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Thursday, February 8, 2018

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Climate News and Experts from Newswise 08-Feb-2018
 

Climate Change News and Experts for Media

Newswise provides experts for the media on hurricanes, wildfires, and other natural disasters, as well as the latest research in Environmental Science and Climate Science.



Hayward Fault Earthquake Simulations Increase Fidelity of Ground Motions

In the next 30 years, there is a one-in-three chance that the Hayward fault will rupture with a 6.7 magnitude or higher earthquake, according to the United States Geologic Survey (USGS). Such an earthquake will cause widespread damage to structures,...

– Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Geophysical Research Letters, Jan. 30 2018


How Do Scientists Do Traditional Plant Breeding?

The science of plant breeding has only existed for a little more than a century. But, humans have unofficially been selecting for the ‘cream of the crop’ for over 10,000 years. The February 7th Sustainable, Secure Food blog post explains how crop...

– American Society of Agronomy (ASA), Crop Science Society of America (CSSA), Soil Science Society of America (SSSA)


Who’s Your Daddy? Good News for Threatened Sea Turtles

A groundbreaking study of sea turtle nests and hatchlings using paternity tests to uncover “who are your daddies?” is the first to document multiple paternity in loggerhead sea turtle nests in southwest Florida. What started out as a study on fem...

– Florida Atlantic University

PLOS One


Fruit Bat's Echolocation May Work Like Sophisticated Surveillance Sonar

High-speed recordings of Egyptian fruit bats in flight show that instead of using a primitive form of echolocation, these animals actually use a technique recently developed by humans for surveillance and navigation.

– University of Washington

PLOS Biology


Farmed Seafood and Livestock Stack Up Differently Using Alternate Feed Efficiency Measure

A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Center for a Livable Future found that, contrary to widely held assumptions, farmed fish and shrimp convert protein and calories in feed to edible seafood at rates ...

– Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Environmental Research Letters


Large-Scale Removal of Beachgrass Leads to New Life for Endangered Coastal Lupine

A rare, coastal flowering plant known as Tidestrom's lupine -- threatened by native deer mice that can munch up to three-quarters of its unripe fruits under cover of an invasive beachgrass -- has been given a new life with the large-scale removal of ...

– Washington University in St. Louis

Restoration Ecology


Cleaner Ship Fuels Will Benefit Health, but Affect Climate Too

Marine shipping fuels will get a whole lot cleaner in 2020 when a regulation by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) requires fuels to contain 80-86 percent less sulphur.This is the most significant improvement in global fuel standards for t...

– University of Delaware

Nature Communications


Behind the Scenes: How Fungi Make Nutrients Available to the World

Without fungi, dead trees wouldn’t decay. The short-order cooks of the natural world, certain types of fungi can decompose plant cell walls and deposit carbon back in the soil. Scientists supported by the Department of Energy’s Office of Science ...

– Department of Energy, Office of Science


North American Ice Sheet Decay Forced Change in Antarctic Climate

The changing topography of ice sheets in the Northern Hemisphere during the last Ice Age forced changes in the climate of Antarctica, a previously undocumented inter-polar climate change mechanism.

– University of Colorado Boulder

Nature

Embargo expired on 05-Feb-2018 at 11:00 ET


UF Reports 2017 as Average Year for Worldwide Shark Attacks, Deaths

With 88 reported unprovoked shark attacks and five fatalities worldwide, 2017 was “just an average year,” according to the University of Florida International Shark Attack File.

– University of Florida


Farm Sunshine, Not Cancer: Replacing Tobacco Fields with Solar Arrays

Michigan Tech researchers contend that tobacco farmers could increase profits by converting their land to solar farms, which in turn provides renewable energy generation.

– Michigan Technological University

Land Use Policy


Fish Study IDs Genes That Regulate Social Behaviors

Genes in an area of the brain that is relatively similar in fish, humans and all vertebrates appear to regulate how organisms coordinate and shift their behaviors, according to a new Cornell University study.

– Cornell University

Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Jan-2018


Building to Withstand Natural Disasters Pays Off, New Research Shows

A new study has found that for every $1 spent to exceed building codes and make new structures more hazard-resistant, society saves $4. Retrofitting saves $6. Doing both could prevent 600 deaths, 1 million injuries and 4,000 cases of post-traumatic s...

– University of Colorado Boulder

National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS)


New Research Will Help Beef Industry Increase Sustainability

U of A engineering and agriculture faculty are working with the National Cattleman’s Beef Association to identify practices that will increase efficiency and sustainability in the beef industry.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville


Bats Cooperative Breeding, Small Changes Cause Big Losses, Rescued Raptors, and More in the Wildfires News Source

The lastest research and experts on Wildfires in the Wildfires News Source

– Newswise


New Study Will Help Government Agencies Plan for Sustainable Development in Sensitive Areas

A new study by geologists at the University of Arkansas provides a new framework for assessing why and where river deltas branch and will help government agencies plan for sustainable development in environmentally sensitive areas.

– University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Geophysical Research Letters


Study Suggests Climate Models May Underestimate Future Polar Warming

A new international analysis of marine fossils shows that warming of the polar oceans during the Eocene, a greenhouse period that provides a glimpse of Earth’s potential future climate, was greater than previously thought.

– University of Florida

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Global Temperature Report: January 2018

Temperatures fall as La Niña’s effects are felt

– University of Alabama Huntsville


Freely Shared Satellite Data Improves Weather Forecasting

For decades, the world meteorological satellite community has operated under a policy of freely shared data. It represents a philosophy and model of cooperation first promoted by the United States and adopted by global satellite agencies, which endur...

– University of Wisconsin-Madison


Putting the P in Photosynthesis of Tropical Forests

Including phosphorus in predictions of photosynthesis may improve models of tropical forests where the supply of the nutrient is limited.

– Department of Energy, Office of Science

New Phytologist 215(4), 1425 (2016). [DOI: 10.1111/nph.14319]


Even Small Changes Within an Ecosystem Can Have Detrimental Effects

A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system. New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York re...

– Binghamton University, State University of New York

Ecology, Jan-2018


Male Lekking Bats Shown Cooperating During Mating Season

Researchers studied normally territorial male bats engaging in "timeshare" behavior to woo females – potentially the first example of a cooperative breeding display observed in mammals.

– Boise State University

Journal of Animal Behaviour, Feb-2018


New Tool Makes It Possible to Forecast Spring Start by Groundhog Day

A new forecasting tool attempts to predict onset of spring an entire season in advance. The technology could help managers of natural ecosystems and agriculture anticipate effects of climate change.

– University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee


Rescued Raptors a Reminder Household Toxins Still Threaten Beloved Birds

Two local raptors made unexpected recoveries this month following exposure to common and deadly man-made toxins: lead and rodenticide.

Expert Available

– Cornell University


Policy and Public Affairs


Stony Brook University President Dr. Samuel L. Stanley Jr. To Represent SUNY as Panelist at 2018 Higher Education Climate Leadership Summit Feb. 5 & 6 in Arizona

With climate change atop the global agenda and one of the top concerns of municipalities across the country, according to the just published findings of the 2017 Menino Survey of Mayors, universities are expanding their roles in taking meaningful act...

– Stony Brook University

Embargo expired on 06-Feb-2018 at 06:00 ET


Announcements


Dr. Joel Berger and Dr. P. Dee Boersma of the Wildlife Conservation Society Among Finalists for World’s Leading Animal Conservation Award

Officials from the Indianapolis Prize today named the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)’s Joel Berger and P. Dee Boersma as Finalists for the world’s leading award for animal conservation. Berger and Boersma join conservation heroes Dr. Sylvia ...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


WCS Media Briefing: The Hi-Tech Tool Poachers Hate

1) SMART Connect allows rangers and conservation area managers to exchange critical information and transmit data in real time, 2) Developer of “SMART Connect” will explain how new tool can revolutionize protected area management, 3) SMART is cur...

– Wildlife Conservation Society


Gonzaga Alumnus James McCarthy ReceivesTyler Prize for Environmental Achievement

SPOKANE, Wash. – Harvard University Professor James McCarthy, a Gonzaga University alumnus, and Rutgers University Professor Paul Falkowski will share the prestigious 2018 Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement for their decades of scholarship a...

– Gonzaga University


UW's Large Research Vessel, R/V Thomas G. Thompson, Gets Back to Work

This first of three global-class U.S. academic research vessels has completed its midlife overhaul and is back on the water.

– University of Washington


California High Schools Compete in National Ocean Sciences Bowl at CSUMB

Eleven high schools from the Northern and Central California region will face off in the regional component of the 21st annual National Ocean Sciences Bowl (NOSB) at California State University, Monterey Bay (CSUMB) on Saturday, Feb. 3, 2018. The com...

– California State University, Monterey Bay


Genetics Society of America Honors Steven Farber and Jamie Shuda with 2018 Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education

The Genetics Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce that Steven Farber and Jamie Shuda are the recipients of the 2018 Elizabeth W. Jones Award for Excellence in Education for their extraordinary contributions to genetics education. Farber is...

– Genetics Society of America


Expert Pitch


FSU Researchers: Florida's Climate is Changing, and We Should All Take Notice

– Florida State University


Water Security Expert Available on Cape Town’s Water Crisis

– Northwestern University


Professor Says Cape Town Crisis Should Serve as a 'Wakeup Call to All Major U.S. Cities'

– Arizona State University (ASU)

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