:05 ET


Similar Incidence of DNA Damage Response Pathway Alterations between Localized and Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Investigators at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have found that approximately 30 percent of men with localized prostate cancer may have alterations in DNA damage response pathways.

– Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

American Urological Association, May-2019

Embargo expired on 04-May-2019 at 10:30 ET


Lung cancer: less invasive surgery for faster recovery

In a large international clinical study presented at the 99th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Dr. Moishe Liberman and his team showed that thoracoscopic lobectomy—video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)—combin...

– Universite de Montreal

AATS 99th Annual Meeting, May 2019; Johnson & Johnson NCT02719717; Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Embargo expired on 04-May-2019 at 12:00 ET


HHS’s “Conscience Rights” Rule Threatens Public Health

HHS’s “Conscience Rights” Rule Threatens Public Health

– HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA)

03-May-2019


Azithromycin Appears to Reduce Treatment Failure in Severe, Acute COPD Exacerbations

The antibiotic azithromycin may reduce treatment failure in patients hospitalized for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Embargo expired on 03-May-2019 at 00:15 ET


Making the Invisible Visible: New Method Opens Unexplored Realms for Liquid Biopsies

A new approach to RNA sequencing reveals thousands of previously inaccessible RNA fragments in blood plasma that might serve as disease- and organ-specific biomarkers

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

The EMBO Journal

Embargo expired on 03-May-2019 at 06:00 ET


Researcher Identifies Four Hallmarks of Metastasis

A literature review seeks to summarize the metastatic research landscape and identify the distinguishing features of metastasis. This is the first paper that attempts to define the process in terms of core hallmarks.

– University of Kansas Cancer Center

Cancer Research


Study shows drug reduces risk of relapse with neuromyelitis optica

The drug eculizumab, a synthetic antibody that inhibits the inflammatory response, significantly reduced the risk of relapse with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Mayo Clinic researchers and international collaborators published their ...

– Mayo Clinic

New England Journal of Medicine; American Academy of Neurology's 71st Annual Meeting


New Approach for Solving Protein Structures from Tiny Crystals

Scientists have developed a new approach for solving atomic-scale 3-D protein structures from tiny crystals. The advance will open up this structural biology technique to a wide range of hard-to-crystallize proteins in bacteria, viruses, plants, and ...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

IUCrJ, 3 May 2019


Needleless vaccine will protect children from dangerous viruses

Millions of people are infected with hepatitis B every year. Hundreds of thousands die. And small children are particularly at risk.

– University of Copenhagen

Scientific Reports


Induced Labor Not More Expensive to Health Care System than Spontaneous Labor

The results of a joint study between University of Utah Health and Intermountain Healthcare show inducing labor one week early costs the same as waiting for spontaneous labor.

– University of Utah Health

Annual Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists


Hotspot in the Genome May Drive Psychosis in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder

A newly identified epigenetic hotspot for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may give scientists a fresh path forward for devising more effective treatments and biomarker-based screening strategies.

– Van Andel Research Institute

Nature Communications

includes video

02-May-2019


Less-invasive mastectomy is safe option for more breast cancer patients, Mayo Clinic study finds

A less-invasive mastectomy that leaves the surface of the breast intact has become a safe option for more patients, including those whose breast cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes or who have risk factors for surgical complications, a Mayo Clini...

– Mayo Clinic

The American Society of Breast Surgeons press webinar Thursday, May 2,11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. EDT

Embargo expired on 02-May-2019 at 12:30 ET


Blood Pressure Drug Shows No Benefit in Parkinson’s Disease

A study of a blood pressure drug does not show any benefit for people with Parkinson’s disease, according to findings released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, May 4 to 10, 2...

– American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

American Academy of Neurology’s 71st Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 02-May-2019 at 16:00 ET


Easy on the Eyes

New computer program uses artificial intelligence to determine what visual neurons like to see. Algorithm generates synthetic images that morph into “super stimulus” for neurons, removing inherent bias of using natural images to gauge preference...

– Harvard Medical School

Cell

Embargo expired on 02-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


New Cancer Therapy Target Found in Mitochondria for Potential Treatment of Blood Cancers

A study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center identified a new therapeutic target in cancer cells and explains how new anti-cancer drugs called imipridones work by inducing cancer cell death in blood cancers, such as acute myeloid leuk...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

Cancer Cell

Embargo expired on 02-May-2019 at 14:00 ET


New research could prevent jaw damage for cancer patients in need of oral surgery

UCLA researchers are co-leading a new pre-clinical study that could prevent patients treated for cancer or osteoporosis from experiencing jawbone damage as a result of oral surgery.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

Bone Science Direct


Children and Teens Who Drink Low-Calorie Sweetened Beverages Do Not Save Calories Compared to Those Who Drink Sugary Drinks

U.S. children and teens who consumed low-calorie or zero-calorie sweetened beverages took in about 200 extra calories on a given day compared to those who drank water, and they took in about the same number of calories as youth who consumed sugary be...

– George Washington University

Pediatric Obesity


Mobile Prenatal App Shown to Reduce In-person Visits During Pregnancy

Using the mobile app Babyscripts reduced in-person prenatal care visits while maintaining patient and provider satisfaction, according to research published in JMIR mHealth and uHealth by physician researchers from the George Washington University

– George Washington University

JMIR mHealth and uHealth


Patient Visits Higher at Rural Emergency Departments

A new study found that rural emergency department visits grew by 50 percent during a 12-year timeframe, suggesting that rural emergency departments serve as safety nets for many patients.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

JAMA


Estudio descodifica una forma en la que el cáncer sobrevive al tratamiento y propone una manera de evitarlo

Las células cancerosas esconden dentro de sus mangas metafóricas varios trucos para sobrevivir la quimioterapia, la radioterapia y otros tratamientos contra el cáncer. Pero ahora, mediante líneas celulares y células derivadas del cáncer de algu...

– Mayo Clinic

Molecular Cell


Aging baby boomers push sky high incidence of shingles of the eye

More Americans are being diagnosed with eye complications of shingles, but older adults can call the shots on whether they develop the painful rash that can cost them their eyesight.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

2019 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology


Opción de mastectomía menos invasiva es segura para más pacientes con cáncer de mama, descubre estudio de Mayo Clinic

La mastectomía menos invasiva que conserva intacta la superficie de la mama se ha convertido en una opción segura para más pacientes, incluso para aquellas cuyo cáncer de mama se extendió a los ganglios linfáticos cercanos o tienen factores de ...

– Mayo Clinic


Survey shatters misconceptions about American Indian mothers

During pregnancy, American Indian mothers are less likely to consume alcohol and no more likely to smoke than white mothers in South Dakota after adjusting for socioeconomic factors.

– South Dakota State University

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2018


The immaculate conception?

The Immaculate Conception? Forget Sperm and Eggs, Hebrew University Researchers have Created Embryo Stem Cells from Skin Cells

– Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Cell Stem Cell


Fifteen years of mosquito data implicate species most likely to transmit West Nile virus in Iowa

A study published this week that analyzed 15 years of mosquito surveillance data shows Iowa’s western counties experience a higher abundance of the species thought to most commonly carry West Nile virus. Culex tarsalis, the mosquito species most of...

– Iowa State University

Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 6637 (2019)


New study tracks perils of water polo head injuries

Irvine, Calif., May 2, 2019 – Water polo athletes take note: A new study by University of California, Irvine researchers maps out the frequency of head injuries in the sport and reveals which positions are the most vulnerable. The first-of-its-kind...

– University of California, Irvine

PLOS One, May-2019


Negative experiences at dentist much more common for low-income, nonwhite children

Irvine, Calif., May 2, 2019 — Disparities in young children’s experiences at the dentist are linked to income, ethnicity and language, according to a new study from the University of California, Irvine. Published in Academic Pediatrics, it found ...

– University of California, Irvine

Academic Pediatrics, May-2019


Online Tool Gives Surgeons and Their Patients Probabilities for the Success of Their Ventral Hernia Repair Operation

A surgeon-developed online app can be used by patients and their surgeons to help guide preoperative planning and establish expectations for how a patient’s ventral hernia repair operation will turn out, according to new study findings.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of American College of Surgeons


Study Reveals Link Between Starch Digestion Gene, Gut Bacteria

A newly discovered relationship between genetic variation and the gut microbiome could help nutritionists personalize their recommendations. People with a high number of copies of a gene called AMY1, which expresses a salivary enzyme for breaking dow...

– Cornell University

Cell Host & Microbe, April-2019


Answering the Call: Mom Meets Child Who Received Her Kidney

When she turned 48, Lisa James of Arlington, Texas, decided she wanted to make the ultimate gift by donating one of her kidneys to a child she hadn’t met.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

includes video

MedWire Policy and Public Affairs


Statement of American Society of Nephrology President Mark E. Rosenberg, MD, FASN, on Fiscal Year 2020 Proposed Budget of $41.1 Billion for the National Institutes of Health

Washington, DC (May 2, 2019) – On behalf of the more than 40 million children, adolescents, and adults living with kidney diseases in the United States, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) applauds the House Labor, Health and Human Services, E...

– American Society of Nephrology (ASN)


AACC Applauds Introduction of Legislation That Will Renew Crucial Pediatric Medical Testing Initiative

Today, the Newborn Screening Saves Lives Reauthorization Act of 2019 was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives by Reps. Lucille Roybal-Allard, D-Calif., and Michael Simpson, R-Idaho. This bipartisan bill is also expected to be introduced in...

– American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)

MedWire Announcements


Index that tracks impact of pharmaceuticals worldwide to relaunch, focus on more diseases

The Global Health Impact Index, developed by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York to rank pharmaceutical companies based on their drugs’ impact on global health, is launching a new, more-robust model that addresses even mo...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York


Wills Eye Physicians Named “Top Docs” in Philadelphia Magazine’s 2019 List

Wills Eye Hospital Physicians are once again named to Philadelphia Magazine’s Annual “Top Docs” list from a vote by their peers throughout the region. The full medical list includes more than 2600 physicians and spans 66 different subspecialtie...

– Wills Eye Hospital


MEDIA ADVISORY: ACSM to Release Science Supporting the Updated Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans

ACSM to release a collection of 14 new pronouncements that present the scientific reviews underlying the updated physical activity guidelines and identify key knowledge gaps for future research in the June issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exer...

– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)


New Book Explores Hospice and Palliative Care Interventions

Behavioral Intervention Research in Hospice and Palliative Care: Building an Evidence Base sets forth research considerations and guidelines to build evidence-based interventions to improve end-of-life care.

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing


VUMC, UCSF Win KidneyX Award for Home Dialysis Design

A roadmap to create an implantable dialysis system that would allow patients to treat kidney failure at home has won researchers from Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC), UC San Francisco (UCSF), and Silicon Kidney one of 15 cash prizes in th...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Luke Montrose Earns Grant to Study the Molecular Effects of Alzheimer’s

Luke Montrose, assistant professor in the Department of Community and Environmental Health, has been awarded a grant from the IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence (Idaho INBRE) to fund a two-year pilot study related to Alzheimer’s disease...

– Boise State University


UVA's Edward H. Egelman Elected to Prestigious National Academy of Sciences

Egelman has attracted national and international headlines for discoveries such as how urinary tract infections take hold and how an almost indestructible virus survives and thrives in nearly boiling acid.

– University of Virginia Health System


FDA Grants Breakthrough Device Designation to KidneyIntelX™

Provides priority regulatory review of AI-enabled diagnostic for fast-progressing kidney disease

– Mount Sinai Health System


Vivian Gahtan, MD, Named Chair of Loyola's Department of Surgery

Vivian Gahtan, MD, a nationally known vascular surgeon, has been named professor and chair of the Department of Surgery of Loyola Medicine and Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, effective Aug. 1.

– Loyola University Health System


Major Grant Fuels Hunt for Universal Flu Vaccine

Funds from the National Institutes of Health will accelerate the chase for one of medicine’s most elusive goals: a universal influenza vaccine.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

1U01AI144673-01


Mount Sinai REACH Program to Host Women’s Health Fair

In honor of National Women’s Health Week, the REACH Program (Respectful and Equitable Access to Comprehensive Healthcare) at Mount Sinai is hosting a Women’s Health Fair for the Harlem and surrounding communities.

– Mount Sinai Health System


Four Proposals Receive Seed Funds to Develop Medical Devices for Children

The Pennsylvania Pediatric Medical Device Consortium (PPDC) has announced its latest round of seed grants to companies developing medical devices for children. The Consortium chose four companies from 11 finalists in a competition to receive seed gra...

– Children's Hospital of Philadelphia


First-in-Texas Remote Prescription Pickup Option Now Available

Baylor Scott & White Health now offers a new, more convenient prescription pickup option for patients. Baylor Scott & White Pharmacy kiosks, which are located on medical centers throughout the healthcare system’s service area, are now being install...

– Baylor Scott and White Health


Dean of Medical Students Selected for Prestigious Piper Professor Award for Educators

Dr. Angela Mihalic, Dean of Medical Students and Associate Dean of Student Affairs, has been selected to receive the 2019 Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation’s Piper Professor Award, a prestigious honor that recognizes outstanding college professors ac...

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

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