Moderate Amounts of Caffeine During Pregnancy Do Not Harm Baby’s IQ and Does Not Cause Behavioral Problems, Obesity
Women drinking and eating moderate amounts of caffeine during pregnancy should be reassured that they are not harming their child’s intelligence, according to a study from The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital that was published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
American Journal of Epidemiology, Nov-2015
– Nationwide Children's Hospital
Low Sugar Diet Makes Foods Taste Sweeter But Does Not Change Preferred Level of Sweetness
New research from the Monell Center reveals that while foods such as vanilla pudding taste sweeter following three months on a low-sugar diet, the level of sweetness most preferred in foods and beverages does not change. The findings may inform public health efforts to reduce the amount of added sugars that people consume in their diets. • Image(s) embedded • (Embargo expired on 25-Nov-2015 at 14:00 ET)
– Monell Chemical Senses Center
How Weight-Loss Surgery Reduces Sugar Cravings
Weight loss surgery curbs the sweet tooth by acting on the brain's reward system, according to a study published November 19 in Cell Metabolism. The researchers found that gastrointestinal bypass surgery, which is used to treat morbid obesity and diabetes, reduced sugar-seeking behavior in mice by reducing the release of a reward chemical called dopamine in the brain. The findings suggest that positive outcomes are more likely if sugary foods seem less rewarding after surgery. • Image(s) embedded •
– Newswise Review
Report Offers State-by-State View of Obesity Across Indian Country
According to data released by the Centers for Disease and Control and Prevention, and analyzed in the annual State of Obesity report by the Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, in Arizona, North Carolina and New Mexico at least 75 percent of Native American adults are overweight or obese. Texas had the lowest obesity rate for Natives at 51 percent. By Mallory Black / Native Health News Alliance • Image(s) embedded • (Embargo expired on 17-Nov-2015 at 00:00 ET)
– Voices for Healthy Kids
In Dying Cells, UVA Finds Potential Way to Control Cholesterol Levels
A discovery about how the body deals with the cholesterol contained within its dying cells has suggested an exciting new approach to control people’s cholesterol levels – and thus their risk of developing heart disease. • Image(s) embedded •
– University of Virginia Health System
Nationwide Look at Diabetes in Mexico Paints Grim Picture
If diabetes in Mexico continues unchecked, at least one in three people, and as many as one in two, could be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetimes.
– University of Michigan
Children Born to Women After Bariatric Surgery at Higher Risk of Obesity, Diabetes
Weight-loss surgery can boost fertility in women and reduce the risk of pregnancy complications that commonly occur in obese women. However, a new study in rats suggests that weight-loss surgery alters mothers’ hormone and chemical balance, which harms offspring during gestation and later in life. (Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 15:00 ET)
Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Diseases: Physiology and Gender, Nov-2015
– American Physiological Society (APS)
Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Harm Bone Health
In a new animal study, University of Missouri researchers examined how the development of obesity and insulin resistance contribute to bone-fracture risk and whether exercise prevents weight gain and diabetes and protects bone health. They found obesity and Type 2 diabetes negatively affected bone, but exercise prevented weight gain and diabetes and increased bone strength. These findings could inform interventions to improve bone health among individuals with obesity and Type 2 diabetes.
– University of Missouri Health
Diabetes Drug Could Be Used to Combat Fatty Liver Disease, Research Shows
Researchers from the University of Birmingham believe that the findings present the possibility of new therapies for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, for which there is no current licensed treatment. (Embargo expired on 19-Nov-2015 at 18:30 ET)
The Lancet, Nov-2015
– University of Birmingham
Research Shows Texas Grow! Eat! Go! Interventions Having Positive Impact on Youth
Research has shown that efforts through the Texas Grow! Eat! Go! program have had a positive effect on improving the health and wellness of youth in the five participating Texas counties.
– Texas A&M AgriLife
Does Exercise Increase or Decrease Pain Reports in Normal Weight or Overweight/Obese Kids?
Latest Research Highlights from ACSM— November 2015 • Image(s) embedded •
– American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
New Study Links Short Sleep to Distracted Secondary Eating and Drinking
Research suggests a link between short sleep and obesity from secondary eating and drinking while engaged in another activity. • Image(s) embedded •
Journal of Health Promotion
– University of Alabama at Birmingham
Rising Risk of Obesity Among China’s ‘Left Behind Children’
Some 61 million rural children left behind by parents moving to China’s booming urban centres are at risk from increased fat and reduced protein in their diets, research from The University of Manchester, published in Public Health Nutrition suggests. • Image(s) embedded •
Public Health Nutrition, Dec-2015
– University of Manchester
TSRI Scientists Show How Drug Molecules Regulate a Medically Important Protein
A new study, led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute, shows how different pharmaceutical drugs hit either the “on” or “off” switch of a signaling protein linked to asthma, obesity and type 2 diabetes. • Image(s) embedded •
– Scripps Research Institute
Obesity Contributes to Ovarian Cancer Metastasis
A large number of studies have shown that an increased body mass index is associated with a greater risk for ovarian cancer with worse overall survival. However, the influence of obesity on ovarian cancer metastasis had not been evaluated. Researchers from the University of Notre Dame and its affiliated Harper Cancer Research Institute set out to determine whether obesity contributes to ovarian cancer metastatic success. In other words, are tumor cells better able to successfully metastasize when the “host” is obese versus lean?
Cancer Research, Nov-2015
– University of Notre Dame
Is Stroke Prevention Taking a Back Seat to Stroke Treatment?
Many strokes that required immediate treatment in emergency rooms may have been preventable, according to a University of California, Irvine study. While therapy for acute stroke continues to advance and improve patient outcomes, the findings stress that stroke prevention – including the close monitoring of blood pressure, cholesterol levels and cardiac conditions – needs to keep pace. • Image(s) embedded •
JAMA Neurology; NS 20989
– University of California, Irvine
Sperm Carries Information About Dad's Weight
Turns out dads are also eating for two. A study published December 3 in Cell Metabolism reveals that a man's weight affects the heritable information contained in sperm. The sperm cells of lean and obese men possess different epigenetic marks, notable at gene regions associated with the control of appetite. The comparisons, which included 13 lean men and 10 obese men, offer one biological explanation for why children of obese fathers are themselves more predisposed to obesity. • Image(s) embedded •
– Cell Press
Food Labeling Intervention Increases Sales of Healthy Foods
The labeling and in-store promotion of both healthy foods and healthier, low-sodium, low-fat, or lower-sugar-content food choices can increase sales of promoted food items. The findings suggest an economically feasible model for promoting healthier food purchases.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
– Johns Hopkins University Carey Business School
Top Stories 11 Dec 2015; New Forensic Science Breakthroughs, Breast Cancer Treatment Difference by Age, Racial Disparities in Dialysis, and More...
Click to view today's top stories. (Embargo expired on 11-Dec-2015 at 09:00 ET)
– Newswise Trends
People Unaware of Fatty Liver Disease Could Make the Problem Worse with Holiday Overindulgence
Most of us will seriously overeat between Thanksgiving and New Year's Day. Those people walking around with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease could make the condition a lot worse, opening them up to serious diseases.
– Houston Methodist
Vanderbilt Dietitian Offers Guidelines to Prevent Weight Gain During Holiday Season
Vanderbilt University Medical Center dietitian and certified personal trainer Jessica Bennett is asked frequently this time of year: how can I enjoy holiday parties and meals with family and not gain weight.
– Vanderbilt University Medical Center
PUMPKIN – NATURE’S SUPERSTAR, NOT JUST DURING THE HOLIDAYS, BUT YEAR-ROUND
With the holidays approaching, the humble pumpkin has taken its rightful place center stage. One of the most versatile of fruits, almost every part of the pumpkin is edible – flowers, leaves, meat, seeds and oil – and virtually all offer health benefits.
– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences
Colorado Sets Young Children Up for Healthy Futures
Jill Birnbaum, Executive Director of Voices for Healthy Kids, issued the following statement on the progress made in Colorado to ensure all children grow up at a healthy weight by issuing new rules on nutrition, physical activity and screen time in child care facilities.</ • Image(s) embedded • Expert(s) available
– Voices for Healthy Kids
The P.O.W.E.R. To Avoid Weight Politics Over the Holidays
Stacey Cahn, PhD, associate professor of clinical psychology at Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, offers tips to avoid awkward conversations about weight this holiday season.Expert(s) available
– Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Surviving the Holidays with #Diabetes
Diabetes and the Holdiays: Stony Brook Medicine Expert gives tips on how to have an effective diabetes management plan during holiday festivities • Image(s) embedded • Expert(s) available
– Stony Brook Medicine
New Incision-Free Weight Loss Option at UC San Diego Health
Patients seeking rapid but safe weight loss have a new option at the Bariatric Metabolic Institute (BMI) at UC San Diego Health. During an outpatient procedure, surgeons place an adjustable saline balloon in the stomach. The volume and shape of the balloon take up space in the stomach, which encourages food portion control. • Image(s) embedded •
– University of California, San Diego Health Sciences
Naomi Berrie Award Recognizes Research on Understanding How the Brain Senses Glucose
Robert Stanley Sherwin, MD, a professor of endocrinology at the Yale School of Medicine, was presented with the 17th Naomi Berrie Award for his work on understanding how the brain responds to hypoglycemia.
– Columbia University Medical Center
Film Screening and Discussion of in Defense of Food at Milken Institute School of Public Health
The Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness at Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University will hold a special pre-screening of the PBS documentary In Defense of Food, a new film that explores the science behind the 2008 book of the same name by journalist Michael Pollan.
– George Washington University