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Thursday, December 21, 2017

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 21-Dec-2017

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Texas Tech Researchers Develop Method to Assess Damage from Natural Disasters

The team from the Debris Impact Facility can measure debris volume using drones, then develop an information-based model to determine the cost of cleanup.

– Texas Tech University

Easter Island Had a Cooperative Community, Analysis of Giant Hats Reveals

Analysis of giant stone hats found on Rapa Nui, Chile (Easter Island) provides evidence contrary to the widely held belief that the ancient civilization had a warrior culture. According to a new study conducted by a team of researchers, including a p...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Advances in Archaeological Practice, Oct-2017

When One Reference Genome is Not Enough

A pan-genome is a valuable resource for unlocking natural diversity. Having plant pan-genomes for crops important for fuel and food applications would enable breeders to harness natural diversity to improve traits such as yield, disease resistance, a...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications

Defending Against Environmental Stressors May Shorten Lifespan

A shorter life may be the price an organism pays for coping with the natural assaults of daily living, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health and their colleagues in Japan. The scientists used fruit flies to examine the relatio...

– National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

PNAS; ZIAES080046; R01GM067761

Conservation Study Uses Tiny Treadmills to Test Sea Turtle Hatchling Stamina

A newly hatched sea turtle should be able to crawl from its nest to the ocean in a couple of minutes if everything goes as nature planned. Speed is key and their survival depends heavily on their ability to swim. Disoriented hatchlings who eventuall...

– Florida Atlantic University

Journal of Experimental Biology

Fish to Benefit if Large Dams Adopt New Operating Approach

Recognizing that many large dams are here to stay, a University of Washington team is investigating an emerging solution to help achieve freshwater conservation goals by re-envisioning the ways in which water is released by dams.

– University of Washington

Nature Communications, Dec-2017

Embargo expired on 18-Dec-2017 at 05:00 ET

Reducing Air Pollution From Coal Power Plants in the Western Balkans Would Save Thousands of Lives Annually

Tomorrow, ministers at the 15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community in Kosovo will adopt new rules for emission limits for coal power plants in the Western Balkans (as part of the transposition of the EU’s Industrial Emissions Dire...

– Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL)

15th ministerial council meeting of the Energy Community

The Shrinking Moose of Isle Royale

Climate change and predator-prey dynamics with wolves make for smaller moose. Ecologists compared skull measurements spanning four decades gathered at Isle Royale National Park and found a 16 percent decrease in moose skull size.

– Michigan Technological University

Global Change Biology, Dec-2017; National Park Service; USDA McIntyre-Stennis Grant

Zero Gravity Plant Growth Experiments Delivered to Space Station

The latest resupply mission to the International Space Station delivered hundreds of seeds to the spacefaring research lab Sunday, Dec. 17, to test how plants grow in the stressful environment of zero gravity. This is the fourth plants-in-space exper...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Making Larvae Count

The larvae of the fish that live in coral reefs look alike, making it difficult for marine biologists to study reef populations. Now, Weizmann's Prof. Rotem Sorek found a way to “barcode” 80% of fish species known to visit the reefs in a Red Sea ...

– Weizmann Institute of Science

Nature Ecology & Evolution, Dec-2017

Flower or Flesh? Genetics Explain Mosquito Preference

Researchers have found genetic explanations for why most mosquitoes in one species favor nectar over blood. This work could one day lead to strategies to prevent mosquito-borne illness.

– Ohio State University


Statistical Modeling Helps Fisheries Managers Remove Invasive Species

Statisticians and natural resource management researchers worked together to determine the best time and location to capture and remove carps from lake systems.

– South Dakota State University

Ecology Modeling, 2016

Are Wetlands Really the “Earth’s Kidneys”?

Healthy wetlands are hard-working water filters! The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) December 15 Soils Matter blog post explains the role of wetlands—and how we can keep them functioning.

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

Northeast Farmers Weigh Warming Climate, Drenched Fields

Farmers in the Northeast are adapting to longer growing seasons and warming climate conditions, but they may face spring-planting whiplash as they confront fields increasingly saturated with rain, according to a research paper published in the journa...

– Cornell University

Climate Change, Nov-2017

New Catalyst Meets Challenge of Cleaning Exhaust From Modern Engines

News Release RICHLAND, Wash. — As cars become more fuel-efficient, less heat is wasted in the exhaust, which makes it harder to clean up the pollutants are emitted. But researchers have recently created a catalyst capable of reducing pollutants at ...

– Pacific Northwest National Laboratory



National Wind Institute Awarded $1.46-Million Research Contract

Texas Tech University’s National Wind Institute (NWI) has been awarded a four-year research contract from Risk Management Solutions (RMS), a catastrophe risk modeling company, worth $1.46 million.

– Texas Tech University

MTSU Research to Increase Tennessee Farm Profit with USDA’s $148K ‘Green Gold’ Ginseng Grant

Middle Tennessee State University researchers will use the grant to experiment with ginseng. The effort is expected to improve farmers’ income across the state and conserve wild ginseng, which is considered an endangered species, in Tennessee.

– Middle Tennessee State University

Scientists Seek Diagnostic Tool for Harmful Algal Blooms

With a three-year $681,343 grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, a team of Ohio State scientists plans to develop a widely applicable system for assessing watershed health and determining when a crisis is looming.

– Ohio State University

Tulane University Names $1 Million Winner of Nitrogen Reduction Challenge

Tulane University awarded the $1 million grand prize for the Tulane Nitrogen Reduction Challenge to Adapt-N, a team from Cornell University that developed a cloud-based computer modeling system to predict optimum nitrogen application rates for crops ...

– Tulane University

Higher Education Events

Supporting the Development of Offshore Wind Power Plants

Offshore wind is becoming a reality in the United States, especially in the northeast states. To support this development, the Center for Future Energy System (CFES) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute will present a webinar titled “Turbine and Tra...

– Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI)





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