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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, October 12, 2015

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Obesity News Source 12-Oct-2015
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Newswise Obesity News Source

The Obesity News Source wire contains research and experts on obesity, related health conditions cause by obesity, healthy eating, diet, and exercise.

More information can be found at the Obesity News Source

Why Elephants Rarely Get Cancer

Why elephants rarely get cancer is a mystery that has stumped scientists for decades. A study led by researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah and Arizona State University, and including researchers from the Ringling Bros. Center for Elephant Conservation, may have found the answer. According to the results, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), elephants have 38 additional modified copies (alleles) of a gene that encodes p53, a well-defined tumor suppressor, as compared to humans, who have only two. Further, elephants may have a more robust mechanism for killing damaged cells that are at risk for becoming cancerous. The results suggest extra p53 could explain elephants’ enhanced resistance to cancer.

 • Audio / Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 08-Oct-2015 at 11:00 ET)

Journal of the American Medical Association; DE-FG02-97ER25308; CA149566; CA170595; CA185138; CA140657; LM008626; BC132057; CA24014

– University of Utah Health Sciences

Expert Available: Cutting Sugary Drinks Helps Combat Increasing Teen Obesity Trend

More than one-third of children in the United States ages 6 to 19 years old are overweight or obese. Over the past 30 years, the number of obese adolescents has more than quadrupled, which also has led to an increase in children diagnosed with diabetes. To combat this trend, Aneesh Tosh, M.D., adolescent medicine physician at University of Missouri Health Care and associate professor of clinical child health at the MU School of Medicine, recommends that sugary drinks be removed from adolescents’ diets.

 • Video / Image(s) embedded • 
Expert(s) available

– University of Missouri Health

Birth Weight and Poor Childhood Growth Linked to Hearing and Vision Problems in Middle Age

A study of up to 433,390 UK adults, led by The University of Manchester, has linked being under and overweight at birth with poorer hearing, vision and cognition in middle age.

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PLOS One, Aug-2015

– University of Manchester

New Test Predicts Teens' Future Risk of Heart Disease

Researchers have created a cardiac crystal ball in the battle against the No. 1 killer of both men and women. By identifying teens at risk of heart disease early, doctors can encourage the healthy behaviors that could save their lives.

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Journal of the American College of Cardiology

– University of Virginia Health System

Gastric Bypass Surgery Improves Blood Sugar Handling and Insulin Sensitivity, Study Finds

Gastric bypass surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes along with weight loss. A new study examines why, finding that insulin sensitivity of the body's main glucose (sugar) storage sites improve after gastric bypass surgery.

American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Battling Obesity in the Classroom with Exercise

There's another burst of seat-bouncing, giggling and shouting in researcher Rebecca Hasson's simulated classroom at the University of Michigan as Hasson catches study participant Marcus Patton cheating at Sorry!

– University of Michigan

A Stand-Up Solution

According to a new University of Iowa study, employees with sit-stand desks stood 60 minutes more a day at work compared with their co-workers with sitting desks, and they continued to do so long after their newfangled desks lost their novelty.

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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

– University of Iowa

Preventing Cancer: Study Finds Dramatic Benefits of Weight-Loss Surgery

A study evaluating the effects of bariatric surgery on obese women most at risk for cancer has found that the weight-loss surgery slashed participants’ weight by a third and eliminated precancerous uterine growths in those who had them. Other effects included improving patients’ physical quality of life, improving their insulin levels and ability to use glucose – which may reduce their risk for diabetes – and even altering the composition of their gut bacteria.

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Gynecologic Oncology

– University of Virginia Health System

GW’s Rodham Institute Hosts Third Annual Summit to Promote Health Equity in Washington, D.C.

The Third Annual Rodham Institute Summit at THEARC in southeast D.C. focused on the theme, "“Celebrating Great Work in Our Community: Health Equity Success Stories."

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– George Washington University

Heavier Patients Require Less Blood Transfusions in Hip, Knee Replacement Surgery

Blood transfusion rates in hip and knee replacement surgery were dramatically lower in overweight or obese patients than patients of normal weight, according to a study at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. Researchers also found no correlation between the heavier patients and post-surgical complications such as blood clots and heart attacks.

 • Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 01-Oct-2015 at 09:30 ET)

International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty Sept. 30

– Henry Ford Health System

The Medical Minute: When Duodenal Switch May Be the Best Weight Loss Option

A less-common form of bariatric surgery can help the heaviest patients reach an ideal weight, but it’s not for everyone.

– Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Children with Severe Obesity May Be at Higher Risk for Heart Disease and Diabetes

A new study led by researchers in the UNC Department of Pediatrics finds a direct correlation between more severe forms of obesity in children and related risk factors for developing heart disease and diabetes—particularly in boys.

 • Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 30-Sep-2015 at 17:00 ET)

New England Journal of Medicine

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Lung Disease May Increase Risk of Insulin Resistance, Diabetes, Mouse Study Suggests

Numerous studies have identified obesity and poor diet as risk factors for insulin resistance and diabetes. Now, a new study adds another risk factor to the list: inflammatory lung disease. The article is published ahead-of-print in the American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.

(Embargo expired on 30-Sep-2015 at 00:00 ET)

American Journal of Physiology—Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Severely Obese Children May Be at Higher Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes

More than 3 million children in the United States who are severely obese may be at a higher risk of developing heart disease and diabetes than overweight children, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

(Embargo expired on 30-Sep-2015 at 17:00 ET)

New England Journal of Medicine, Oct-2015

– Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Williams College Professor Receives $361,539 NIH Grant to Study the Neural Basis of Food Intake Behaviors

Williams College professor Matt Carter has received a three-year $361,539 NIH grant to conduct research into how the brain controls food intake.

1R15DK105510-01A1

– Williams College

Among South Asians, Risks of Developing Diabetes Begins at Birth, Says Research

Researchers compared nearly 800 pregnant South Asian and white Caucasian women. While the South Asian mothers—who were smaller in stature than their white counterparts—gave birth to significantly smaller babies, those newborns had more adipose or fat tissue, termed the “thin-fat” phenotype and a higher waist circumference.

International Journal of Obesity

– McMaster University

Chemical Exposure Linked to Rising Diabetes, Obesity Risk

Emerging evidence ties endocrine-disrupting chemical exposure to two of the biggest public health threats facing society – diabetes and obesity, according to the executive summary of an upcoming Scientific Statement issued today by the Endocrine Society.

Endocrine Reviews

– Endocrine Society

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