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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, June 29, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 29-Jun-2017
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media



Rising Seas Could Result in 2 Billion Refugees by 2100

In the year 2100, 2 billion people – about one-fifth of the world’s population – could become climate change refugees due to rising ocean levels. Those who once lived on coastlines will face displacement and resettlement bottlenecks as they see...

– Cornell University

Land Use Policy, Volume 66, July 2017


Talking Turtles II: WCS Discovers More Turtles That Talk

Scientists from WCS and other groups have found that the pig-nosed turtle (Carettochelys insculpta) has joined a select group of chatty chelonians that can vocalize.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Copeia


Ecologist: Tracking Bacterial Movement Between Humans, Animals Key to Understanding Antibiotic Resistance

Benjamin Koch and his co-authors treated bacteria the way they would any ecosystem, using genomic "tags" to track bacterial transmission.

– Northern Arizona University

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Aug-2017


Friend or Foe? Manganese Concentration in Drinking Water Needs Attention, Researchers Say

Kansas State University researchers published a study in Frontiers in Environmental Science that showed Manganese relates differently than its cancer-causing cousin, arsenic, to dissolved organic matter in groundwater. Researchers say more studies ar...

– Kansas State University

Frontiers in Environmental Science


Microbes From Ships May Help Distinguish One Port From Another

Much the way every person has a unique microbial cloud around them, ships might also carry distinct microbial signatures. The key is testing the right waters--the bilge water from the bottoms of ships.

– Michigan Technological University


Study Calls for Urgent Need for Improved Human-Wildlife Conflict Management Across India

There is an urgent need to strengthen human-wildlife conflict management across India, as up to 32 wildlife species are damaging life and property in this nation of 1 billion people, according to a recent study published in the July 2017 edition of H...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


A Single Electron’s Tiny Leap Sets Off ‘Molecular Sunscreen’ Response

In experiments at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists were able to see the first step of a process that protects a DNA building block called thymine from sun damage: When it’s hit with ultraviolet light, a ...

– SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

T.J.A. Wolf et al., Nature Communications, 22 June 2017 (10.1038/s41467-017-00069-7)


NUS Study: Plants Sacrifice “Daughters” to Survive Chilly Weather

A new study by a team of plant biologists from the National University of Singapore found that some plants may selectively kill part of their roots to survive under cold weather conditions.

– National University of Singapore

Cell


Could This Strategy Bring High-Speed Communications to the Deep Sea?

A new strategy for sending acoustic waves through water could potentially open up the world of high-speed communications to divers, marine research vessels, remote ocean monitors, deep sea robots, and submarines. By taking advantage of the dynamic ro...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

PNAS, June 26, 2017

Embargo expired on 26-Jun-2017 at 15:00 ET


UK Chemistry Researchers Develop Catalyst that Mimics the Z-Scheme of Photosynthesis

Published in Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, the study demonstrates a process with great potential for developing technologies for reducing CO2 levels.

– University of Kentucky


Study Shows High Pregnancy Failure in Southern Resident Killer Whales; Links to Nutritional Stress and Low Salmon Abundance

A multi-year survey of the health of endangered southern resident killer whales suggests that up to two-thirds of pregnancies failed in this population from 2007 to 2014. The study links this orca population's low reproductive success to stress broug...

– University of Washington

PLOS ONE, June 29; EPA: 91735201; NOAA: NA10OAR417005

Embargo expired on 29-Jun-2017 at 09:00 ET


A Wave’s “Sweet Spot” Revealed

For surfers, finding the “sweet spot,” the most powerful part of the wave, is part of the thrill and the challenge.

– University of California San Diego

Journal of Fluid Mechanics


Banned Chemicals Pass Through Umbilical Cord From Mother to Baby, Research Finds

Trace amounts of flame retardants, banned in the U.S. for more than a decade, are still being passed through umbilical cord blood from mothers to their babies, according to new Indiana University research.

– Indiana University

International Journal of Environmental Health Research, June-2017


New Antiviral Drug Inhibits Epidemic SARS, MERS and Animal Coronaviruses

A new antiviral drug candidate inhibits a broad range of coronaviruses, including the SARS and MERS coronaviruses, a multi-institutional team of investigators reports this week in Science Translational Medicine. The findings support further developme...

– Vanderbilt University Medical Center


Bacteria-Coated Nanofiber Electrodes Clean Pollutants in Wastewater

Cornell University materials scientists and bioelectrochemical engineers may have created an innovative, cost-competitive electrode material for cleaning pollutants in wastewater.

– Cornell University

Journal of Power Sources, Volume 356, July-2017


Calculating ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Water Runoff

Researchers use equations and on-the-ground analyses to the follow water held in the soil versus fresh rainfalls. This can improve water management in drought- and flood-affected areas.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Vadose Zone Journal, May 11, 2017


Flipping the Switch on Controlling Disease-Carrying Insects

Authorities in Florida and Brazil recently released thousands of mosquitoes infected with a bacterium called Wolbachia in an effort to curb Zika outbreaks. Find out how Wolbachia neutralizes insects.

– NIH, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)


Could an Artificial Coral Reef Protect Marine Biodiversity Against Climate Changes?

Climate change from rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) is having two major effects in our seas - global warming and ocean acidification - and the combination of these threats is affecting marine life from single organisms to species communities. ...

– University of Portsmouth


Tiny Mite Takes a Major Bite Out of NYS Honeybee Population, Threatens Fruit and Vegetable Crops

A tiny mite is causing major problems for New York’s honeybee population and is threatening the fruit and vegetable crops that are a major part of the state’s agriculture industry.

– Cornell University


Legislation Will Strengthen Coordination in the Gulf Region

Senate Bill S. 1373 and House Bill H.R. 2923 would authorize the Gulf of Mexico Alliance as a regional coordinator for Gulf of Mexico ecological issues. This is similar to the role the Chesapeake Bay Foundation serves for Chesapeake Bay.

– Gulf of Mexico Alliance


WCS Field Conservationist Nominated for Tusk Award for Conservation in Africa

WCS scientist and field conservationist Nachamada Geoffrey has been nominated for the Tusk Award for Conservation in Africa for his efforts to protect Nigeria’s remaining elephants and other important wildlife in Yankari Game Reserve.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

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