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Newswise Special Wire
Saturday, October 29, 2016

Public edition | newswise.com

Newswise Special Wire for 29-Oct-2016
 

Editor's Pick of the Best Science Stories of the Week

This week's highlights in science research include: How extreme winters in the US and UK are fueled by the warming in the Artic, The discovery of a rare triple star system, Brain-to-text device capable of decoding speech, and a new way to induce visual hallucinations.



Sleep Loss Tied to Changes of the Gut Microbiota in Humans

Results from a new clinical study conducted at Uppsala University suggest that curtailing sleep alters the abundance of bacterial gut species that have previously been linked to compromised human metabolic health. The new article is published in the ...

– Uppsala University

Molecular Metabolism.


Can a Brain-Computer Interface Convert Your Thoughts to Text?

Recent research shows brain-to-text device capable of decoding speech from brain signals...

– Frontiers

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience


UCI and NASA Document Accelerated Glacier Melting in West Antarctica

Two new studies by researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA have found the fastest ongoing rates of glacier retreat ever observed in West Antarctica and offer an unprecedented look at ice melting on the floating undersides of glac...

– University of California, Irvine

Nature Communications, Oct-2016


Male Birth Control Shots Prevent Pregnancy

Men can take birth control shots to prevent pregnancy in their female partners, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. ...

– Endocrine Society

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

Embargo expired on 27-Oct-2016 at 14:00 ET


Many Kids Not Ready for Kindergarten

Many children are still learning to control their behavior as they enter kindergarten and may need educational support to develop that critical skill, indicates one of the most conclusive studies to date of early childhood self-regulation....

– Michigan State University

Developmental Psychology


Researchers Discover Way to Induce Visual Hallucinations

Visual hallucinations ... everyone has heard of them, and many people have experienced the sensation of "seeing" something that isn't there. But studying the phenomenon of hallucinations is difficult: they are irregular, transitory, and highly person...

– University of Pittsburgh

eLife


How Hooded Seals Are Transferring Contaminants to Their Pups

Environmental contaminants such as perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) can be transferred from mother to offspring through the placenta and mother’s milk, exposing the young mammal before and after birth....

– Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC)

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry


Faced With Ambivalence, Powerful People Are Less Decisive

Although powerful people often tend to decide and act quickly, they become more indecisive than others when the decisions are toughest to make, a new study suggests. The study is published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Ps...

– Association for Psychological Science

Psychological Science


Indirect Effects of Rising CO2 Levels on Ecosystems More Important Than Previously Thought

The indirect effects of rising CO2 levels, such as changes in soil moisture and plant structure, can have a bigger impact on ecosystems than previously thought. Understanding their importance, in comparison to the direct effects, will improve our...

– University of Southampton

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1605036113


Antibody Breaks Leukemia’s Hold, Providing New Therapeutic Approach

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive cancer known for drug resistance and relapse. In an effort to uncover new treatment strategies, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center discovered tha...

– University of California San Diego Health Sciences

Cancer Cell


High Quality Evidence Suggests Vitamin D Can Reduce Asthma Attacks

A recent Cochrane Review has found evidence from randomised trials, that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks....

– Wiley

Cochrane Review


How AIDS Conquered North America

Researchers were able to restore HIV genomes from serum samples more than 40 years old, enabling them to reconstruct the origins of the AIDS pandemic in unprecedented detail...

– University of Arizona

Nature


Researchers Use Video Gamelike Test to Study Learning and Recovery in Stroke Patients

A robotic arm and a virtual game were essential tools in a new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine. The study results suggest that while training doesn't change neurological repair in chronic stroke patients, it can indeed help such pati...

– Johns Hopkins Medicine

Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair


Extreme Cold Winters Fueled by Jet Stream and Climate Change

Scientists have agreed for the first time that recent severe cold winter weather in the UK and US may have been influenced by climate change in the Arctic, according to a new study....

– University of Sheffield

Nature Climate Change


Team Discovers Rare Triple Star System Using ALMA

A rare triple-star system surrounded by a disk with a spiral structure has been discovered by a University of Oklahoma-led research team....

– University of Oklahoma

Nature

Embargo expired on 26-Oct-2016 at 13:00 ET


Physicists Make It Possible to 3-D Print Your Own Baby Universe

Researchers have created a 3D printed cosmic microwave background - a map of the oldest light in the universe - and provided the files for download....

– Imperial College London

European Journal of Physics

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