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Newswise - News for Journalists
Newswise Special Wire
Thursday, January 11, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 11-Jan-2018

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.

Shedding Light on Life in the Arctic

Scientists know that light triggers zooplankton and other marine organisms to move up and down in the water column during normal day and night cycles. Now, an international team of researchers has found that zooplankton are also susceptible to artifi...

– University of Delaware

Research Outlines the Interconnected Benefits of Urban Agriculture

a team of researchers led by Arizona State University and Google has assessed the value of urban agriculture and quantified its benefits at global scale. They report their findings in “A Global Geospatial Ecosystems Services Estimate of Urban Agric...

– Arizona State University (ASU)

Earth's Future

Embargo expired on 10-Jan-2018 at 13:00 ET

Worldwide Importance of Honey Bees for Natural Habitats Captured in New Report

A new study integrating data from around the globe has shown that honey bees are the world’s most important single species of pollinator in natural ecosystems and a key contributor to natural ecosystem functions. The report weaves together informat...

– University of California San Diego

Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Jan-2018

Scouting the Eagles: Proof That Protecting Nests Aids Reproduction

Reproduction among bald eagles in a remote national park in Minnesota was aided when their nests were protected from human disturbance, according to a study published today (Jan. 9, 2018) in the Journal of Applied Ecology.

– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Journal of Applied Ecology

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2018 at 19:00 ET

Lake Michigan Waterfowl Botulism Deaths Linked to Warm Waters, Algae


– University of Wisconsin-Madison

Journal of Applied Ecology

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2018 at 00:05 ET

Climate Change Drives Collapse in Marine Food Webs

A new study has found that levels of commercial fish stocks could be harmed as rising sea temperatures affect their source of food.

– University of Adelaide

PLOS Biology

Embargo expired on 09-Jan-2018 at 14:00 ET

Study Finds Source of Toxic Green Algal Blooms and the Results Stink

Florida’s St. Lucie Estuary received national attention in 2016 as toxic green algal blooms wreaked havoc on this vital ecosystem. A new study contradicts the widespread misconception that periodic discharges from Lake Okeechobee were responsible. ...

– Florida Atlantic University

Harmful Algae

Parasites and Hosts May Respond Differently to a Warmer World

Organisms infected by parasites may respond differently to changes in temperature than their uninfected counterparts, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

– University of Georgia

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Modeling Vegetation More Accurately Using Satellite Imagery

A new modeling approach that combines MODIS and Landsat imagery and analyzes multiple images through the year promises to more accurately track changes in vegetation and land use.

– South Dakota State University

With French Grant to ‘Make Our Planet Great Again,’ This Scientist to Study Earth’s Outer Skin

Among the initial 18 scientists selected for French President Emmanuel Macron's "Make Our Planet Great Again" program is Louis Derry, professor of earth and atmospheric sciences in Cornell University’s College of Engineering and faculty fellow wit...

– Cornell University

Missouri S&T Doctoral Student Enlists Drones to Detect Unexploded Landmines Through Changes in Plant Health

From U.S. Navy laboratories to battlefields in Afghanistan, researchers are lining up to explore the use of unmanned aerial vehicles to detect unexploded landmines. At Missouri University of Science and Technology, civil engineering doctoral student ...

– Missouri University of Science and Technology

‘Hide or Get Eaten,’ Urine Chemicals Tell Mud Crabs

Mud crabs hide for their lives if blue crabs, which prey upon them, pee anywhere near them. Pinpointing urine compounds for the first time that warn the mud crabs of predatory peril initiates a new level of understanding of how chemicals invisibly re...

– Georgia Institute of Technology

PNAS; OCE-1234449

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 15:00 ET

Yeast May Be the Solution to Toxic Waste Clean-Up

About 46,000 nuclear weapons were produced during the Cold War era, leading to tremendous volumes of acidic radioactive liquid waste seeping into the environment. A new study suggests yeast as a potentially safer and more cost effective way to help c...

– Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU)

Frontiers in Microbiology

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 03:00 ET

Chemists Discover Plausible Recipe for Early Life on Earth

Following the chemistry, scientists develop fascinating new theory for how life on Earth may have begun.

– Scripps Research Institute

Nature Communications, Jan-2018; CHE-1504217

Embargo expired on 08-Jan-2018 at 05:00 ET

What Species Is Most Fit for Life? All Have an Equal Chance, Scientists Say

There are more than 8 million species of living things on Earth, but none of them — from 100-foot blue whales to microscopic bacteria — has an advantage over the others in the universal struggle for existence. In a paper published Jan. 8 in the p...

– SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Nature Ecology & Evolution

Grazing Sharks: Bonnethead Sharks Eat and Digest Seagrass

New research shows that bonnethead sharks are able to digest seagrass, challenging the notion that all sharks survive on a purely carnivorous diet. This work will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Bi...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meetin

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Can Machines Learn Animal Behavior?

New research applies machine learning to classify the behavior of juvenile salmon based on tracking data. Scientists are using these approaches to identify when and where salmon are being eaten by invasive fishes. The results of this study will be pr...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Coral Immigrants Provide Hope for Reefs Facing Climate Change

New models identify factors that put coral reefs at risk of extinction in the face of climate change, and suggest that facilitating migration of corals could allow reefs to adapt. The results of this research will be presented at the annual conferenc...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 07-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Conservation in Colombia, Leaping Larvae, Electric Sense in Sharks, and More in the Wildlife News Source

The latest research and features on ecology and wildlife.

– Newswise

Tracking Ancient Whale Migrations with Fossilized Barnacles

New research on the isotopic composition of barnacle shells shows that prehistoric whales were undertaking migrations, just like their modern-day descendants.

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 06-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Leaping Larvae: Developing Flies Jump Without Legs

New research characterizes jumping behavior in larval midge flies. Even though these larvae are typically restrained during development, they can use a unique physiological mechanism to jump long distances. These results will be presented at the annu...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 05-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Ocean Acidification Means Major Changes for California Mussels

Accelerating ocean acidification could be transforming the fundamental structure of California mussel shells, according to a new report from a Florida State University-led team of scientists.

– Florida State University

Scientists Find That Genome Size Affects Whether Plants Become Invasive

A University of Rhode Island scientist who studies the invasive plant Phragmites was part of an international research team that found that the most significant factor in determining whether a plant will become invasive is the size of its genome.

– University of Rhode Island


Colombia Creates New Marine and Coastal Area Benefitting Wildlife and Coastal Communities

The Government of Colombia has recently established a new marine and coastal area for conservation and sustainable use in partnership with local communities in Tumaco, Colombia, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society).

– Wildlife Conservation Society

Invertebrate Biopolymer Found to Be Associated with Electric Sense in Sharks and Skates

New research shows that the electrosensory organs of cartilaginous fish contain chitin, an invertebrate biopolymer. The results of this study will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology in San Fra...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

The Secret World of Dinosaur Tracks

Scans of fossilized dinosaur prints show how some dinosaur feet moved not just on top of but through the earth. The results of this study will be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology in San Francis...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Embargo expired on 04-Jan-2018 at 00:00 ET

Danforth Center Scientists Uncover a Genetic Mechanism that Could Enhance Yield Potential in Cereal Crops

The Eveland laboratory’s research findings, “Brassinosteroids modulate meristem fate and differentiation of unique inflorescence morphology in Setaria viridis”, were recently published in the journal The Plant Cell.

– Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

The Plant Cell

Real World Native Biocrusts: Microbial Metabolism

Specific compounds are transformed by and strongly associated with specific bacteria in native biological soil crust (biocrust) using a suite of tools called “exometabolomics.” Understanding how microbial communities in biocrusts adapt to harsh e...

– Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Nature Communications

Arctic Clouds Highly Sensitive to Air Pollution

A study from University of Utah atmospheric scientist Tim Garrett and colleagues finds that the air in the Arctic is extraordinarily sensitive to air pollution, and that particulate matter may spur Arctic cloud formation. These clouds, Garrett writes...

– University of Utah

Geophysical Research Letters; 1303965; NE/K500835/1

Genetic Changes Help Mosquitoes Survive Pesticide Attacks

UCR study shows how intensive pesticide use is driving mosquito evolution at the genetic level

– University of California, Riverside

Trends in Parasitology

Researchers Offer New Evidence on 4-Year-Old Children’s Knowledge About Ecology

New research reveals ecological knowledge in 4-year-old children from urban Native American, rural Native American and urban non-Native American communities.

– Northwestern University

Journal of Cognition and Development

Global Temperature Report: December 2017

2017 was third warmest year in satellite record

– University of Alabama Huntsville

Did Ancient Irrigation Technology Travel Silk Road?

 Using satellite imaging and drone reconnaissance, archaeologists from Washington University in St. Louis have discovered an ancient irrigation system that allowed a farming community in arid northwestern China to raise livestock and cultivate crops...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Archaeological Research in Asia

UF/IFAS Researchers Working to Help Restore Lake Apopka

Laura Reynolds and Carrie Adams will measure their success by plant survival and by how plant establishment changes the environment, whether that’s measured by improved water quality, sediment stabilization or fish use.

– University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

Researchers Discover Higher Environmental Impact From Cookstove Emissions

Millions of Asian families use cookstoves and often fuel them with cheap biofuels to prepare food. But the smoke emitted from these cookstoves has a definite, detrimental environmental impact, particularly in India. New research from Washington Unive...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

A Fossil Fuel Technology That Doesn’t Pollute

Engineers at The Ohio State University are developing technologies that have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products including electricity without emitting carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.

– Ohio State University

Energy & Environmental Science

Study Reveals How the Midshipman Fish Sustains Its Hour-Long Mating Call

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered how the Pacific midshipman fish can hum continuously for up to an hour in order to attract potential mates. The study, which is featured on the cover of the January 2018 issue of the Journ...

– The Rockefeller University Press

Journal of General Physiology, January 2018; IOS-1145981

New Desalination Method Offers Low Energy Alternative to Purify Salty Water

Providing safer drinking water to those in need may be a little easier. According to Penn State researchers, a new desalination technique is able to remove salt from water using less energy than previous methods.

– Penn State College of Engineering

Environmental Science & Technology Letters

What Are the Benefits of Growing Multiple Types of Forage Grasses for Grazing Animals?

Grazing animals, such as cattle and sheep, should eat their legumes and brassicas. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) January 1 Soils Matter blog post explains how a variety of forage grasses benefits these animals as well as the soil and env...

– Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)

A Better Catalyst, A Robotic Device to Help Parkinson's Patients, Making Piezoelectrics Sing, and More in the Engineering News Source

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source

– Newswise

Saving the Planet One Dollar at A Time

The NGO – This is MY Earth – Continues to Purchase Habitat that is Home to Endangered Species: This time – 7,000 dunams of wild rainforest in the Amazon Among species facing local extinction – The Spectacled Bear, White Fronted Monkey and Ja...

– University of Haifa

Science, Storytelling, and Art Collide in San Francisco! Scientists and Artists From the Entertainment Industry Will Lead a Symposium on Communicating Science Through Narrative on January 5

Scientists and artists will gather in San Francisco to discuss ways of engaging broad audiences with science using narrative, through a special symposium, a workshop, and a story booth at the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Mee...

– Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB)

SICB 2018 Annual Meeting

Policy and Public Affairs

Xylella: A Conscience, Not a Science Problem

The Sbarro Health Research Organization congratulates the Italian researchers who were able to prove a direct causal link between the infection by Xylella fastidiosa and the death of olive trees in southern Italy.

– Sbarro Health Research Organization (SHRO)


Society for Risk Analysis Inducts Five Individuals to the Pantheon of Risk Analysis

The Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) announced its 2017 inductees to the Pantheon of Risk Analysis at its Annual Meeting, Dec. 10-14, in Arlington, Virginia, USA. The Pantheon recognizes luminaries and visionaries in risk analysis and illustrates how ...

– Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)

Expert Pitch

Health Impacts on Families Affected by Winter Storm

– Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)

Bundle Up: Winter Storm Grayson to Keep Temps at Record Lows

– Cornell University

Winter Storms: Be Ready for It

– Northwestern University

New York Offshore Wind Investment ‘Historic’ for Clean Energy

– Cornell University





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