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Newswise Special Wire
Friday, April 29, 2016

Public edition | newswise.com

NEWSWISE Food Science Wire with IFT 29-Apr-2016
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Fermentation Festival Leads to Rapid Response System at UC San Diego Center for Microbiome Innovation

While technological advances have made it easier to map our microbiomes and metabolomes, these studies typically take too long for that data to be medically useful. Researchers at the University of California San Diego Center for Microbiome Innovation used the 2016 San Diego Fermentation Festival as a test case for a novel rapid response system. In the study, published in <i>mSystems</i>, the team collected samples, analyzed data and reported conclusions in an unprecedented 48 hours.

 • Image(s) embedded • (Embargo expired on 26-Apr-2016 at 13:00 ET)

mSystems

– University of California, San Diego Health Sciences

Mapping a Path to Improved Cassava Production

Though cassava is easy to cultivate, it is particularly vulnerable to plant pathogens which can significantly reduce crop yields. With the help of genomics, researchers hope to apply advanced breeding strategies that can improve cassava’s resistance to diseases and improve crop yields.

 • Image(s) embedded • (Embargo expired on 18-Apr-2016 at 11:00 ET)

Nature Biotechnology

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Chips or Cookies? Toddlers with Sweet Tooth More Likely to Experience Weight Gain

Toddlers who reached for cookies over chips when their bellies were full had a higher risk of body fat increases.

(Embargo expired on 18-Apr-2016 at 00:00 ET)

RO1HD069179

– University of Michigan Health System

Did Butter Get a Bad Rap?

New research of old data suggests that using vegetable oils high in linoleic acid failed to reduce heart disease and overall mortality even though the intervention reduced cholesterol levels. And consuming vegetable oils might actually be worse than eating butter.

(Embargo expired on 12-Apr-2016 at 18:30 ET)

British Medical Journal

– University of North Carolina Health Care System

Few Patients Use Weight Loss Medications Despite FDA Approval

Despite guidelines that advocate the use of weight loss medications to treat obesity, and the availability of FDA approved medications, very few patients use this treatment option, a new study suggests. The results will be presented Sunday, April 3, at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston.

(Embargo expired on 03-Apr-2016 at 11:30 ET)

ENDO 2016

– Endocrine Society

More Dietary Calcium May Lower Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, but Not of Stroke and Fracture

In older people, higher dietary calcium intake may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, but not of stroke and fracture, new research from South Korea suggests. The results will be presented in a poster Saturday, April 2, at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston.

(Embargo expired on 02-Apr-2016 at 11:30 ET)

ENDO 2016

– Endocrine Society

Liraglutide May Make High-Fat Foods Less Desirable to the Brain’s Reward Centers

A new study finds that the diabetes drug liraglutide leads to weight loss by acting on an area of the brain that controls attention and possibly making desirable foods less rewarding. Researchers will present their results Saturday at the Endocrine Society’s 98th annual meeting in Boston.

(Embargo expired on 02-Apr-2016 at 09:00 ET)

ENDO 2016

– Endocrine Society

Large Whey Protein Breakfast May Help Manage Type 2 Diabetes

A large breakfast containing whey protein may help manage Type 2 diabetes, new research from Israel reports. The study results will be presented Friday, April 1, at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston.

(Embargo expired on 02-Apr-2016 at 09:00 ET)

ENDO 2016

– Endocrine Society

A Paleolithic-Type Diet May Help Reduce Future Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

A Paleolithic-type diet may help obese postmenopausal women lose weight, improve their circulating fatty acid profile and lower their future risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, new research reports. The study results will be presented in a poster Sunday, April 3, at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston.

(Embargo expired on 02-Apr-2016 at 11:00 ET)

ENDO 2016

– Endocrine Society

Eating Chocolate Each Day Could Reduce Heart Disease and Diabetes Risk

A new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition appears to back up the adage that a little of what you fancy does you good. Including a small amount of chocolate each day could help prevent diabetes and insulin resistance. That’s one of the research findings from the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH), the University of Warwick Medical School, the University of South Australia and the University of Maine.

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British Journal of Nutrition Br J Nutr. 2016 Mar 17:1-8. ; APP1054567

– University of Warwick

Junk-Food Junkies Go Healthy When Rewarded

According to new Cornell University research, the most effective strategy for influencing such healthy food choices is not calorie counts and reduced prices, but rather more subtle incentives that reward healthy eating behavior.

– Cornell University

Building on Shells: UGA Interdisciplinary Study Starts Unraveling Mysteries of Calusa Kingdom

Centuries before modern countries such as Dubai and China started building islands, native peoples in southwest Florida known as the Calusa were piling shells into massive heaps to construct their own water-bound towns.

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PLOS One, April 2016

– University of Georgia

More Than Just Eyes and Skin: Vitamin A Affects the Heart

Vitamin A is important for heart development in embryos, but whether it has a role in maintaining heart health is unclear. A new study in American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology finds that the heart is able to respond to vitamin A and the amount of vitamin A present has an effect. However, whether the effects are beneficial or harmful is still a mystery.

American Journal of Physiology—Heart and Circulatory Physiology

– American Physiological Society (APS)

Want to Eat Better? Sorry, We’re Closed.

Getting more nutritious meals on the tables of low-income Americans could depend on the hours the stores in their neighborhoods keep. Stores likely to sell fresh produce aren’t open as long in areas with more socioeconomic struggles, and that problem is more pronounced in neighborhoods where many African Americans live, new research from The Ohio State University has found.

– Ohio State University

Leading Nutrition Experts Speak Up About Malnutrition

In an effort to explore the evolving landscape of hunger and malnutrition, the May issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics offers insights from leading registered dietitian nutritionists and other health professionals, providing a comprehensive look at malnutrition.

– Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Say ‘Cheese’

While many microbiologists build entire research careers around studies of a single microorganism, Rachel Dutton has taken her career in the other direction—examining collections of microbes, but with an unusual twist. She studies what grows on cheese.

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– University of California, San Diego

Pollutants in Fish Inhibit Human’s Natural Defense System

In a new study, environmental pollutants found in fish were shown to obstruct the human body’s natural defense system to expel harmful toxins. The Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego-led research team suggests that this information should be used to better assess the human health risks from eating contaminated seafood. The study was published in the April 15 issue of the journal Science Advances.

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– University of California, San Diego

Farming Amoebae Carry Around Detoxifying Food

Humans aren’t the only farmers out there. Five years ago, the Queller-Strassmann lab at Rice University, now at Washington University in St. Louis, demonstrated that the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum — affectionately nicknamed “Dicty” — can maintain a crop of food bacteria from generation to generation, giving these farmers an advantage when food is scarce.

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Proceedings of the Royal Society B

– Washington University in St. Louis

Fatty Diets Lead to Daytime Sleepiness, Poor Sleep

University of Adelaide researchers have found that men who consume diets high in fat are more likely to feel sleepy during the day, to report sleep problems at night, and are also more likely to suffer from sleep apnea.

Nutrients

– University of Adelaide

Childhood Obesity, Malnutrition Connected to Mom's Perception of Child's Weight

A new study from the University of Houston Department of Health and Human Performance finds a child's risk for obesity or malnutrition may be tied to the mother's misperception of her child's weight status. A key to understanding this phenomenon may lie in how she regards her own weight status. Researchers say the situation shows that healthcare providers need to broaden their health care screenings.

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Public Health Nursing

– University of Houston

Mystery Solved: Traits Identified for Why Certain Chemicals Reach Toxic Levels in Food Webs

Researchers have figured out what makes certain chemicals accumulate to toxic levels in aquatic food webs. And, scientists have developed a screening technique to determine which chemicals pose the greatest risk to the environment.

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Environmental Science and Technology

– US Geological Survey (USGS)

Penn Nursing Study First to Show High Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Large Population of Kids w/ Type 1 Diabetes

A University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing team has examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and diabetes control in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

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Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice

– University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

‘Good Cop’ Parent Not Enough to Buffer Some Harmful Effects of ‘Bad Cop’ Parent

New Iowa State University research shows harsh parenting may increase a child’s risk for poor physical health and obesity as they get older. And attempts by one parent to counterbalance the harsh behavior are not always effective in lessening that risk.

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Social Science and Medicine

– Iowa State University

Compound From Hops Lowers Cholesterol, Blood Sugar and Weight Gain

A recent study at Oregon State University has identified specific intake levels of xanthohumol, a natural flavonoid found in hops, that significantly improved some of the underlying markers of metabolic syndrome in laboratory animals and also reduced weight gain.

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Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics

– Oregon State University

Multivitamin Use Protects Against Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Breast Cancer Patients

Researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI), in collaboration with investigators from the cooperative group SWOG, have found that use of multivitamins prior to diagnosis may reduce the risk of neuropathy in breast cancer patients treated with the class of drugs known as taxanes. The team will present their findings at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2016, to be held April 16-20 in New Orleans.

AACR Annual Meeting 2016

– Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Florida Citrus Growers: 80 Percent of Trees Infected by Greening

“Even though the industry acknowledges that greening has reached epidemic proportions across the state, estimates of the level of infection and its impact on citrus operations are scarce,” the researchers wrote in the paper.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Maple Syrup Protects Neurons and Nurtures Young Minds

Maple syrup protects neurons and prevents the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in C. elegans worms, according to a study by college students, now students at the university level, and published today in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Supervised by PhD student Martine Therrien and by researcher Alex Parker, Catherine Aaron and Gabrielle Beaudry added maple syrup to the diet of these barely 1 mm-long nematodes.

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Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, April 13, 2016

– Universite de Montreal

Downwind Safety on the Farm

New field research measured how far common bacteria—including Salmonella and E. coli—are likely to travel downwind from manure application sites. Proper spacing can ensure food safety.

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Journal of Environmental Quality, February 12, 2016

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

UF/IFAS Study Finds Better Way to Keep Shrimp Juicy, Tasty

Normally, phosphate or table salt is used to retain moisture in meat and seafood. But adding salt to the food puts more salt in a person’s diet, and that’s unhealthy. Additionally, phosphates are relatively expensive. Phosphate alternatives such as polysaccharides – a type of carbohydrate often used as a food additive – can help retain water in shrimp.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Researchers Find Key to Zinc Rich Plants to Combat Malnutrition

The diet in many developing countries is lacking zinc, but researchers have just solved the riddle of how to get more zinc into crop seeds.

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Nature Plants

– University of Copenhagen

Anorexia-Like Condition in Mice Triggered by Combination of Genetic Risk, Stress, Dieting

In a recent study, Columbia researchers described a new mouse model featuring a combination of genetic and environmental risk factors that can trigger the compulsive restriction of food intake seen in patients with anorexia nervosa.

– Columbia University Medical Center

Wine Yeast Genomes Lack Diversity

Sequencing the genomes of hundreds of strains of the wine yeast <em>S. cerevisiae</em> has revealed little genetic diversity and high levels of inbreeding. In many cases, yeast strains sold by different companies were almost genetically identical. The results, published in the April issue of <em>G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics</em>, a publication of the Genetics Society of America, suggest that winemakers attempting to develop improved wine yeasts will need to look to creating hybrids with more exotic strains.

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G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics April 2016 6:957-971

– Genetics Society of America

Study Finds WIC Food Improves Preschool Children’s Diet Quality

In 2009, more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat milk were included in the food voucher package provided by USDA’s Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). As a result, the diet quality improved for the roughly 4 million children who are served by WIC, according to a study by researchers at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital in Oakland, UC San Francisco and UC Agriculture and Natural Resources’ Nutrition Policy Institute.

Pediatrics, April 2016

– UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland

Oily Fish Eaten During Pregnancy May Reduce Risk of Asthma in Offspring

Children born to mothers who eat salmon when pregnant may be less likely to have doctor diagnosed asthma compared to children whose mothers do not eat it, new research has shown.

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Experimental Biology Congress in San Diego, April 2016

– University of Southampton

Household Food Insecurity at Record High in the North: University of Toronto Researchers

Despite anti-poverty efforts, hunger in Canada has not decreased - and it has now reached epidemic levels in Nunavut, where almost half of households suffer from food insecurity, according to a new study by University of Toronto researchers.

– University of Toronto

Texas A&M Study Shows Saturated Fats “Jet Lag” Body Clocks, Triggering Inflammation and Metabolic Disorders

New research from the Texas A&M Health Science Center and Texas A&M AgriLife parses out why saturated fats are “bad”—and suggests that it may all be in the timing.

P30ES023512

– Texas A&M University

New Study Describes Altered Brain Activity in Response to Desirable Foods

Understanding the motivations that drive humans to eat is an important consideration in the development of weight loss therapies. Now a study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) helps explain how the diabetes and weight loss drug liraglutide acts on brain receptors to make enticing foods seems less desirable. The findings were recently presented at ENDO 2016, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, and will appear in the May issue of the journal Diabetologia.

5T32HD052961

– Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Myths and Facts on Nutrition-Dense Almonds

Dr. Alireza Jahan-mihan, assistant professor and registered dietitian in the Nutrition and Dietetics Flagship Program at the University of North Florida, discusses myths and facts about the almond.

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– University of North Florida

How Dark Chocolate is Made

The botanical name for the cacao tree is Theobroma cacao, which translates to “food of the gods.” In the April issue of Food Technology magazine, published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) contributing editor Tara McHugh, PhD, explains the steps taken to create our modern day version of the food of the gods: dark chocolate.

Food Technology

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

Top Ten Functional Food Trends for 2016

The April 2016 issue of Food Technology magazine published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) features Contributing Editor A. Elizabeth Sloan’s insights on the top 10 functional food trends for 2016. Sloan gathered data from a multitude of industry resources to come up with the following trends.

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

Filling Nutrient Gaps in Specialty Diets

Paleo, high-protein, low-carb, gluten-free, vegetarian and vegan eating lifestyles have all exploded in popularity in the last few years. Whether people adopt these diets in order to lose weight or maintain overall wellness, consumers that follow them may be missing out on some essential nutrients. In the April issue of Food Technology Magazine, Linda Mila Ohr writes about the nutrient gaps in these various diets and how consumers can make sure they get the nutrients they need.

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

IFT16 Profile: Bev Postma Addresses Pseudoscience

Food professionals from all over the globe will gather together at McCormick Place South for IFT16: Where Science Feeds Innovation, July 16-19 in Chicago. Bev Postma, an international policy specialist with more than 25 years of experience in the agri-food sector, will deliver a featured session titled Taming Dragons in the Age of Pseudoscience. In an interview with IFT, Bev outlined what attendees can expect to learn from her session.

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

The Origin of Wheat

This latest IWGSC infographic illustrates the origin of today's wheat used to make bread and pasta (and other delicious wheat-based foods).

 • Image(s) embedded • 

– International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium

Hamburg, Shalala, Glickman Headline Food Law Conference at Georgetown University

Former FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, Clinton Foundation President and former U.S. Secretary of Health Donna E. Shalala, and former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman headline a unique conference focused on food issues, “Vote Food 2016: Better Food, Better Health,” on June 3 in Washington, DC.

 • Image(s) embedded • 

– O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law

Developing a Non-Invasive Test to Assess Esophagus Disease

A non-invasive test to diagnose and monitor an inflammatory disease that injures the esophagus – called eosinophilic esophagitis or EoE – would replace the need for repeated endoscopy for a growing number of children and adults with this relatively new condition.

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– Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Rural Residents Seek Farmers Markets, UF/IFAS study shows

"The finding also suggests that rural households may be seeking out farmers’ markets as a travel destination rather than as part of a multi-stop shopping trip, as would often be the case with urban consumers," said Alan Hodges, an Extension scientists in the UF/IFAS department of food and resource economics.

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– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Writing and Reviewing Research Methods Papers for Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

Research Methods are manuscripts that describe the objectives and methodologies for multi-year interventions whose aims are to change nutrition and/or physical activity behavior and/or related physiological outcomes, such as BMI or blood glucose.

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Recipes: The Secret World of the Early Modern Kitchen

Shakespearean-era recipes offer much more than the history of puddings and pies. They also capture a surprisingly creative and intellectually-rich world of the early modern English housewife, according to a new book by Northwestern University’s Wendy Wall.

 • Image(s) embedded • 
Expert(s) available

– Northwestern University

Using Fungi to Decrease Need for Chemical Fertilizers

Plants share their carbohydrates with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi that colonize their roots and, in exchange, these fungi provide their hosts with nitrogen and phosphorous. By exploiting this relationship, scientists may be able to increase the biomass production of bioenergy crops and the yield of food crops and to reduce the required fertilizer inputs. This could improve the environmental sustainability of agricultural production systems according to professor Heike Bücking of South Dakota State University.

 • Image(s) embedded • 
Expert(s) available

Mycorrhiza, Oct. 25 2015; New Phytologist, 2014; Agronomy, 2015

– South Dakota State University

2016 Society for Nutrition and Behavior Annual Conference in San Diego, CA

SNEB will gather at the Sheraton San Diego Hotel & Marina in San Diego, CA from July 30 – August 2 for the 49th Annual Conference. This premier event for nutrition education professionals from around the world allows attendees the opportunity to interface with influential nutritionists from extension, public health, government, academia, industry and community settings.

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Love of Eating… Fear of Food: How to Empower Consumers in an Age of Mistrust

Trust in our food supply and nutrition information is critical to the health of our nation, yet consumers are more skeptical than ever. What can we do to regain their trust and bring the credibility back to the profession?

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Institute of Food Technologists and Institute of Food Science and Technology to Offer Joint Membership

With our planet’s population estimated to reach more than 9 billion by 2050, the world faces many pressing food demands. In order to help food scientists and technologists meet these challenges, the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) and the Institute of Food Science and Technology (IFST) announced a new joint-membership program.

– Institute of Food Technologists (IFT)

International Agriculture Expert Joins Global Institute for Food Security Board

Lutz Goedde, a leading expert in strategies to improve agricultural productivity around the world, has joined the board of directors of the Global Institute for Food Security (GIFS) at the University of Saskatchewan.

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– University of Saskatchewan

Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior Elects 2016-2017 Leadership

Suzanne Piscopo, PhD, President of the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior announces the election of volunteers who will assume their duties August 1, 2016.

– Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior

Hamburg, Shalala, Glickman Headline Food Law Conference at Georgetown University

Former FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, Clinton Foundation President and former U.S. Secretary of Health Donna E. Shalala, and former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman headline a unique conference focused on food issues, “Vote Food 2016: Better Food, Better Health,” on June 3 in Washington, DC. Registration is now open.

 • Image(s) embedded • 

Vote Food 2016

– O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law

Preventing Birth Defects: UGA Child Health Expert Talks on FDA Decision to Fortify Corn Masa Flour

 • Video / Image(s) embedded • 

– University of Georgia

Paul Arciero, Professor of Health and Exercise Sciences at Skidmore College, Able to Answer Questions on Nutrition, Fitness and Wellness

 • Image(s) embedded • 

– Skidmore College

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