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Newswise MedWire - Medical News for Journalists
Newswise MedWire
Monday, June 3, 2019

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Medical News

03-Jun-2019


Lack of Sleep May Increase Likelihood of Teens Engaging in Risky Sexual Behaviors

Teenagers who don’t get enough sleep may be at an increased risk of engaging in unsafe sexual behaviors, such as not using condoms or having sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs, according to new research published by the American Psychologi...

– American Psychological Association (APA)

Health Psychology

Embargo expired on 03-Jun-2019 at 09:00 ET


Study finds DNA markers may be valuable in early detection of colorectal cancer

New studies on early detection of colorectal cancer and the quality-of-life impact of cell therapy are among several Mayo Clinic presentations at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting in Chicago.

– Mayo Clinic

American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting

Embargo expired on 03-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


2 Mayo Clinic studies examine discrimination, bias in health care organizations

Two studies that explore types of discrimination and gender bias in health care organizations will be presented by Mayo Clinic researchers at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting in Chicago.

– Mayo Clinic

American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 03-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


Study: Genetic information can encourage women to accept preventive cancer treatment

Studies show that the risk of breast cancer can be reduced by half through the use of a five-year course of tamoxifen or raloxifene, and also by aromatase inhibitors. Nevertheless, women at high risk of breast cancer have a low acceptance of preventi...

– Mayo Clinic

American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 03-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


Combination checkpoint blockade effective in pre-surgical setting for early-stage lung cancers

Neoadjuvant, or pre-surgical, treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab resulted in an overall major pathologic response (MPR) rate of 33 percent of treated patients with early-stage, resectable non-small cell lung cancers, meaning these patients had ...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

2019 ASCO Annual Meeting


Yale Cancer Center researchers demonstrate novel drug increased survival for patients with bladder cancer.

There are no approved treatment options for patients with advanced bladder cancer after standard chemotherapy and immune treatments, but the results of a phase II clinical trial led by Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital researchers demonst...

– Yale Cancer Center

ASCO Annual Meeting 2019


ASCO 2019: Favorable Response for Brain Cancer Patients Receiving Combination Therapy With SurVaxM

With their phase II study in patients with aggressive brain cancer now completed, the developers of the cancer immunotherapy SurVaxM report that combination therapy with the vaccine was more effective than standard therapy for nearly all patients.

– Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

ASCO Annual Meeting, Jun-2019


Which Brain Hemorrhage Patients Have Treatable Underlying Conditions

A new study identifies patients more likely to have underlying lesions from brain-bleeds, a finding that could help doctors treat the condition more rapidly.

– Thomas Jefferson University

Journal of Neurosurgery

02-Jun-2019


Enzalutamide improves survival for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer

Enzalutamide, an oral androgen receptor inhibitor, can improve outcomes for men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC), according to a large study presented by Christopher Sweeney, MBBS of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute's Lank Center...

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

New England Journal of Medicine, June-2019; ASCO Annual Meeting, June-2019

Embargo expired on 02-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET

includes video


Study finds drug therapy can delay onset of myeloma symptoms

The largest randomized trial involving smoldering multiple myeloma suggests that lenalidomide, a cancer drug, may delay the onset of myeloma symptoms, according to Mayo Clinic researchers. The study was conducted by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology G...

– Mayo Clinic

American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 02-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


Preteen Suicide Attempts — Mainly By Girls — On the Rise, According to Rutgers Experts

Preteen Suicide Attempts — Mainly By Girls — On the Rise, According to Rutgers Experts

Expert Available

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

01-Jun-2019


Adding ribociclib to hormone therapy extends lives of women with most common metastatic breast cancer

A UCLA-led study has found that using a drug called ribociclib in combination with a common hormone therapy may help premenopausal women with the most common type of breast cancer live longer than if they only receive the hormone therapy.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

New England Journal of Medicine

Embargo expired on 01-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


Ribociclib plus hormone therapy extends survival for patients with premenopausal advanced hormone receptor-positive breast cancer

Adding the targeted therapy ribociclib to hormone therapy significantly improved overall survival (OS) in premenopausal patients with advanced hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer, according to results of the MONALEESA-7 Phase III clinical t...

– University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

New England Journal of Medicine; 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 01-Jun-2019 at 07:30 ET


Immunotherapy drug improves five-year survival rate of people with advanced lung cancer

In a study led by UCLA investigators, treatment with the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab helped more than 15% of people with advanced non-small cell lung cancer live for at least five years — and 25% of patients whose tumor cells had a specific pr...

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

31-May-2019


Genes, stress and childhood adversity: Impact on risky drinking and drug-use

Exposure to adversity as a child can affect how the body responds to stress, and may increase the risk of negative health behaviors and addictions in adulthood. However, the impact of early life adversity may depend partly on an individual’s geneti...

– Research Society on Alcoholism

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Embargo expired on 31-May-2019 at 10:00 ET


Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer

Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer

– Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

ASCO Annual Meeting 2019

Embargo expired on 31-May-2019 at 09:00 ET


More than half of patients in pain management study took no opioids after operations

Patients undergoing six operations said postoperative pain was manageable, according to <i>Journal of the American College of Surgeons</i> study findings.

– American College of Surgeons (ACS)

Journal of the American College of Surgeons

Embargo expired on 31-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


Childhood Adversity Linked to Earlier Puberty, Premature Brain Development, and Greater Mental Illness

Growing up in poverty and experiencing traumatic events like a bad accident or sexual assault were linked to accelerated puberty and brain maturation, abnormal brain development, and greater mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and p...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

JAMA Psychiatry; MH107235; MH089983; MH096891; P50MH06891


Classification System Based on Co-Occurring Conditions May Provide Insight Into Autism

According to research published today in Autism Research, creating a classification system for ASD based on co-occurring conditions could provide useful insights into the underlying mechanics of ASD and these conditions.

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)

Autism Research; Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders


Platelet-Rich Fibrin May Lead to Better Outcomes with Fat Grafting

A "second-generation" platelet concentrate called platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) might enhance the outcomes of fat grafting for plastic surgery procedures, reports an experimental study in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the offi...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Minority Children Have More Complications, Higher Costs of Cleft Palate Repair

A new study documents racial disparities among children undergoing surgery to repair cleft palate, including a higher risk of complications in African-American children, reports the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official med...

– Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery


Radio-wave Therapy Proves Effective Against Liver Cancer Cells

A new targeted therapy using non-thermal radio waves has been shown to block the growth of liver cancer cells anywhere in the body without damaging healthy cells, according to a study conducted by scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine, part of...

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

EBioMedicine, May 31, 2019


A new way to predict complications after larynx cancer surgery

A technique that illuminates blood flow during surgery predicted which head and neck cancer patients were likely to have issues with wound healing. It could enable surgeons to make adjustments during surgery or recovery to improve outcomes.

– Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Annals of Surgical Oncology


Occupational Hazards Account for More than One in Ten People with Range of Lung Diseases

More than 1 in 10 people with a range of non-cancerous lung diseases may be sick as a result of inhaling vapors, gas, dust or fumes at work, according to a joint American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society statement published in th...

– American Thoracic Society (ATS)

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine


Most preventive antibiotics prescribed by dentists are unnecessary

A new study found that 81% of antibiotics prescribed by dentists to prevent infections prior to dental visits are unnecessary.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

JAMA Network Open


The magic behind the medals

When the Norwegian cross-country skier Marit Bjørgen hung up her skis for the last time in April 2018, she was the winningest winter Olympian ever

– Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)

Frontiers in Physiology


Racism has a toxic effect

A new study indicates that racism is toxic to humans.

– University of Southern California (USC)

Psychoneuroendocrinology


Investigating Cardiovascular Health Among Asian Americans

UAB investigators publish landmark findings about the cardiovascular health of Asian Americans.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

American Journal of Cardiology


Study: Men with Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Who Choose Active Surveillance Often Don’t Follow Monitoring Guidelines

Researchers found just 15 percent of a group of men with early-stage prostate cancer received biopsies and other tests according to active surveillance guidelines from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

ASCO Annual Meeting 2019


International Clinical Trial of New Drug for Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer Yields Strong Results

Today the New England Journal of Medicine published the first results of a phase III international clinical study called TITAN (National Clinical Trials Number 02489318), which evaluated the effectiveness and safety of a new drug, apalutamide, to tre...

– Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah

New England Journal of Medicine


Atlantic Health System Physicians Co-Author Studies to be Presented at American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting

Studies to be presented at the ASCO meeting are co-authored by research oncologists Eric Whitman, MD; Missak Haigentz, MD; and Angela Alistar, MD. Their ASCO studies include: two separate studies looking at TILS therapy and Keytruda for advanced mela...

– Atlantic Health System


Cornell team, EPA to partner on emissions big data project

A team from Cornell University associate professor Max Zhang’s lab will work with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) over the next year on a machine learning model designed to predict fossil fuel emissions. The project was a winning entry in...

– Cornell University


Research Study That Could Help Millions with Common Heart Problem

UNMC is the only institution in the central plains region participating in the research. Globally, 880 patients will be enrolled at 130 sites in 20 countries. Researchers will follow patients for up to five years.

– University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC)

includes video


What’s Bugging (and Biting) You? Mosquito Expert Explains Why Your Odor Might Mean More Mosquito Bites

WACO, Texas May 31, 2019) – Summer signals an increase in mosquito populations, and with more mosquitoes buzzing around, that means more people are dealing with mosquito bites and their consequences, from an itchy inconvenience to serious diseases ...

Expert Available

– Baylor University

30-May-2019


Scientists Bioengineer Human Liver Disease in the Lab to Find New Treatments

Scientists successfully bioengineered human liver organoids that faithfully mimic key features of fatal liver disease in the laboratory. This allowed them to uncover underlying disease biology in the organoids and test a potential therapy that in pre...

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Cell Metabolism, May 30, 2019

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 11:00 ET


New NCCN Guidelines for Children with Cancer Meet Growing Needs of Pediatric Oncology Community Worldwide

National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) debuts NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)—comprehensive, up-to-date, evidence-based, consensus-driven guidelines for treating...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)

Embargo expired on 30-May-2019 at 09:30 ET


Newly Discovered Immune Cell Linked to Type 1 Diabetes

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers say mysterious, previously unseen “X cell” may be cause of type 1 diabetes

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Cell; R0 AI099027


Study Shows Safety Initiative Decreases Opioid Use in VA Patients with Little Impact on Pain Scores

New research published in Anesthesiology reports that after an Opioid Safety Initiative was implemented at the Veterans Health Administration, patients undergoing knee replacement surgery were prescribed significantly less opioids with minimal impact...

– American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

Anesthesiology


Heartburn drugs linked to fatal heart and kidney disease, stomach cancer

A study from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System has linked long-term use of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to fatal cases of cardiovascular disease, chr...

– Washington University in St. Louis

BMJ


Examining perceptions of accessibility symbols

The International Symbol of Access has been criticized for its inadequate representation of disability diversity, poorly representing universal design of space and products.

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Disability and Health Journal


UCI research helps shed new light on circadian clocks

Irvine, Calif., May 30, 2019 – Can your liver sense when you’re staring at a television screen or cellphone late at night? Apparently so, and when such activity is detected, the organ can throw your circadian rhythms out of whack, leaving you mor...

– University of California, Irvine

Cell, May-2019


Emergency room or doctor's office?

A new study in the journal Heliyon, published by Elsevier, examines the relationship between the way individuals perceive and respond to threats (threat sensitivity)

– Elsevier

Heliyon


Study: Childhood Adversity Linked With Severe Depression in Adulthood

Children who face adversity are at a significantly greater risk for severe depression, research out of the University at Albany’s finds. Adversity has long been associated with depression, but until now, the timing of the adversity in relation to d...

– University at Albany, State University of New York

Depression and Anxiety


Church, couch, couple: Social psychological connections between people and physical space

Societies and people have reshaped the world many times over. From building cities and communities that live within them

– Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Personality and Social Psychology Review


International team identifies potential therapeutic target for sepsis

An international collaboration led by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center has identified a potential new therapeutic target for sepsis.

– UT Southwestern Medical Center

Science Advances


Eating blueberries every day improves heart health

Eating a cup of blueberries a day reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease - according to new research led by the University of East Anglia

– University of East Anglia

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition


How the enzyme lipoxygenase drives heart failure after heart attacks

In a study in Metabolism, Ganesh Halade details the profound lipidomic and metabolic signatures and the modified leukocyte profiling that delay heart failure progression and provide improved survival in 12/15 lipoxygenase-deficient mice. Heart failur...

– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental; AT006704 ; HL132989; POST31000008


African Mole-Rats Immune to ‘Wasabi Pain’

A new report in Science provides the first evidence of a mammal — the highveld mole-rat — being immune to pain from exposure to allyl isothiocyanate, or AITC, the active ingredient of wasabi.

– University of Illinois at Chicago

Science


The Medical Minute: The pitfalls of too much screen time

Too much screen time can cause health problems for an adult. Mix it with the turmoil of teen years — or the plasticity of a preschooler’s brain — and it can lead to conditions ranging from obesity to mental health disorders.

– Penn State Health


Success after epilepsy surgery: It's more than just seizure freedom

Epilepsy surgery that stops seizures is usually considered successful. However, surgical consequences -- such as cognitive issues, depression, and anxiety -- can affect quality of life. And some struggle with the 'burden of normality' that comes from...

– International League Against Epilepsy


Loyola Medicine Initiative to Prevent Burnout in Young Physicians

Loyola Medicine pathologist Marissa Saint Martin, MD, is leading an initiative to help prevent burnout in young doctors.

– Loyola University Health System


Loyola Medicine Celebrates 50th Anniversary

Loyola Medicine, the top rated health system in Chicago's western suburbs, is celebrating its 50th anniversary.

– Loyola University Health System


Environmental Expert Addresses Plan to Combat Lyme Disease, Tick-borne Illness

An environmental expert is available to comment on the need to fund research to combat tick-borne illnesses.

Expert Available

– Indiana University

MedWire Announcements


Georgetown University Launches Clinical Trial for Lewy Body Dementia

Georgetown University Medical Center announces the launch of the only known therapeutic (disease modifying) clinical trial for Lewy body dementia, a neurological disorder that affects a million people in the United States for which there are no appro...

– Georgetown University Medical Center

PCT19-604325


Jaya Satagopan Joins the Rutgers School of Public Health

The Rutgers School of Public Health is excited to announce Jaya Satagopan, PhD, will be joining the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology as a professor of biostatistics in September.

– Rutgers School of Public Health


Flinders Village to transform education, health in Adelaide

Adjacent to the new Flinders Station, the development will feature student accommodation, an advanced Health Research facility, transitional health accommodation, a hotel, and amenities such as retail facilities, benefiting students, staff and the co...

– Flinders University

includes video


NCCN and AstraZeneca Support Quality Improvements for Lung Cancer Care

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Oncology Research Program (ORP) and AstraZeneca are collaborating to seek proposals for improving care processes for patients with unresectable stage III and stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...

– National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)


NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn Appoints Director of Vascular Neurology, Comprehensive Stroke Center

Board certified in neurology and vascular neurology, Shadi Yaghi, MD, will oversee the Joint Commission–accredited Comprehensive Stroke Center at NYU Langone Hospital–Brooklyn and director clinical vascular neurology research for NYU Langone Heal...

– NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn

New England Journal of Medicine

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