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Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, November 30, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 30-Nov-2017

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

STUDY: Despite Forest Loss, This African Protected Area Still has Potential To Support Tens of Thousands of Elephants, 1K Lions

Despite some forest loss, Mozambique’s sprawling Niassa National Reserve has the potential to support tens of thousands of elephants and 1,000 lions according to a new land-use study published in the journal Parks.

– Wildlife Conservation Society

journal Parks

Mass of Warm Rock Rising Beneath New England, Rutgers Study Suggests

Slowly but steadily, an enormous mass of warm rock is rising beneath part of New England, although a major volcanic eruption isn’t likely for millions of years, a Rutgers University-led study suggests. The research is unprecedented in its scope and...

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Geology; Rutgers Today

Getting a Better Handle on Methane Emissions From Livestock

Cattle, swine and poultry contribute a hefty portion to the average American’s diet, but raising all this livestock comes at a cost to the environment: The industry produces a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Just how much gas the animals r...

– American Chemical Society (ACS)

Environmental Science & Technology

Loss of Breeding Grounds Hits a Sad Note for Common Songbird

A Tulane University researcher has found that a decline in the number of wood thrushes is probably due to deforestation in Central America.

– Tulane University

Scientific Reports

UF Study: If Termites Eat Bait for One Day, They Die Within 90

Termites that feed on a well-known bait for one day are eventually doomed, which is good news for those who want to protect their property from the destructive pest, a University of Florida entomologist says.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Journal of Economic Entomology

There's a Deeper Fish in the Sea

A new fish species, the deepest in the ocean, was discovered and named by an international team of researchers. The team published a paper describing the Mariana snailfish this week in the journal Zootaxa.

– University of Washington

Zootaxa, Nov-2017

A Series of Fortunate Events

Volcanism is sometimes like food poisoning, where the Earth spews forth unstable material. New research from Michigan Technological University, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh and ETH Zurich shows that a significant pulse of volatile carbon was relea...

– Michigan Technological University

Nature Geoscience, Nov-2017; National Science Foundation, NSF-0835480

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2017 at 11:00 ET

Scientists Identify Key Factors That Help Microbes Thrive In Harsh Environments

Three new studies by University of Maryland School of Medicine scientists have identified key factors that help microbes survive in harsh environments.

– University of Maryland Medical Center/School of Medicine

PNAS; International Journal of Astrobiology

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2017 at 11:30 ET

Decline in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Key to Ancient Climate Transition

A decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels led to a fundamental shift in the behaviour of the Earth’s climate system around one million years ago, according to new research led by the University of Southampton.

– University of Southampton

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1702143114

Embargo expired on 27-Nov-2017 at 15:00 ET

Less Life: Limited Phosphorus Recycling Suppressed Early Earth’s Biosphere

The amount of biomass – life – in Earth's ancient oceans may have been limited due to low recycling of the key nutrient phosphorus, according to new research by the University of Washington and the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

– University of Washington

Playing the Climate Change Game

A university community plays a world climate change negotiations role-playing game.

– Michigan Technological University

Rutgers–New Brunswick Chancellor, Other University Leaders Join Governor-Elect Murphy’s Transition2018 Team

More than 20 leaders at Rutgers University, including Rutgers University–New Brunswick Chancellor Deba Dutta, will join Governor-elect Philip D. Murphy’s Transition2018 committees to undertake policy analysis and recommendations on a host of stat...

Expert Available

– Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers Today

To Address Hunger Effectively, First Check the Weather, Says New Study

Understanding the climate context is important is determining how to best respond to food insecurity, according to a study of nearly 2,000 smallholder farms in Africa and Asia. Rainfall patterns determined whether financial supports or agricultural i...

– University of Vermont

Scientific Reports

Embargo expired on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET

‘Lost’ 99% of Ocean Microplastics to Be Identified with Dye?

The smallest microplastics in our oceans – which go largely undetected and are potentially harmful – could be more effectively identified using an innovative and inexpensive new method, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick.

– University of Warwick

Environmental Science & Technology

High Yield, Protein with Soybean Gene

Soybean growers face a challenge. It has proved difficult to develop soybean varieties with both high protein levels and high yields.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Crop Science, August 23, 2017

Embargo expired on 22-Nov-2017 at 09:00 ET

Penn Study Identifies New Malaria Parasites in Wild Bonobos

Malaria parasites, although widespread among wild chimpanzees and gorillas, have not been detected in bonobos, a chimp cousin. Although the researchers saw evidence of a new malaria species in bonobos, it was limited to one small area of their range....

– Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Nature Communications; R01 AI 091595, R01 AI 058715, R01 AI 120810, R37 AI 050529, T32 AI 007532, T32 AI 007632, P30 AI 045008

Embargo expired on 21-Nov-2017 at 05:00 ET

Rainfall Can Indicate That Mosquito-Borne Epidemics Will Occur Weeks Later

A new study demonstrates that outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses Zika and Chikungunya generally occur about three weeks after heavy rainfall. Researchers also found that Chikungunya will predominate over Zika when both circulate at the same time.

– University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences


Climate Change Models of Bird Impacts Pass the Test

A major study looking at changes in where UK birds have been found over the past 40 years has validated the latest climate change models being used to forecast impacts on birds and other animals.

– University of Adelaide

Global Change Biology

The First Conference of Parties to the Minamata Convention

BRI attended the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (COP1), which took place from September 24-29, 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland. The theme of the Conference was "Make Mercury History."

– Biodiversity Research Institute (BRI)

Rise in Oxygen Levels Link to Ancient Explosion of Life, Researchers Find

A team of researchers, including a faculty member and postdoctoral fellow from Washington University in St. Louis, found that oxygen levels appear to increase at about the same time as a three-fold increase in biodiversity during the Ordovician Perio...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Nature Geoscience, Nov-2017

Embargo expired on 20-Nov-2017 at 11:00 ET

Researchers Pin Down One Source of a Potent Greenhouse Gas

Researchers have discovered the first methane-producing microbe that is active in an oxygen-rich environment -- a finding that suggests today's global climate models may be misjudging the amount of methane being released into the atmosphere.

– Ohio State University

Nature Communications

Study Pinpoints Arctic Shorebird Decline

A new study co-authored by WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) addresses concerns over the many Arctic shorebird populations in precipitous decline. Evident from the study is that monitoring and protection of habitat where the birds breed, winter, an...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

The Auk

Research Predicts Coral Adaptation is Possible if Ocean Warming Rates are Reduced

A new study led by researchers from UC Davis, UCLA, Stanford University and California State University, Monterey Bay (CSUMB) predicts coral adaptation is possible if ocean warming rates are reduced.

– California State University, Monterey Bay

Science Advances

The Challenge of Estimating Alaska’s Soil Carbon Stocks

A geospatial analysis determined the optimal distribution of sites needed to reliably estimate Alaska’s vast soil carbon.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122(2), 415-429 (2017). [DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003421]

CSU Campuses are Top Performers in Sustainable Campus Index

The Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE), a national nonprofit that empowers higher education institutions worldwide to lead the sustainability movement, has included several California State University campus...

– California State University (CSU) Chancellor's Office

Fossil That Fills Missing Evolutionary Link Named After UChicago Professors

Scientists recently announced the discovery of a fossil that fills a missing evolutionary link—the first known member of the modern bryozoans to grow up into a structure. Called Jablonskipora kidwellae, it is named after UChicago geophysical scient...

– University of Chicago

Papers in Paleontology

NYSERDA and Clarkson University Announce Discovery of New Process to Reduce Carbon Monoxide Emissions from Stored Wood Pellets

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and Clarkson University discovered a new process to eliminate the release of dangerous carbon monoxide gas from wood pellets in storage. The use of wood pellet boilers and stoves to r...

– Clarkson University


ESF Professor Receives National Forestry Award

Dr. Ralph D. Nyland was the recipient of the 2017 Barrington Moore Memorial Award from the Society of American Foresters (SAF).

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Cornell Research Helping Hemlocks Survive in New York State

Efforts to battle an invasive forest pest just got a boost from a New York State Department of Environmental Conservation grant that enables Cornell Botanic Gardens to continue – and expand – its work to conserve hemlock trees

– Cornell University

Climate Adaptation: From Iowa to Guam, WCS Announces $2.5 Million in Awards to 12 Conservation Orgs Across US

Through its award-winning Climate Adaptation Fund, WCS has announced 12 new grants to nonprofit organizations exploring and implementing new methods for helping America’s wildlife and people adapt to rapidly shifting environmental conditions brough...

– Wildlife Conservation Society

DHS S&T's ATAK Changes the Situational Awareness Game for Responders

Operators can now see who and where all actions is happening on a mobile screen and even communicate with team members from different agencies and do it in a multitude of ways.

– Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate

Argonne Scientists Capture Several R&D 100 Awards

Innovative technologies developed by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory recently earned several R&D 100 Awards.

– Argonne National Laboratory

Expert Pitch

Is Agung Going to Blow? Predicting Volcanic Eruptions Is Tricky Science

– Michigan Technological University

Why the Future of Clean Energy Storage Lies in Hydrogen

– Cornell University

Choose Local, Preserve and Re-Plant: Your Guide to the Perfect Christmas Tree

– Cornell University

Bali Volcano Expert - University of Portsmouth Volcanologist Dr Carmen Solana

– University of Portsmouth

Proposed New York Climate Change Mitigation Bill Doesn’t Hit the Mark, Says Cornell Expert

– Cornell University

Oil Development at Arctic Refuge Would Forever Alter Sensitive Ecosystems

– Cornell University

California will suffer when Administration rolls back environmental regulations

– University of Redlands

Forget RFS, Pollution Tax or Cap-and-Trade Key to Tackling Air Pollution

– Cornell University

Keystone XL Spill: Defining 'Public Interest' as Nebraska decision looms

– Northwestern University





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