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Thursday, June 22, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 22-Jun-2017

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Musk Deer Poaching, Ancient Otter, Russian Tigers and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

– Newswise

Squeezing Every Drop of Fresh Water from Waste Brine

UCR research expands efforts to provide clean water for the world’s growing population

– University of California, Riverside

UTEP Doctoral Student Discovers Three Chameleon Species

University of Texas at El Paso doctoral candidate Daniel Hughes liked to catch lizards when he was little, but never imagined he would be catching and discovering new species of chameleons. The Ph.D. candidate in UTEP’s Ecology and Evolutionary Bio...

– University of Texas at El Paso

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

Transforming Last Night’s Leftovers Into Green Energy

In a classic tale of turning trash into treasure, two different processes soon may be the favored dynamic duo to turn food waste into green energy, according to a new Cornell University-led study.

– Cornell University

Bioresource Technology, June 2017

A Simple Solution to Protect Critical Infrastructure

DHS S&T has a solution for stopping flooding in subway tunnels in the form of a giant inflatable plug that will seal them off and stop water from flowing throughout the subway system into stations and other subway lines.

– Homeland Security's Science Array Technology Directorate

Simple Tactic Results in Dramatic Water Conservation, Study Shows

Rain or shine has new meaning thanks to an innovative, inexpensive and simple tactic developed by researchers at FAU that will really change how people think about watering their lawns. The tactic? A straightforward road sign.

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Environmental Management

If a Tree Falls in the Amazon

For the first time, scientists pinpointed how often storms topple trees, helping to predict how changes in Amazonia affect the world.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Atmosphere 8(2), 28 (2017). [DOI: 10.3390/atmos8020028]

Understanding E. Coli Behavior in Streams

Determining E. coli levels in sediments and its ability to attach to sand and silt and float downstream will help scientists figure out what needs to be done to decrease bacterial levels in streams.

– South Dakota State University

New Foot-and-Mouth Disease Rapid Diagnostic Kit Gets License for Use in U.S. Livestock

This is the first licensed FMD diagnostic kit that can be manufactured on the U.S. mainland, critical for a rapid response in the event of a FMD outbreak.

– Homeland Security's Science Array Technology Directorate

Investigating Global Water Scarcity

A Michigan State University researcher is helping assess the worldwide impact of human intervention on water scarcity.

– Michigan State University

Nature Communications

Wave Beams Mix and Stir the Ocean to Create Climate

Waves deep within the ocean play an important role in establishing ocean circulation, arising when tidal currents oscillate over an uneven ocean bottom. The internal waves generated by this process stir and mix the ocean, bringing cold, deep water to...

– American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2017 at 11:00 ET

Drill Holes in Fossil Shells Point to Bigger Predators Picking on Small Prey

The drill holes left in fossil shells by hunters such as snails and slugs show marine predators have grown steadily bigger and more powerful over time but stuck to picking off small prey, rather than using their added heft to pursue larger quarry, ne...

– University of Florida


Wet and Stormy Weather Lashed California Coast…8,200 Years Ago

An analysis of stalagmite records from White Moon Cave in the Santa Cruz Mountains shows that 8200 years ago the California coast underwent 150 years of exceptionally wet and stormy weather. It is the first high resolution record of how the Holocene ...

– Vanderbilt University

Scientific Reports (20Jun2017)

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2017 at 05:00 ET

Like a Moth to a Flame

In the last decade, 7 million hectares of boreal forest in Eastern Canada have been destroyed by the voracious insect known as the spruce budworm. And the outbreak is heading south again this spring, leaving devastation and fires in its wake.

– Universite de Montreal

Ecological Applications, Feb. 22, 2017

With ARM Instruments Watching, an Extensive Summer Melt in West Antarctica

One day in December of 2015, bound for a remote ice camp in the interior of Antarctica, Scripps Institution of Oceanography doctoral student Ryan Scott boarded a ski-equipped LC-130 turboprop transport plane at McMurdo Station at the south tip of Ros...

– Brookhaven National Laboratory

Nature Communications

New Perspectives Into Arctic Cloud Phases

Teamwork provides insight into complicated cloud processes that are important to potential environmental changes in the Arctic.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Monthly Weather Review 144, 4805-4826 (2016). [DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0155.1]

Mountaintop Plants and Soils to Become Out of Sync

Plants and soil microbes may be altered by climate warming at different rates and in different ways, meaning vital nutrient patterns could be misaligned.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature 542, 91-95 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nature21027]

New Catalyst Paves Way for Carbon Neutral Fuel

Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a ‘clean’ process using solar energy.

– University of Adelaide

Journal of Materials Chemistry A

The Rise of Giant Viruses

Research reveals that giant viruses acquire genes piecemeal from others, with implications for bioenergy production and environmental cleanup.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 356(6333), 82-85 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aal4657]

Climate Change Label Leads to Climate Science Acceptance

In the heels of President Donald Trump’s decision to pull the United States out of the Paris climate agreement, a new Cornell University study finds that labels matter when it comes to acceptance of climate science.

– Cornell University

Climate Change, May 2017

Grasses: The Secrets Behind Their Success

Researchers find a grass gene affecting how plants manage water and carbon dioxide that could be useful to growing biofuel crops on marginal land.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 355(6330):1215-1218(2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aal3254]

Name That Tasty Table Grape, New From Cornell

Big on flavor, aroma and size, Cornell University’s newest grape lacks one defining feature: a name. Grape breeder Bruce Reisch spent years developing the grape, and now he’s offering the public the chance to name it.

– Cornell University

Board Game Helps Mexican Coffee Farmers Grasp Complex Ecological Interactions

A chess-like board game developed by University of Michigan researchers helps small-scale Mexican coffee farmers better understand the complex interactions between the insects and fungi that live on their plants—and how some of those creatures can ...

– University of Michigan


California Named State with the Worst Air Quality (Again)

High ozone levels and a quickly growing population are making it tough to implement regulations to reduce pollution, says a Cal State Los Angeles professor.

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Dryland Cropping Systems Research Addresses Future Drought and Hunger Issues

The projected world population by 2056 is 10 billion. If researchers succeed in improving the yield potential of 40 percent of global land area under arid and semi-arid conditions, it will lead to a significant contribution to future food security.

– New Mexico State University (NMSU)

Still Taking Paris Seriously

Several social scientists explain why, despite the US exit from the Paris climate agreement, policy analysis reveals states and agencies continue to take climate change seriously.

– Michigan Technological University

Throwing Shade: Urban Climatologist Talks “Cool” Project

Urban climatologist Ariane Middel is developing a new tool to stay cool.

Expert Available

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Three Honored by Society for Risk Analysis European Chapter

The Society for Risk Analysis European Chapter (SRA-E) awarded three prestigious scholarships at its Annual Conference in Lisbon, Portugal. These awards recognize individuals for their outstanding contributions to the study and science of risk analys...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Risk Analysis: An International Journal

Mount Sinai Health System to Participate in the 2017 Aspen Ideas Festival

CEO Kenneth L. Davis, MD, and Other Leaders to be Featured Speakers, June 22 to July 1, 2017 Complementary Heart Health and Skin Cancer Screenings Provided at the Mount Sinai Health Concourse at Aspen Meadows

– Mount Sinai Health System

Geography Faculty Members Earn NSF Grant to Study Oak Forests

Three geography faculty members have received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) award of $232,099 for a collaborative research project to assess the environmental and human drivers and the cultural dimen...

– State University of New York at Geneseo

NSF award #1660388

Chicago Quantum Exchange to Create Technologically Transformative Ecosystem

The University of Chicago is collaborating with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory to launch an intellectual hub for advancing academic, industrial and governmental efforts in the s...

– Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab)

Nova Southeastern University Continues to Oversee National Coral Reef Fellowship Program

NSU will be overseeing the National Coral Reef Management Fellowship Program with NOAA and U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs

– Nova Southeastern University

Why Are Scientists Questioning the Safety of Triclosan and Triclocarban?

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Embargo expired on 20-Jun-2017 at 06:00 ET

Arizona State University Expert on Weather Extremes

– Arizona State University (ASU)

No Mercury Accumulation in Fish After Fire

The USDA Forest Service in the Boundary Waters Canoe Wilderness Area (BWCWA) will continue to use controlled burns without worrying about fish health in associated watersheds.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Journal of Environmental Quality, May 18, 2017

How Protons Move Through a Fuel Cell

Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals – a k...

– Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

Nature Communications, June-2016

Temperatures Rising: The Current Heat Spell Is Needed for the Monsoon

Arizona's heat wave, while a nuisance, is needed for the coming monsoon, says ASU expert

Expert Available

– Arizona State University (ASU)

West Nile Mosquitos Are in NYC, Start Spraying and Drain Your Backyards

– Cornell University





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 Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

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