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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, September 17, 2016

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Newswise Special Wire for 17-Sep-2016

Editor's Pick of the Best Science Stories of the Week

These are some of the highlight stories from the week that our editorial staff "handpicked" as fascinating science stories. They include: the affects of rising CO2 on fish brains, a new discovery in nerve regeneration, a very old textile found in Peru, and a great view of a comet breaking apart. We hope you enjoy these articles as we much as we have.

Increased Carbon Dioxide Concentrations Alters Brain Chemistry in Ocean's Fish

In this study, the researchers designed and conducted a novel experiment to directly measure behavioral impairment and brain chemistry of the Spiny damselfish....

– Newswise Trends

Linking Perception to Action

A neuroscientist maps brain cell activity that occurs during the delay between sensation and action....

– University of California, Santa Barbara


All Polar Bears Across the Arctic Face Shorter Sea Ice Season

A new University of Washington study finds a trend toward earlier sea ice melt in the spring and later ice growth in the fall across all 19 polar bear populations, which can negatively impact the feeding and breeding capabilities of the bears. The pa...

– University of Washington

The Cryosphere

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2016 at 09:00 ET

Researchers Identify Oldest Textile Dyed Indigo, Reflecting Scientific Knowledge From 6,200 Years Ago

A George Washington University researcher has identified a 6,200-year-old indigo-blue fabric from Huaca, Peru, making it one of the oldest-known cotton textiles in the world and the oldest known textile decorated with indigo blue. ...

– George Washington University

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2016 at 14:00 ET

Conclusions About the Effects of Electronic Cigarettes Remain the Same

An updated Cochrane Review published today provides an independent, rigorous assessment of the best available evidence to date about electronic cigarettes for quitting smoking....

– Wiley

Cochrane Review

Embargo expired on 13-Sep-2016 at 18:30 ET

Survey: Half of Kids in Families Studied Spend Time in Households with Firearms

A study of parents by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that about half of the children whose parents were surveyed spend time in homes that have firearms....

– Washington University in St. Louis

The Journal of Pediatrics; UL1 TR000448

Embargo expired on 14-Sep-2016 at 00:05 ET

Chemists Report New Insights About Properties of Matter at the Nanoscale

UCLA nanoscience researchers have determined that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale w...

– University of California Los Angeles UCLA

ACS Central Science

U.S. Rules for Targeted Killing Using Drones Need Clarifying

Current U.S. policies on using drones for targeted killing are characterized by ambiguities in interpretations of international law and too many generalities, despite recent efforts by the Obama administration to clarify the policies, a new RAND Corp...

– RAND Corporation

Clarifying the Rules for Targeted Killing

Study Finds a Key to Nerve Regeneration

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have found a switch that redirects helper cells in the peripheral nervous system into "repair" mode, a form that restores damaged axons. ...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Journal of Neuroscience Aug. 30 2016

Taste for Fat

Most cancers have a sweet tooth but—mysteriously—some tumors prefer fat over sugar. Now, a study from Harvard Medical School reveals how these cancers develop their appetite for fat. ...

– Harvard Medical School

Molecular Cell

Embargo expired on 15-Sep-2016 at 12:00 ET

New Discovery by Researchers May Lead to Better Understanding and Treatment for a Common Autoinflammatory Disease

A team of scientists led by Stony Brook University researchers have discovered a new mechanism for a bacterial toxin to inhibit inflammation. ...

– Stony Brook University

Cell Host & Microbe

Size Is Everything When It Comes to High Blood Pressure

The size of a grain of rice, the carotid body, located between two major arteries that feed the brain with blood, has been found to control your blood pressure....

– University of Bristol

Journal of American College of Cardiology: Basic to Translational Science

Genes Essential to Life Found in Mouse Mutants Are Related to Many Human Disease Genes

An international, multi-institutional research collaboration identified, for the first time, mutant traits in the mouse for 52 human disease genes, which significantly contributes to the understanding of the genetic bases for some human diseases. ...

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania


Solar System Could Have Evolved From Poorly Mixed Elemental Soup

Chondrite meteorites contain a puzzling mismatch in isotopic composition with Earth’s crust. The mismatch puzzles scientists because they long believed that Earth formed from planetary objects similar to meteorites. A new paper in Nature explains h...

– University of Chicago

Nature, Sept. 15, 2016, doi: 10.1038/nature18956.

Hubble Takes Close-Up Look at Disintegrating Comet

Astronomers have captured the sharpest, most detailed observations of a comet breaking apart 67 million miles from Earth, using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. This study of Comet 332P is published online in The Astrophysical Journal Letters....

– Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)

The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Sept-2016

Researchers Say to Conquer Cancer You Need to Stop It Before It Becomes Cancer

In a Perspective piece published this week in PNAS, cancer researchers from across the country, including faculty at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center, write that a greater emphasis on immune-based prevent...

– University of California San Diego Health Sciences






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