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Newswise Special Wire
Monday, June 20, 2016

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Newswise Obesity News Source 20-Jun-2016
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Newswise Obesity News Source

Age, Obesity, Dopamine Appear to Influence Preference for Sweet Foods

As young people reach adulthood, their preferences for sweet foods typically decline. But a Washington University School of Medicine research team, led by M. Yanina Pepino, PhD, and Tamara Hershey, PhD, has found that for people with obesity, the drop-off may not be as steep, and the brain’s reward system may be operating differently.

 • Audio / Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 15-Jun-2016 at 10:30 ET)

Diabetes, June 15, 2015

– Washington University in St. Louis

Consistent Links Between Capacity to Delay Gratification and ADHD, Obesity

Although the results of prior research appeared to be mixed, these new studies found a highly consistent reduction in capacity to delay gratification in relation to both clinical conditions.

– McMaster University

Pregnant Women's High-Fat, High-Sugar Diets May Affect Future Generations

A mouse study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggests that a pregnant woman's high-fat, high-sugar diet may have consequences for later generations. The study indicates that a woman's obesity can cause genetic abnormalities that are passed through the female bloodline to at least three subsequent generations, increasing the risk of obesity-related conditions.

(Embargo expired on 16-Jun-2016 at 12:00 ET)

NIH P30 DK020579, P30 DK056341, R01HD065435, T32HD049305

– Washington University in St. Louis

New Insights Uncovered Into Prader-Willi Syndrome

A study published in the journal Human Molecular Genetics by researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) provides novel insights into the brain mechanisms underlying the insatiable hunger and subsequent obesity in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome.

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R01DK84142; R01DK102780; P01ES022845; RD83544101

– Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

How Fat Becomes Lethal — Even Without Weight Gain

New research from Johns Hopkins now adds to evidence that other tissues can step in to make glucose when the liver’s ability is impaired, and that the breakdown of fats in the liver is essential to protect it from a lethal onslaught of fat. The new research findings, from studies in mice, are likely to help researchers better understand a growing class of often-deadly metabolic diseases, which affect how the body processes nutrients.

 • Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 16-Jun-2016 at 12:00 ET)

Cell Reports, June-2016; P30DK072488; R01NS072241; K08NS069815; T32GM007445; (#1-16-IBS-313

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

“Traffic-light” and Numeric Calorie Labels Cut Calorie Consumption by 10 Percent, Penn Study Shows

When researchers added color-coded or numeric calorie labels to online food ordering systems, the total calories ordered was reduced by about 10 percent when compared to menus featuring no calorie information at all. The study is the first to evaluate the effect of “traffic-light” calorie labeling in the increasingly common setting of ordering meals online.

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Journal of Public Policy & Marketing

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

The Muffin Study: Mono- vs Polyunsaturated Fats in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome

A batch of muffins, made with a special recipe formulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, yielded unexpected health benefits in patients with metabolic syndrome during a first-of-its-kind clinical study at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

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– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

Surgery More Effective Than Medical Therapy for Treating Diabetes, Obesity in Teens

An analysis of the results of a study of bariatric surgery and a separate trial of medical therapy in treating type 2 diabetes in teenagers with severe obesity shows that after two years of treatment, body mass index (BMI) and HbA1c, a measure of blood sugar control, are both significantly better with surgery.

– Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Scientists Discover on/Off Switch for Obesity-Associated Cancer

New research by scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center sheds light on the link between obesity and cancer.

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– University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public to Presidential Candidates: Make Children’s Health a Priority

Focusing on child health priorities may resonate deeply with voters, national poll finds.

 • Image(s) embedded •  (Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2016 at 06:00 ET)

– University of Michigan Health System

A Broken Calorie Sensing Pathway: How Overeating May Lead to More Eating

New research shows that overeating reduces levels of a hormone that signals the feeling of fullness in the brain, potentially promoting more eating.

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– Thomas Jefferson University

In Human Clinical Trial, UAB to Test Diet’s Effect on Ovarian Cancer Patients

Metabolism-based therapies such as the ketogenic diet have the potential to become a valuable adjunct to standard cancer treatment.

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– University of Alabama at Birmingham

Mayo Clinic Researchers Link Specific Enzyme to Process of Metabolic Dysfunction in Aging

Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified the enzyme, called CD38, that is responsible for the decrease in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) during aging, a process that is associated with age-related metabolic decline. Results demonstrated an increase in the presence of CD38 with aging in both mice and humans. The results appear today in Cell Metabolism.

– Mayo Clinic

University of Missouri Health Care Expert Available to Discuss New Weight-Loss Stomach Pump

– University of Missouri Health

Expert Available to Discuss Medication vs. Behavior Management for Weight Managmeent

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– Sanford Health

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