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Thursday, August 24, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 24-Aug-2017
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media



When Fish Swim in the Holodeck

Behavior experiments are useful tools to study brain function. Standard experiments to investigate behavior in popular lab animals such as fish, flies or mice however only incompletely mimic natural conditions. The understanding of behavior and brain...

– University of Vienna

Nature Methods

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2017 at 11:00 ET


Have Flowers Devised the Perfect Weapon of Distraction?

Nectar, the high-energy ‘honey’ produced by flowers, might be a brilliant distraction technique to help protect a flower’s reproductive parts, according to new research. Rather than merely providing a ‘come-on’ to bees and other insects to...

– University of Portsmouth

Biol. Lett. 13: 20170271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2017.0271


Epigenetics May Explain How Darwin’s Finches Respond to Rapid Environmental Change

Epigenetics may explain how Darwin’s finches respond to rapid environmental changes.

– University of Utah

BMC Evolutionary Biology

Embargo expired on 23-Aug-2017 at 20:00 ET


BRI Announces Findings of Common Loon Translocation Study

Portland, ME—Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI) has confirmed today that the translocation of loon chicks from Maine to Massachusetts has resulted in at least one loon returning to its release lake. In its fifth year of a five-year initiative fu...

– Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)


Potential Impacts of Planned Andean Dams Outweigh Benefits, Scientists Say

An international team of scientists investigating the effects of six planned or potential Andean dams on the Amazon river system has found that major negative ecological impacts can be expected both above the dams and throughout the lowland floodplai...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

PLOS ONE, Aug-2017


New Flying Squirrel Species Discovered Along North America’s Pacific Coast

Scientists always assumed it was a northern flying squirrel gliding through the canopies of Pacific coastal forests.

– Humboldt State University

Journal of Mammalogy


A Potential Breeding Site of a Miocene Era Baleen Whale

Baleen whales are amongst the largest animals to have ever lived and yet very little is known about their breeding habits. One researcher’s second look at previously found baleen whale fossils from Japan provides new evidence of a now long-gone bre...

– PeerJ

PeerJ

Embargo expired on 22-Aug-2017 at 07:00 ET


Injured Bobcat Back Home in the Wild After Treatment at Cornel

In April, a bobcat was hit by a car in Lansing, N.Y. and received treatment at the Janet L. Swanson Wildlife Health Center to repair a severe front leg fracture and dislocated hip. After spending ten weeks recovering with a local licensed wildlife re...

– Cornell University


Viruses and Aphids That Help Crops? Scientists Think It May Be Possible

Iowa State University scientists are contributing to a multi-institutional effort to help corn stand up to stress brought on by drought and disease by using viruses and aphids to activate desirable traits. It’s speculative research that could yield...

– Iowa State University


New Study Validates East Antarctic Ice Sheet Should Remain Stable Even if Western Ice Sheet Melts

A new study from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis validates that the central core of the East Antarctic ice sheet should remain stable even if the West Antarctic ice sheet melts.

– Indiana University

Geology


Researchers Discover New Chemical Process That Could Reduce Nitrogen Oxides From Diesel Exhaust

Chemical engineers at the University of Notre Dame have discovered a catalytic process that could help curb emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from diesel-powered vehicles, a priority air pollutant that is a key ingredient in smog.

– University of Notre Dame


Evolutionary Arms “Chase”

The study analyzed multiple species of Inga, a genus of tropical trees that produces defensive chemicals, and their various insect herbivores. The researchers found that closely-related plants evolved very different defensive traits. Additionally, th...

– University of Utah

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2017 at 15:00 ET


Targeted Forest Regeneration: A Blueprint for Conserving Tropical Biological Diversity?

A new University of Utah-led study shows that targeted forest regeneration among the largest and closest forest fragments in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania and the Atlantic Forest of Brazil can dramatically reduce extinction rates of bird spec...

– University of Utah

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Embargo expired on 21-Aug-2017 at 15:00 ET


What’s the Annual Value of Trees? $500 Million Per Megacity, Study Says

In the megacities that are home to nearly 10 percent of the world’s 7.5 billion people, trees provide each city with more than $500 million each year in services that make urban environments cleaner, more affordable and more pleasant places to live...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Ecological Modeling


Before the Flood: What Drives Preparedness?

More targeted efforts are needed from both the public and private insurance sectors in order to encourage people to take action to reduce their risk of flood damage, according to a new study of three European countries.

– International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Risk Analysis DOI:10.1111/risa.12881


Peas That Like It Hot

As the global climate changes and temperatures continue to rise, heat stress is becoming a major limiting factor for pea cultivation. A new study indicates that pea plants with some specific traits – such as longer flowering time and higher pod num...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science, June 6, 2017

Embargo expired on 23-Aug-2017 at 09:00 ET


Predatory Journals: How to Spot and Avoid Them

Scientific research and publishing over the past decade has experienced some substantial transformations—and not in a good way. With an increasing number of poor-quality scientific journals appearing in the marketplace, it is important to know how ...

– Society of Toxicology

Nature


Amid Environmental Change, Lakes Surprisingly Static

In recent decades, change has defined our environment in the United States. But, says a new University of Wisconsin-Madison study, while those changes usually result in poor water quality, lakes have surprisingly stayed the same.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Global Change Biology Aug. 23 2017


High-Resolution Modeling Assesses Impact of Cities on River Ecosystems

New mapping methods developed by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory can help urban planners minimize the environmental impacts of cities’ water and energy demands on surrounding stream ecologies.

– Oak Ridge National Laboratory


System Screens Out Deadly Citrus Greening-Carrying Insect

Imagine camping in the deep woods. You’d want a tent with mesh that prevents bugs – even those as small as gnats – from entering into your wildlife hangout. That’s the idea behind “Citrus Under Protective Screens,” or CUPS, which helps ke...

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


New WVU Study Provides Roadmap to Lower Methane Emissions for Future Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Vehicle Fleet

A new study published today (August 23) in the Journal of Air and Waste Management Association builds upon recent heavy-duty natural gas vehicle methane emission measurements to model methane emissions from a future, much larger vehicle fleet. This s...

– West Virginia University


Smells Like Queen Spirit

Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have begun to unravel the molecular mechanisms behind how ants use their sense of smell to distinguish between colony members so they can work together in a complex, hierarchical society.

– University of California, Riverside

Nature Communications


Research: City’s Infrastructure, Not Population, Plays Greater Role in Ecological Impact

The ecological footprint of a city spreads far beyond its city limits, resulting in local and total extinction of hundreds of aquatic species in North America. Recent research quantifies the adverse effects while looking ahead to how cities can help....

– Northern Arizona University

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America


Stretchable Biofuel Cells Extract Energy From Sweat to Power Wearable Devices

A team of engineers has developed stretchable fuel cells that extract energy from sweat and are capable of powering electronics, such as LEDs and Bluetooth radios. The biofuel cells generate 10 times more power per surface area than any existing wear...

– University of California San Diego

Energy & Environmental Science


How the Beefsteak Got So Beefy: The Complicated Tale of Taking Tomatoes From Tiny to Tremendous

UGA researchers pinpoint a mutation that triggered the development of the modern tomato from its tiny berry-sized ancestor

– University of Georgia


SLU Biologist Receives $480,000 to Study Singing Insects’ Serenades

Saint Louis University scientist Kasey Fowler-Finn, Ph.D., and her research team will study treehoppers to learn how changing temperatures affect singing insects' ability to recognize the songs of potential mates.

– Saint Louis University Medical Center


Biofuels From Bacteria

Can a group of three single-celled, algae-like organisms produce high quantities of sugar just right for making biofuels? Laboratory results indicate that they can. Sandia National Laboratories is helping Bay Area-based HelioBioSys understand whether...

– Sandia National Laboratories


Charles Bentley, Pioneering UW-Madison Glaciologist Who Measured West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Dies

Charles R. Bentley, an intrepid University of Wisconsin-Madison glaciologist and geophysicist who was among the first scientists to measure the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in the late 1950s, died Aug. 19 in Oakland, California. He was 87.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison


Texas Potato Researcher Plans to Pack More Value Into the Crop

Texas potato growers may be few in number, but their spuds hit a market window that brings a premium each year at harvest. Now, a new potato scientist for Texas A&M AgriLife Research plans to pack even more value into the commodity through traditiona...

Expert Available

– Texas A&M AgriLife


Law School Podcast: Cities, States and the Trump Administration

In the 13th episode of Northwestern Pritzker School of Law’s Planet Lex podcast series, host Dean Daniel Rodriguez discusses these hot-button topics with Kirkland & Ellis Professor of Law David Dana and Associate Professor of Law Nadav Shoked.

Expert Available

– Northwestern University


To Aid Utilities, Researchers Seek Ancient Floods Near Tennessee River

With funding from energy utilities, researchers from The University of Alabama are leading a study to understand the frequency and possible size of ancient floods along the Tennessee River.

– University of Alabama


New Funding for High Frequency Radar Sites at the Mouth of the Mississippi Will Help Make Gulf Safer

GCOOS has received $450,000 for two new High Frequency Radar (HFR) sites near the mouth of the Mississippi River.

– Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System-Regional Association (GCOOS-RA)


Expert Available on Niagara Falls & Great Lakes Sewage Discharges

– Clarkson University


25 Years Later: FSU Experts Available to Discuss Legacy of Hurricane Andrew

– Florida State University

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