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Thursday, July 20, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 20-Jul-2017

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Heritage and Ancient Grain Project Feeds a Growing Demand

After a century of markets dominated by a few types of wheat and white flour, ancient and heritage wheat varieties are making a comeback. Restaurants and bakeries that promote organic and local agriculture have sprouted up across the country in the l...

– Cornell University

Weaving a Fermented Path to Nylons

Microbial enzymes create precursors of nylon while avoiding harsh chemicals and energy-demanding heat.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

ACS Synthetic Biology 6(5), 884-890 (2017). [DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.6b00372]

Scientists Calculate Total Amount of Plastics Ever Produced

Humans have created 8.3 billion metric tons of plastics since large-scale production of the synthetic materials began in the early 1950s, and most of it now resides in landfills or the natural environment, according to a study published today in the ...

– University of Georgia

Science Advances

Embargo expired on 19-Jul-2017 at 14:00 ET

A Tale of Two Fishes: Biologists Find Male, Female Live-Bearing Fish Evolve Differently

A Kansas State University study has found that male and female live-bearing fish evolve differently: Female evolution is influenced more strongly by natural selection, while male evolution is influenced more strongly by sexual selection.

– Kansas State University

Nature Ecology and Evolution

Environmental Pollution Exposure During Pregnancy Increases Asthma Risk for Three Generations

Exposure to environmental pollutants during pregnancy may increase the risk of asthma for as many as three consecutive generations, according to new research.

– American Physiological Society (APS)

DNA Tracking Tool Tips the Scales for Distinguishing Invasive Fish

Rather than conduct an aquatic roll call with nets to know which fish reside in a particular body of water, scientists can now use DNA fragments suspended in water to catalog invasive or native species.

– Cornell University

Methods in Ecology and Evolution, July 2017

FSU Researcher Makes Deep-Sea Coral Reef Discovery in Depths of North Pacific

FSU researcher discovers unlikely coral reefs in the hostile waters of the North Pacific.

– Florida State University

Scientific Reports, July 2017

Sea Cave Preserves 5,000-Year Snapshot of Tsunamis

An international team of scientists digging in a sea cave in Indonesia has discovered the world’s most pristine record of tsunamis, a 5,000-year-old sedimentary snapshot that reveals for the first time how little is known about when earthquakes tri...

– Rutgers University

Nature Communications; Rutgers release

Embargo expired on 19-Jul-2017 at 05:00 ET

Amphibians Can Become Tolerant to Pesticides, but at a Cost

Amphibians can develop tolerance to pesticides, but this tolerance can lead to increased susceptibility to parasites, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Evolutionary Applications, June-2017

3-D Models Help Scientists Gauge Flood Impact

Using one of the world’s most powerful supercomputers—Titan, the 27-petaflop Cray XK7 at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)—a University of Iowa team performed one of the first highly resolved, 3-D, volume-of-fluid Reynolds-aver...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Titan Simulations Show Importance of Close 2-Way Coupling Between Human and Earth Systems

A new integrated climate model developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and other institutions is designed to reduce uncertainties in future climate predictions as it bridges Earth systems with energy and economic models and large-scale human impac...

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Nature Climate Change

Endangered Cuban Crocodiles Come Home

Experts from WCS’s Global Conservation Programs and WCS’s Bronx Zoo assisted Cuban conservationists in the recent release of 10 Cuban crocodiles (Crocodylus rhombifer) into Cuba’s Zapata Swamp as part of an ongoing recovery strategy for this Cr...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

UAH Part of Team Researching Tropical Trees Hit by Lightning

Scientists are seeking to discover why some trees struck by lightning explode or ignite or are otherwise instantly killed, while others - especially in the tropics - seem less effected by lightning strikes and live for a while.

– University of Alabama Huntsville

‘Sound’ Research Shows Slower BoatsMay Cause Manatees More Harm Than Good

Slower boat speeds reduce risks to manatees. Or do they? Not exactly, according to research that shows the very laws enacted to slow down boats in manatee habitats may actually be doing more harm than good.

– Florida Atlantic University

Acoustistcal Society of America

Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Aqaba May Survive Global Warming, New Study Finds

Coral reefs in the Red Sea’s Gulf of Aqaba can resist rising water temperatures. If they survive local pollution, these corals may one day be used to re-seed parts of the world where reefs are dying. The scientists urge governments to protect the G...

– Bar-Ilan University

Royal Society Open Science

Cornell Researchers Uncover Fresh Role for Nitric Oxide

Cornell University chemists have uncovered a fresh role for nitric oxide that could send biochemical textbooks back for revision.

– Cornell University

PNAS, July 2017

Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Cellular Machines and Environmental Processes

State-of-the-art mass spectrometer delivers unprecedented capability to scientists.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 27(12), 1929-1936 (2016). [DOI: 10.1007/s13361-016-1507-9]

New Robotic Lab Tracking Toxicity of Lake Erie Algal Bloom

A new research tool to safeguard drinking water is now keeping a watchful eye on Lake Erie. This week, a robotic lake-bottom laboratory began tracking the levels of dangerous toxins produced by cyanobacteria that bloom each summer in the lake's weste...

– University of Michigan

Soils Could Release Much More Carbon than Expected as Climate Warms

Deeper soil layers are more sensitive to warming than previously thought.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Science 355(6332), 1420-1423 (2017). [DOI: 10.1126/science.aal1319]

Scientists Program Yeast to Turn Plant Sugars into Biodiesel

Redox metabolism was engineered in Yarrowia lipolytica to increase the availability of reducing molecules needed for lipid production.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Biotechnology 35, 173 (2017). [DOI: 10.1038/nbt.3763]

Preparing Your Pet for Disaster

Some disasters can even be so devastating they require evacuation. In this case it is best to take your furry family members with you.

– Texas A&M University

Researchers from Biodiversity Research Institute to Present at the 2017 International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant

Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) will participate in several capacities at the International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant (ICMGP), to be held at the Rhode Island Convention Center July 16-21, 2017. The ICMGP is committed to better...

– Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)

Why Should I Stay on the Trail While Using Motorized Vehicles in Parks?

Thinking of going off-trail this summer? The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) July 15 Soils Matter blog post explains how trails protect the environment—and how off-trail recreation can be damaging.

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Embargo expired on 17-Jul-2017 at 08:00 ET

Beetle Mania: Japanese Beetles Feasting on Trees, Plants Around Midwest

Swarms of the insect have descended broadly across the region and that delicate leaf-cutting they practice is making some trees and other plants in the area look as if it’s November rather than mid-July.

– Creighton University

Researchers Improve Method to Identify Aquatic Species Using Environmental DNA

Research from the University of Notre Dame have improved their method of tracking species by using the biological material those organisms leave behind known as environmental DNA (eDNA).

– University of Notre Dame

Extending the Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Scientists offer new insights into how the source of electrons in batteries fails.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Nature Communications 8, article 14101 (2016). [DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14101]

Loosening of Lignocellulose: Switchgrass and Success in Sugar Release

Using a genetically modified line of switchgrass, scientists reduced plant cell wall recalcitrance while increasing sugar release over three generations.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Biotechnology for Biofuels 10, 12 (2017). [DOI: 10.1186/s13068-016-0695-7]

New Web-Based Tools to Help Food Companies Protect the Food Supply

Our economy, livelihood and wellbeing depend on food and its supply chains. Supply chains may break if a natural disaster destroys a crop in its primary production region, or if someone tampers with food to cause harm or raise profits. In such cases ...

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

With $3 Million Grant, Researchers Hope to Help Find Sites to Grow Tomorrow’s Produce

University of Florida researchers are sounding a warning bell that fresh produce may be hard to come by in the future. Scientists with the UF Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences cite changes in our climate, loss of fresh water and competition...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Fund for Lake Michigan Backs University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Ground-Breaking Study of Aquatic Species

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee School of Freshwater Sciences has received a grant to sequence the DNA and analyze the genetic makeup of three key aquatic species, including Yellow Perch and the Green Bay Mayfly. the University of Wisconsin-Mil...

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

PNNL Scientist Ruby Leung Appointed a Battelle Fellow

Ruby Leung of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been named a Battelle Fellow -- the highest recognition from Battelle for leadership and accomplishment in science. She is one of eight Battelle fellows at PNNL.

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Antarctica Iceberg: Has It Happened Before?

– South Dakota State University





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